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Wojciech Kossak (Paris, France, 31 December 1856 – 29 July 1942, Kraków, Poland) was a noted Polish painter and member of the celebrated Kossak family of artists and writers. He was the son of painter Juliusz Kossak, and twin brother of freedom fighter Tadeusz Kossak, and the father of two highly talented literary daughters, Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska
Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska
and Magdalena Samozwaniec and of a painter son, Jerzy Kossak.

Kossak's Piłsudski on Horseback, 1928,[1] National Museum, Warsaw—one of the most popular artistic portrayals of Piłsudski

Contents

1 Life 2 Work 3 See also 4 Notes and references

Life[edit] Wojciech Horacy Kossak was born on New Year's Eve of 1856 just before midnight, while his twin brother, Tadeusz Kossak, just after, on 1 January 1857, in Paris. The family eventually left France.[2] His middle name was in honour of his godfather, French painter Horace Vernet. Kossak began his education upon his family's return to Poland. He went to middle school at Three Crosses Square
Three Crosses Square
in Warsaw
Warsaw
and later attended high school, the Gimnazjum św. Anny, in Kraków. He simultaneously studied painting with his father Juliusz.[3] Between 1871-1873, Wojciech studied at the School of Drawing and Painting
Painting
- later the School of Fine Arts - under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, followed by a stint until 1875, at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts, with professors Aleksander Strähuber and Alexander Wagner.

Kossak's Olszynka Grochowska, ca 1931 National Museum, Warsaw

Work[edit] Wojciech Kossak's historical painting was different in style from that of his predecessor Jan Matejko. He belonged to a new generation of Polish battle-scene artists influenced by the work of his father Juliusz. However, like Matejko, he is known for depicting the history of Polish armed struggle and notable Polish battles of Central and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
against foreign oppressors. Among his most famous paintings is The Racławice Panorama. See also[edit]

Juliusz Kossak (1824–1899), painter, Wojciech's father, Jerzy Kossak (1886–1955), painter, Wojciech's son, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka (1889–1968), novelist, daughter of Wojciech's twin brother, Tadeusz Kossak Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska
Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska
(1891–1945), poet, Wojciech's daughter Magdalena Samozwaniec (1894–1972), writer, Wojciech's daughter List of Poles

Notes and references[edit]

^ "Pilsudski on Horseback". Gallery of Polish Painting
Painting
Masterpieces. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  ^ Olszanski, Kazimierz (1982). Wojciech Kossak. Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolinskich. ISBN 83-04-01297-9.  ^ Olszański, Kazimierz (1982). Wojciech Kossak (Wyd. 3., popr. i uzup. ed.). Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. ISBN 83-04-01297-9. 

Łozińska Hempel, Maria (1986). Z łańcucha wspomnień. Wydawnictwo Literackie. Wojciech Kossak's gallery at malarze.com

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wojciech Kossak.

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 47561842 LCCN: n84020599 ISNI: 0000 0001 1026 2854 GND: 118988832 SUDOC: 158502469 BNF: cb11970551k (data) ULAN: 500022832 NKC: xx0076037 RKD: 46020 SN

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