bombing range
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A JDAM bomb being tested on a bombing range at Eglin Air Force Base, 10 February 1993 A bombing range usually refers to a remote military aerial bombing and gunnery training range used by Military aircraft, combat aircraft to attack ground targets (air-to-ground bombing), or a remote area reserved for researching, developing, testing and evaluating new weapons and
ammunition Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon or weapon system. Ammunition is both expendable weapons (e.g., bombs, missiles, grenades, land mines) and the component parts of other weapons ...

ammunition
. Bombing ranges are used for precision targeting of high-explosive
aerial bombs An aerial bomb is a type of Explosive weapon, explosive or Incendiary bomb, incendiary weapon intended to travel through the Atmosphere of Earth, air on a predictable trajectory, usually designed to be dropped from an aircraft. Aerial bombs includ ...
, precision-guided munitions and other aircraft ordnance, as opposed to a field firing range used by infantry and tanks. Various non-explosive inert "practice bombs" are also extensively used for precision aerial targeting bombing practice—to simulate various explosive aerial bomb types and minimise damage and environmental impact to bombing ranges.


Hazards

Bombing ranges pose several hazards, even when not in use or closed. Unexploded ordnance is often the biggest threat. Once a bombing range has been permanently closed, they are sometimes cleared of unexploded ordnance so that the land can be put to other use or to reduce the chance of accidental detonation causing harm to people near the range, trespassers or authorized personnel. Cleanup or complete cleanup may be put off indefinitely depending on the cost, the danger to personnel clearing the area, the land's potential use, the likelihood of an explosion being triggered and the probability of someone being around to trigger or be harmed by an explosion. The wreckage can also be hazardous. Bomb fragments and other wreckage can cause lacerations and puncture wounds if not removed before the land is put to other uses, such as farming or recreation, or if it is handled by curious trespassers or untrained scrap, scrap metal salvagers. The fragments, wreckage and residues may also contain toxicity, toxic substances, such as nitrate. Exposure can come from direct contact, but it can also come offsite by the air, from surface or groundwater contamination, or by the uptake of toxins by plants and animals consumed by humans. Which route of exposure is most likely depends on the type of substances present, the proximity of inhabited areas and whether unauthorized personnel trespass on the range. Developing nations and those in an economic crisis often have a haphazard Recycling, salvage industry involved in legal and illegal activities. In these areas, bombing ranges are scoured for salvageable metals. Unusual items, sometimes the most dangerous, are made into "trinkets". The danger is greatly increased when the materials are melted down or worked by hand, exposing workers to toxic fumes.


See also

* Nevada Test and Training Range * Chocolate Mountain Aerial Gunnery Range * Barry M. Goldwater Air Force Range * Tactical bombing


References

{{Reflist Bombing ranges, Bombs