HOME

TheInfoList




The Cato Institute is an
American libertarian Libertarianism in the United States is a political philosophy Political philosophy is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions and the relationships ...
think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research centre, or research center is an establishment founded for doing research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to inc ...
headquartered in
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscape ...
It was founded in 1977 by
Ed CraneEdward Crane may refer to: * Ed Crane (political activist) (born 1944), founder of the Cato Institute * Ed Crane (journalist), reporter for CBS News * Ed Crane (baseball) (1862–1896), American right-handed pitcher and outfielder in Major League Bas ...
,
Murray Rothbard Murray Newton Rothbard (; March 2, 1926 – January 7, 1995) was an American heterodox economist Heterodox economics is any economic thought or theory that contrasts with orthodox schools of economic thought, or that may be beyond neocla ...

Murray Rothbard
, and
Charles Koch Charles de Ganahl Koch (; born November 1, 1935) is an American billionaire businessman. As of January 2022, he was ranked as the 21st richest person in the world on ''Bloomberg Billionaires Index'', with an estimated net worth of $61.1 billio ...
, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of
Koch Industries Koch Industries, Inc. () is an American Privately held company, privately-held Multinational corporation, multinational Conglomerate (company), conglomerate corporation based in Wichita, Kansas. Its subsidiaries are involved in the manufacturing ...
.Koch Industries is the second largest privately held company by revenue in the United States. Cato was established to have a focus on public
advocacy Advocacy is an activity Activity may refer to: * Action (philosophy), in general * Human activity: human behavior, in sociology behavior may refer to all basic human actions, economics may study human economic activities and along with cyber ...

advocacy
, media exposure and societal influence. According to the ''2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report'' (
Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program The Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) is a non-profit program at the University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadel ...
,
University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine chartered prior to the . , Penn's founder and first president, advocated an edu ...

University of Pennsylvania
), Cato is number 15 in the "Top Think Tanks Worldwide" and number 10 in the "Top Think Tanks in the United States". The Cato Institute is libertarian in its political philosophy, and advocates a limited role for government in domestic and foreign affairs as well as a strong protection of
civil liberties Civil liberties are guarantees and freedoms that governments commit not to abridge, either by constitution, legislation Legislation is the process or product of enrolled bill, enrolling, enactment of a bill, enacting, or promulgation, promulgat ...
. This includes support for lowering or abolishing most taxes, opposition to the
Federal Reserve The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central bank A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the and of a or formal monetary union, and ove ...

Federal Reserve
system, the privatization of numerous government agencies and programs including
Social Security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
, the
Affordable Care Act The Affordable Care Act (ACA), formally known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, and colloquially known as Obamacare, is a United States federal statute The Code of Laws of the United States of America (variously abbreviate ...

Affordable Care Act
and the
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a te ...
, demilitarization of the police, along with adhering to a
non-interventionist Non-interventionism or non-intervention is a foreign policy that holds that political rulers should avoid interfering in the affairs of foreign nations relations but still retain diplomacy and trade, while avoiding wars unless related to direct se ...
foreign policy.


History

The institute was founded in January 1977 in
San Francisco, California San Francisco (; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a cultural, commercial, and financial center in the U.S. state of California. Located in Northern Califo ...

San Francisco, California
; named at the suggestion of
Murray Rothbard Murray Newton Rothbard (; March 2, 1926 – January 7, 1995) was an American heterodox economist Heterodox economics is any economic thought or theory that contrasts with orthodox schools of economic thought, or that may be beyond neocla ...

Murray Rothbard
after ''
Cato's Letters ''Cato's Letters'' were essays by British writers John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, first published from 1720 to 1723 under the pseudonym of Cato (95–46 BC), the implacable foe of Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 ...
'', a series of British essays penned in the early 18th century by
John Trenchard John is a common English name and surname: * John (given name) * John (surname), including a list of people who have the name John John may also refer to: New Testament Works *Johannine literature ** Gospel of John, a title often shortened to ...
and Thomas Gordon. Cato relocated to Washington, D.C., in 1981, settling initially in a historic house on
Capitol Hill Capitol Hill, in addition to being a metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric ...
. The institute moved to its current location on Massachusetts Avenue in 1993. Cato Institute was named the fifth-ranked think tank in the world for 2009 in a study of think tanks by James G. McGann, PhD of the
University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine chartered prior to the . , Penn's founder and first president, advocated an edu ...

University of Pennsylvania
, based on a criterion of excellence in "producing rigorous and relevant research, publications and programs in one or more substantive areas of research". By 2011, the Cato Institute had a budget of $39 million and was "one of the largest think tanks in Washington.


Activities

Various Cato programs were favorably ranked in a survey published by the
University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine chartered prior to the . , Penn's founder and first president, advocated an edu ...

University of Pennsylvania
in 2012.


Publications

The Cato Institute publishes numerous policy studies, briefing papers, periodicals, and books. Journals include the ''
Cato Journal The ''Cato Journal'' is a triannual peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work ( peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a ...
'' (since 1981) and ''Regulation'' (acquired in 1990). Other periodicals include ''Cato's Letter'', ''Cato Supreme Court Review'', and ''Cato Policy Report''. Cato published ''
Inquiry Magazine ''Inquiry Magazine'', sometimes titled ''Inquiry: A Libertarian Review'', was a libertarian magazine published from November 1977 to 1984. It was originally published by the Cato Institute, then later transferred to the Libertarian Review Foundatio ...
'' from 1977 to 1982 (before transferring it to the
Libertarian Review Foundation ''Libertarian Review'' was a Libertarianism, libertarian magazine published until 1981. It had been established by Robert Kephart in 1972 as a book-review magazine, initially titled ''SIL Book Review'' (2 issues), then ''Books for Libertarians'' ...
) and ''Literature of Liberty'' from 1978 to 1979 (before transferring it to the
Institute for Humane Studies The Institute for Humane Studies (IHS) is a libertarian Libertarianism (from french: libertaire, "libertarian"; from la, libertas, "freedom") is a political philosophy Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical ...
). Additionally, Cato publishes numerous white papers on a wide variety of policy topics. Some notable examples include ''Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies''(2009) by
Glenn Greenwald Glenn Edward Greenwald (born March 6, 1967) is an American journalist, author, and lawyer. In 1996, he founded a law firm concentrating on First Amendment First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number 1 (number), one (#1). First or 1st may als ...
and ''Overkill: The Rise of Paramilitary Policy Raids in America''(2006) by
Radley Balko Radley Prescott Balko (born April 19, 1975) is an American journalist, author, blogger, and speaker who writes about criminal justice, the drug war, and civil liberties for ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the '' ...
. Cato also co-publishes the annual ''
Human Freedom Index This article contains a list of freedom indices produced by several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of Freedom (political), freedom in the world, according to their own various definitions of the t ...
'' (2015–) with the
Fraser Institute The Fraser Institute is a conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own a ...
and is the co-publisher with Fraser of the U.S. edition of the '' Economic Freedom of the World'' annual report (1996–).


Books published by the Cato Institute

* ''Social Security: The Inherent Contradiction'' ( Peter J. Ferrara, 1980, Cato's first book and the first case for privatization) * ''Kindly Inquisitors: The New Attacks on Free Thought'' (
Jonathan Rauch Jonathan Charles Rauch (; born April 26, 1960) is an American author, journalist, and activist. After graduating from Yale University, Rauch worked at the ''Winston-Salem Journal'' in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, North Carolina, for ''National J ...
, 1993, a Cato co-pub with University of Chicago Press) * ''Patient Power: Solving America's Health Care Crisis'' ( and Gerald L. Musgrave, 1994) * ''Cato Handbook for Congress'' (1995, the first in a series that eventually became the Cato Handbook for Policymakers) * ''Cato Pocket Constitution'' (2002) * ''In Defense of Global Capitalism'' (
Johan Norberg Johan Norberg (; born 27 August 1973) is a Swedish author and historian of ideas, devoted to promoting economic globalization Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with ...

Johan Norberg
, 2003) * '' The Improving State of the World: Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives on a Cleaner Planet'' ( Indur Goklany, 2007) * ''The Cult of the Presidency: America's Dangerous Devotion to Executive Power'' ( Gene Healy, 2008) * ''The Beautiful Tree: A Personal Journey into How the World's Poorest People are Educating Themselves'' (
James Tooley James Nicholas Tooley (born July 1959, in Southampton, England) is a professor of educational entrepreneurship and of education policy Education policy consists of the principles and government policies in the educational sphere as well as the ...
, 2009, winner of the Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award) * ''The Tyranny of Silence'' ( Flemming Rose, 2014) * ''The Conscience of the Constitution: The Declaration of Independence and the Right to Liberty'' ( Timothy Sandefur, 2013) * ''The Fire Next Door: Mexico's Drug Violence and the Danger to America'' ( Ted Galen Carpenter, 2016) * ''Overcharged: Why Americans Pay Too Much for Health Care'' ( Charles Silver and David A. Hyman, 2018) * ''Ten Global Trends Every Smart Person Should Know'' ( Marian Tupy and
Ronald Bailey Ronald Bailey (born November 23, 1953) is an American libertarian Libertarianism (from french: libertaire, "libertarian"; from la, libertas, "freedom") is a political philosophy that upholds liberty as a core principle. Libertarians seek to ...
, 2020) * ''School Choice Myths: Setting the Record Straight on Education Freedom'' ( Neal McCluskey and Corey A. DeAngelis, 2020) * ''Economics in One Virus'' ( Ryan Bourne, 2021) * ''The Most Common Arguments against Immigration and Why They’re Wrong'' ( Alex Nowrasteh, 2021) * ''Eyes to the Sky: Privacy and Commerce in the Age of the Drone'' ( Matthew Feeney, 2021) * ''Why, as a Muslim, I Defend Liberty'' (
Mustafa Akyol Mustafa Akyol (born February 20, 1972) is a Turkey, Turkish writer and journalist. He is the author of ''Islam without Extremes: A Muslim Case for Liberty'', long-listed in 2012 for the Lionel Gelber Prize, a literary award for the world's best no ...
, 2021)


Other notable books by Cato scholars

* ''
Restoring the Lost Constitution ''Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty'' is a 2003 book about the United States Constitution written by Randy Barnett, a professor of law at the Georgetown University Law Center. In the book, Barnett outlines his theory of c ...
'' (
Randy Barnett Randy Evan Barnett (born February 5, 1952) is an American legal scholar and lawyer. He serves as the Patrick Hotung Professor of Constitutional Law at Georgetown University, where he teaches constitutional law and contracts, and is the director o ...

Randy Barnett
, 2003) * ''The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism'' (2008,
Ronald Hamowy Ronald Hamowy (; April 17, 1937 – September 8, 2012) was a Canadian academic, known primarily for his contributions to political and social academic fields. At the time of his death, he was professor emeritus of Intellectual history, Intellectual ...
) * ''Islam Without Extremes: A Muslim Case for Liberty'' (
Mustafa Akyol Mustafa Akyol (born February 20, 1972) is a Turkey, Turkish writer and journalist. He is the author of ''Islam without Extremes: A Muslim Case for Liberty'', long-listed in 2012 for the Lionel Gelber Prize, a literary award for the world's best no ...
, 2011) * ''The Financial Crisis and the Free Market Cure'' ( John A. Allison, 2012) * ''The Libertarian Mind: A Manifesto for Freedom'' (
David Boaz David Boaz (; born August 29, 1953, Mayfield, Kentucky) is the executive vice president of the Cato Institute, an American Libertarianism, libertarian think tank. He is the author of ''Libertarianism: A Primer'', published in 1997 by the Free Pres ...

David Boaz
, 2015, previously Libertarianism: A Primer) * ''The Libertarian Reader'' (Edited by
David Boaz David Boaz (; born August 29, 1953, Mayfield, Kentucky) is the executive vice president of the Cato Institute, an American Libertarianism, libertarian think tank. He is the author of ''Libertarianism: A Primer'', published in 1997 by the Free Pres ...

David Boaz
, 2015) * ''The Radio Right'' (Paul Matzko, 2020) * ''Rise of the Warrior Cop: The Militarization of America's Policy Forces'' (
Radley Balko Radley Prescott Balko (born April 19, 1975) is an American journalist, author, blogger, and speaker who writes about criminal justice, the drug war, and civil liberties for ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the '' ...
, 2013) * ''Open: The Story of Human Progress'' (
Johan Norberg Johan Norberg (; born 27 August 1973) is a Swedish author and historian of ideas, devoted to promoting economic globalization Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with ...

Johan Norberg
, 2020)


Podcasts

* ''The Cato Daily Podcast'', hosted by Caleb O. Brown, allows Cato Institute scholars and other commenters to discuss relevant news and libertarian thought in a conversational, informal manner. * ''Power Problems'', hosted by John Glaser, is a bi‐​weekly podcast offering a skeptical take on U.S. foreign policy, and discussion of today’s big questions in international security with guests from across the political spectrum. * ''Cato Events'' offers listeners a chance to stay up‐​to‐​date on a wide range of essential contemporary issues through presentations by leading national authorities. * ''Cato Audio'' covers important policy debates in Washington. * ''Cato Out Loud'', provides the most notable of Cato's print publications in an audio format. * ''Free Thoughts'', hosted by Aaron Ross Powell and Trevor Burrus, is a weekly show about politics and liberty, featuring conversations with top scholars, philosophers, historians, economists, and public policy experts. * ''Building Tomorrow'', hosted by Paul Matzko, explores the ways technology, innovation, and entrepreneurship are creating a freer, wealthier, and more peaceful world. * ''Pop & Locke'', hosted by Landry Ayres and Natalie Dowzicky, explores the intersection of political ideas and pop culture. * ''Portraits of Liberty'', hosted by Paul Meany, investigates the lives and philosophies of thinkers throughout history who argued in favor of a freer world. * ''The Pursuit'', hosted by Tess Terrible, Landry Ayres, and Natalie Dowzicky, is a podcast about government action and individual liberty. * ''Liberty Chronicles'', hosted by Dr. Anthony Comegna, combines innovative libertarian thinking about history with specialist interviews, primary and secondary sources, and answers to listener questions. * ''Excursions Into Libertarian Thought'', hosted by George H. Smith, explores the history of libertarian ideas. * ''Classics of Liberty'', hosted by Caleb O.Brown, relives classic works and speeches of classical liberals


Web projects

In addition to maintaining its own website in English and Spanish, Cato maintains websites focused on particular topics: * "Downsizing the Federal Government" contains essays on the size of the U.S. federal government and recommendations for decreasing various programs. * Libertarianism.org is a website focused on the theory and practice of
libertarianism Libertarianism (from french: libertaire, "libertarian"; from la, libertas, "freedom") is a political philosophy Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamen ...
. * ''Cato Unbound'', a web-only publication that features a monthly open debate among four people. The conversation begins with one lead essay, followed by three response essays by separate people. After that, all four participants can write as many responses and counter-responses as they want for the duration of that month. * PoliceMisconduct.net contains reports and stories from Cato's National Police Misconduct Reporting Project and the National Police Misconduct News Feed. *
OverlawyeredOverlawyered is a law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is describ ...
is a law blog on the subject of tort reform run by author
Walter Olson Walter K. Olson (born 1954) is an author and blogger who writes mostly about legal subjects, including tort reform. Olson is a senior fellow of the Cato Institute, a Libertarianism in the United States, libertarian think tank in Washington, D.C. Fo ...
. * HumanProgress.org is an interactive data web project that catalogs increases in prosperity driven by the free market. * "Public Schooling Battle Map" illustrates different moral conflicts that result from public schooling. * UnlawfulShield.com is dedicated to abolishing
Qualified Immunity In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, stat ...
. * FreedomInthe50States.org ranks states by policies that shape personal and economic freedom.
Social media Social media are interactive technologies that facilitate the creation Creation may refer to: Religion * Creation ''ex nihilo'', the concept that matter was created by God out of nothing * Creation myth A creation myth (or cosmogonic myth) ...

Social media
sponsored by Cato includes pages on on
Facebook Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service owned by Meta Platforms. Founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, an ...

Facebook
,
Twitter Twitter is an American microblogging Microblogging is an online Broadcasting, broadcast medium that exists as a specific form of blogging. A micro-blog differs from a traditional blog in that its content is typically smaller in both actu ...

Twitter
,
Instagram Instagram is an American photo 396x396px, '' View from the Window at Le Gras'' (1826 or 1827), by Nicéphore Niépce, the earliest known surviving photograph of a real-world scene, made with a camera obscura. Original (left) & Film coloriz ...

Instagram
,
YouTube YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform Social media are interactive technologies that allow the Content creation, creation or information sharing, sharing/exchange of information, ideas, career interests, an ...

YouTube
,
LinkedIn LinkedIn () is an American business- and employment-oriented online service that operates via websites and mobile apps. Launched on May 5, 2003, the platform is primarily used for professional networking and career development, and allows job se ...
and
TikTok TikTok, known in China as Douyin (), is a Online video platform, video-focused social networking service owned by Chinese company ByteDance. It hosts a variety of short-form user videos, from genres like pranks, stunts, tricks, jokes, dance, a ...
, as well as a presence on
Clubhouse Clubhouse may refer to: Locations * The meetinghouse of: ** A club (organization), an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal ** In the United States, a country club ** In the United Kingdom, a gentlemen's club * A W ...
,
Snapchat Snapchat is an American multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different such as , , , , or into a single interactive presentation, in contrast to traditional mass media wh ...
,
Goodreads Goodreads is an American social cataloging A social cataloging application is a web application designed to help users to catalog things—books (like Goodreads), CDs, etc.—owned or otherwise of interest to them. The phrase refers to two cha ...
, Odysee, and other fora.


Conferences

The Cato Institute hosts conferences throughout the year. Topics include monetary policy, the U.S. Constitution, poverty and social welfare, technology and privacy, financial regulation, and civic culture. Speakers at past Cato Institute conferences have included Federal Reserve Chairmen
Alan Greenspan Alan Greenspan (; born March 6, 1926) is an American economist An economist is a professional and practitioner in the social science Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branc ...

Alan Greenspan
and
Ben Bernanke Ben Shalom Bernanke ( ; born December 13, 1953) is an American economist at the Brookings Institution The Brookings Institution, often referred to simply as Brookings, is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, ...

Ben Bernanke
, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman
Richard Clarida Richard Harris Clarida (born May 18, 1957) is an American economist and Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve, pending resignation due to the 2019/20 Federal Reserve Trading Scandal involving three officials to date. He is the C. Lowell Harriss Profe ...

Richard Clarida
, International Monetary Fund Managing Director Rodrigo de Rato,
Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to ...
President
Václav Klaus Václav Klaus (; born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second president of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. From July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia ( cs ...

Václav Klaus
, and Avanti Financial Group Founder and CEO Caitlin Long.


Ideological relationships


Libertarianism, classical liberalism, and conservatism

Many Cato scholars have advocated support for civil liberties, liberal immigration policies, drug liberalization, and the repeal of
Don't Ask Don't Tell "Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT) was the official United States policy on military service by gay men, bisexuals, and lesbians, instituted by the Clinton Administration The presidency of Bill Clinton began at noon Eastern Time Zone, EST (17 ...
and laws restricting consensual sexual activity. The Cato Institute officially resists being labeled as part of the conservative movement because "'conservative' smacks of an unwillingness to change, of a desire to preserve the status quo". On the other hand, Cato has strong ties to the political philosophy of
classical liberalism Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a History of liberalism, branch of liberalism that advocates free market, civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on limited government, economic freedom, and political freedom. I ...
. According to executive vice president
David Boaz David Boaz (; born August 29, 1953, Mayfield, Kentucky) is the executive vice president of the Cato Institute, an American Libertarianism, libertarian think tank. He is the author of ''Libertarianism: A Primer'', published in 1997 by the Free Pres ...

David Boaz
, libertarians are classical liberals who strongly emphasize the individual right to liberty. He argues that, as the term "liberalism" became increasingly associated with government intervention in the economy and social-welfare programs, some classical liberals abandoned the old term and began to call themselves “
libertarians Libertarianism (from french: libertaire, "libertarian"; from la, libertas, "freedom") is a political philosophy Political philosophy is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of ...
”. Officially, Cato admits that the term “classical liberal” comes close to the mark of labeling its position, but fails to capture the contemporary vibrancy of the ideas of freedom. According to Cato's mission statement, the Jeffersonian philosophy that animates Cato's work has increasingly come to be called 'libertarianism' or 'market liberalism.' It combines an appreciation for entrepreneurship, the market process, and lower taxes with strict respect for civil liberties and skepticism about the benefits of both the welfare state and foreign military adventurism. In 2006,
Markos Moulitsas Markos Moulitsas Zúniga (; born September 11, 1971), often known by his username A user is a person who utilizes a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to Execution (computing), carry out sequences of arithmet ...

Markos Moulitsas
of the
Daily Kos Daily Kos ( ) is a group blog A blog (a Clipping (morphology), truncation of "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts). Posts ...
proposed the term "
Libertarian Democrat In American politics, a libertarian Democrat is a member of the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party with political views that are relatively libertarianism in the United States, libertarian compared to the views of the Democratic P ...
" to describe his particular liberal position, suggesting that libertarians should be allies of the Democratic Party. Replying, Cato vice president for research
Brink Lindsey __NOTOC__ Brink Lindsey is Vice President and Director of the Open Society Project at the Niskanen Center. Previously he was the Cato Institute's vice president for research. From 1998 to 2004, he was director of Cato's Center for Trade Policy St ...

Brink Lindsey
agreed that libertarians and liberals should view each other as natural ideological allies, and noted continuing differences between mainstream liberal views on economic policy and Cato's " Jeffersonian philosophy". Some Cato scholars disagree with conservatives on neo-conservative foreign policy, albeit that this has not always been uniform.


Objectivism

The relationship between Cato and the
Ayn Rand Institute The Ayn Rand Institute: The Center for the Advancement of Objectivism, commonly known as the Ayn Rand Institute (ARI), is a 501(c)(3) A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization ...
(ARI) improved with the nomination of Cato's new president John A. Allison IV in 2012. He is a former ARI board member and is reported to be an "ardent devotee" of Rand who has promoted reading her books to colleges nationwide. In March 2015, Allison retired as president, remaining on the board, and was succeeded by Peter Goettler.


Cato positions on political issues and policies

The Cato Institute advocates policies that advance "individual
liberty Broadly speaking, liberty is the ability to do as one pleases, or a right or immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant (i.e. privilege). It is a synonym for the word freedom Freedom, generally, is having the ability to act or change withou ...

liberty
,
limited government In political philosophy Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, existence, knowledge Knowledge is a f ...
,
free markets In economics Economics () is a social science that studies the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on the beh ...
, and
peace Peace is a concept of societal friendship and harmony in the absence of hostility Hostility is seen as form of emotionally charged aggressive behavior. In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym A synonym is a word, morph ...

peace
". They are libertarian in their policy positions, typically advocating diminished government intervention in domestic, social, and economic policies and decreased military and political intervention worldwide. Cato was cited by columnist
Ezra Klein Ezra Klein (born May 9, 1984) is an American journalist, political analyst, ''New York Times ''The New York Times'' (''NYT'' or ''NY Times'') is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 18 ...
as nonpartisan, saying that it is "the foremost advocate for small-government principles in American life" and it "advocates those principles when Democrats are in power, and when Republicans are in power"; and
Eric Lichtblau Eric Lichtblau (born 1965) is an American journalist, reporting for ''The New York Times'' in the Washington bureau, as well as the ''Los Angeles Times'', ''Time (magazine), Time'' magazine, ''The New Yorker'', and the CNN network's investigative ...
called Cato "one of the country's most widely cited research organizations." Nina Eastman reported in 1995 that "on any given day, House Majority Whip
Tom DeLay Thomas Dale DeLay (; born April 8, 1947) is an American author and retired politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Texas's 22nd congressional district from 1985 until 2006. He was Republica ...
of Texas might be visiting for lunch. Or Cato staffers might be plotting strategy with House Majority Leader
Dick Armey Richard Keith Armey (; born July 7, 1940) is an American economist and politician. He was a United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative from Texas's (1985–2003) and Party Leaders of the United States House of Representatives, ...
, another Texan, and his staff."


On domestic issues

Cato scholars have consistently called for the privatization of many government services and institutions, including
NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in differen ...

NASA
,
Social Security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
, the
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a te ...
, the
Transportation Security Administration The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security that has authority over the security of the traveling public in the United States. It was created as a response to the September 11 attac ...
, public schooling,
public transportation Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (a ...

public transportation
systems, and
public broadcasting Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signaling and communicating Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or ...
. The institute opposes
minimum wage A minimum wage is the lowest remuneration Remuneration is the pay or other financial compensationFinancial compensation refers to the act of providing a person with money Image:National-Debt-Gillray.jpeg, In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, ...
laws, saying that they violate the freedom of contract and thus private property rights, and increase unemployment. It is opposed to expanding
overtime Overtime is the amount of time someone works beyond normal working hours Working time is the period of time Time is the indefinite continued sequence, progress of existence and event (philosophy), events that occur in an apparently irre ...
regulations, arguing that it will benefit some employees in the short term, while costing jobs or lowering wages of others, and have no meaningful long-term impact. It opposes
child labor Child labour refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful. Such e ...

child labor
prohibitions. It opposes public sector unions and supports
right-to-work law In the context of United States labor law, labor law in the United States, the term "right-to-work laws" refers to state laws that prohibit union security agreements between employers and Trade union, labor unions. Under these laws, employees ...
s. It opposes
universal health care Universal healthcare (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care) is a health care system in which all residents of a particular country or region are assured access to health care. It is generally organized aroun ...

universal health care
, arguing that it is harmful to patients and an intrusion onto individual liberty. It is against
affirmative action Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality in areas in which they are u ...
. It has also called for total abolition of the
welfare state The welfare state is a form of government in which the state (or a well-established network of social institutions) protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of its citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity Equal o ...
, and has argued that it should be replaced with reduced business regulations to create more jobs, and argues that private charities are fully capable of replacing it. Cato has also opposed antitrust laws. Cato is an opponent of
campaign finance reform Campaign finance laws in the United States have been a contentious political issue since the early days of the union. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) of 2002, also known as "McCain- Feingold" is the most recent major federal law affec ...
, arguing that government is the ultimate form of potential corruption and that such laws undermine democracy by undermining competitive elections. Cato also supports the repeal of the
Federal Election Campaign Act The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA, , ''et seq.'') is the primary United States federal law regulating Campaign finance, political campaign fundraising and spending. The law originally focused on increased disclosure of contribution ...
. Cato has published strong criticisms of the 1998 settlement which many U.S. states signed with the
tobacco industry The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies who are engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the genus Genus /ˈd ...
. In 2004, Cato scholar Daniel Griswold wrote in support of President George W. Bush's failed proposal to grant temporary work visas to otherwise undocumented laborers which would have granted limited residency for the purpose of employment in the U.S. In 2006, the Cato Institute published a study proposing a Balanced Budget
Veto A veto (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relatio ...

Veto
Amendment An amendment is a formal or official change made to a law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and i ...

Amendment
to the
United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation An organization, or orga ...

United States Constitution
. In 2003, Cato filed an
amicus brief An ''amicus curiae'' (literally, "friend of the court"; plural: ''amici curiae'') is someone who is not a party A party is a gathering of people who have been invited by a host A host is a person responsible for guests at an event ...
in support of the Supreme Court's decision in '' Lawrence v. Texas'', which struck down the remaining state laws that made private, non-commercial homosexual relations between consenting adults illegal. Cato cited the 14th Amendment, among other things, as the source of their support for the ruling. The amicus brief was cited in Justice Kennedy's majority opinion for the Court. In 2006, Cato published a Policy Analysis criticising the
Federal Marriage Amendment The Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA), also referred to by proponents as the Marriage Protection Amendment, was a proposed amendmentAn amendment is a formal or official change made to a law, contract A contract is a legally binding document bet ...
as unnecessary, anti-federalist, and anti-democratic. The amendment would have changed the United States Constitution to prohibit
same-sex marriage Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is the marriage in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A religious marriage. A spo ...
; the amendment failed in both houses of Congress. A 2006 Cato report by
Radley Balko Radley Prescott Balko (born April 19, 1975) is an American journalist, author, blogger, and speaker who writes about criminal justice, the drug war, and civil liberties for ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the '' ...
strongly criticized U.S. drug policy and the perceived growing militarization of U.S. law enforcement.


Criticism of corporate welfare

In 2004, the institute published a paper arguing in favor of "drug re-importation". Cato has published numerous studies criticizing what it calls "
corporate welfare Corporate welfare is often used to describe a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Ma ...
", the practice of public officials funneling taxpayer money, usually via targeted budgetary spending, to politically connected corporate interests. Cato president Ed Crane and
Sierra Club The Sierra Club is an environmental organization An environmental organization is an organization coming out of the Conservation movement, conservation or environmental movements that seeks to protect, analyse or monitor the environment against m ...
executive director Carl Pope co-wrote a 2002
op-ed An op-ed, short for "opposite the editorial page" or as a backronym A backronym, or bacronym, is an acronym formed from a word that existed prior to the invention of the backronym. Unlike a typical acronym, in which a new word is constructed fro ...
piece in ''
The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is ...

The Washington Post
'' calling for the abandonment of the Republican energy bill, arguing that it had become little more than a gravy train for Washington, D.C., lobbyists. Again in 2005, Cato scholar Jerry Taylor teamed up with Daniel Becker of the Sierra Club to attack the Republican Energy Bill as a give-away to corporate interests.


On copyright issues

A 2006 study criticized the
Digital Millennium Copyright Act The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a 1998 United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North Americ ...
.


International

Cato scholars seek to promote a better understanding around the world of the benefits of market‐​liberal policies and institutions, openness and engagement in the global economy, and a principled and restrained foreign policy. Cato argues those benefits include notable improvements in human well‐​being as countries increase their levels of economic, civil, and personal freedoms. Hence, Cato's position urges the United States should thus engage the world, trade freely, and work with other countries on common concerns, but avoid trying to dominate the globe militarily.


Defense and foreign policy

Cato's
non-interventionist Non-interventionism or non-intervention is a foreign policy that holds that political rulers should avoid interfering in the affairs of foreign nations relations but still retain diplomacy and trade, while avoiding wars unless related to direct se ...
foreign policy views, and strong support for civil liberties, have frequently led Cato scholars to criticize those in power, both Republican and Democratic. Cato scholars opposed President
George H. W. Bush George Herbert Walker BushSince around 2000 he was usually called George H. W. Bush, Bush Senior, Bush 41 or Bush the Elder to distinguish him from his eldest son, George W. Bush George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American p ...

George H. W. Bush
's 1991
Gulf War The Gulf War was a war waged by coalition forces The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more people, factions, states, political parties, militaries etc. agree to work together temporarily in a partnership t ...
operations (a position which caused the organization to lose nearly $1 million in funding), President
Bill Clinton William Jefferson Clinton ('' né'' Blythe III; born August 19, 1946) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 42nd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and ...

Bill Clinton
's interventions in
Haiti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ; french: Haïti ), officially the Republic of Haiti (; ), and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and J ...
and
Kosovo Kosovo, or ; sr-Cyrl, Косово officially the Republic of Kosovo,; sr, / is a partially recognised state in Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a ...
, President George W. Bush's
2003 invasion of Iraq The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the Second Gulf War or the Third Gulf War by those who consider the Iran–Iraq War the first Gulf War. The war was also called the ...
, and President Barack Obama's
2011 military intervention in Libya On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, in response to events during the First Libyan Civil War. With ten votes in favour and five ...
. As a response to the
September 11 attacks The September 11 attacks, also commonly referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated by the militant terrorist group against the on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. On that morning, four commercial s traveling fro ...
, Cato scholars supported the removal of al Qaeda and the Taliban regime from power, but are against an indefinite and open-ended military occupation of Afghanistan. Cato scholars criticized U.S. involvement in
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen The Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen is an intervention launched by Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Fiv ...
. Ted Galen Carpenter, Cato's vice president for defense and foreign policy studies, criticized many of the arguments offered to justify the 2003 invasion of Iraq. One of the war's earliest critics, Carpenter wrote in January 2002: "Ousting Saddam would make Washington responsible for Iraq's political future and entangle the United States in an endless nation-building mission beset by intractable problems." Carpenter also predicted: "Most notably there is the issue posed by two persistent regional secession movements: the Kurds in the north and the Shiites in the south." But in 2002 Carpenter wrote, "the United States should not shrink from confronting al-Qaeda in its Pakistani lair," a position echoed in the institute's policy recommendations for the 108th Congress. Cato's director of foreign policy studies, Christopher Preble, argues in ''The Power Problem: How American Military Dominance Makes Us Less Safe, Less Prosperous, and Less Free'', that America's position as an unrivaled superpower tempts policymakers to constantly overreach and to redefine ever more broadly the "national interest". Christopher Preble has said that the "scare campaign" to protect military spending from cuts under the
Budget Control Act of 2011 The Budget Control Act of 2011 () is a federal statute The Code of Laws of the United States of America (variously abbreviated to Code of Laws of the United States, United States Code, U.S. Code, U.S.C., or USC) is the official compilation a ...
has backfired. Cato's foreign and defense policies are guided by the view that the United States is relatively secure and so should engage the world, trade freely, and work with other countries on common concerns—but avoid trying to dominate it militarily. As a result, Cato advocates the United States should be an example of democracy and human rights, not their armed vindicator abroad, claiming it has a rich history, from
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing a state. Natio ...

George Washington
to
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
realists like
George Kennan George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 – March 17, 2005) was an American diplomat and historian. He was best known as an advocate of a policy of containment '' Containment is a geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ ''gê'' "earth, l ...
. Cato scholars aim to restore this view, with a principled and restrained foreign policy recommendation, to keep the nation out of most foreign conflicts and be cheaper, more ethical, and less destructive of civil liberties.


Global freedom

Cato's scholars seek to advance policies and support institutions in developing and developed countries that protect human rights and extend the range of personal choice. In particular, Cato's research explores the central role that freedom in its various dimensions—economic, civil, and personal—plays in human progress and in solving some of the world’s most pressing problems, including global poverty. To this end Cato co-publishes the annual ''
Human Freedom Index This article contains a list of freedom indices produced by several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of Freedom (political), freedom in the world, according to their own various definitions of the t ...
'' (2015–) with the
Fraser Institute The Fraser Institute is a conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own a ...
and is the co-publisher with Fraser of the U.S. edition of the '' Economic Freedom of the World'' annual report (1996–).


Immigration

Cato argues that most Americans are immigrants or descended from immigrants who sought opportunity and freedom on American shores, and that this continues today with immigrants continuing to become Americans, in the process, making the United States a wealthier, freer, and safer country. Cato's research indicates current US immigration system excluding most peaceful and healthy immigrants, and urges Congress to look to America’s past for inspiration to expand and deregulate legal immigration.


Trade policy

Cato advocates that policymakers must be constantly reminded of the benefits of free trade and the costs of protectionism, arguing free trade is the extension of free markets across political borders. It promotes the idea that enlarging markets to integrate more buyers, sellers, investors, and workers enables more refined specialization and economies of scales, which produce more wealth and higher living standards, and argues that Protectionism does the opposite. Cato's policy recommendations focus on congress and the administration pursuing policies that expand the freedom of Americans to participate in the international marketplace.


On environmental policy

Cato scholars have written about the issues of the environment, including global warming, environmental regulation, and energy policy. According to social scientists Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright the Cato Institute is one of the "particulary crucial elements of the denial machine", that rejects global warming.
PolitiFact.com PolitiFact.com is an American nonprofit project operated by the Poynter Institute The Poynter Institute for Media Studies is a non-profit journalism school and research organization located in St. Petersburg, Florida. The school is the owner ...
and ''
Scientific American ''Scientific American'' (informally abbreviated ''SciAm'' or sometimes ''SA'') is an American popular science Popular science (also called pop-science or popsci) is an interpretation of science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', ...
'' have called Cato's work on global warming "false" and based on " data selection". A December 2003 Cato panel included Patrick Michaels, Robert Balling and John Christy. Michaels, Balling and Christy agreed that global warming is related at least some degree to Human impact on the environment, human activity but that some scientists and the media have overstated the danger. The Cato Institute has also criticized political attempts to stop global warming as expensive and ineffective. Cato scholars have been critical of the Bush administration's views on energy policy. In 2003, Cato scholars Jerry Taylor and Peter Van Doren said the Republican Energy Bill was "hundreds of pages of corporate welfare, symbolic gestures, empty promises, and pork-barrel projects". They also spoke out against the former president's calls for larger ethanol subsidies. With regard to the Takings Clause#Eminent domain, "Takings Clause" of the United States Constitution and environmental protection, libertarians associated with Cato contended in 2003 that the Constitution is not adequate to guarantee the protection of private property rights. In 2019, Cato closed its "Center for the Study of Science" (which Environment & Energy Publishing, E&E News characterized as "a program that for years sought to raise uncertainty about climate science") after its head Pat Michaels had left the institute over disagreements, along with his collaborator Ryan Maue, a meteorologist. By that time, the Cato Institute was also no longer affiliated with its former distinguished fellow Richard Lindzen, another climate change denial, denier of the scientific consensus on climate change.


Other commentaries on presidential administrations

Cato scholars were critical of George W. Bush's Republican Party (United States), Republican administration (2001–2009) on several issues, including education, and excessive government spending. On other issues, they supported Bush administration initiatives, most notably health care,
Social Security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
, global warming, tax policy, and Guest worker program, immigration.Cato's link
During the 2008 United States presidential election, 2008 U.S. presidential election, Cato scholars criticized both major-party candidates, John McCain and Barack Obama. Cato has criticized President Obama's stances on policy issues such as Stimulus (economic), fiscal stimulus, Health care reform in the United States, healthcare reform, Foreign policy of the United States, foreign policy, and drug-related matters, while supporting his stance on the repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell and the DREAM Act. Cato was critical of Executive Order 13769, Trump's immigration ban, which was enacted in January 2017.


Funding, tax status, and corporate structure

The Cato Institute is classified as a 501(c)(3) organization under U.S. Internal Revenue Code. For revenue, the institute is largely dependent on private contributions and does not receive government funding. The Cato Institute reported fiscal year 2015 revenue of $37.3 million and expenses of $29.4 million. According to the organization's annual report, $32.1 million came from individual donors, $2.9 million came from foundations, $1.2 million came from program revenue and other income, and $1 million came from corporations. Sponsors of Cato have included FedEx, Google, CME Group and Whole Foods Market. ''The Nation'' reported support for Cato from the tobacco industry in a 2012 story.


Funding details

Funding details as of Fiscal year, FYE March 2020: Net assets as of FYE March 2020: $81,391,000.


Shareholder dispute and departure of Ed Crane

In 2011, there were to be four shareholders of the Cato Institute. They were Charles Koch, Charles and David Koch, Ed Crane, and William A. Niskanen. Niskanen died in October 2011. In March 2012, a dispute broke out over the ownership of Niskanen's shares. Charles and David Koch filed suit in Kansas, seeking to void his shareholder seat. The Kochs argued that Niskanen's shares should first be offered to the board of the institute, and then to the remaining shareholders. Crane contended that Niskanen's share belonged to his widow, Kathryn Washburn, and that the move by the Kochs was an attempt to turn Cato into "some sort of auxiliary for the G.O.P ... It's detrimental to Cato, it's detrimental to Koch Industries, it's detrimental to the libertarian movement." Those who supported Cato's existing management rallied around the "Save Cato" banner, while those who supported the Koch brothers, called "For a Better Cato". In June 2012, Cato announced an agreement in principle to settle the dispute by changing the institute's governing structure. Under the agreement, a board replaced the shareholders and Crane, who at the time was also chief executive officer, retired. Former BB&T bank CEO John A. Allison IV replaced him. The Koch brothers agreed to drop two lawsuits. In 2018, several former Cato employees alleged longtime sexual harassment by Crane, going back to the 1990s and continuing until his departure in 2012. ''Politico'' reported that he settled one such claim in 2012. Crane denied the allegations.


Recipients of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences at Cato

The following recipients of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences have worked with Cato: * Gary S. Becker * James M. Buchanan * Ronald Coase * Milton Friedman * Friedrich Hayek * Robert Mundell * Douglass C. North * Edward C. Prescott * Thomas C. Schelling * Vernon L. Smith * George J. Stigler * Richard H. Thaler


Milton Friedman Prize

Since 2002, the Cato Institute has awarded the Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty every two years to "an individual who has made a significant contribution to advancing human freedom." The prize comes with a cash award of US$250,000.


Board of directors

As of 2020: * John A. Allison IV, former president and CEO, Cato Institute; retired chairman and CEO, BB&T * Baron Bond, executive vice president, The Foundation Group LLC * Miss Missouri USA, Rebecca Dunn, Trustee, DUNN Foundation * Robert Gelfond, CEO and founder, MQS Management * Peter N. Goettler, president and CEO, Cato Institute; former managing director, Barclays Investment Bank, Barclays Capital * David C. Humphreys, president & CEO, TAMKO Building Products, Inc. * James M. Kilts, partner, Centerview Partners, Centerview Capital Holdings; former CEO, The Gillette Company * James M. Lapeyre, Jr., president, Laitram, LLC * Ken Levy, Levy Family Fund * Robert A. Levy, chairman, Cato Institute * Nancy Pfotenhauer, President and CEO, MediaSpeak Strategies * Lewis E. Randall, former director, E-Trade, E-Trade Financial Corporation * Howard Rich, chairman, U.S. Term Limits * Nestor R. Weigand, Jr., chairman and CEO, JP Weigand & Sons, Inc. * Jeff Yass, Jeffrey S. Yass, managing director, Susquehanna International Group, Susquehana International Group, LLP * Fred Young (businessman), Fred Young, former owner, Young Radiator Company


Notable Cato experts

Notable scholars associated with Cato include the following:


Policy scholars

* Swaminathan Aiyar, research fellow, Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity * Doug Bandow, senior fellow *
David Boaz David Boaz (; born August 29, 1953, Mayfield, Kentucky) is the executive vice president of the Cato Institute, an American Libertarianism, libertarian think tank. He is the author of ''Libertarianism: A Primer'', published in 1997 by the Free Pres ...

David Boaz
, executive vice president * Mark A. Calabria, director of financial regulation studies * Ed Crane (political activist), Edward H. Crane, founder and president emeritus * Steve H. Hanke, senior fellow and director, Troubled Currencies Project * Gene Healy, vice president * Nat Hentoff, senior fellow * Jeffrey A. Miron, senior fellow * John Mueller, senior fellow * William A. Niskanen, chairman and distinguished senior economist *
Johan Norberg Johan Norberg (; born 27 August 1973) is a Swedish author and historian of ideas, devoted to promoting economic globalization Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with ...

Johan Norberg
, senior fellow * Alex Nowrasteh, immigration policy analyst *
Walter Olson Walter K. Olson (born 1954) is an author and blogger who writes mostly about legal subjects, including tort reform. Olson is a senior fellow of the Cato Institute, a Libertarianism in the United States, libertarian think tank in Washington, D.C. Fo ...
, senior fellow * Randal O'Toole, senior fellow * Tom G. Palmer, senior fellow and director of Cato University * Roger Pilon, vice president for legal affairs * José Piñera, co-chairman, Project on Social Security Choice * William Poole (economist), William Poole, senior fellow * Alan Reynolds (economist), Alan Reynolds, senior fellow * Nicholas Quinn Rosenkranz, senior fellow in constitutional studies * Julian Sanchez (writer), Julian Sanchez, senior fellow


Adjunct scholars

* Patrick Basham (Democracy Institute) * David Bernstein (law professor), David E. Bernstein (George Mason University School of Law) * Donald J. Boudreaux (George Mason University) * Robert L. Bradley, Jr. (Institute for Energy Research) * Bryan Caplan (George Mason University) * John H. Cochrane (University of Chicago Booth School of Business) * Robert Corn-Revere (Davis Wright Tremaine) * Tyler Cowen (George Mason University) * Kevin Dowd (University of Nottingham) * Richard Allen Epstein, Richard A. Epstein (New York University School of Law) * Alex Epstein (American writer), Alex Epstein (Center for Industrial Progress) * Enrique Ghersi (University of Lima) * Robert Higgs (The Independent Institute) * Daniel B. Klein (George Mason University) * Arnold Kling (George Mason University) * Chandran Kukathas (London School of Economics) * Loren Lomasky (University of Virginia) * Jonathan R. Macey (Yale Law School) * Tibor R. Machan (Auburn University and Chapman University, Argyros School of Business and Economics) * Michael Munger (Duke University) * David G. Post (Temple University Beasley School of Law) * Alvin Rabushka (Hoover Institution) * Harvey A. Silverglate, Harvey Silverglate (Foundation for Individual Rights in Education) * Ilya Somin (George Mason University School of Law) * Richard L. Stroup (The Independent Institute) *
James Tooley James Nicholas Tooley (born July 1959, in Southampton, England) is a professor of educational entrepreneurship and of education policy Education policy consists of the principles and government policies in the educational sphere as well as the ...
(Newcastle University) * Lawrence H. White (George Mason University) * Glen Whitman (Royal Society) * Walter E. Williams (George Mason University) * Leland B. Yeager (Auburn University and University of Virginia)


Fellows

*
Radley Balko Radley Prescott Balko (born April 19, 1975) is an American journalist, author, blogger, and speaker who writes about criminal justice, the drug war, and civil liberties for ''The Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the '' ...
, media fellow * Randy Barnett, Randy E. Barnett, senior fellow * James M. Buchanan (1919–2013) * Vladimir Bukovsky, senior fellow * F. A. Hayek (1899–1992) * Penn Jillette, H.L. Mencken research fellow *
Václav Klaus Václav Klaus (; born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second president of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. From July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia ( cs ...

Václav Klaus
, distinguished senior fellow * Deepak Lal, senior fellow * Christopher Layne, visiting fellow in foreign policy studies * Jeffrey Milyo, senior fellow * P. J. O'Rourke, H.L. Mencken research fellow * Jim Powell (historian), Jim Powell, senior fellow * Richard W. Rahn, senior fellow * George Selgin, senior fellow * Vernon L. Smith, senior fellow * Teller (magician), Teller, H.L. Mencken research fellow * Cathy Young, media fellow


Affiliations

The Cato Institute is an associate member of the State Policy Network, a U.S. national network of free-market oriented think tanks.


Rankings

According to the ''2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report'' (
Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program The Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) is a non-profit program at the University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadel ...
,
University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a in , Pennsylvania. The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine chartered prior to the . , Penn's founder and first president, advocated an edu ...

University of Pennsylvania
), Cato is number 15 in the "Top Think Tanks Worldwide" and number 10 in the "Top Think Tanks in the United States". Other "Top Think Tank" rankings include # 13 (of 85) in Defense and National Security, #5 (of 80) in Domestic Economic Policy, #4 (of 55) in Education Policy, #17 (of 85) in Foreign Policy and International Affairs, #8 (of 30) in Domestic Health Policy, #14 (of 25) in Global Health Policy, #18 (of 80) in International Development, #14 (of 50) in International Economic Policy, #8 (of 50) in Social Policy, #8 (of 75) for Best Advocacy Campaign, #17 (of 60) for Best Think Tank Network, #3 (of 60) for best Use of Social Networks, #9 (of 50) for Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program, #2 (of 40) for Best Use of the Internet, #12 (of 40) for Best Use of Media, #5 (of 30) for Most Innovative Policy Ideas/Proposals, #11 (of 70) for the Most Significant Impact on Public Policy, and #9 (of 60) for Outstanding Policy-Oriented Public Programs. Cato also topped the 2014 list of the budget-adjusted ranking of international development think tanks.


See also

* American Enterprise Institute * Brookings Institution * The Heartland Institute * Reason Foundation *
Fraser Institute The Fraser Institute is a conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own a ...


Notes


References


External links


Cato Institute
official website
Organizational Profile
– National Center for Charitable Statistics (Urban Institute) *
EDIRC listing
(provided by RePEc) {{Authority control Cato Institute, Climate change denial Libertarian organizations based in the United States Libertarian think tanks Non-interventionism Organizations established in 1974 Political and economic think tanks in the United States Public policy research Conservative organizations in the United States