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United Iraqi Alliance
The National Iraqi Alliance (NIA or INA; ar, الائتلاف الوطني العراقي; Arabic transliteration, transliterated: al-Itilaf al-Watani al-Iraqi), also known as the Watani List, is an Political parties in Iraq, Iraqi electoral coalition that contested the 2010 Iraqi legislative election. The Alliance is mainly composed of Shi'a Islamist parties. The alliance was created by the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (the at the time largest Shi'a party) to contest in the January 2005 Iraqi legislative election, January 2005 and Iraqi legislative election of December 2005, December 2005 under the name United Iraqi Alliance (UIA; ar, الائتلاف العراقي الموحد; Arabic transliteration, transliterated: al-I'tilāf al-`Irāqī al-Muwaḥḥad), when it included all Iraq's major Shi'a parties. The United Iraqi Alliance won both those of elections however later fell apart after several major parties (most notably the Sadr Movement) left the allia ...
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Ammar Al-Hakim
Sayyid Ammar al-Hakim ( ar, سید عمار الحكيم) is an Iraqi cleric and politician who led the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, from 2009 to 2017. Early life Al-Hakim was born in 1971 in Al-Najaf, the son of Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim, who preceded him as leader of ISCI, and the grandson of Muhsin al-Hakim, who led the Iraqi Marja' from 1961. He is a member of the Hakim family of clerics. Exile He went into exile in Iran in 1979 with his father after the government of Saddam Hussein had executed seven of his uncles and sixty two of his relatives. He attended private schools in Tehran and graduated from the Islamic Arabic University in Qom. He taught Arabic language, fiqh, Islamic jurisprudence, logic, philosophy and the science of the Qur'an at the same university for several years. Career He supervises the establishment and management of many organizations, Scientific and Cultural Institution in the exile, including the House of Wisdom for Islamic Science. In 2003 he establ ...
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Informed Comment
John Ricardo Irfan "Juan" Cole (born October 23, 1952) is an American academic and commentator on the modern history of the Middle East, Middle East and history of South Asia, South Asia. He is Richard P. Mitchell Collegiate Professor of History at the University of Michigan. Since 2002, he has written a weblog, ''Informed Comment'' (''juancole.com''). Background and education Cole was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico. His father served in the Signal Corps (United States Army), United States Army Signal Corps. When Cole was age two, his family left New Mexico for France. His father completed two tours with the U.S. military in France (a total of seven years) and one 18-month stay at Kagnew Station in Asmara, Eritrea (then Ethiopia). (Cole reports that he first became interested in Islam in Eritrea, which has a population roughly half Christian and half Muslim.) Cole was schooled at twelve schools in twelve years, at a series of dependent schools on military bases but also someti ...
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Ayatollah
Ayatollah ( or ; fa, آیت‌الله, āyatollāh) is an honorific title for high-ranking Twelver Twelver ( ar, ٱثْنَا عَشَرِيَّة; ' fa, شیعه دوازده‌امامی, '), also known as Imamiyyah ( ar, إِمَامِيَّة), is the largest branch of Shia Islam, Shia Islam, with about 85% of all Shias. The term ''Twelve ... Shia clergy In Shi'a Islam Shia Islam or Shi'ism is one of the two main branches of Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , a ... in Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ... that came into widespread usage in the 20th century. Etymology The title is originally derived from Arabic wor ...
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Sunni
Sunni Islam () is by far the largest branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who spe ... of Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or ex ..., followed by 85–90% of the world's Muslims Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", .... Its name comes from the word ''Sunnah In Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing ...
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National Independent Cadres And Elites
The National Independent Cadres and Elites (NICE) is an Iraqi political party. It represents Shia Islam, Shi'ites who do not support the approach of the United Iraqi Alliance. It is closely associated with the movement of Moqtada al-Sadr and the Mahdi Army. The party is led by newspaper editor Fatah al-Sheikh. 2005 Transitional elections In the January 2005 Iraqi parliamentary election, 2005 Iraqi elections, NICE received just under 70,000 votes, about 0.8% of those cast, earning them three seats in the transitional National Assembly of Iraq. 2005 Permanent elections NICE did not contest the elections for the regular assembly later in 2005. Many of Sadr's supporters were part of the United Iraqi Alliance list. References Political parties in Iraq {{Iraq-party-stub ...
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Muqtada Al-Sadr
Muqtada al-Sadr ( ar, مقتدى الصدر, Muqtadā aṣ-Ṣadr; born 4 August 1974) is an Iraqi Shia scholar, politician and militia leader. He is the leader of the Sadrist Movement and the leader of the Peace Companies, a successor to the militia he had previously led during the Occupation of Iraq (2003–2011), American military presence in Iraq, the "Mahdi Army." In 2018, he joined his Sadrist political party to the Alliance Towards Reforms, Saairun alliance, which won the highest number of seats in the 2018 Iraqi parliamentary election, 2018 and 2021 Iraqi parliamentary elections. He is suspected of having ordered the assassinations of Abdul-Majid al-Khoei in 2003, although he denies the charge and his involvement remains unproven. Titles He belongs to the prominent Sadr (name), Sadr family that hails from Jabal Amel in Lebanon, before later settling in Najaf. Sadr is the son of Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, an Iraqi religious figure and politician who stood against ...
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Hussain Shahristani
Hussain Ibrahim Saleh al-Shahristani (born 1942) is an Iraqi politician who served in different cabinet posts. He served as Iraq's Minister of Higher Education. Early life and education al-Shahristani was born in 1942 in Karbala, Iraq. He hails from the al-Shahristani family. In addition to his native Arabic he has strong command of English language, English and Persian language, Persian as second languages. Shahristani showed an exceptional aptitude for science in Secondary School, al-Shahristani received a BSc in Chemical Engineering from Imperial College London in 1965, and an MSc from the University of Toronto in 1967, from where he also received a PhD in Chemical Engineering in 1970. He specialised in the design and building of nuclear reactors. Part of his education was also in Russia. Career He was tipped to be the Iraqi Prime Minister during the 2004 discussions, a position which he refused to take it and stated "I have always concentrated on serving the people and provi ...
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Ahmed Chalabi
Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi ( ar, أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي; 30 October 1944 – 3 November 2015) was an Iraqi politician, a founder of the Iraqi National Congress The Iraqi National Congress (INC; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transco ... (INC) and the President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ... of the Governing Council of Iraq ( 37th Prime Minister of Iraq The prime minister of Iraq is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or function * Executive (g ...
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Iraqi National Congress
The Iraqi National Congress (INC; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...: المؤتمر الوطني العراقي ''Al-Moutammar Al-Watani Al-'Iraqi'') is an Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ...i political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific political ideology ... that was led by Ahmed Chalabi Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi ( ar, أحمد عبد ال ...
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Islamic Dawa Party
The Islamic Dawa Party, also known as the Islamic Call Party ( ar, حزب الدعوة الإسلامية, Ḥizb ad-Daʿwa al-Islāmiyya), is an Islamism, Islamist political party in Iraq. Dawa and the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council are two of the main parties in the religious-Shia Islam, Shiite United Iraqi Alliance, which won a plurality of seats in both the provisional January 2005 Iraqi legislative election, January 2005 Iraqi election and the longer-term December 2005 Iraqi legislative election, December 2005 election. The party is led by Haider al-Abadi, who was the Prime Minister of Iraq from 8 September 2014 to 25 October 2018. The party backed the Iranian Revolution and also Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini during the Iran–Iraq War and the group still receives financial support from Tehran despite ideological differences with the Iran, Islamic Republic. The Party was known for its terrorist activities, which included one of the first suicide bombings, and may have included ...
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Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim
Ayatollah Abdul Aziz al-Hakim ( ; ar, سید عبد العزيز الحكيم; 1952 – 26 August 2009) was an Iraqi theologian and politician and the leader of Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, a party that has approximately 5% support in the Iraqi Council of Representatives. He also served as the Iraqi Governing Council, President of the Governing Council of Iraq (List of Prime Ministers of Iraq, 40th Prime Minister of Iraq) He was a member of the United States-appointed Iraqi Governing Council and served as its president in December 2003. Brother of the Shia leader Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, he replaced him as leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq when Mohammed Baqir was Imam Ali Mosque bombing, assassinated in August 2003 in Najaf. Biography Family tree Sayyid Abdul Aziz al-Hakim was a member of the Hakim family of Shiite scholars. Early life He was born in 1952, the son of Grand Ayatollah Muhsin Al-Hakim. Raised in Najaf and then received his theol ...
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Supreme Council For The Islamic Revolution In Iraq
The Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI or SIIC; ar, المجلس الأعلى الإسلامي العراقي ''Al-Majlis Al-A'ala Al-Islami Al-'Iraqi''; previously the party was known as the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, SCIRI) is an Iraqi Shia Islamist Political parties in Iraq, Iraqi political party. It was established in Iran in 1982 by Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim and its political support comes from Iraq's Shia Islam, Shia Muslim community. Prior to his assassination in August 2003, SCIRI was led by Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim; afterwards it was led by the Ayatollah's brother, Abdul Aziz al-Hakim. After Abdul Aziz al-Hakim's death in 2009 his son Ammar al-Hakim became the group's new leader. In light of its gains in 2005 Iraqi elections (other), the three 2005 elections and government appointments, the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council became one of Iraq's most powerful political parties and was the largest party in the Iraqi Council of Repre ...
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