(Serbian Cyrillic: Златибoр
pronounced [zlǎtibɔːr]) is a mountainous region situated in
the western part of Serbia.
is an important tourist area of Serbia, with resources for
health tourism, skiing and hiking. The main city of the region is
Užice, located at the foothills of the mountain, and most of the area
belongs to the municipality of Čajetina. Town of
from a group of vacation homes into a full-fledged urban location.
is administratively divided into two municipalities within
and Užice, in the
District. The railroad
Belgrade-Bar passes through Zlatibor.
3.1 Tornik ski resort
5 See also
7 External links
In the Middle Ages,
Zlatibor was known as Rujno, a župa that was part
of Raška. The name
Zlatibor started to be used in the 18th century,
but its etymology is uncertain. It probably stems from the Serbian
words zlatni (golden) and bor (pine).
Pinus sylvestris var.
zlatiborica is a subspecies of pine originating from the mountain, and
is endangered today. The hill called Cigla near the village of
Jablanica still has some borderline markings of the Kingdom of Serbia,
Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
Zlatibor landscape in the winter
Zlatibor is located in the northern part of the
Stari Vlah region, a
historical border region between Raška,
Herzegovina and Bosnia. It
spreads over an area of 300 square kilometres (120 square miles),
43 km (27 mi) in length, southeast to northwest, and up to
37 km (23 mi) in width. Its highest peak Tornik has an
elevation of 1,496 m.
Zlatibor is situated between 43° 31' N,
and 43° 51' N, and between 19° 28' E and 19° 56' E.
The southern and the eastern border of
Zlatibor are natural – the
Uvac and Veliki Rzav. Villages of Mokra Gora,
Jablanica mark its western border towards the Tara Mountain. Southern
part of Zlatibor, extending towards the
Zlatar (mountain) mountain, is
referred to as Murtenica.
The climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification:
Climate data for Zlatibor, 1981-2010
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia
Lake in the center of Kraljeva Voda
Situated at an elevation of just over 1,000 metres,
Zlatibor is a
climatic resort, characterized by a cool alpine climate, clean air,
long periods of sunshine during the summer and a heavy snow cover in
winter. Tourist facilities include modern hotels, holiday centers and
cottages, sports grounds and skiing tracks.
Tourist era on
Zlatibor officially began on 20 August 1893, when the
Aleksandar Obrenović decided to establish a health
resort on an initiative from the local hosts. To his honor, a fountain
was erected on the place where he had lunch; it was later accompanied
by a small lake, titled Kraljeva Voda ("King's water"). In 1945, it
was renamed to Partizanske Vode after Yugoslav Partisans, and in 1991
the town received the current name Zlatibor. The area is a location of
numerous hotels, villas, restaurants, open swimming pools and other
sports facilities. Eventually, residents of surrounding villages of
Sirogojno, Gostilje, Jablanica, Rožanstvo, Ljubiš,
Tripkova and the
Čajetina opened their homes to tourists and built other
Tornik ski resort
A view from Tornik towards the village of Ribnica
Tornik (Serbian Cyrillic: Торник) is the highest peak of
Zlatibor, at an altitude 1,496 m (4,908 ft).
Tornik ski resort (Serbian: Ски центар Торник / Ski
centar Tornik) is located at elevations between 1,110 and 1,490 m.
It has several tracks, four being covered by artificial snowing
systems, with the total capacity of the about 5,400 skiers per hour.
It is equipped with a six-seater chairlift, carrying 3,000 skiers per
hour, and two T-bar ski lifts with total capacity of 2,400 skiers per
hour. Along with
Kopaonik and Stara Planina, it is one of the most
popular resorts in
Serbia and western Balkans.
The process began in January 2016 and in October 2017, the government
placed part of the mountain under protection as a Nature Park
Zlatibor. The land within the "protected area of exceptional
Category I) is 56% privately owned and covers the
villages of Semegnjevo, Jablanica, Stublo, Dobroselica,
Gostilje. The settled area is in the lowest, third level of protection
while the first level of protection occupies 4,69% of the entire area,
or 1,968.89 ha (4,865.2 acres). Within the park there are four
regions: Viogor, Black Rzav,
Uvac Gorge and Griža Gorge. There are
also previously protected areas: strict natural reserve "Park Forest"
(12.54 ha (31.0 acres)) and natural monuments "Lira black pine"
(near Nova Varoš) and "Three black pines - Dobroselica" (near
Čajetina). The total area of the park is 41.923 ha (103.59
There are 1,044 species of plants in the park. The prevailing fauna
consists of the autochthonous black pine forests and the mixed forests
of black and Scots pine, which are categorized as a priority habitats
by the Natura 2000. There are 18 species of amphibians and reptiles,
154 species of birds (42% of all bird species recorded in Serbia) and
38 species of mammals (40%). The park includes three cultural
monuments and numerous objects of architectural legacy.
The park is bounded by the
Uvac river on the south, border with Bosnia
Herzegovina on the west, mountains of Mokra Gora,
Grude on the north and the mountain of
Murtenica and Katušnica river
on the east. Ribnica Lake and Čigota massif are within the park,
while the towns of
Zlatibor remain outside.
Ponikve Airport (nearby airport)
^ a b "
Zlatibor Pride Anniversary - 120 Years of Tourism". Tourist
Organization of Zlatibor. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
^ Olga Savić. "Geografske odlike Užičkog područja: Reljef" (PDF)
(in Serbian). Grad Užice. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
^ "SREDNJE MESEČNE, GODIŠNJE I EKSTREMNE VREDNOSTI 1981 -
^ "Ski centar Tornik". Ski Resorts of Serbia. Retrieved
^ a b Slavica Stuparušić (16 October 2017), "Još dva parka prirode
na mapi Srbije" [Two more nature parks on the map of Serbia], Politika
(in Serbian), p. 08
^ a b Branko Pejović (19 October 2017), "Park prirode „Zlatibor"
neće zaustaviti gradnju gondola" [Nature Park
Zlatibor will not stop
the construction of the cable car],
Politika (in Serbian), pp. 01
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zlatibor.
Zlatibor in words and pictures Zlatibor.com
Live cam Tornik ski resort
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zlatibor.
Geographical regions of Serbia
Užička Crna Gora
(*) indicates location within Kosovo
Protected areas of Serbia
Stari Begej – Carska Bara
Jelašnička river Gorge
Pastures of the Great Bustard
Trešnjica river Gorge
Jegricka Nature Park
Šargan - Mokra Gora
Mali Rzav Springs
River Pčinja Valley
Lepterija - Soko Grad
Ras - *Sopoćani
Veliko Ratno Ostrvo