Adam Przeworski (; born May 5, 1940) is a Polish-American professor of political science
. One of the most important theorists and analysts of democratic societies, theory of democracy
and political economy
, he is currently a full professor at the Wilf Family Department of Politics of New York University
Born in 1940 in Warsaw
, Poland, Przeworski graduated from Warsaw University
in 1961. Soon afterwards, he moved to the United States
, where he received his Ph.D. at Northwestern University
in 1966. He taught at the University of Chicago
, where he was awarded with the title of ''Martin A. Ryerson
Distinguished Service Professor''. He also held visiting appointments in India
, Great Britain
(Juan March Institute
), and Switzerland
. Since 1991, Przeworski has been a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
, and in 2001 shared the Woodrow Wilson Prize
for the book ''Democracy and Development''. 2010, he was awarded the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science
for "raising the scientific standards regarding the analysis of the relations between democracy, capitalism and economic development". To date, he has authored 13 books and numerous articles.
Przeworski was a member of the September Group
of analytical Marxists
but left the group in 1993. His uncle Andrzej Przeworski
was a Polish footballer, referee and manager.
''Capitalism and Social Democracy''
In ''Capitalism and Social Democracy'', Przeworski argues that European socialist parties in the first half of the 20th century faced a sequence of electoral dilemmas. The first dilemma was whether or not to participate in bourgeois elections
, when universal suffrage
was progressively established in Europe. The question was whether or not participation would contribute to the struggle for socialism
or strengthen the capitalist order. According to Przeworski, most socialist parties have opted to get involved in elections, since it was a means to advance some of the interests of workers in the short run and, as references to Friedrich Engels
and Eduard Bernstein
illustrate in Przeworski's book, to move toward socialism.
According to Przeworski, the decision to participate in bourgeois elections led to another dilemma. Given that manual workers were not the numerical majority in any European country, to win elections they had to choose whether or not to compromise their socialist principles and adopt a social democratic agenda to attract the support of allies, especially the middle class. Such compromise had major consequences for socialist parties, including the withdrawal of support of workers, the abandoning of extra-parliamentary tactics, and progressively the defection from socialist policies when in power.
Criticism to Przeworski's account of the dilemmas of social democratic parties have been at least twofold. First, it has been shown that numerical majority is not necessary for social democratic parties to control governments, which implies that social democratic parties do not necessarily need to sacrifice workers’ votes to win elections. Second, Gøsta Esping-Andersen
argues that Przeworski is mistaken in attempting to differentiate reformist and revolutionary policies, since "we have no accepted criteria for deciding which actions will merely reflect the status quo and which will accelerate historical transformation." Esping-Andersen suggests that policies that leftist parties adopt should be compared based on how they aid the process of class unity.
[Gøsta Esping-Andersen, ''Politics against Markets'' (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), p. 10.]
* Adam Przeworski (2009)Mechanics of Regime Instability in Latin America''
in: Journal of Politics in Latin America 1/2009. S.5-36
* Adam Przeworski (2019) Crises of Democracy, Cambridge University Press.
* Democracy-Dictatorship Index
New York University. Official Web Page. Faculty.
Gerardo L. Munck interview with Przeworski (in English
(2003, 62 pages, pdf(in Spanish)
Category:American male non-fiction writers
Category:American political scientists
Category:American political writers
Category:New York University faculty
Category:Northwestern University alumni
Category:Polish emigrants to the United States
Category:Polish political scientists
Category:University of Chicago faculty
Category:University of Warsaw alumni