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Avant-garde
The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or 'vanguard', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, Wikt:radical#Adjective, radical, or unorthodox with respect to The arts, art, culture, or society.John Picchione, The New Avant-garde in Italy: Theoretical Debate and Poetic Practices' (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004), p. 64 . It is frequently characterized by aesthetic innovation and initial unacceptability.Kostelanetz, Richard, ''A Dictionary of the Avant-Gardes'', Routledge, May 13, 2013
The avant-garde pushes the boundaries of what is accepted as the Norm (sociology), norm or the status quo, primarily in the cultural realm. The avant-garde is considered by some to be a hallmark of modernism, as distinc ...
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Dada
Dada () or Dadaism was an art movement An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a specific period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defin ... of the European avant-garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or '', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, , or unorthodox with respect to , , or .John Picchione, The New Avant-garde in Italy: Theoretical Debate and Poetic Practices' (Tor ... in the early 20th century, with early centres in Zürich Zürich () is the in and the capital of the . It is located in north-central Switzerland, at the northwestern tip of . As of January 2020, the municipality has 434,335 inhabitants, the urban area (agglomeration) 1.315 million (2009), and the 1. ..., Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (c. 1916). New York Dada Dada : left, ''Le saint des saints c'est ...
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Modernism
Modernism is both a philosophical movement A philosophical movement refers to the phenomenon defined by a group of philosophers A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, ... and an art movement An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a specific period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defin ... that arose from broad transformations in Western society The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabita ... during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The movement reflected a desire for the creation of new forms o ...
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Renato Poggioli
Renato Poggioli (April 16, 1907 in Florence – May 3, 1963 in Crescent City, California, Crescent City), was an Italian academic specializing in comparative literature. After 1938, he lived in the United States. At the time of his death, he was the Curt Hugo Reisinger Professor of Slavic and Comparative Literature at Harvard University. A prolific writer and translator, who was fluent in five languages, he is considered one of the founders of the academic discipline of comparative literature in the United States. Early life Poggioli was born in Florence, Italy, the son of a railroad administrator. In 1929 he received his doctorate in letters with a specialty in Slavic literature under the direction of Ettore Lo Gatto of the University of Florence. He also worked as a translator and critic. In 1931–32 he was an exchange professor at the Charles University in Prague, University of Prague, returning to Prague in 1934 to lecture on Italian culture as a representative of the Italian ...
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Vanguard
The vanguard (also called the advance guard) is the leading part of an advancing military formation Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a State (polity), state so as to offer such military capability as a military policy, national defense policy may require. In some countries paramilitary fo .... It has a number of functions, including seeking out the enemy and securing ground in advance of the main force. History The vanguard derives from the traditional division of a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ... army into three '' battles'' or ''wards''; the Van, the Main (or Middle), and the Rear. The term Vanguard originates with the medieval French ''avant-garde'', i.e. "the advance guard". The vanguard ...
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Language Poets
The Language poets (or ''L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E'' poets, after the magazine of that name) are an avant-garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or 'vanguard', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, Wikt:radical#Adjective, radical, or unorthodox with respect to The arts, art, culture, or society.John Picchione, The New A ... group or tendency in United States poetry 's poems, 1678 American poetry refers to the poetry of the United States. It arose first as efforts by American colonists to add their voices to English poetry in the 17th century, well before the Constitution of the United States, constitutional ... that emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The poets included: Bernadette Mayer Bernadette Mayer (born May 12, 1945) is an American poet, writer, and visual artist associated with both the Language poets The Language poets (or L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E (magazine), ''L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E'' poets, after the magazine of that name) are an av ..., Le ...
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Bohemianism
Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people and with few permanent ties. It involves musical, artistic, literary, or spiritual pursuits. In this context, bohemians may be wanderers, adventurers, or vagabonds. This use of the word in the English language was imported from French in the mid 19th century and was used to describe the non-traditional lifestyles of marginalized Social exclusion or social marginalisation is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social ... and impoverished artists, writers, journalists, musicians, and actors in major European cities. Bohemians were associated with unorthodox or anti-establishment An anti-establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of ...
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Vanguardism
In the context of the theory of Leninist Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the Dictatorship of the proletariat#Vladimir Lenin, dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary Vanguardism ... revolution In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, suc ...ary struggle, vanguardism involves a strategy whereby the most class-conscious and politically "advanced" sections of the proletariat The proletariat (; ) is the social class A social class is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory Political philosophy is the philosophical study of government A government is the system or group of p ... or working class The working class (or la ...
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Situationist International
The Situationist International (SI) was an international International is an adjective (also used as a noun) meaning "between nations". International may also refer to: Music Albums * ''International'' (Kevin Michael album), 2011 * ''International'' (New Order album), 2002 * ''International'' (The Th ... organization of social revolutionaries made up of avant-garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or '', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, , or unorthodox with respect to , , or .John Picchione, The New Avant-garde in Italy: Theoretical Debate and Poetic Practices' (Tor ... artists, intellectuals, and political theorists. It was prominent in Europe from its formation in 1957 to its dissolution in 1972. The intellectual foundations of the Situationist International were derived primarily from libertarian Marxism Libertarian Marxism is a broad scope of economic An economy (; ) is an area of the production Production may be: Ec ...
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Aesthetics
Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of mind, mind, and Philosophy of language, language. Such questio ... that deals with the nature of beauty Beauty is commonly described as a feature of objects that makes these objects pleasurable to perceive. Such objects include landscapes, sunsets, humans and works of art. Beauty, together with art and taste, is the main subject of aesthetics ... and taste The gustatory system or sense of taste is the sensory system The sensory nervous system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information. A sensory system consists of sensory neurons (including the sensory re ..., as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aesthetics). It examines subjective and sensori ...
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Social Issue
A social issue is a problem that affects many people within a society. It is a group of common problems in present-day society and ones that many people strive to solve. It is often the consequence of factors extending beyond an individual's control. Social issues is the source of conflicting opinions on the grounds of what are perceived as morally correct or incorrect personal life Personal life is the course or state of an personhood, individual's life, especially when viewed as the sum of personal choices contributing to one's personal identity. Apart from hunter-gatherers, most pre-modern peoples' time was limited by ... or interpersonal social life decisions. Social issues are distinguished from economic issues; however, some issues (such as immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of pe ...
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The Love Of Zero, 35mm Film Robert Florey1928
''The'' () is a grammatical Article (grammar), article in English language, English, denoting persons or things already mentioned, under discussion, implied or otherwise presumed familiar to listeners, readers, or speakers. It is the definite article in English. ''The'' is the Most common words in English, most commonly used word in the English language; studies and analyses of texts have found it to account for seven percent of all printed English-language words. It is derived from gendered articles in Old English which combined in Middle English and now has a single form used with pronouns of any gender. The word can be used with both singular and plural nouns, and with a noun that starts with any letter. This is different from many other languages, which have different forms of the definite article for different genders or numbers. Pronunciation In most dialects, "the" is pronounced as (with the voiced dental fricative followed by a schwa) when followed by a consonant soun ...
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Marcel Duchamp, 1917, Fountain, Photograph By Alfred Stieglitz
Marcel may refer to: People * Marcel (given name), people with the given name ''Marcel'' * Étienne Marcel (died 1358), a provost of merchants of Paris. * Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973), a French philosopher, Christian existentialist and playwright. * Jean-Jacques Marcel (born 1931), a French football player. * Rosie Marcel (born 1977), an English actor. * Sylvain Marcel (born 1974), a Canadian actor. * Terry Marcel (born 1942), a British film director. Places * Marcel, Goa a village in India. Other uses * Marcel (Friends), Marcel (''Friends''), a fictional monkey in the television series * Marcel (horse), a racehorse * Marcel (novel), ''Marcel'' (novel), a novel by Erwin Mortier * Marcel (song), "Marcel" (song), a German entry for Eurovision 1963 See also

* Marcell (other) * Marcel wave, a hair styling technique * Saint-Marcel (other) * Marvel (other) {{Disambiguation, surname ...
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