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Wuxi
Wuxi
(Chinese: 无锡) is an old city in southern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, China. The city borders two other large cities, Changzhou
Changzhou
to the west and Suzhou
Suzhou
to the east, and borders Zhejiang Province
Zhejiang Province
as well in the south. It also covers a coastline of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
in the north and two separate coasts of Lake Tai. Wuxi
Wuxi
is well known for being one of the birthplaces of China's modern industry and commerce, as well as the hometown of many important businessmen who have played essential roles in building commerce in Shanghai
Shanghai
since the early 20th century.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Zhou Dynasty 2.2 Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
and Warring States
Warring States
Period 2.3 Qin and Han dynasty 2.4 Six dynasties, Tang and Song dynasties 2.5 Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties 2.6 20th century

3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Environment

4 Demographics 5 Administration 6 Economy

6.1 Manufacturing
Manufacturing
zones

7 Culture and sports

7.1 Arts 7.2 Tourism 7.3 Sports

8 Transport

8.1 Railways 8.2 Air transport 8.3 Expressways and highways 8.4 Metro

9 Education

9.1 Universities and colleges 9.2 High schools

10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Etymology[edit] The modern name consists of the Chinese characters
Chinese characters
无锡, literally translated "no tin". According to a myth, at the time of the Warring States, soldiers were stationed in Xishan ("tin hill") within Wuxi. While burying a pot to prepare food, a soldier found a stone plaque engraved with the words "If there is tin there is an army, there will be conflict under heaven. If there is no tin (wuxi), there will be peace under heaven," which may be the origin of the name.[2][3] Former translations to English include Wusih and Wu-hsi. History[edit] Zhou Dynasty[edit] According to traditional Chinese historians, two Zhou princes, Taibo and Zhongyong, founded the first Chinese state in the area of Wuxi around the 11th century BC. This state of Wu (吳) had its first capital at Meili, generally thought to be the village of Meicun in Wuxi
Wuxi
(although some records indicate a location closer to Wu's later capitals around Suzhou).[citation needed] Taibo and Zhongyong helped develop Wu's agriculture and waterways and the area soon flourished. Taibo died without an heir, and Zhongyong succeeded him as King of Wu. His descendants were later officially enfeoffed by the Zhou court as vassals before declaring themselves full kings again during the Spring and Autumn period. A shrine to Taibo was set up in today's Meicun. Although the original wood structure was eventually destroyed in war, it has been rebuilt several times.[citation needed] A stone carved with sayings by Confucius
Confucius
can still be seen at the modern Taibo Shrine, whose architecture dates mostly to the Qing dynasty. Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
and Warring States
Warring States
Period[edit] The state of Wu became one of the strongest kingdoms during the Spring and Autumn period. Sunzi (Sun Tzu), who wrote the famous "The Art of War", came to Wu and helped the king with his military affairs. Wu was considered one of the seven strongest kingdoms during this period[citation needed]. Some of Sunzi's descendants still live in Sunxiang in Wuxi
Wuxi
near the Plum Garden. However, Wu was later defeated by the state of Yue, today's Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and Fujian, which in turn was overthrown by the state of Chu and incorporated into Chu during the Warring States
Warring States
period. Qin and Han dynasty[edit]

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The cultural and economic center of the "Wu" area shifted to Suzhou after the reign of the first Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
emperor, Qin Shi Huang, who united China; Wuxi
Wuxi
at that time belonged to Suzhou. During the Han dynasty, Wuxi
Wuxi
was set up as a county by emperor Han Wudi. Historic records show that tin was discovered during the early Han era, leading to conflicts in the area. Soon, however, the tin was depleted. This was once believed to be the origin of the name Wuxi, meaning "no tin." The name was changed to Youxi (有錫), meaning "having tin", during the Wang Mang
Wang Mang
conflicts period because Wang wanted to change the name. Six dynasties, Tang and Song dynasties[edit] Agriculture
Agriculture
and the silk industry flourished in Wuxi
Wuxi
and the town became a transportation center under the early Tang Dynasty after the construction of the Grand Canal. Although Suzhou
Suzhou
became the center of the Wu area, Wuxi
Wuxi
was also important in the county of Wu. Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties[edit]

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Wuxi
Wuxi
Painter Yu Wenshan c. 1658, landscape With Western Influenced Perspective

During the Ming dynasty, Wuxi
Wuxi
became a prosperous cultural center. During the late Ming and early Qing periods, Wuxi
Wuxi
was a center for political discussion and public opinion. Agriculture, with rice and fish were major products in the Qing period. During the Taiping Rebellion, Wuxi
Wuxi
was devastated by the war's destruction, like other parts of the lower Yangtze
Yangtze
valley. Warfare disrupted planting in the region.[4] During the late 19th century, Wuxi
Wuxi
became a center of the textile industry in China
China
and one of the four most important rice markets nationwide. By 1878, Wuxi
Wuxi
was the leading silk-producing county in Jiangsu, outstripping even Suzhou, the traditional center of that industry. In the late 19th century, Wuxi
Wuxi
was also the regional center for the waterborne transport of grain and a major commercial center. 20th century[edit]

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Between 1900 and 1940, Wuxi
Wuxi
was considered one of the most important counties in China. In dramatist Cao Yu's well-known drama "Thunderstorm", Wuxi
Wuxi
was mentioned several times with the comment " Wuxi
Wuxi
is a good place". After the People's Republic of China
China
was established by the communists in 1949, Wuxi
Wuxi
continued to grow in importance, with increases in textile production along with both light and heavy industry. This city was considered the second most important city in Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province after the capital Nanjing. However, its developmental model has been criticized for the environmental deterioration caused. New strategies are now under consideration to ensure its sustainable development. Geography[edit]

Map showing the city Wuxi
Wuxi
(Arrowed ) and its relation to the City of Shanghai, The Yangtze River
Yangtze River
and Lake Tai.

The city plan, as is typical of many older Chinese cities, is of a central city with a roughly circular plan, crisscrossed with older canals, the main canal still seeing heavy barge traffic. Wuxi
Wuxi
itself is on an alluvial plain of deep sedimentary deposits cut between limestone foothills, making it one of the sources for "scholar's rocks", the intricately weathered stones which were used as devices for contemplation. Climate[edit] Wuxi
Wuxi
is hot and humid in summer and chilly and damp in winter, with an average annual temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) and very occasional snow. Because of its proximity to the East China
China
Sea, it has a monsoon season and receives 100 centimetres (39 inches) of rain annually.[citation needed]

Climate data for Wuxi

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.4 (45.3) 9.1 (48.4) 13.5 (56.3) 20.0 (68) 25.4 (77.7) 28.6 (83.5) 31.8 (89.3) 30.9 (87.6) 27.0 (80.6) 21.9 (71.4) 16.0 (60.8) 9.9 (49.8) 20.1 (68.2)

Average low °C (°F) 0.2 (32.3) 1.8 (35.2) 5.7 (42.3) 11.1 (52) 16.5 (61.7) 21.3 (70.3) 24.9 (76.8) 24.0 (75.2) 19.6 (67.3) 13.4 (56.1) 7.3 (45.1) 1.7 (35.1) 12.2 (54)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.3 (1.862) 49.7 (1.957) 82.5 (3.248) 62.4 (2.457) 79.8 (3.142) 138.5 (5.453) 121.8 (4.795) 99.1 (3.902) 53.7 (2.114) 41.2 (1.622) 39.5 (1.555) 28.1 (1.106) 843.6 (33.213)

Source: MSN Weather[5]

Environment[edit] Wuxi
Wuxi
is a national garden city. In Wuxi, there are 17 wetland parks. Among these parks, Changguangxi Wetland Park (Chinese: 长广溪湿地公园) and Lianghong Wetland Park (Chinese: 梁鸿湿地公园) are ranked as national wetland parks. In 2009, Wuxi
Wuxi
was honored as the annual 'Global Green City' by the United Nations. In 2013, Wuxi
Wuxi
was ranked first in competitiveness among livable cities of the Chinese mainland, which was only after Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macao, in the annual report on China's urban competitiveness published by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Demographics[edit] According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level of Wuxi
Wuxi
has a population of 6,372,624, an increase of 1,192,777 from the 2000 census, giving it a population growth of 20.9% for the period 2000-2010.[6] Administration[edit] See also: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu The prefecture-level city of Wuxi
Wuxi
administers seven county-level divisions, including 5 districts and 2 county-level cities. The information here presented uses the metric system and data from 2010 Census. These districts are sub-divided into 73 township-level divisions, including 59 towns and 24 subdistricts.

Map

Xishan Huishan Binhu Liangxi Xinwu Jiangyin (city) Yixing (city)

Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density

City Proper

Liangxi District 梁溪区 Liángxī Qū 836,198 72 11,613

Suburban

Binhu District 滨湖区 Bīnhú Qū 688,965 567 1,215

Xinwu District 新吴区 Xīnwú Qū 536,807 219 2,451

Xishan District 锡山区 Xīshān Qū 681,300 396 1,720

Huishan
Huishan
District 惠山区 Huìshān Qū 691,059 327 1,215

Satellite cities (County-level cities)

Jiangyin 江阴市 Jiāngyīn Shì 1,594,829 987 1,616

Yixing 宜兴市 Yíxīng Shì 1,235,476 2,177 568

Total 6,372,624 4,787 1,300

Defunct: Chong'an District, Nanchang
Nanchang
District, & Beitang District

Economy[edit] Wuxi
Wuxi
is a regional business hub with a GDP per capita of ¥126,000 in 2014, ranking it first in Jiangsu, ahead of Nanjing
Nanjing
and Suzhou.[7] The city has a rapidly developing skyline with the opening of three supertall skyscrapers (300 metres or 980 feet) in 2014. These buildings are the Wuxi
Wuxi
IFS, Wuxi
Wuxi
Suning Plaza 1, and Wuxi
Wuxi
Maoye City - Marriott Hotel. There are 7 other skyscrapers between 200 and 300 metres (660 and 980 feet) tall including the Yunfu
Yunfu
Mansion. Manufacturing
Manufacturing
zones[edit] The city has extensive manufacturing including large industrial parks devoted to new industries. Historically a center of textile manufacturing, the city has adopted new industries such as electric motor manufacturing, MRP software development, and solar technology. Two major photovoltaic companies, Suntech Power
Suntech Power
and Jetion Holdings Ltd, are based in Wuxi, making the city a hub for solar technology in China. Bicycle manufacturing for international brands is another industry, including bicycle assembly and bicycle component manufacturing. One of the two Chinese factories of Taiwan-based brake manufacturer Tektro is in Wuxi. Hynix
Hynix
completed a new chip plant in Wuxi.[8]

Wuxi
Wuxi
New District

Since it was established in 1992, Wuxi New District
Wuxi New District
(WND) has evolved to be one of the major industrial parks in China. A wide variety of components, sub-systems and original equipments are made in WND. Approximately 1200 enterprises have been registered in WND by the end of 2008. Wuxi New District
Wuxi New District
provides strong support for international manufacturing operations. The Zone focuses on formation of the five pillar industries of electronic information, precision machinery and mechanical and electrical integration, bio-pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals and new materials.[9]

Wuxi
Wuxi
Export Processing Zone

Established in 1992, Wuxi
Wuxi
Export Processing Zone is located in Wuxi New District with a planned area of 2.98 km2. The encouraged industries include electronic information, optical-mechanical-electronic-integration, precision machinery, and new materials. It is situated near to Wuxi Airport
Wuxi Airport
and Changzhou Port.[10] Culture and sports[edit] As an important city for the "Wu" area, Wuxi
Wuxi
is one of the art and cultural centers of "Jiangnan". Its culture bears distinctive characteristics, which can be identified in its dialect, architecture, waterway transportation and various art types.[citation needed] Arts[edit] One of the handicraft specialties of Wuxi
Wuxi
is the production of Huishan clay figurines.[citation needed] and clay tea pots. Several famous Chinese authors claiming Wuxi
Wuxi
as their home town. Among them, most recently, Qian Zhongshu, author of Fortress Besieged, a comedy of manners set in China
China
in the 1930s. Wuxi
Wuxi
was the birthplace of the famous Chinese (later American) artist Chen Chi
Chen Chi
(1912—2005), in whose honor a museum has been erected in the city. In modern times Wuxi
Wuxi
has produced a number of cultural figures such as Hua Yanjun
Hua Yanjun
(1893–1950) also known as "Blind Abing" (瞎子阿炳), famous for his erhu and pipa music. Another famous musician is Liu Tianhua, who was the first to compile folk music using staff. Tourism[edit]

Nanchan Temple and Pagoda

Wuxi
Wuxi
is a major tourist area of the Lower Yangtze
Yangtze
Delta. It has natural and man-made places of interest. The city was built on the shore of Lake Tai
Lake Tai
with the lake providing a rich tourism resource. Noted spots include Yuantouzhu
Yuantouzhu
(the Islet of Turtlehead) and Taihu Xiandao (Islands of the Deities). Passengers can enjoy the scenery of Lake Tai
Lake Tai
and the city center on a 115-metre (377 ft) tall Ferris wheel that takes 18 minutes to complete one revolution. At night, lighting effects are switched on around the wheel.[11] Literally " Tin
Tin
Mountain" and "Kindhearted Mountain", Mount Xi and Mount Hui are two small hills in the western part of the city. The classic royal Ji-chang-yuan Gardens are at the foot of the hill as well as the Tianxia di er quan (天下第二泉), literally "the second spring under heaven").

Jichang Garden

The Grand Canal passes through the city. There are two canals: one is the old one that has been there since it was excavated, the other is the new canal created after 1949. Wuxi
Wuxi
has many private gardens or parks built by learned scholars and rich people in the past. Among these, Li Yuan, Mei Yuan are good examples that have been well preserved. Xihui Gongyuan (Xihui Park),at the foot of Xi Shan also houses historical relics, notably Jichang Garden. Lihu Park is another popular park, owing it popularity to legends that Fan Li and Xi Shi
Xi Shi
boated here. Fragrant Cedar Pavilion (Chinese: 香楠厅; pinyin: Xiāngnán tīng) is a protected site, which was dedicated in the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
to Consort Duan by her father after her execution for involvement in an assassination attempt against the Jiajing Emperor.[12]

The dome made of lights of the Holy Altar in Brahma Palace, near the Grand Buddha at Ling Shan

Wuxi's Mashan Town was built during 16th–19th century A.D.. The town is in the northwest part of Wuxi
Wuxi
on the west bank of the Grand Canal and at the foot of Mount Hui. The town's buildings are mainly family ancestral halls.[citation needed] South of the Long Mountain, near the town, is the 88 metres (289 ft) tall Grand Buddha at Ling Shan, one of the largest Buddha statues in China
China
and the ninth tallest statue worldwide. In the western part of Wuxi, the district is classified as a AAAAA scenic area by the China
China
National Tourism Administration and consists of Wuxi
Wuxi
Three State City Park, Tang City, and Shuihu City. Established in 1987, it was the first film studio in China. CCTV Wuxi
Wuxi
Film/TV Studio used the studio for the shooting of The Three Kingdoms and Water Margins.[13] In Yixing
Yixing
(part of Wuxi), Shan Juan Cave is a four-star scenic zone. The folktale figures of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai were said to study behind the cave. Other historical places include the former residence of Xue Fucheng, former residence of A Bin, former residence of Xu Xiake, site of Luotuo Dun, Taibo Temple and Tomb, and Donglin Shuyuan. Sports[edit]

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Wuxi
Wuxi
football stadium

Wuxi
Wuxi
has two stadiums. The old stadium is in the southern part of the city and has yet to reopen. The other is Wuxi
Wuxi
New Stadium, which consists of a swimming stadium, soccer stadium and other facilities. It is located in the south-west part of the city, near Lake Tai. Major League Baseball has also had its main Chinese Development Center in Wuxi
Wuxi
since 2008. At the Development Center, Major League Baseball scouts and recruits the best players in China
China
to play at the DC in the hopes that they will eventually play professional baseball in America. Transport[edit] Railways[edit] Wuxi
Wuxi
is situated on the Shanghai– Nanjing
Nanjing
Intercity High-Speed Railway, linking it directly with the provincial capital of Nanjing (1.5 hours), China's economic hub, Shanghai
Shanghai
(45 minutes) and major economic hub and tourist destination Suzhou
Suzhou
(24 minutes). Air transport[edit] Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Sunan Shuofang International Airport
(IATA: WUX) opened in 2004 and serves the cities of Wuxi
Wuxi
and Suzhou. It is situated 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the city centre and has direct flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Taipei, Singapore, and Osaka. Expressways and highways[edit] Expressways:

Shanghai- Nanjing
Nanjing
Expressway (Hu Ning Gao Su 沪宁高速) Wuxi- Yixing
Yixing
Expressway (Xi Yi Gao Su 锡宜高速)

National highways:

China
China
National Highway 312

Provincial roads:

S342

Metro[edit] Main article: Wuxi
Wuxi
Metro The Wuxi
Wuxi
government has planned a network of 8 metro lines. Line 1 and line 2 of the Wuxi Metro
Wuxi Metro
began operation in 2014, on July 1 and December 28 respectively. Education[edit] Universities and colleges[edit]

Jiangnan University
Jiangnan University
(江南大学) Wuxi
Wuxi
campus,SEU (东南大学无锡分校) Wuxi
Wuxi
Fisheries College,NAU (南京农业大学无锡渔业学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
Professional College of Science and Technology (无锡科技职业技术学院) Wuxi Institute of Technology (无锡职业技术学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
Institute of Commerce (无锡商业职业技术学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
City College of Vocational Technology (无锡城市职业技术学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
South Ocean College (无锡南洋职业技术学院) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
College of Information Technology (江苏信息职业技术学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
Teachers' College (无锡高等师范学校) Jiangyin
Jiangyin
Polytechnic College (江阴职业技术学院) Wuxi
Wuxi
Higher Health Vocational Technology School (无锡卫生高等职业技术学校,原无锡卫生学校)

High schools[edit]

Wuxi No.1 High School (无锡市第一中学) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Tianyi High School (江苏省天一中学) Provincial Nanjing
Nanjing
Senior High School (江苏省南菁中学) Wuxi Big Bridge Experimental School (无锡市大桥实验中学) Wuxi Furen High School
Wuxi Furen High School
(No.2 Senior High School)] (无锡市辅仁中学/无锡市第二中学) Wuxi
Wuxi
No.3 Senior High School (无锡市第三高级中学) Wuxi
Wuxi
Shiei High School (无锡市市北高级中学) Wuxi
Wuxi
Qingshan High School (无锡市青山高级中学) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Xishan Senior High School (江苏省锡山高级中学) Wuxi
Wuxi
NO.1 Girls High School (无锡市第一女子中学,原东林中学) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Meicun High School (江苏省梅村高级中学) Wuxi
Wuxi
NO.6 High School(无锡市第六高级中学) Taihu International School[14] Xi Dong Senior High School Of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province (江苏省锡东高级中学,原羊尖高中,荡口高中)

Notable people[edit]

Gu Kaizhi
Gu Kaizhi
(later half of the fourth century), a painter. Li Sheng (772–846), poet, who lived and was buried in Wuxi.[citation needed] Gu Xiancheng
Gu Xiancheng
(顧憲成, 1550–1612), scholar and politician, especially well known in the "Dong Lin Movement".[citation needed] Xu Xiake
Xu Xiake
(1587–1641), Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
traveller and writer. Hua Hengfang (1833–1902), mathematics in late Qing Dynasty who did studies in various area of science and technology. He participated in designing the first streamer and the first steamboat in China. Xue Fucheng
Xue Fucheng
(薛福成, 1838–1894), thinker, diplomat (to England, France, Belgium, Italy) and a leading proponent for political reform in the late Qing Dynasty. Rong Zongjing
Rong Zongjing
(荣宗敬, 1873–1938) and Rong Desheng
Rong Desheng
(荣德生, 1875–1952), two brothers who started Rong Enterprises, a conglomerate of flour mills and textile mills all across China
China
that employed tens of thousands of workers during the first half of the twentieth century. Cai Pei
Cai Pei
(1884–1960) a diplomat and politician in the Republic of China. Abing
Abing
(1893–1950) folk musician, best known for his work "Er Quan Ying Yue" (moon reflected on Er stream) for the erhu. Xu Beihong
Xu Beihong
(1895–1953), painter, most noted for his paintings of horses. Qian Zhongshu
Qian Zhongshu
(钱锺书, 1910–1998), writer, best known for his comedy of manners Fortress Besieged. Chen Chi
Chen Chi
(1912–2005), internationally famous painter. Rong Yiren
Rong Yiren
(1916–2005), Rong Desheng's son, the powerful "Red Capitalist", the capitalism-communist, Vice-President of the People's Republic of China
China
from 1993 to 1998. Lu Yaochen (吕尧臣, born 1941), Chinese art master, famous Zisha (purple clay teapot) master, born in Yi Xing. Ding Junhui
Ding Junhui
(born 1987), Snooker
Snooker
player. Zhou Yongkang
Zhou Yongkang
(born 1942), senior Communist Party of China
China
leader. Jimmy Wang Yu (born 1943), Chinese actor who appeared in the Shaw Brother's One Armed Swordsman. His movie, the Chinese Boxer (1969) is credited with being the first Hong Kong
Hong Kong
martial arts film that kick started the unarmed combat genre that took Asia by storm in the 1970s. Marie Lu
Marie Lu
(born 1984), author of the Legend series.

See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China Jiangnan List of cities in the People's Republic of China
China
by population

References[edit]

^ "Statistics of Wuxi
Wuxi
in 2014". China
China
Daily. March 8, 2015.  ^ " Wuxi
Wuxi
Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine." ("无锡"). (in Chinese) ^ "考“无锡”地名的由来". (in Chinese) ^ 曾国藩(清):〈江西牙厘请照旧经收折〉,收于《曾文正公全集》(上海世界书局,1936年)奏疏卷20,页534-636。(in Chinese) ^ "MSN Weather". June 2011. Retrieved April 2, 2009.  ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China ^ City of Wuxi
Wuxi
(2013-09-26). "【2012】无锡市国民经济和社会发展概况".  ^ [1] Hynix
Hynix
completes new chip plant in China ^ RightSite.asia Wuxi
Wuxi
New District ^ RightSite.asia Wuxi
Wuxi
Export Processing Zone ^ synyan (2008-10-19). 梁溪漫志(07):蠡湖城太湖之星 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012-04-25.  ^ Gu 谷, Yuefei 岳飞 (13 July 2013). "无锡曹端妃无字牌坊穿越470年 系真实版"甄嬛传"" [Consort Duan's blank memorial in Wuxi
Wuxi
extends back over 470 years. This is the true "Empresses in the Palace"]. China
China
News (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 June 2017.  ^ "AAAAA Scenic Areas". China
China
National Tourism Administration. 16 November 2008. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2011.  ^ http://tis-wuxi.com/

External links[edit]

Government website of Wuxi
Wuxi
(available in Chinese, Japanese and English)

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China
China
Sea Xishan Island Yangtze
Yangtze
River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui
Lishui
District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan
Huishan
District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining
Suining
County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai
Binhai
County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang County Sihong County

v t e

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Metropolitan Region

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic Zone

Shanghai
Shanghai
Metropolitan Area

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Yangtze
Yangtze
Metropolitan Belt

Nanjing Suzhou Wuxi Nantong Zhenjiang Changzhou Taizhou Yangzhou Lianyungang

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Greater Bay Area

Hangzhou Ningbo Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Ma'anshan

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta (YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Mid-Reaches ( Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Major regions and cities of China

National megalopolises

Jingjinji (Inner) Bohai Economic Rim

Beijing

Beijing

Changping Daxing Fangshan Mentougou Shunyi Tongzhou

Tianjin

Tianjin

Binhai Dongli Jinnan Wuqing

Hebei

Baoding

Xiong'an

Cangzhou Chengde Langfang Shijiazhuang Tangshan

Caofeidian Qian'an

Zhangjiakou

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta (Economic Zone)

Jiangsu

Changzhou Lianyungang Nanjing Nantong Suzhou Taizhou Wuxi Yangzhou Zhenjiang

Shanghai

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Ningbo Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Ma'anshan Wuhu

Pearl River Delta/ Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (Economic Zone)

Guangdong

Dongguan Foshan Guangzhou

Huadu Nansha Panyu

Huizhou Jiangmen Shenzhen

Bao'an

Zhaoqing Zhongshan Zhuhai

Hengqin

SARs

Hong Kong

Kowloon

Macau

Cotai

West Triangle Economic Zone

Chongqing

Chongqing

Fuling Liangjiang Qianjiang Wanzhou Xinbei

Sichuan

Chengdu Dazhou Deyang Guang'an Leshan Luzhou Meishan Mianyang Nanchong Neijiang Suining Yibin Zigong Ziyang

Shaanxi

Baoji Tongchuan Weinan Xi'an Xianyang

Yangling

Harbin- Changchun
Changchun
Megalopolis (Northeastern Cities)

Heilongjiang

Harbin Daqing Mudanjiang Qiqihar

Jilin

Changchun Jilin Siping Yanji

Middle Reaches of the Yangtze
Yangtze
River/ Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Valley (Central Triangle Economic Zone)

Hubei

Ezhou Huanggang Huangshi Qianjiang Tianmen Wuhan Xianning Xiantao Xiaogan

Hunan

Changde Changsha Hengyang Loudi Xiangtan Yiyang Yueyang Zhuzhou

Jiangxi

Fuzhou Ji'an Jingdezhen Jiujiang Nanchang Shangrao Xinyu Yichun Yingtan

Anhui

Anqing Bengbu Chizhou Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Lu'an Ma'anshan Tongling Wuhu Xuancheng

(North) Bohai Economic Rim

Liaoning

Anshan Dalian

Lüshun

Huludao Jinzhou Panjin Shenyang Yingkou

(South) Bohai Economic Rim

Shandong

Binzhou Dongying Jinan Qingdao Weifang Weihai Yantai Zibo

Regions

East

Northeast

North South Central

Central South Huizhou

Western

Northwest Southwest

Administrative divisions

By GDP By GDP per capita By Human Development Index Prefecture-level divisions County-level divisions

Cities

Direct-controlled municipality Prefecture-level city Sub-provincial city County-level city List of cities in China

by GDP per capita by population

Capitals

Historical capitals Current and former capitals

Categories: Subdivisions Regions Cities

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 239578599 GND: 4286276-0 BNF: cb137354430 (d

.