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Synonyms

Cryptophasidae Kirby, 1897 Uzuchidae Hampson, 1918 Xyloryctinae

Xyloryctidae
Xyloryctidae
is a family of moths contained within the superfamily Gelechioidea
Gelechioidea
described by Edward Meyrick in 1890.[1] Most genera are found in the Indo-Australian region. While many of these moths are tiny, some members of the family grow to a wingspan of up to 66 mm, making them giants among the micromoths. The first recorded instance of a common name for these moths comes from Swainson's On the History and Natural Arrangement of Insects, 1840,[2] where members of the genus Cryptophasa are described as hermit moths. This is an allusion to the caterpillar's habit of living alone in a purely residential burrow in a tree branch, to which it drags leaves at night, attaching them with silk to the entrance to the burrow and consuming the leaves as they dry out. The name 'timber moths' was coined by the Queensland naturalist Rowland Illidge in 1892, later published in 1895,[3] and serves to distinguish these moths from other wood-boring Australian moths such as ghost moths (Hepialidae) and giant wood moths (Cossidae), which feed on sap or wood. It refers to the fact that the larvae of most members of this family are arboreal, whether they burrow into branches, bore into flower heads, tunnel under bark, or feed on lichens. Moths of the genus Maroga are pests of wattles (Acacia) and have crossed over from their wild host plant to become serious pests of cultivated stone fruit trees, particularly cherries. Formerly, Xyloryctidae
Xyloryctidae
were placed in the Oecophoridae
Oecophoridae
as the subfamily Xyloryctinae. Recent research suggests the Xyloryctidae
Xyloryctidae
are an independent family, sharing common ancestry with the Oecophoridae, but not descended from them. Taxonomy and systematics[edit] The family includes the following genera:

Acompsogma Meyrick, 1938 Amorbaea Meyrick, 1908 Anachastis Meyrick, 1911 Anoditica Meyrick, 1938 Anoecea Diakonoff, 1951 Antisclerota Meyrick, 1938 Araeostoma Turner, 1917 Arignota Turner, 1898 Arsirrhyncha Meyrick, 1938 Athrypsiastis Meyrick, 1910 Bassarodes Meyrick, 1910 Bathydoxa Turner, 1935 Bida Walker, 1864 Boydia Newman, 1856 Brachybelistis Turner, 1902 Caenorycta Meyrick, 1922 Callicopris Meyrick, 1938 Capnolocha Meyrick, 1925 Catanomistis Meyrick, 1933 Catoryctis Meyrick, 1890 Chalarotona Meyrick, 1890 Chereuta Meyrick, 1906 Chironeura Diakonoff, 1954 Cilicitis Meyrick, 1938 Cladophantis Meyrick, 1918 Clepsigenes Meyrick, 1930 Clerarcha Meyrick, 1890 Comocritis Meyrick, 1894 Compsotorna Meyrick, 1890 Copidoris Meyrick, 1907 Crypsicharis Meyrick, 1890 Cryptophasa Lewin, 1805 Cyanocrates Meyrick, 1925 Cyphoryctis Meyrick, 1934 Donacostola Meyrick, 1931 Echiomima Meyrick, 1915 Epichostis Meyrick, 1906 Epidiopteryx Rebel in Rebel & Zerny, 1916 Eporycta Meyrick, 1908 Eschatura Meyrick, 1897 Eumenodora Meyrick, 1906 Eupetochira Meyrick, 1917 Exacristis Meyrick, 1921 Exoditis Meyrick, 1933 Gemorodes Meyrick, 1925 Ghuryx Viette, 1956 Glycynympha Meyrick, 1925 Gomphoscopa Lower, 1901 Gonioma Turner, 1898 Hermogenes Zeller, 1867 Heterochyta Meyrick, 1906 Hylypnes Turner, 1897 Hyperoptica Meyrick in Caradja & Meyrick, 1934 Idiomictis Meyrick, 1935 Illidgea Turner, 1898 Iulactis Meyrick, 1918 Leistarcha Meyrick, 1883 Leptobelistis Turner, 1902 Lichenaula Meyrick, 1890 Linoclostis Meyrick, 1908 Liparistis Meyrick, 1915 Lophobela Turner, 1917 Malacognostis Meyrick, 1926 Maroga Walker, 1864 Metantithyra Viette, 1957 Metathrinca Meyrick, 1908 Microphidias Meyrick, 1937 Mnarolitia Viette, 1954 Mystacernis Meyrick, 1915 Neospastis Meyrick, 1917 Niphorycta Meyrick, 1938 Opisina Walker, 1864 Pansepta Meyrick, 1915 Pantelamprus Christoph, 1882 Paraclada Meyrick, 1911 Paralecta Turner, 1898 Perixestis Meyrick, 1917 Philarista Meyrick, 1917 Phracyps Viette, 1952 Phthonerodes Meyrick, 1890 Pilostibes Meyrick, 1890 Plectophila Meyrick, 1890 Potniarcha Meyrick, 1917 Prothamnodes Meyrick, 1923 Psarolitia Viette, 1956 Pseudoprocometis Viette, 1952 Sphalerostola Meyrick, 1927 Stachyneura Diakonoff, 1948 Symphorostola Meyrick, 1927 Synchalara Meyrick, 1917 Telecrates Meyrick, 1890 Thymiatris Meyrick, 1907 Thysiarcha Meyrick, 1925 Thyrocopa
Thyrocopa
Meyrick, 1883 Trypherantis Meyrick, 1907 Tymbophora
Tymbophora
Meyrick, 1890 Uzucha Walker, 1864 Xerocrates Meyrick, 1917 Xylodryadella T. B. Fletcher, 1940 Xylomimetes Turner, 1916 Xylorycta
Xylorycta
Meyrick, 1890 Zaphanaula Meyrick, 1920 Zauclophora Turner, 1900

References[edit]

^ "Xyloryctidae". Insecta.pro. Retrieved 2016-12-16.  ^ Swainson, W., and Shuckard, W.E., 1840, On the History and Natural Arrangement of Insects. Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia. Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longmans, London, pp. 106–107 ^ Illidge, R., 1895: Xylorycts, or timber moths. Queensland Nat. Hist. Soc. Trans., 1, 29–34.

Holloway, 2001, The families of Malesian moths and butterflies, Fauna Malesiana handbooks, (205). Kaila, 2004, Phylogeny of the superfamily Gelechioidea
Gelechioidea
(Lepidoptera: Ditrysia): an exemplar approach, Cladistics 20 303–340. Hoare, 2005, Hierodoris (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Oecophoridae), and overview of Oecophoridae, Fauna of New Zealand, Ko te Aitanga Pepeke o Aotearoa, 54 pp. 13–25. Richard brown, Sibyl Bucheli, and SangMi Lee, 2006, Gelechioidea, A Global Framework Zborowski and Edwards, 2007, A Guide to Australian moths, CSIRO, 1–214.

External links[edit]

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Xyloryctidae

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Xyloryctidae.

Mississippi Entomological Museum: List of Xyloryctidae
Xyloryctidae
Genera

v t e

Extant Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Endopterygota

Suborder Zeugloptera

Micropterigoidea

Micropterigidae
Micropterigidae
(mandibulate archaic moths)

Suborder Aglossata

Agathiphagoidea

Agathiphagidae (kauri moths)

Suborder Heterobathmiina

Heterobathmioidea

Heterobathmiidae

Suborder Glossata

Dacnonypha

Eriocranioidea

Eriocraniidae

Acanthoctesia

Acanthopteroctetoidea

Acanthopteroctetidae (archaic sun moths)

Lophocoronina

Lophocoronoidea

Lophocoronidae

Neopseustina

Neopseustoidea

Neopseustidae (archaic bell moths)

Exoporia

Hepialoidea

Anomosetidae Hepialidae
Hepialidae
(swift moths, ghost moths) Neotheoridae (Amazonian primitive ghost moths) Palaeosetidae (miniature ghost moths) Prototheoridae (African primitive ghost moths)

Mnesarchaeoidea

Mnesarchaeidae (New Zealand primitive moths)

H e t e r o n e u r a

M o n o t r y s i a

Incurvarioidea

Adelidae
Adelidae
(fairy longhorn moths) Cecidosidae Crinopterygidae Heliozelidae Incurvariidae Prodoxidae
Prodoxidae
(yucca moths)

Andesianoidea

Andesianidae (Andean endemic moths)

Nepticuloidea

Nepticulidae
Nepticulidae
(pigmy, or midget moths) Opostegidae
Opostegidae
(white eyecap moths)

Palaephatoidea

Palaephatidae (Gondwanaland moths)

Tischerioidea

Tischeriidae (trumpet leaf miner moths)

D i t r y s i a

Simaethistoidea

Simaethistidae

Tineoidea

Acrolophidae
Acrolophidae
(burrowing webworm moths) Arrhenophanidae Eriocottidae (Old World spiny-winged moths) Lypusidae Psychidae (bagworm moths) Tineidae
Tineidae
(fungus moths)

Gracillarioidea

Bucculatricidae
Bucculatricidae
(ribbed cocoon makers) Douglasiidae (Douglas moths) Gracillariidae Roeslerstammiidae

Yponomeutoidea

Acrolepiidae
Acrolepiidae
(false diamondback moths) Bedelliidae Glyphipterigidae
Glyphipterigidae
(sedge moths) Heliodinidae Lyonetiidae Plutellidae Yponomeutidae (ermine moths) Ypsolophidae

Gelechioidea

Autostichidae Batrachedridae Blastobasidae Coleophoridae
Coleophoridae
(case-bearers, case moths) Cosmopterigidae
Cosmopterigidae
(cosmet moths) Elachistidae
Elachistidae
(grass-miner moths) Gelechiidae
Gelechiidae
(twirler moths) Lecithoceridae
Lecithoceridae
(long-horned moths) Metachandidae Momphidae
Momphidae
(mompha moths) Oecophoridae
Oecophoridae
(concealer moths) Pterolonchidae Scythrididae
Scythrididae
(flower moths) Xyloryctidae
Xyloryctidae
(timber moths)

Galacticoidea

Galacticidae

Zygaenoidea

Heterogynidae Zygaenidae
Zygaenidae
(burnet, forester, or smoky moths) Himantopteridae Lacturidae Somabrachyidae Megalopygidae (flannel moths) Aididae Anomoeotidae Cyclotornidae Epipyropidae
Epipyropidae
(planthopper parasite moths) Dalceridae
Dalceridae
(slug caterpillars) Limacodidae
Limacodidae
(slug, or cup moths)

Cossoidea

Cossidae
Cossidae
(carpenter millers, or goat moths) Dudgeoneidae (dudgeon carpenter moths)

Sesioidea

Brachodidae (little bear moths) Castniidae
Castniidae
(castniid moths: giant butterfly-moths, sun moths) Sesiidae
Sesiidae
(clearwing moths)

Choreutoidea

Choreutidae
Choreutidae
(metalmark moths)

Tortricoidea

Tortricidae
Tortricidae
(tortrix moths)

Urodoidea

Urodidae
Urodidae
(false burnet moths)

Schreckensteinioidea

Schreckensteiniidae
Schreckensteiniidae
(bristle-legged moths)

Epermenioidea

Epermeniidae
Epermeniidae
(fringe-tufted moths)

Alucitoidea

Alucitidae (many-plumed moths) Tineodidae (false plume moths)

Pterophoroidea

Pterophoridae
Pterophoridae
(plume moths)

Whalleyanoidea

Whalleyanidae

Immoidea

Immidae

Copromorphoidea

Copromorphidae (tropical fruitworm moths) Carposinidae
Carposinidae
(fruitworm moths)

Hyblaeoidea

Hyblaeidae
Hyblaeidae
(teak moths)

Pyraloidea

Pyralidae
Pyralidae
(snout moths) Crambidae
Crambidae
(grass moth)

Thyridoidea

Thyrididae
Thyrididae
(picture-winged leaf moths)

Mimallonoidea

Mimallonidae (sack bearer moths)

Lasiocampoidea

Lasiocampidae
Lasiocampidae
(eggars, snout moths, or lappet moths)

Bombycoidea

Anthelidae
Anthelidae
(Australian lappet moth) Bombycidae
Bombycidae
(silk moths) Brahmaeidae
Brahmaeidae
(Brahmin moths) Carthaeidae (Dryandra moth) Endromidae
Endromidae
(Kentish glory and relatives) Eupterotidae Lemoniidae Saturniidae
Saturniidae
(saturniids) Sphingidae
Sphingidae
(hawk moths, sphinx moths and hornworms) Phiditiidae

Noctuoidea

Doidae Erebidae
Erebidae
(underwing, tiger, tussock, litter, snout, owlet moths) Euteliidae Noctuidae
Noctuidae
(daggers, sallows, owlet moths, quakers, cutworms, darts) Nolidae
Nolidae
(tuft moths) Notodontidae
Notodontidae
(prominents, kittens) Oenosandridae

Drepanoidea

Epicopeiidae
Epicopeiidae
(oriental swallowtail moths) Drepanidae
Drepanidae
(hook-tips)

Geometroidea

Sematuridae Uraniidae Geometridae (geometer moths)

Cimelioidea

Cimeliidae (gold moths)

Calliduloidea

Callidulidae
Callidulidae
(Old World butterfly-moths)

Superfamily unassigned

Millieriidae

Rhopalocera (butterflies)

Hedyloidea

Hedylidae
Hedylidae
(American moth-butterflies)

Hesperioidea

Hesperiidae (skippers)

Papilionoidea (true butterflies)

Lycaenidae
Lycaenidae
(gossamer-winged butterflies: blues, coppers and relatives) Nymphalidae
Nymphalidae
(brush-footed, or four-footed butterflies) Papilionidae (swallowtail butterflies) Pieridae
Pieridae
(whites, yellows, orangetips, sulphurs) Riodinidae
Riodinidae
(metalmarks)

Note: division Monotrysia
Monotrysia
is not a clade.

Taxonomy of the Lepidoptera Lists by region

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q3571086 BAMONA: Xyloryctidae EoL: 2685371 GBIF: 4300662 ITIS: 6

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