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Zlatibor
Zlatibor
(Serbian Cyrillic: Златибoр pronounced [zlǎtibɔːr]) is a mountainous region situated in the western part of Serbia. Zlatibor
Zlatibor
is an important tourist area of Serbia, with resources for health tourism, skiing and hiking.[1] The main city of the region is Užice, located at the foothills of the mountain, and most of the area belongs to the municipality of Čajetina. Town of Zlatibor
Zlatibor
emerged from a group of vacation homes into a full-fledged urban location. Zlatibor
Zlatibor
is administratively divided into two municipalities within Serbia: Čajetina
Čajetina
and Užice, in the Zlatibor
Zlatibor
District. The railroad Belgrade-Bar passes through Zlatibor.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Tourism

3.1 Tornik ski resort

4 Protection 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] In the Middle Ages, Zlatibor
Zlatibor
was known as Rujno, a župa that was part of Raška. The name Zlatibor
Zlatibor
started to be used in the 18th century, but its etymology is uncertain. It probably stems from the Serbian words zlatni (golden) and bor (pine). Pinus sylvestris
Pinus sylvestris
var. zlatiborica is a subspecies of pine originating from the mountain, and is endangered today. The hill called Cigla near the village of Jablanica still has some borderline markings of the Kingdom of Serbia, Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
and the Ottoman Empire. Geography[edit]

Zlatibor
Zlatibor
landscape in the winter

Zlatibor
Zlatibor
is located in the northern part of the Stari Vlah
Stari Vlah
region, a historical border region between Raška, Herzegovina
Herzegovina
and Bosnia. It spreads over an area of 300 square kilometres (120 square miles), 43 km (27 mi) in length, southeast to northwest, and up to 37 km (23 mi) in width. Its highest peak Tornik has an elevation of 1,496 m. Zlatibor
Zlatibor
is situated between 43° 31' N, and 43° 51' N, and between 19° 28' E and 19° 56' E. The southern and the eastern border of Zlatibor
Zlatibor
are natural – the rivers Uvac
Uvac
and Veliki Rzav. Villages of Mokra Gora, Semegnjevo
Semegnjevo
and Jablanica mark its western border towards the Tara Mountain. Southern part of Zlatibor, extending towards the Zlatar (mountain)
Zlatar (mountain)
mountain, is referred to as Murtenica.[2] Climate[edit] The climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Zlatibor, 1981-2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 2.1 (35.8) 3.3 (37.9) 7.5 (45.5) 12.4 (54.3) 17.6 (63.7) 20.8 (69.4) 23.1 (73.6) 23.3 (73.9) 18.6 (65.5) 14.0 (57.2) 7.8 (46) 2.6 (36.7) 12.8 (55)

Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1 (28.2) −1.3 (29.7) 2.4 (36.3) 7.2 (45) 12.3 (54.1) 15.4 (59.7) 17.2 (63) 17.5 (63.5) 13.1 (55.6) 8.8 (47.8) 3.2 (37.8) −1.2 (29.8) 7.7 (45.9)

Average low °C (°F) −5.2 (22.6) −4.7 (23.5) −1.2 (29.8) 3.2 (37.8) 7.9 (46.2) 10.8 (51.4) 12.7 (54.9) 12.9 (55.2) 9.0 (48.2) 5.1 (41.2) 0.1 (32.2) −4.0 (24.8) 3.9 (39)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.4 (2.575) 68.5 (2.697) 73.4 (2.89) 79.0 (3.11) 94.4 (3.717) 110.2 (4.339) 96.3 (3.791) 78.8 (3.102) 98.3 (3.87) 78.2 (3.079) 92.3 (3.634) 82.6 (3.252) 1,017.3 (40.051)

Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[3]

Tourism[edit]

Lake in the center of Kraljeva Voda

Situated at an elevation of just over 1,000 metres, Zlatibor
Zlatibor
is a climatic resort, characterized by a cool alpine climate, clean air, long periods of sunshine during the summer and a heavy snow cover in winter. Tourist facilities include modern hotels, holiday centers and cottages, sports grounds and skiing tracks. Tourist era on Zlatibor
Zlatibor
officially began on 20 August 1893, when the King of Serbia
Serbia
Aleksandar Obrenović
Aleksandar Obrenović
decided to establish a health resort on an initiative from the local hosts. To his honor, a fountain was erected on the place where he had lunch; it was later accompanied by a small lake, titled Kraljeva Voda ("King's water"). In 1945, it was renamed to Partizanske Vode after Yugoslav Partisans, and in 1991 the town received the current name Zlatibor. The area is a location of numerous hotels, villas, restaurants, open swimming pools and other sports facilities. Eventually, residents of surrounding villages of Sirogojno, Gostilje, Jablanica, Rožanstvo, Ljubiš, Tripkova
Tripkova
and the town of Čajetina
Čajetina
opened their homes to tourists and built other facilities.[1] Tornik ski resort[edit]

A view from Tornik towards the village of Ribnica

Tornik (Serbian Cyrillic: Торник) is the highest peak of Zlatibor, at an altitude 1,496 m (4,908 ft). Tornik ski resort (Serbian: Ски центар Торник / Ski centar Tornik)[4] is located at elevations between 1,110 and 1,490 m. It has several tracks, four being covered by artificial snowing systems, with the total capacity of the about 5,400 skiers per hour. It is equipped with a six-seater chairlift, carrying 3,000 skiers per hour, and two T-bar ski lifts with total capacity of 2,400 skiers per hour. Along with Kopaonik
Kopaonik
and Stara Planina, it is one of the most popular resorts in Serbia
Serbia
and western Balkans. Protection[edit] The process began in January 2016 and in October 2017, the government placed part of the mountain under protection as a Nature Park Zlatibor. The land within the "protected area of exceptional importance" (IUCN Category I) is 56% privately owned and covers the villages of Semegnjevo, Jablanica, Stublo, Dobroselica, Ljubiš
Ljubiš
and Gostilje. The settled area is in the lowest, third level of protection while the first level of protection occupies 4,69% of the entire area, or 1,968.89 ha (4,865.2 acres). Within the park there are four regions: Viogor, Black Rzav, Uvac
Uvac
Gorge and Griža Gorge. There are also previously protected areas: strict natural reserve "Park Forest" (12.54 ha (31.0 acres)) and natural monuments "Lira black pine" (near Nova Varoš) and "Three black pines - Dobroselica" (near Čajetina).[5] The total area of the park is 41.923 ha (103.59 acres).[6] There are 1,044 species of plants in the park. The prevailing fauna consists of the autochthonous black pine forests and the mixed forests of black and Scots pine, which are categorized as a priority habitats by the Natura 2000. There are 18 species of amphibians and reptiles, 154 species of birds (42% of all bird species recorded in Serbia) and 38 species of mammals (40%). The park includes three cultural monuments and numerous objects of architectural legacy.[5] The park is bounded by the Uvac
Uvac
river on the south, border with Bosnia and Herzegovina
Herzegovina
on the west, mountains of Mokra Gora, Semegnjevo
Semegnjevo
and Grude on the north and the mountain of Murtenica
Murtenica
and Katušnica river on the east. Ribnica Lake and Čigota massif are within the park, while the towns of Čajetina
Čajetina
and Zlatibor
Zlatibor
remain outside.[6] See also[edit]

Ponikve Airport
Ponikve Airport
(nearby airport)

References[edit]

^ a b " Zlatibor
Zlatibor
Pride Anniversary - 120 Years of Tourism". Tourist Organization of Zlatibor. Retrieved 2016-01-19.  ^ Olga Savić. "Geografske odlike Užičkog područja: Reljef" (PDF) (in Serbian). Grad Užice. Retrieved 2016-01-19.  ^ "SREDNJE MESEČNE, GODIŠNJE I EKSTREMNE VREDNOSTI 1981 - 2010".  ^ "Ski centar Tornik". Ski Resorts of Serbia. Retrieved 2016-01-19.  ^ a b Slavica Stuparušić (16 October 2017), "Još dva parka prirode na mapi Srbije" [Two more nature parks on the map of Serbia], Politika (in Serbian), p. 08  ^ a b Branko Pejović (19 October 2017), "Park prirode „Zlatibor" neće zaustaviti gradnju gondola" [Nature Park Zlatibor
Zlatibor
will not stop the construction of the cable car], Politika
Politika
(in Serbian), pp. 01 & 16 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zlatibor.

Zlatibor
Zlatibor
in words and pictures Zlatibor.com Live cam Tornik ski resort

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zlatibor.

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Geographical regions of Serbia

Azbukovica Bačka Banat Belica Binačko Pomoravlje* Braničevo Deliblatska Peščara Dobrič Drenica* Goljak Gora* Gornje Livade Gornji Breg Gruža Homolje Ibarski Kolašin* Izmornik* Jablanica Jadar Jasenica Kačer Kolubara Komarani Kopaonik Kosanica Kosmaj Kosovo* Kosovo field* Kosovsko Pomoravlje* Kozjačija Kučaj Lepenica Lešnica Levač Ljig Lugomir Lugovi* Lužnica Mačva Malo Kosovo* Metohija* Metohijski Podgor* Mlava Morava Valley Moravac Negotinska Krajina Obica* Opolje* Pančevački Rit Pčinja Pešter Pocerina Podlužje Podrimlje Podrinje Podunavlje Polimlje Pomoravlje Pomorišje Posavina Potisje Prekoruplje* Preševo Valley Prizenski Has* Prizrenski Podgor* Rađevina Rasina Raška Rugovo* Sandžak Šajkaška Sirinićka župa* Šopluk Sredačka župa* Srem Stari Vlah Stig Šumadija Šumadijska Kolubara Svrljig Tamnava Telečka Temnić Timočka Krajina Toplica Užička Crna Gora Valjevska Kolubara Veliki Rit Visok Vlasina Zaglavak Zlatibor

(*) indicates location within Kosovo

v t e

Protected areas of Serbia

National parks

Đerdap Fruška Gora Kopaonik Šar Mountain Tara

Nature reserves

Bagremara Brzansko Moravište Bukovo Stari Begej – Carska Bara Danilova kosa Deliblato Sand Goč Gornje Podunavlje Jelašnička river Gorge Jerma Karađorđevo Koviljsko-petrovaradinski rit Kraljevac Lake Ludaš Obedska bara Okanj Pastures of the Great Bustard Prebreza Prokop Selevenjske pustare Slano Kopovo Suva Planina Titelski Breg Trešnjica
Trešnjica
river Gorge Uvac Venerina padina Vinatovača Zasavica

Nature parks

Begečka jama Golija Grmija Jegricka Nature Park Kamaraš Šargan - Mokra Gora Palić lake Ponjavica Sićevačka Gorge Stara Planina Tikvara Stara Tisa Zlatibor

Landscapes of outstanding features

Avala Đetinja
Đetinja
Gorge Gradac Gorge Kamena Gora Kosmaj Ćelije hydroacumulation Mali Rzav
Mali Rzav
Springs Miruša Waterfalls Ovčar-Kablar Gorge River Pčinja Valley Radan Lepterija - Soko Grad Ras - *Sopoćani Subotička Peščara Veliko Ratno Ostrvo Vlasina Vršac Mountains Zaovine

Natural monuments (selection)

Đavolja Varoš Marble cave Resavska cave Rugova Canyon Šalinac Grove

.