Zest is a food ingredient that is prepared by scraping or cutting from the rind of unwaxed citrus fruits
such as lemon
, and lime
. Zest is used to add flavor to foods.
In terms of fruit anatomy
, the zest is obtained from the flavedo
) which is also referred to as zest. The flavedo and white pith (albedo
) of a citrus fruit together makes up its peel
The amounts of both flavedo and pith are variable among citrus fruits, and may be adjusted by the manner in which they are prepared. Citrus peel may be used fresh, dried, candied, or pickled in salt.
For culinary use, a zester
, vegetable peeler
, paring knife
, or even a surform
tool is used to scrape or cut zest from the fruit. Alternatively, the peel is sliced, then excess pith (if any) cut away.
The white portion of the peel under the zest (pith
, albedo or mesocarp
) may be unpleasantly bitter and is generally avoided by limiting the peeling depth. Some citrus fruits have so little white mesocarp that their peel
can be used whole.
Variation between fruit
The zest and mesocarp vary with the genetics of the fruit
. Fruit with peels that are almost all flavedo are generally mandarines
; relatives of pummelo
s and citron
s tend to have thicker mesocarp. The mesocarp of pummelo
, etc.) is generally more bitter; the mesocarp of citron
and Persian lime
s etc.) is milder.
is a hybrid of pummelo, citron, and mandarin. The mesocarp is also edible, and is used to make succade
Zest is often used to add flavor to different pastries and sweets, such as pie
s (e.g., lemon meringue pie
. Zest also is added to certain dishes (including ossobuco alla milanese
s and salad
Zest is a key ingredient in a variety of sweet and sour condiments, including lemon pickle
, lime chutney
, and marmalade
. Lemon liqueur
s and liquor
s such as Licor de oro
Zest is used in some cocktail
s not only for flavor and aroma but also for color as a garnish. For use as a cocktail garnish, zest often is cut in a long spiral called a twist
. Cocktails featuring a twist include Dry Martini
and Horse's Neck
. For maximum flavor and aroma, as in mulled wine
, zest is simply cut from the fruit with a knife.