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Traveling Carnival
A traveling carnival (US English), usually simply called a carnival, or travelling funfair (UK English), is an amusement show that may be made up of amusement rides, food vendors, merchandise vendors, games of chance and skill, thrill acts, and animal acts. A traveling carnival is not set up at a permanent location, like an amusement park or funfair, but is moved from place to place. Its roots are similar to the 19th century circus with both being Fit-up, fitted-up in open fields near or in town and moving to a new location after a period of time. In fact, many carnivals have circuses while others have a clown aesthetic in their decor. Unlike traditional carnival celebrations, the North American traveling carnival is not tied to a religious observance. Larger fairs such as the permanent fairs of cities and seaside resorts might be called a ''fairground'', although technically this refers to the land where a fair is traditionally held. History In 1893, the Chicago's World's Col ...
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Tilt-A-Whirl Nighttime
Tilt-A-Whirl is a flat ride similar to the Waltzer in Europe, designed for commercial use at amusement parks, fairs, and carnivals, in which it is commonly found. The rides are manufactured by Larson International of Plainview, Texas. Description The ride consists of seven freely-spinning cars that hold three or four riders each, which are attached at Pivot joint, fixed pivot points on a rotating platform. As the platform Rotation around a fixed axis, rotates, parts of the platform are raised and lowered, with the resulting Centrifugal force, centrifugal and Gravity, gravitational forces on the revolving cars causing them to spin in different directions and at variable speeds. The weight of passengers in these cars (as well as the weight distribution) may intensify or dampen the spinning motion of the cars, adding to the unpredictable nature known as Chaos theory, chaotic motion. Physicists Bret M. Huggard and Richard L. Kautz came up with a mathematical equation that approximat ...
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Terminator And Paratrooper, Night
Terminator may refer to: Science and technology Genetics * Terminator (genetics), the end of a gene for transcription * Terminator technology, proposed methods for restricting the use of genetically modified plants by causing second generation seeds to be sterile Astronomy * Terminator (solar), a moving line that separates the illuminated side and the dark side of a planetary body ** The lunar terminator, specifically Electronics and computers * Terminator (electrical), a resistor at the end of a transmission line to prevent signal reflection * Microsoft Terminator, a program analyzer research project * Terminator (terminal emulator), a cross-platform GPL terminal emulator * Statement terminator, used to demarcate the end of an individual statement in a programming language Military * BMPT Ob'yekt 199 Ramka, armoured tracked vehicle, designed for tanks support, often nicknamed "Terminator" * Sukhoi Su-37 Air Superiority Fighter, also called the "Terminator". Entertainment Fil ...
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Buffalo Bill
William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (February 26, 1846January 10, 1917) was an American soldier, bison Bison are large, even-toed ungulate The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla , ) are ungulate Ungulates ( ) are members of the diverse clade A clade (; from grc, , ''klados'', "branch"), also known as a monophyletic group or natural gro ... hunter, and showman Showman can have a variety of meanings, usually by context and depending on the country. Australia Travelling Funfair, showmen are people who run amusement and side show equipment at regional shows, state capital shows, events and festivals th .... He was born in Le Claire, Iowa Territory The Territory of Iowa was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1838, until December 28, 1846, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Iowa Iowa ( ... (now the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which th ...
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Midway Plaisance
The Midway Plaisance, known locally as the Midway, is a Chicago public park on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name .... It is one mile long by 220 yards wide and extends along 59th and 60th streets, joining Washington Park at its west end and Jackson Park at its east end. It divides the Hyde Park Hyde Park may refer to: Places In England * Hyde Park, London, a Royal Park in Central London * Hyde Park, Leeds, an inner-city area of north-west Leeds * Hyde Park, Sheffield, district of Sheffield * Hyde Park, in Hyde, Greater Manchester * Hyde ... community area The city of Chicago is divided into 77 community areas for statistical and planning purposes. United States Census, Census data and other statistics are tied to the areas, wh ...
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Magic Lantern (projector)
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name ''laterna magica'', is an early type of image projector that used pictures—paintings, prints, or photographs—on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lens (optics), lenses, and a light source. It was mostly developed in the 17th century and commonly used for entertainment purposes. It was increasingly used for education during the 19th century. Since the late 19th century, smaller versions were also mass-produced as toys. The magic lantern was in wide use from the 18th century until the mid-20th century when it was superseded by a compact version that could hold many 35 mm photographic slides: the slide projector. Technology Apparatus The magic lantern used a concave mirror behind a light source to direct the light through a small rectangular sheet of glass—a "lantern slide" that bore the image—and onward into a lens at the front of the apparatus. The lens adjusted to focus the plane of the slide ...
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Vaudeville
Vaudeville (; ) is a theatrical Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage. The pe ... genre Genre () is any form or type of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area aro ... of variety entertainment born in France at the end of the 19th century. A vaudeville was originally a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation: a dramatic composition or light poetry, mixed with songs or ballets. It became popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s, but the idea of vaudeville's theatre changed radically from its French antecedent. In some ways analog ...
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Carousel
A carousel (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of variety (linguistics), varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American English is the m ...: from French ''carrousel'' and Italian ''carosello''), roundabout (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage and is employed by a populatio ...), or merry-go-round, is a type of amusement ride Amusement rides, sometimes called carnival rides, are mechanical devices or structures that move people to create enjoyment. Types of rides *Flat rides are usually considered to be those that move their passengers in a plane generally parallel t ... consisting of a rotating A rotation is a circular movement of an ...
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King's Lynn
King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn and colloquially as Lynn, is a port and market town in Norfolk, England, north of London, north-east of Peterborough, north-north-east of Cambridge and west of Norwich. The population is 42,800. History Toponymy The etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. The name ''Lynn'' may signify a body of water near the town – the Welsh word means a lake; but the name is plausibly of Old English, Anglo-Saxon origin, from ''lean'' meaning a Tenure (law), tenure in fee or farm. As the 1085 Domesday Book mentions saltings at Lena (Lynn), an area of partitioned pools may have existed there at the time. The presence of salt, which was relatively rare and expensive in the early Medieval period, may have added to the interest of Herbert de Losinga and other prominent Normans in the modest parish. The town was named ''Len Episcopi'' (Bishop's Lynn) while under the temporal and spiritual jurisdiction of the Bishop of Norwich; but in the reign of H ...
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Theater
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art The performing arts are arts such as music, dance, and drama which are performed for an audience. It is different from visual arts The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is ... that uses live performers, usually actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication Nonverbal communication (NVC) is the transmission of messages or signals through a nonverbal platform such as eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, Posture (psychology), posture, and body ..., speech, song, music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the aspects of all human so ...
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Wrestling
Wrestling is a combat sport A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat. In many combat sports, a contestant wins by scoring more points than the opponent or by disabling the opponent. Combat sports share a long p ... involving grappling Grappling, in hand-to-hand combat Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a physical confrontation between two or more persons at short range (grappling Grappling, in hand-to-hand combat Hand-to-hand combat (some ...-type techniques such as clinch fighting Clinch fighting is the part of where the combatants are in a , typically using . Clinching the opponent can be used to eliminate the opponent's effective usage of some , , and . The clinch can also be used as a medium to switch from stand-up fig ..., throws and takedowns, joint lock A joint lock is a technique involving manipulation of an opponent's s in such a way that the joints reach ...
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Tent Boxing
Tent boxing is an amusement previously seen at agricultural shows throughout Australia. History Starting in the late 19th century, boxing troupes of professional fighters would travel the mining towns and outback of the country, following fairs and carnivals, putting up big top tents and taking on all-comers for cash in the ring. Among the more famous of tent boxing troupes, are the ones created by Roy Bell and Jimmy Sharman. Fred Brophy, who owns the Cracow Hotel in Cracow, Queensland, is believed to be one of the world's last boxing tent showmen. Brophy continues to travel with his troupe across Queensland each year. For his years of touring with his tent boxing show, Brophy was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia in 2011 for his role in raising money for charity and for services to the entertainment industry.Wilson, Karyn; Harris, JuliFred Brophy, boxing tent legend, awarded OAM ABC Western Queensland, 28 January 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2018. A dangerous sp ...
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Wax Works
A wax museum or waxworks usually consists of a collection of wax sculptures representing famous people from history and contemporary personalities exhibited in lifelike poses, wearing real clothes. Some wax museums have a special section dubbed the "Chamber of Horrors (Madame Tussauds), Chamber of Horrors", in which the more grisly exhibits are displayed. Some collections are more specialized, as, for example, collections of wax medical models once used for training medical professionals. Many museums or displays in historical houses that are not wax museums as such use wax figures as part of their displays. The origin of wax museums goes back to the early 18th century at least, and wax funeral effigies of royalty and some other figures exhibited by their tombs had essentially been tourist attractions well before that. History before 1800 The making of life-size wax figures wearing real clothes grew out of the funeral practices of European royalty. In the Middle Ages it was the ...
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