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Claude Monet
Oscar-Claude Monet (, , ; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter and founder of impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage o ... painting who is seen as a key precursor to modernism Modernism is both a philosophical movement A philosophical movement refers to the phenomenon defined by a group of philosophers A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and ..., especially in his attempts to paint nature as he perceived it. During his long career, he was the most consistent and prolific practitioner of impressionism's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to ''plein air ''En plein air'' (; French language, French for "outdo ...
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Water Lilies (Monet Series)
''Water Lilies'' (or ''Nymphéas'', ) is a Serial imagery, series of approximately 250 oil paintings by French Impressionism, Impressionist Claude Monet (1840–1926). The paintings depict his Fondation Monet in Giverny, flower garden at Fondation Monet in Giverny, his home in Giverny, and were the main focus of his artistic production during the last thirty years of his life. Many of the works were painted while Monet suffered from cataracts."Monet, Claude." Grove Art Online. Background Monet's long-standing preference for producing and exhibiting a series of paintings related by subject and perspective began in 1889, with at least ten paintings done at the ''Valley of the Creuse'', which were shown at the Galerie Georges Petit. Among his other famous series are his ''Haystacks (Monet), Haystacks''. During the 1920s, the state of France built a pair of oval rooms at the Musée de l'Orangerie as a permanent home for eight water lily murals by Monet. The exhibit opened to th ...
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Haystacks (Monet Series)
''Haystacks'' is the common English title for a Serial imagery, series of impressionism, impressionist paintings by Claude Monet. The principal subject of each painting in the series is stacks of harvested wheat (or possibly barley or oats: the original French title, ''Les Meules à Giverny'', simply means ''The Stacks at Giverny''). The title refers primarily to a twenty-five Canvas#Canvas for painting, canvas series (Wildenstein Index Number, Wildenstein Index Numbers 1266–1290) which Monet began near the end of the summer of 1890 and continued through the following spring, though Monet also produced five earlier paintings using this same stack subject. The series is famous for the way in which Monet repeated the same subject to show the differing light and atmosphere at different times of day, across the seasons and in many types of weather. The series is among Monet's most notable work. The largest ''Haystacks'' collections are held at the Musée d'Orsay and Musée Marmo ...
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Impression, Sunrise
''Impression, Sunrise'' (French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...: ''Impression, soleil levant'') is a painting by Claude Monet Oscar-Claude Monet (, , ; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter and founder of impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open c ... first shown at what would become known as the "Exhibition of the Impressionists" in Paris in April, 1874. The painting is credited with inspiring the name of the Impressionist movement. ''Impression, Sunrise'' depicts the port of Le Havre Le Havre (, ; nrf, Lé Hâvre) is an urban French commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, ...
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Normandy
Normandy (; french: link=no, Normandie ; nrf, Normaundie; from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the Latin spok ... , plural of ''Normant'', originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a geographical and cultural region in Northwestern Europe Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted ..., roughly coextensive with the historical Duchy of Normandy The Duchy of Normandy grew out of the 911 Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law. It is usually en ...
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Académie Suisse
The Académie Suisse was an art school founded by Charles Suisse in 1815, and was located at the corner of the Quai des Orfévres and the Boulevard du Palais, in Paris, France. From Eugène Delacroix, Delacroix to Cézanne, most major French artists frequented this place to meet colleagues or to study after the models supplied. History According to Monneret, Charles Suisse was a former model of Jacques-Louis David.Probably not to be mixed up with the architect Charles Suisse (1846-1906), formed at the École des Beaux-Arts, and since 1897 head of the Monuments historiques''. The Académie Suisse school was smaller and more informal than the École des Beaux Arts, where many students went on to continue their studies. In 1870, Suisse sold the art school location to Italian sculptor Filippo Colarossi, and it became the Académie Colarossi. Notable students *Lyell Edwin Carr (1854–1912) *Paul Cézanne (1839–1906) *Camille Claudel (1864–1943) *Gustave Courbet (1819–1877) *H ...
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History Painting
History painting is a genre in painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, ... stated as a subject matter rather than artistic style. History paintings usually depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, as in a portrait. The term is derived from the wider senses of the word ''historia'' in Latin and Italian, meaning "story" or "narrative", and essentially means "story painting". Most history paintings are not of scenes from history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxima ..., especially paintings from before about 1850. In ...
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Charles Gleyre
Marc Gabriel Charles Gleyre (2 May 1806 – 5 May 1874), was a Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial ... artist who was a resident in France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ... from an early age. He took over the studio of Paul Delaroche Paul Delaroche (17 July 1797 – 4 November 1856) was a French painter who achieved his greater successes painting historical scenes. He became famous in Europe for his melodramatic depictions that often portrayed subjects from English and French ... in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent, ...
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Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (; 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919) was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionism, Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially femininity, feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Peter Paul Rubens, Rubens to Antoine Watteau, Watteau." He was the father of actor Pierre Renoir (1885–1952), filmmaker Jean Renoir (1894–1979) and ceramic artist Claude Renoir (1901–1969). He was the grandfather of the filmmaker Claude Renoir (1913–1993), son of Pierre. Life Youth Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France, in 1841. His father, Léonard Renoir, was a tailor of modest means, so in 1844, Renoir's family moved to Paris in search of more favorable prospects. The location of their home, in rue d’Argenteuil in central Paris, placed Renoir in proximity to the Louvre. Although the young Renoir had a ...
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Eugène Boudin
Eugène Louis Boudin (; 12 July 18248 August 1898) was one of the first France, French landscape painters to paint outdoors. Boudin was a Marine art, marine painter, and expert in the rendering of all that goes upon the sea and along its shores. His pastels, summary and economic, garnered the splendid eulogy of Baudelaire; and Camille Corot, Corot called him the "King of the skies". Biography Born at Honfleur, Boudin was the son of a harbor pilot, and at age 10 the young boy worked on a steamboat that ran between Le Havre and Honfleur. In 1835 the family moved to Le Havre, where Boudin's father opened a store for stationery and picture frames. Here the young Eugene worked, later opening his own small shop. Boudin's father had thus abandoned seafaring, and his son gave it up too, having no real vocation for it, though he preserved to his last days much of a sailor's character: frankness, accessibility, and open-heartedness. In his shop, in which pictures were framed, Boudin came ...
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Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet (, ; ; 23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French modernism, modernist painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism (art movement), Realism to Impressionism. Born into an upper-class household with strong political connections, Manet rejected the naval career originally envisioned for him, and became engrossed in the world of painting. His early masterworks, ''Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe, The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l'herbe)'' and ''Olympia (Manet), Olympia'', both 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the start of modern art. The last 20 years of Manet's life saw him form bonds with other great artists of the time, and develop his own simple and direct style that would be heralded as innovative and serve as a major influence ...
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Salon (Paris)
The Salon (french: Salon), or rarely Paris Salon (French: ''Salon de Paris'' ), beginning in 1667 was the official art exhibition satirizes the ''bourgeoisie Bourgeoisie (; ) is a polysemous French term that can mean: * a sociologically defined social class, especially in contemporary times, referring to people with a certain cultural Culture () is an umbrella t ... of the Académie des Beaux-Arts The Académie des Beaux-Arts (, ''Academy of Fine Arts'') is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France. The current President of the Academy (2021) is Alain-Charles Perrot, a French architect. Background ... in Paris. Between 1748 and 1890 it was arguably the greatest annual or biennial art event in the Western world. At the 1761 Salon thirty-three painters, nine sculptors, and eleven engravers contributed. Levey, Michael. (1993) ''Painting and sculpture in France 1700–1789''. New Haven: Yale University Press Yale University ...
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Fondation Monet In Giverny
The Fondation Claude Monet is a nonprofit organisation that runs and preserves the house and gardens of Claude Monet in Giverny, France, where Monet lived and painted for 43 years. Monet was inspired by his gardens, and spent years transforming them, planting thousands of flowers. He believed that it was important to surround himself with nature and paint outdoors. He created many paintings of his house and gardens, especially of Water Lilies (Monet series), water lilies in the pond, the Japanese bridge, and Weeping Willow (painting), a weeping willow tree. With a total of 530,000 visitors in 2010, it is the second most visited tourist site in Normandy after the Mont Saint-Michel. The house and gardens have been recognised as among the ''Maisons des Illustres'', and a ''Jardin Remarquable'', rewarding their outstanding qualities. The estate was classified as a ''monument historique'' in 1976. Monet's paintings of the gardens, especially the sites' pond with water lilies, are exh ...
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