JI KANG (223–262), sometimes referred to as XI KANG, courtesy name
SHUYE, was a Chinese writer, poet, Taoist philosopher, musician and
alchemist of the
Three Kingdoms period. He was one of the Seven Sages
of the Bamboo Grove who engaged in separating themselves from the
dangerous political situation of third century China in favour of
devoting themselves to a life of art and leisure.
Ji Kang is noted as
an author and famous for having been a composer and zither-player.
* 1 Life
* 2 See also
* 3 References
* 4 External links
As a thinker,
Ji Kang wrote on longevity, music theory, politics and
ethics. Among his works were Yangsheng Lun (Essay on Nourishing Life),
Shengwu Aile Lun (on the Absence of Sentiments in Music), Qin Fu (A
Composition on the Qin ), and Shisi Lun (Discourse on Individuality).
As a musician,
Ji Kang composed a number of solo pieces for the qin .
Ji Kang was highly critical of
Confucianism and challenged many
social conventions of his time. As such, he was considered scandalous
and seditious. He married Cao Cao's granddaughter (or
great-granddaughter according to some).
Ji Kang assumed a post under
Cao Wei state, but was not particularly interested in government
work. When the regent
Sima Zhao came to power, he intended to grant Ji
Kang a position as a civil official. However,
Ji Kang was
uncooperative and behaved insolently towards
Zhong Hui , whom Sima
Zhao sent to convey his offer. Later, one of Ji Kang's friends was
imprisoned after being framed.
Ji Kang defended him and testified in
his case, and was also sent to jail as a result. Following Zhong Hui's
Sima Zhao sentenced
Ji Kang to death. 3,000 scholars signed a
petition to release him, but the appeal was denied. Before his
Ji Kang asked for his zither and played his swan song, the
famous guqin masterpiece Guangling san, which music is presumed to be
List of Chinese authors
Ji Kang in contemporary art