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Yamato Province
Yamato Province
(大和国, Yamato no Kuni) was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture
Nara Prefecture
in Honshū.[1] It was also called Washū (和州). At first, the name was written with one different character (大倭; cf. Names of Japan), and for about ten years after 737, this was revised to use more desirable characters (大養徳). The final revision was made in the second year of the Tenpyō-hōji
Tenpyō-hōji
era (c. 758). It is classified as a great province in the Engishiki. The Yamato Period
Yamato Period
in the history of Japan
Japan
refers to the late Kofun Period (c. 250–538) and Asuka Period
Asuka Period
(538–710). Japanese archaeologists and historians emphasize the fact that during the early Kofun Period
Kofun Period
the Yamato chieftainship was in close contention with other regional powers, such as Kibi Province near present-day Okayama Prefecture. Around the 6th century, the local chieftainship gained national control and established the Imperial court in Yamato Province. The battleship Yamato, the flagship of the Japanese Combined Fleet during World War II, was named after this ancient province.

Contents

1 Capital 2 Temples 3 Kami of Yamato 4 Districts 5 Domains 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Capital[edit] The provincial capital was Wakigami in Katsujō District (modern northeastern Gose), but accompanying the Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
capital transfer, it was moved to Takaichi District (Jōroku in modern Kashihara, where the Ōgaru and Ishikawa towns meet, called Karu no Chimata). The exact location of the capital is guessed at by various sources, but not known for sure. There was no shugo's mansion; the Kōfuku-ji
Kōfuku-ji
played that role. In the Setsuyōshū, Toichi District is listed as the seat. Temples[edit] The provincial temple for monks is popularly thought to have been Tōdai-ji, but it may have in fact been a different one in Kashihara. The one for nuns was Hokke-ji. The primary shrine was Sakurai's Ōmiwa Shrine, but there have been no records stating as such found at the shrine itself. There were no secondary shrines. The sōja (or principal Shinto shrine in the province)[disambiguation needed] was Kokufu Shrine (Takatori, Takaichi, Nara). Kami of Yamato[edit]

Minamoto no Shigetoki Minamoto no Suetō Utsunomiya Nobufusa Oda Hidanaga Oda Toshisada Oda Tatsusada Oda Tatsukatsu Mitsuki Naoyori Honjō Fusanaga Tōyama Kagetō Jushii-ge Nakai Masakiyo Jushii-ge Matsudaira Tomonori Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naotsune Jugoi-ge Kanō Hisachika Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naonobu Jushii-ge Matsudaira Tsunenori Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naoyoshi

Districts[edit]

Ancient Medieval 1 April 1896 Modern

Sofu (曾布) Sofu no Kami no Kōri Soekami-gun Soekami-gun Nara-shi, Tenri-shi

Sofu no Shimo no Kōri Soejimo-gun Ikoma-gun Yamatokōriyama-shi, Ikoma-shi, Ikoma-gun

Heguri no Kōri Heguri-gun

Hirose no Kōri Hirose-gun Kitakatsuragi-gun Yamatotakada-shi, Kashiba-shi, Katsuragi-shi, Kitakatsuragi-gun

Katsuragi (葛城) Katsuragi no Shimo no Kōri Katsuge-gun

Katsuragi no Kami no Kōri Katsujō-gun Minamikatsuragi-gun Gose-shi

Oshimi no Kōri Oshimi-gun

Uchi no Kōri Uchi-gun Uchi-gun Gojō-shi

Yoshino no Kōri Yoshino-gun Yoshino-gun Gojō-shi, Yoshino-gun

Uda no Kōri Uda-gun Uda-gun Uda-shi, Uda-gun

Shiki (磯城) Shiki no Kami no Kōri Shikijō-gun Shiki-gun Tenri-shi, Kashihara-shi, Sakurai-shi, Shiki-gun

Shiki no Shimo no Kōri Shikige-gun

Toichi no Kōri Toichi-gun

Takaichi no Kōri Takaichi-gun Takaichi-gun Kashihara-shi, Takaichi-gun

Yamabe no Kōri Yamabe-gun Yamabe-gun Tenri-shi, Nara-shi, Yamabe-gun

Domains[edit]

Yagyū Domain Kōriyama Domain Koizumi Domain Yanagimoto Domain Kaijū Domain / Shibamura Domain Kujira Domain Uda-Matsuyama Domain Takatori Domain Okidome Domain Tatsuta Domain Tawaramoto Domain Kishida Domain Yamato-Shinjō Domain Gose Domain Yamato-Gojō Domain

See also[edit]

Yamataikoku Yoshino Province List of Provinces of Japan List of Han Yamato period Japanese battleship Yamato Yamato people
Yamato people
(Japanese) Yamato-damashii - 'the Japanese spirit' Thirteen Buddhist Sites of Yamato

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Yamato" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 1046, p. 1046, at Google Books.

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit] Media related to Yamato Province
Yamato Province
at Wikimedia Commons

Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903

v t e

Former provinces of Japan
Japan
(List)

Kinai

Izumi Kawachi Settsu Yamashiro Yamato Yoshino 716–738

Tōkaidō

Awa Hitachi Iga Ise Izu Kai Kazusa Mikawa Musashi Owari Sagami Shima Shimōsa Suruga Tōtōmi

Tōsandō

Dewa -1869 Hida Iwaki 718–724 Iwaki 1869– Iwase 718–724 Iwashiro 1869– Kōzuke Mino Ōmi Mutsu –1869 Rikuō (or Mutsu) 1869– Rikuchū 1869– Rikuzen 1869– Shimotsuke Shinano Suwa 721–731 Ugo 1869– Uzen 1869–

Hokurikudō

Echigo Echizen Etchū Kaga Noto Sado Wakasa

San'indō

Hōki Inaba Izumo Iwami Oki Tajima Tanba Tango

San'yōdō

Aki Bingo Bitchū Bizen Harima Mimasaka Nagato Suō

Nankaidō

Awa Awaji Iyo Kii Sanuki Tosa

Saikaidō

Bungo Buzen Chikugo Chikuzen Higo Hizen Hyūga Iki Ōsumi Satsuma Tane 702–824 Tsushima

Hokkaidō 1869–

Chishima Hidaka Iburi Ishikari Kitami Kushiro Nemuro Oshima Shiribeshi Teshio Tokachi

Pre-Taihō Code provinces

Chichibu Fusa Hi Keno Kibi Koshi Kumaso Toyo Tsukushi

Source: Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books; excerpt,

"Japan's former provinces were converted into prefectures by the Meiji government ... [and] grouped, according to geographic position, into the 'five provinces of the Kinai' and 'seven circuits'."

v t e

Gokishichidō
Gokishichidō
(five provinces and seven circuits)

Five provinces

Yamato Yamashiro Kawachi Settsu Izumi

Seven circuits

Tōkaidō Tōsandō Hokurikudō San'indō San'yōdō N

.