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The ZAGREB CATHEDRAL on Kaptol is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
institution and not only the tallest building in Croatia
Croatia
, but also the most monumental sacral building in Gothic style southeast of the Alps. It is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary
Assumption of Mary
and to kings Saint Stephen and Saint Ladislaus . The cathedral is typically Gothic, as is its sacristy , which is of great architectural value. Its prominent spires are considered to be landmarks as they are visible from most parts of the city.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Gallery * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

HISTORY

In 1093 when king Ladislaus (1040-1095) moved the bishop's chair from Sisak
Sisak
to Zagreb, he proclaimed the existing church as a cathedral. Construction on the cathedral started shortly after his death and was finished in 1217 and consecrated by king Andrew II of Hungary
Andrew II of Hungary
. The building was destroyed by the Mongols in 1242 but rebuilt by bishop Timotej (1263-1287) a few years later. At the end of the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
invaded Croatia, triggering the construction of fortification walls around the cathedral, some of which are still intact. In the 17th century, a fortified renaissance watchtower was erected on the south side, and was used as a military observation point, because of the Ottoman threat.

The cathedral was severely damaged in the 1880 Zagreb
Zagreb
earthquake . The main nave collapsed and the tower was damaged beyond repair. The restoration of the cathedral in the Neo-Gothic style was led by Hermann Bollé , bringing the cathedral to its present form. As part of that restoration, two spires 108 m (354 ft) high were raised on the western side, both of which are now in the process of being restored as part of an extensive general restoration of the cathedral.

The cathedral is depicted on the reverse of the Croatian 1000 kuna banknote issued in 1993.

When facing the portal, the building is 46 meters wide and 108 meters high. The cathedral contains a relief of Cardinal Aloysius Stepinac with Christ done by the Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović
Ivan Meštrović
. The cathedral was visited by Pope Benedict XVI
Benedict XVI
on 5 June 2011 where he celebrated Sunday Vespers and prayed before the tomb of Blessed Aloysius Stepinac
Aloysius Stepinac
.

GALLERY

*

1880 pre-earthquake view from Jelačić Square with old square spire *

19th Century view with fortifications intact *

Facade *

Mary column in front of the Cathedral
Cathedral
*

Entrance portal *

Eastern view *

Sarcophagus
Sarcophagus
of blessed Alojzije Stepinac . *

Nave, altar and pulpit *

Gargoyle on a Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral
Cathedral
*

Zagreb
Zagreb
skyline with cathedral in the background *

Neo-Gothic tower on a Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral
Cathedral
*

Lateral interior *

Stained glass *

Interior nave *

Coffin *

Altar

SEE ALSO

* Croatia
Croatia
portal

* History of Zagreb
Zagreb
* History of Croatia
Croatia
* St. Mark\'s Church * Kaptol * Gradec * Ban Jelačić Square

REFERENCES

* ^ "Zvona zagrebačke katedrale (Bells of the Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral)". Glas Koncila (in Croatian). * ^ * ^ Feđa Gavrilović (12 January 2012). "Razbijene zastarjele predrasude"

Wikimedia Commons has media related to ZAGREB CATHEDRAL .

* Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral; Zagreb
Zagreb
Tourist Info * Zagrebačka katedrala (in Croatian)

* "Đavlova glava u zagrebačkoj katedrali" (in Croatian)

* Part 1 * Part 2 * Part 3 * Part 4 * Part 5 * Part 6 * Part 7 * Part 8 * Part 9 * Part 10

* Zagreb
Zagreb
cathedral in the 1880 earthquake and its present day renovation (in Croatian)

* v * t * e

Zagreb
Zagreb

HISTORY

* Timeline * Golden Bull of 1242 * Gradec * Kaptol * Krvavi most * 1880 earthquake * 1895 Emperor Franz Joseph visit * Zagreb
Zagreb
in World War II * 1995 rocket attacks * 1995–97 Zagreb
Zagreb
crisis * Mayors

DISTRICTS

* Brezovica * Črnomerec * Donja Dubrava * Donji grad * Gornja Dubrava * Gornji Grad–Medveščak * Maksimir
Maksimir
* Novi Zagreb-istok * Novi Zagreb-zapad * Peščenica-Žitnjak * Podsljeme
Podsljeme
* Podsused-Vrapče * Sesvete
Sesvete
* Stenjevec
Stenjevec
* Trešnjevka-jug * Trešnjevka-sjever * Trnje

Buildings and landmarks

* 1 Ilica Street * Ban Jelačić Square * Banski dvori
Banski dvori
* Botanical Garden * British Square * Cibona Tower * Dolac Market * General Post Office * Ilica Street * Jarun * Kallina House * Lenuci Horseshoe * Lotrščak Tower * Maksimir
Maksimir
Park * Marshal Tito Square * Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
* Meštrović Pavilion
Meštrović Pavilion
* Mirogoj Cemetery
Mirogoj Cemetery
* Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square * Nine Views * Old City Hall * Rudolf barracks * St. Mark\'s Square * Tkalčićeva Street
Tkalčićeva Street
* Villa Rebar * Zagrepčanka * Sky Office Tower * Adriatic Bridge * Homeland Bridge
Homeland Bridge
* HOTO Tower * Eurotower

Places of worship

* Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral * St. Mark\'s Church * St. Catherine\'s Church * Orthodox Cathedral
Cathedral
* Zagreb
Zagreb
Mosque * Zagreb
Zagreb
Synagogue * Evangelical Church

CULTURE

* Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb
Zagreb
* Gavella Drama Theatre * Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall * National and University Library * Zagreb
Zagreb
Philharmonic Orchestra * The Cravat Regiment
Cravat Regiment
* Zagreb
Zagreb
Zoo

Galleries and museums

* Archaeological Museum * Art Pavilion * Croatian History Museum
Croatian History Museum
* Croatian Museum of Naïve Art * Croatian Natural History Museum * Croatian Railway Museum * Ethnographic Museum * Ferdinand Budicki Automobile Museum * Glyptotheque * Klovićevi Dvori Gallery * Lauba * Mimara Museum
Mimara Museum
* Modern Gallery * Museum of Arts and Crafts * Museum of Broken Relationships * Museum of Contemporary Art * Strossmayer Gallery * Technical Museum * Zagreb
Zagreb
City Museum

LOCAL MEDIA

* Newspapers: Jutarnji list * Večernji list
Večernji list
* Broadcast radio: Radio 101 * Radio Student * Television stations: Jabuka TV * Z1 * Film companies: Croatia
Croatia
Film * Jadran Film * Zagreb
Zagreb
Film

EDUCATION

* High schools in Zagreb
Zagreb
* Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts

* University of Zagreb
Zagreb

* Academies: Dramatic Art * Fine Arts * Music * Faculties: Architecture * Chemical Engineering * Dental Medicine * Economics and Business * Electrical Engineering and Computing * Geodesy * Humanities and Social Sciences * Medicine * Science * Teacher Education

SPORTS VENUES

* Arena Zagreb
Zagreb
* Dom Sportova
Dom Sportova
* Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall * Maksimir
Maksimir
Stadium * Kranjčevićeva Stadium * ŠRC Sesvete
Sesvete
Stadium * NŠC Stjepan Spajić Stadium

TRANSPORT

* Zagreb
Zagreb
International Airport * Zagreb
Zagreb
Glavni kolodvor * Funicular * Trams * Commuter Rail * Metro (proposed)

EVENTS

* Animafest Zagreb
Zagreb
* INmusic Festival * Music Biennale Zagreb
Zagreb
* Zagreb
Zagreb
Film Festival * ZagrebDox * Zagreb
Zagreb
Fair * Subversive Festival
Subversive Festival

SPORT EVENTS

* Golden Spin * Hanžeković Memorial
Hanžeković Memorial
* Snow Queen Trophy * Zagreb
Zagreb
Indoors

* v * t * e

Cathedrals in Croatia
Croatia

ROMAN CATHOLIC CATHEDRALS

* Bjelovar * Đakovo * Dubrovnik * Gospić * Hvar * Korčula * Krk * Poreč * Požega * Rijeka * Sisak
Sisak
* Šibenik * Split * Trogir * Varaždin * Zadar * Zagreb

ROMAN CATHOLIC CO-CATHEDRALS

* Križevci * Makarska * Osijek * Pula * Senj

SERBIAN ORTHODOX CATHEDRALS

* Zagreb
Zagreb
* Dalj * Karlovac * Jasenovac de jure (Pakrac de facto) * Šibenik

CROATIAN GREEK CATHOLIC CATHEDRALS

* Križevci

CROATIAN GREEK CATHOLIC CO-CATHEDRALS

* Zagreb
Zagreb

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 123215115 * LCCN : n85039583 * GND : 4609248-1 * BNF : cb115899

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