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Wimbledon /ˈwɪmbəldən/ is a district of southwest London, England, 7.1 miles (11.4 km) south-west of the centre of London
London
at Charing Cross, in the London
London
Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham
Streatham
and north of Sutton. Wimbledon had a population of 68,187 in 2011 which includes the electoral wards of Abbey, Dundonald, Hillside, Trinity, Village, Raynes Park
Raynes Park
and Wimbledon Park.[1] It is home to the Wimbledon Tennis Championships
Wimbledon Tennis Championships
and New Wimbledon Theatre, and contains Wimbledon Common, one of the largest areas of common land in London. The residential and retail area is split into two sections known as the "village" and the "town", with the High Street being the rebuilding of the original medieval village, and the "town" having first developed gradually after the building of the railway station in 1838. Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age
Iron Age
when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
is thought to have been constructed. In 1087 when the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was compiled, Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed between various wealthy families many times during its history, and the area also attracted other wealthy families who built large houses such as Eagle House, Wimbledon Manor House
Wimbledon Manor House
and Warren House. The village developed with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. In the 18th century the Dog and Fox public house became a stop on the stagecoach run from London
London
to Portsmouth, then in 1838 the London
London
and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened a station to the south east of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre. Wimbledon had its own borough larger than its historic boundaries while still in the county of Surrey; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London
Greater London
in 1965. Since 2005, the north and west of the Borough has been represented in Westminster
Westminster
by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative MP. The eastern and southern of the Borough are represented by Siobhain McDonagh, a Labour MP. It has established minority groups; among the most prominent are British Asians (including British Sri Lankans), British Ghanaians, Polish and Irish people. Wimbledon, a small farming locality in New Zealand, was named after this district in the 1880s after a local resident shot a bullock from a considerable distance away. The shot was considered by onlookers to be worthy of the rifle-shooting championships held in Wimbledon at the time.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 17th century 1.3 19th century development 1.4 Modern history

2 Geography 3 Demography

3.1 Informal Area Names

4 Governance 5 Economy 6 The Tennis
Tennis
Championships 7 Sport 8 New Wimbledon Theatre 9 Polka Children's Theatre 10 Transport 11 Literature 12 Notable residents 13 Amenities

13.1 Major public open spaces 13.2 Museums 13.3 Schools 13.4 Places of worship

14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit]

Remains of the ditch between the two main ramparts of the Iron Age hill fort

Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age
Iron Age
when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common, the second-largest in London,[3] is thought to have been constructed. The original nucleus of Wimbledon was at the top of the hill close to the common – the area now known locally as "the village". The village is referred to as "Wimbedounyng" in a charter signed by King Edgar the Peaceful in 967. The name Wimbledon means "Wynnman's hill", with the final element of the name being the Celtic "dun" (hill).[4] The name is shown on J Cary's 1786 map of the London
London
area as "Wimbleton", and the current spelling appears to have been settled on relatively recently in the early 19th century, the last in a long line of variations. At the time the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was compiled (around 1087), Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake, and so was not recorded.[5] The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. The manor was held by the church until 1398 when Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
fell out of favour with Richard II and was exiled. The manor was confiscated and became crown property. The manor remained crown property until the reign of Henry VIII when it was granted briefly to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, until Cromwell was executed in 1540 and the land was again confiscated. The manor was next held by Henry VIII's last wife and widow Catherine Parr until her death in 1548 when it again reverted to the monarch. In the 1550s, Henry's daughter, Mary I, granted the manor to Cardinal Reginald Pole
Reginald Pole
who held it until his death in 1558 when it once again become royal property. Mary's sister, Elizabeth I held the property until 1574 when she gave the manor house (but not the manor) to Christopher Hatton
Christopher Hatton
who sold it in the same year to Sir Thomas Cecil, Earl of Exeter. The lands of the manor were given to the Cecil family in 1588 and a new manor house, Wimbledon Palace, was constructed and gardens laid out in the formal Elizabethan
Elizabethan
style. 17th century[edit] Wimbledon's convenient proximity to the capital was beginning to attract other wealthy families and in 1613 Robert Bell, Master of the Worshipful Company of Girdlers
Worshipful Company of Girdlers
and a director of the British East India Company built Eagle House as a home at an easy distance from London. The Cecil family retained the manor for fifty years before it was bought by Charles I in 1638 for his Queen, Henrietta Maria. Following the King's execution in 1649, the manor passed rapidly through various parliamentarian ownerships including Leeds
Leeds
MP Adam Baynes and civil war general John Lambert but, following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, was back in the ownership of Henrietta Maria
Henrietta Maria
(now Charles I's widow and mother of the new King, Charles II). The Dowager Queen
Dowager Queen
sold the manor in 1661 to George Digby, Earl of Bristol, who employed John Evelyn
John Evelyn
to improve and update the landscape in accordance with the latest fashions including grottos and fountains. On his death in 1677 the manor was sold on again to the Lord High Treasurer, Thomas Osborne, Earl of Danby.

St Mary's Church

The Osborne family sold the manor to Sir Theodore Janssen in 1712. Janssen, a director of the South Sea Company, began a new house to replace the Cecil-built manor house but, due to the spectacular collapse of the company, never finished it. The next owner was Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, who increased the land belonging to the manor and completed the construction of a house to replace Jansen's unfinished effort in 1735. On her death in 1744, the property passed to her grandson, John Spencer, and subsequently to the first Earl Spencer. The village continued to grow and the introduction in the 18th century of stagecoach services from the Dog and Fox public house made the journey to London
London
routine, although not without the risk of being held-up by highwaymen such as Jerry Abershawe on the Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Road. The stage coach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in the now named 'Wimbledon Village Stables'. The 1735 manor house burnt down in the 1780s and was replaced with Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
House in 1801 by the second Earl. At this time the manor lands included Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
(a heath) and the enclosed parkland around the manor house. The area of the park corresponded to the modern Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
area, The house was east of St Mary's church. Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside (near present-day Peek Crescent), was home in the 1790s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne, and later to the mother of writer Frederick Marryat. Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat Roads. Directly south of the common, the early-18th-century Warren House (called Cannizaro House from 1841) was home to a series of grand residents. 19th century development[edit]

Wimbledon section of Edward Stanford's 1871 map of London

The first decades of the 19th century were relatively quiet for Wimbledon, with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city, but renewed upheaval came in 1838 when the opening of the London
London
and South Western Railway (L&SWR) brought a station to the south east of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre. For a number of years Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
was leased to the Duke of Somerset, who briefly in the 1820s employed a young Joseph Paxton
Joseph Paxton
as one of his gardeners, but, in the 1840s, the Spencer family sold the park as building land. A period of residential development began with the construction of large detached houses in the north of the park. In 1864, the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission[6] to enclose the common for the creation of a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building. Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in 1871[7][8] to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition. Transport links expanded further with new railway lines to Croydon (Wimbledon and Croydon
Croydon
Railway, opened in 1855) and Tooting
Tooting
(Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in 1868). The District Railway (now London
London
Underground's District line) extended its service over new tracks from Putney
Putney
in 1889. In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population. From a small base of just under 2,700 residents recorded in the 1851 census, the population grew by a minimum of 60% each decade up to 1901 increasing fifteenfold in fifty years. During this, time large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park
Merton Park
and Raynes Park. The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated during this period. Ely's department store opened in 1876 and shops began to stretch along the Broadway towards Merton. Wimbledon built its first police station in 1870. Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early 1860s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in 1887. The religious needs of the growing population were dealt with by a church building programme starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in 1849 and the construction of Christ Church (1859) and Trinity Church (1862). Street names reflect the period: Denmark Road and Denmark Avenue, and the Alexandra pub on Wimbledon Hill, all mark the marriage of the then Prince of Wales to Princess Alexandra of Denmark.[9] The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised in 1894 when, under the Local Government Act 1894, it formed the Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council. Modern history[edit]

Wimbledon Hill Road, looking north-west from Wimbledon Bridge

Wimbledon's population continued to grow at the start of the 20th century, a condition recognised in 1905 when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, with the power to select a Mayor. By the end of the first decade of the new century Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art
Wimbledon School of Art
at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre. Somewhat unusually, at its opening the theatre's facilities included a Turkish baths . In 1931, the council built itself a new red brick and Portland stone Town Hall next to the station on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge. The architects were Bradshaw Gass & Hope. By the 1930s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden
Morden
which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden
Morden
station in 1926. Wimbledon station
Wimbledon station
was rebuilt by Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone
Portland stone
facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton. The Wimbledon to Sutton line opened in 1930. Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London
London
during the Second World War
Second World War
led to the final major building phase when many of the earlier Victorian houses built with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into apartments or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks. Other parts of Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
which had previously escaped being built upon saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council to house some of those who had lost their homes. In 1965, the London
London
Government Act 1963 abolished the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, the Merton and Morden
Morden
Urban District and the Municipal Borough of Mitcham
Mitcham
and in their place created the London Borough of Merton. Initially, the new borough's administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall but this moved to the fourteen-storey Crown House in Morden
Morden
in the early 1990s. During the 1970s and 1980s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with the more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton. Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After a number of years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station providing the much needed focus for retail expansion. The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines who had worked on the original designs over fifty years earlier. Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Wimbledon from the north in August 2015, with Wimbledon Park (left) and the All- England
England
Club, the venue for the Wimbledon Championships (right).

Wimbledon lies in the south west area of London, south of Wandsworth, west of Mitcham, north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
on the outskirts of Greater London. It is 7 miles (11.3 km) south-west of the centre of London
London
at Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London
London
Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[10] It is considered an affluent suburb with a mix of grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low rise apartments.[11] The residential area is split into two sections known as the village and the town,[12] with the village, near the common, centred on the High street being part of the original medieval village,[13] and now a prime residential area of London
London
commanding high prices,[11] and the "town" being part of the modern development, centred on The Broadway, since the building of the railway station in 1838. The population consists around 57,000 adults, the majority in the ABC1 social group.[14] The population grew from around 1,000 at the start of the 19th century to around 55,000 in 1911, a figure which has remained reasonably stable since.[15] Demography[edit] Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London
London
Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole. The largest (10%>) ethnic groups in the wards according to the 2011 census are:

Village (northern areas and the village): 65% White British, 16% Other White[16] Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
(northeast): 60% White British, 18% Other White[17] Hillside (west from centre): 56% White British, 20% Other White[18] Dundonald (south from centre): 61% White British, 18% Other White[19] Raynes Park
Raynes Park
(west from centre): 61% White British, 16% Other White[20] Trinity (east from centre): 56% White British, 18% Other White[21]

Informal Area Names[edit] Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes: “The Battles” is made up of Hamilton Road, Hardy Road, Nelson Road, Victory Road and Trafalgar Road. "The Ministers", is a grid of roads named after ministers and prime ministers (for example, Pelham, Palmerston, Southey, Montague, Russell, Gladstone, Balfour and Griffiths Roads). "The Poets" comprises of six streets named after literary figures – Wilfred Owen Close, Tennyson Road, Caxton Road, Dryden Road, Milton Road, Cowper Road and Garfield Road. "The Slopes" around Wimbledon’s Edge Hill is named for the gradient descending from Ridgway in Wimbledon Village, including Denmark Avenue, Edge Hill, Ridgway Place, Spencer Hill, Thornton Hill, The Downs, and Arterberry, Crescent, Darlaston, Denmark, Cottenham Park, Malcolm, Murray, Raymond, St John’s and Thornton Roads.[22][23] Governance[edit] At the time the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
was compiled (around 1087), Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.[5] From 1328 to 1536 a manor of Wimbledon was recorded as belonging to the Archbishop of Canterbury.[24] The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon and was within the county of Surrey; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton
London Borough of Merton
as part of the creation of Greater London in 1965. It is in the Parliamentary constituency of Wimbledon, and since 2005 it has been represented by Conservative MP Stephen Hammond. In 2012 the businesses in Wimbledon voted for the introduction of a Business Improvement District. Love Wimbledon was formed in April 2012, funded and managed by the business community to promote and enhance the town center. Economy[edit] The UK's leading car-sharing company Zipcar
Zipcar
has its UK headquarters in Wimbledon.[25] Other notable companies and charitable organisations with head offices in Wimbledon include CIPD, Ipsotek, United Response, and the GMB trade union. The Tennis
Tennis
Championships[edit] Main article: The Championships, Wimbledon

2010 Wimbledon Championships

In the 1870s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All- England
England
Croquet
Croquet
Club had begun to hold its annual championships. But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Championship in July 1877. By 1922, the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England
England
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
and Croquet
Croquet
Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park. Wimbledon historian Richard Milward recounts how King George V opened the new courts. "He (the king) gave three blows on a gong, the tarpaulins were removed, the first match started – and the rain came down..." The club's old grounds continue to be used as the sports ground for Wimbledon High School. Sport[edit]

Football

Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame. From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had, from 1977, climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League
Football League
structure, reaching the highest national professional league in 1986 and winning the FA Cup
FA Cup
against Liverpool in 1988. However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham
Fulham
and its small ground, meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team. In 2000 the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane
Plough Lane
in 1912 and played there for 79 years, until beginning a groundshare with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
near Croydon, as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane
Plough Lane
to the required modern standards was impractical. The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in 2001. A housing development now occupies the site.[26] In May 2002, an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
in Buckinghamshire, despite vehement fan protests. This represented a previously unheard-of acceptance by the FA of American style sports team franchising, and the decision was universally criticised. As soon as The Football Association
The Football Association
approved this move in May 2002, former Wimbledon F.C.
Wimbledon F.C.
supporters founded their own replacement club, the semi-professional AFC Wimbledon, and the club's support overwhelmingly shifted to the new team, who in their second and third seasons of existence earned successive promotions to the First then Premier Divisions of the Isthmian League. The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in 2004 and the Surrey Senior Cup in 2005 to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league. Another great achievement by the Wimbledon Independent Supporters Association (WISA) saw the return of the Patrimony of Wimbledon F.C.
Wimbledon F.C.
in 2007 to care of Merton Council There is now a permanent display in Morden
Morden
Library. In 2008 and 2009, AFC Wimbledon
AFC Wimbledon
earned two more promotions, via the Conference South
Conference South
into the Conference Premier. On 21 May 2011, promotion to the football league was achieved when AFC Wimbledon
AFC Wimbledon
won their Conference Premier
Conference Premier
play-off against Luton Town on penalty kicks (after a goalless draw and extra time) at City of Manchester Stadium This put Wimbledon back into English Football League, a remarkable achievement in such a short time. AFC Wimbledon
AFC Wimbledon
were promoted again to League One now in the same division as MK Dons (formerly Wimbledon F.C.).

Rifle
Rifle
shooting

In the 1860s, the newly formed National Rifle
Rifle
Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early 1870s, rifle ranges were established on the common. In 1878 the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2,500 competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common. By the 1880s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe. The last meeting was held in 1889 before the NRA moved to Bisley in Surrey. Horse Riding Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. The late Richard Milward MA, a renowned local historian, researched the background of horses in Wimbledon over the years and found that the first recorded stables belonged to the Lord of the Manor, and are detailed in the Estate’s accounts of 1236–37. Stables on the current site, behind the Dog & Fox pub in the High Street, were founded in 1915 by William Kirkpatrick and named Hilcote Stables; William’s daughter Jean took over on his retirement and continued to visit the stables until her death in 2005. From 1969 Hilcote Stables was leased to Colin Crawford, and when it came up for sale in 1980 it was renamed Wimbledon Village Stables. It is now Approved by both the British Horse Society Association of British Riding Schools and offers horse riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and Richmond Park.

Horse racing

In 1792 the Rev. Daniel Lysons
Daniel Lysons
published The Environs of London: being an historical account of the towns, villages, and hamlets, within twelve miles of that capital in which he wrote: "In the early part of the present century there were annual races upon this common, which had then a King's plate." However, he gives no further details and does not say how successful the horse racing was or how long it lasted.

Motorcycle Speedway at Wimbledon Stadium

Stock car racing
Stock car racing
at Wimbledon Stadium

For many years Wimbledon Stadium
Wimbledon Stadium
has been host to Greyhound racing
Greyhound racing
as well as Stock car racing
Stock car racing
and Speedway. Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium
Wimbledon Stadium
in 1928 and the local team, the "Dons", was very successful over the decades. The team started out in 1929 as members of the Southern League and operated until the Second World War. The track re-opened in 1946 and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years. In the 1950s the track was home to two World Champions in Ronnie Moore and Barry Briggs. In the Dons' last season, 2005, the team finished 2nd in The National Conference League. However, following the collapse of lease renewal talks between the speedway promoters and the Greyhound Racing Association (the owners of the stadium) due to the high increase in rent required by the GRA, the team were wound up. Greyhound racing
Greyhound racing
and Stock car racing
Stock car racing
continue to take place.

Running

There is an active running club in Wimbledon called the Windmilers. The club includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun
Parkrun
is held every Saturday morning at 9 am which sees in excess of 300 runners complete 5 km. The course starts and finishes at the Windmill. Prior to Parkrun
Parkrun
a similar event was held known as the Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
Time Trial. New Wimbledon Theatre[edit] Main article: New Wimbledon Theatre

New Wimbledon Theatre

The New Wimbledon Theatre
New Wimbledon Theatre
is a Grade II listed Edwardian theatre built by J B Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre
Wimbledon Theatre
on the site of a large house with spacious grounds.[27] The theatre was designed by Cecil Aubrey Masey and Roy Young (possibly following a 1908 design by Frank H Jones). The theatre opened its doors on 26 December 1910 with the pantomime Jack and Jill.[28] It was very popular between the wars, with appearances by Gracie Fields, Sybil Thorndike, Ivor Novello, Markova and Noël Coward. Lionel Bart's Oliver!
Oliver!
and Half A Sixpence starring Tommy Steele
Tommy Steele
received their world première at the theatre in the 1960s before transferring to the West End. The theatre was saved from redevelopment when it was bought by the Ambassador Theatre Group in 2004.[29][30] With several refurbishments, most notably in 1991 and 1998, it retains its baroque and Adamesque internal features. The golden statue atop the dome is Laetitia, the Roman Goddess of Gaiety and was an original fixture back in 1910. Laetitia is holding a laurel crown as a symbol of celebration. The statue was removed during the Second World War
Second World War
as it was thought to be a direction finding device for German bombers, and replaced in 1991.

Polka Children's Theatre[edit] Main article: Polka Theatre

Polka Theatre, Wimbledon

The Polka Theatre
Polka Theatre
is a children’s theatre in Wimbledon, London Borough of Merton, for children aged 0 – 13. The theatre contains two performance spaces – a 300-seat main auditorium and a 70-seat studio dedicated to early years performances. As well as the theatre, Polka also has a creative learning studio, a garden, an outdoor playground, indoor play area, exhibition spaces and a cafe. Polka is a producing theatre which also tours shows nationally and internationally, and provides a range of education and community engagement programmes for children. Polka Theatre
Polka Theatre
is a registered charity[31] and an Arts Council England National Portfolio Organisation.[32] It is also funded by the London Borough of Merton[33] and a number of private charitable trusts and foundations, individuals and commercial companies. The theatre (formerly the Holy Trinity Halls in Wimbledon) opened in November 1979. Transport[edit]

Wimbledon station Wimbledon Chase railway station Raynes Park
Raynes Park
railway station Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
tube station South Wimbledon
South Wimbledon
tube station

Literature[edit] In the world of literature, Wimbledon provides the principal setting for several comic novels by author Nigel Williams (including the best-selling The Wimbledon Poisoner
The Wimbledon Poisoner
and They Came from SW19) as well as for Elisabeth Beresford's series of children's stories about the Wombles. Wimbledon was also the site where the sixth Martian
Martian
invasion cylinder landed in H.G. Wells' book The War of the Worlds and is mentioned briefly in his books, The Time Machine
The Time Machine
and When the Sleeper Wakes. Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest which has been running since 2006. Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon including at the Big Tent on the Common. Notable residents[edit]

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Oliver Reed, who was born in Wimbledon, as seen in 1968

Khalid Abdalla
Khalid Abdalla
(born 1980) – actor, The Kite Runner
The Kite Runner
and United 93 Bob Astles (1924–2012) – former associate of Ugandan presidents Milton Obote
Milton Obote
and Idi Amin Ben Barnes (born 1981) – actor, The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian Joseph Bazalgette
Joseph Bazalgette
(1819–1891) – civil engineer; his creation in the mid 19th century of the sewer network for central London eliminated the incidence of cholera epidemics[34] Gary Brabham (born 1961) – Australian international racing driver and convicted rapist, born in Wimbledon Raymond Briggs (born 1934) – cartoonist John Lyde-Brown (died 1787) – director of the Bank of England; resident of Cannizaro House;[35] his collection of classical sculpture was acquired by Catherine II of Russia in 1787 and is held by the Hermitage Museum James Brunlees
James Brunlees
(1816–1892) – engineer, lived at Argyle Lodge, Parkside Josephine Butler
Josephine Butler
(1828–1906) – feminist campaigner of the Victorian era, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 8 North View, Wimbledon Common[36] George Edward Cates
George Edward Cates
(1892–1917) – World War I
World War I
Victoria Cross recipient[37] Duke & Duchess of Cannizaro[38] Ernst Boris Chain
Ernst Boris Chain
(1906–1979) – joint winner of the 1945 Nobel Prize in Medcine for the discovery of penicillin. Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 9 North View, Wimbledon Common[36] Mavis Cheek (born 1948) – novelist born and brought up in Wimbledon.[39] Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
(1660–1744) – close friend of Queen Anne Norman Coburn – actor played Donald Fisher in Australian soap opera Home and Away Annette Crosbie – actress, screen wife of One Foot in the Grave's Victor Meldrew. Sandy Denny
Sandy Denny
(1947–1978) – singer, born at the Nelson Hospital Laurence Doherty
Laurence Doherty
(1875–1919) – winner of thirteen Wimbledon tennis championships and two Olympic gold medals Reginald Doherty
Reginald Doherty
(1872–1910) – winner of twelve Wimbledon tennis championships and three Olympic gold medals Hugh Dowding (1882–1970) – commander of RAF Fighter Command
RAF Fighter Command
during the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
in 1940, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 3 St Mary's Road[40] Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville
Viscount Melville
(1742–1811) – Home Secretary
Home Secretary
and Secretary of State for War
Secretary of State for War
to William Pitt the Younger, resident of Cannizaro House[35] Ford Madox Ford
Ford Madox Ford
(1873–1939) – author; works include The Good Soldier and Parade's End[41] John William Godward
John William Godward
(1861–1922) – painter Charles Patrick Graves (1899–1971) – journalist Robert Graves
Robert Graves
(1895–1985) – poet Victoria Hamilton – actress Mathyush Sergeev – Playboy cover girl George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
(1784–1860) – prime minister 1852–55; resident of Cannizaro House[35] Georgette Heyer
Georgette Heyer
– novelist, was born and grew up in Wimbledon. She wrote her first five novels there. A later novel, 'Pastel', is set in a suburb very like Wimbledon. Tom Holland (born 1996) – actor, Spider-Man: Homecoming Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha
Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha
(1893–1957) – while Minister of Transport, 1934-7, he introduced the driving test and the Belisha Beacon; then Secretary of State for War, 1937–40 Thomas Hughes
Thomas Hughes
(1822–1896) – author of Tom Brown's Schooldays
Tom Brown's Schooldays
which was written in Wimbledon James Hunt
James Hunt
(1947–1993) – British racing driver and commentator. Formula 1 World Champion 1976 John Innes – an English property developer and philanthropist Sir Theodore Janssen of Wimbledon (c.1658–1748) – director of the South Sea Company
South Sea Company
and founder-member of the Bank of England. The grounds of his house bordered the east side of the High Street.[42] Hetty King
Hetty King
famous Music Hall artiste and male impersonator. A blue commemorative plaque was erected on her home in Palmerston Road, Wimbledon by The Music Hall Guild of Great Britain and America
The Music Hall Guild of Great Britain and America
in November 2010. Vanessa Kirby
Vanessa Kirby
(born 1987) – actress, The Crown Don Lang – Britain's answer to Bill Haley; with his band, a mainstay of Britain's first television rock and roll programme Six-Five Special Alvar Lidell (1908–1981) – BBC radio announcer; his voice was well known during the Second World War[43] Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale, at Argyle Lodge, Parkside. Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer
Joseph Norman Lockyer
(1836–1920) – scientist and astronomer; joint discoverer of helium Frederick Marryat
Frederick Marryat
(1792–1848) – author, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road; also lived at Wimbledon House. Tony McGuinness – musician, Above and Beyond Michael McIntyre
Michael McIntyre
(born 1976) – comedian born in the area Thomas Ralph Merton (1888–1969) – physicist Marcus Mumford
Marcus Mumford
– musician, Mumford & Sons John Murray III
John Murray III
(1808–1892) – publisher; significant publications include Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species; Murray built a house called "Newstead" on four acres at Somerset Road.[44] Lord Horatio Nelson
Lord Horatio Nelson
(1758–1805) – Admiral; Nelson's estate, Merton Place, included part of Wimbledon at the eastern end of the Broadway,[45] though, strictly he was a resident of Merton the neighbouring parish F.W.J. Palmer (1864–1947) – engineer born here.[46] Alan Pardew
Alan Pardew
– football manager Michelle Paver
Michelle Paver
– author, Chronicles of Ancient Darkness Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham
Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham
(1781–1851) – Lord Chancellor Sir William Henry Preece
William Henry Preece
(1834–1913)- developed English telephone system; Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road. Oliver Reed
Oliver Reed
(1938–1999) – actor Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1892–1972) – actress. Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 4 Berkeley Place[47] Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788–1860) – philosopher, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at Eagle House where he lived in 1803[48] Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
– film director; films include Blade Runner
Blade Runner
and Gladiator.[49] Jay Sean
Jay Sean
– R&B singer Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia
Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia
(1892–1975) – guest at a house in Parkside while in exile from Ethiopia
Ethiopia
owing to the Italian invasion; his statue stands in Cannizaro Park[50] Brian Sewell (1931–2015) – English art critic and media personality Mark Edgley Smith – composer Jamie T
Jamie T
(born 1986) – musician John Horne Tooke
John Horne Tooke
(1736–1812) – politician, lived at Chester House on Wimbledon Common Arnold Toynbee
Arnold Toynbee
(1852–1883) – economic historian, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 49 Wimbledon Parkside[51] Joseph Toynbee
Joseph Toynbee
(1815–1866) – surgeon, Blue Plaque
Blue Plaque
at 49 Wimbledon Parkside[51] Ralph Tubbs
Ralph Tubbs
– architect; his buildings include the Dome of Discovery and Charing Cross
Charing Cross
Hospital Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
(1730–1782) – twice Prime Minister[52] William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce
(1759–1833) – 19th century anti-slavery campaigner[53]

Amenities[edit]

This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this article to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (January 2011)

Major public open spaces[edit]

Cannizaro House, which overlooks the park of the same name

Cannizaro Park Richmond Park Wimbledon Common Wimbledon Park

Museums[edit]

Southside House Wimbledon Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Museum Wimbledon Museum Wimbledon Windmill

Schools[edit] Secondary

Ricards Lodge High School, Lake Road, Wimbledon (girls) Rutlish School, Watery Lane, Merton Park
Merton Park
(boys) Ursuline High School, Crescent Road, Wimbledon (RC, girls) Wimbledon College, Edge Hill, Wimbledon (RC, boys)

Primary

Dundonald Primary School Garfield Primary school (Mixed) Garfield road, Wimbledon Hollymount Primary School (Mixed), Cambridge Road, West Wimbledon Holy Trinity Primary School, Church of England, Effra Road, Wimbledon St. Mary's Catholic Primary School, Russell Road, Wimbledon Wimbledon Chase Primary School, Merton Hall Road, Wimbledon Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
Primary School, Havana Road, Wimbledon Park

Independent

Donhead
Donhead
Lodge (Boys' School), Edge Hill, Wimbledon Hall School Wimbledon (Mixed School), The Downs, Wimbledon King's College School, Southside, Wimbledon The Norwegian School in London
London
(Norwegian School), Arteberry Road, Wimbledon Wimbledon High School (Girls' School), Mansel Road, Wimbledon Old Central School, Church of England, Camp Road, Wimbledon – founded 1758, closed 1960s

Places of worship[edit]

All Nations' Church (evangelical), Mansel Rd, SW19 All Saints' Church. South Wimbledon. SW19 Bethel Baptist Church, Broadway, SW19 Chabad Wimbledon Synagogue, St George's Road, SW19 4ED (Jewish)[54] Congregational Church, Dundonald Rd, SW19 Everyday Church, Queens Road, SW19 8LR[55] Christ Church, Colliers Wood. SW19 2NY. Christ Church, West Wimbledon (Church of England), SW20 Christian Science Reading Room, Worple Rd, SW19 Church of Christ the King (Catholic), Crescent Gardens, SW19 Elim Pentecostal Church, SW19 Emmanuel Church (Church of England), Ridgway, SW19 Hillside Church (non-denominational), Worple Rd, SW19 Holy Trinity Church (Church of England), Broadway, SW19 Kairos Church (inter-denominational), Kingston Rd, SW19 Kingdom Hall (Jehovah's Witnesses), Haydons Rd, SW19 Our Lady and St Peter's Church (Catholic), Victoria Drive, SW19 Sacred Heart Church (Catholic), Edge Hill, SW19 St Andrews Church (Church of England), Herbert Rd, SW19 Saint John the Divine Merton, SW19 St John the Baptist (Church of England), Spencer Hill, SW19 St Luke's Church (Church of England), Ryfold Road, Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
SW19 8BZ St Mary's Church (Church of England), St Mary's Rd, SW19 St Winefride's Church, (Catholic), Latimer Rd, SW19 Salvation Army, Kingston Rd, SW19 Shree Ghanapathy Temple (Hindu), Effra Rd, SW19 Thai Temple (Buddhist), Colonne Rd, SW19 The Open Door (non-denominational), Worple Rd, SW19 Trinity United Reformed Church, Mansel Rd, SW19 Wimbledon and District Synagogue (Reform Jewish) Wimbledon Mosque (Islam), Durnsford Rd, SW19 Wimbledon Quaker Meeting, Spencer Hill Rd, SW19 Wimbledon Spiritualist Church, SW19[56]

References[edit]

^ http://data.london.gov.uk/2011-census-ward-pop ^ "Wimbledon". nzhistory.govt.nz. NZHistory. Retrieved 14 July 2017.  ^ Edward Kemp. The parks, gardens, etc., of London
London
and its suburbs, described and illustrated, for the guidance of strangers. John Weale, 1851. p. 29. Retrieved 20 February 2011.  ^ Room, Adrian: "Dictionary of Place-Names in the British Isles", Bloomsbury, 1988 ^ a b "Wimbledon". British History Online. www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ "No. 22915". The London
London
Gazette. 25 November 1864. pp. 5834–5835.  ^ "No. 23682". The London
London
Gazette. 25 November 1870. pp. 5244–5245.  ^ "No. 23768". The London
London
Gazette. 18 August 1871. p. 3643.  ^ "Wimbledon's Danish links".  ^ Mayor
Mayor
of London
London
(February 2008). " London
London
Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority.  ^ a b "Short Term Property To Rent; Wimbledon, Cowes, Sandbanks, & St Andrews; Primelocation". www.primelocation.com. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ "Primary Residential Areas in London". www.kipb.ae. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ Christopher Hibbert; Ben Weinreb. The London
London
Encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. p. 1026. Retrieved 20 February 2011. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Location Report". www.nsdatabase.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ "Wimbledon Museum". www.wimbledonmuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Village – UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. " Wimbledon Park
Wimbledon Park
– UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Hillside – UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Dundonald – UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. " Raynes Park
Raynes Park
– UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2018-01-05.  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Trinity – UK Census
Census
Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Areas of Wimbledon". winchester-white. Retrieved 12 December 2017.  ^ "Area guide and history of Wimbledon". ellisons-uk. Retrieved 12 December 2017.  ^ Richard John Milward. New Short History of Wimbledon. Wimbledon Society, 1989. Retrieved 21 February 2011.  ^ "Homepage".  ^ " Plough Lane
Plough Lane
– Wimbledon". Old Football Grounds. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011.  ^ " New Wimbledon Theatre
New Wimbledon Theatre
– architecture – Merton Council". www.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2011.  ^ "The New Wimbledon Theatre". www.arthurlloyd.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2011.  ^ Christopher Hibbert, Ben Weinreb. The London
London
encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan, 2008. p. 1026. Retrieved 14 April 2011.  ^ " New Wimbledon Theatre
New Wimbledon Theatre
Centenary – find fun things to do in London & Surrey
Surrey
with Time & Leisure". www.timeandleisure.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2011.  ^ "Charity Commission".  ^ "Arts Council England".  ^ " London Borough of Merton
London Borough of Merton
Arts Strategy" (PDF).  ^ The Wimbledon Society. "From London's sewers to the fresh air of Wimbledon". Wimbledon Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2014.  ^ a b c The Friends of Cannizaro Park
Cannizaro Park
– History ^ a b English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, B ^ Findagrave.com ^ "The Duke and Duchess Cannizarro". wimbledonguardian.co.uk. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ Publisher biography: Retrieved 2 April 2012. ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, D ^ "Complete Works of Ford Madox Ford, with picture of birthplace in Kingston Road, Wimbledon". ,. Retrieved 3 February 2014.  ^ "England: Teile von verschiedenen Regionen". 18th century map of Wimbledon. Universitat Bern. Retrieved 18 June 2015.  ^ "This is the news – with Alvar Lidell". Wimbledon Guardian. Retrieved 26 February 2014.  ^ "The Wimbledon Society". Retrieved 14 January 2014.  ^ London
London
Borough of Merton, Nelson ^ United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census
Census
1871 ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, R ^ English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, S ^ "Wimbledon Music Festival". Retrieved 14 January 2014.  ^ The Friends of Cannizaro Park
Cannizaro Park
– Statue of aile Selassie ^ a b English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, T ^ "The Museum of Wimbledon". Retrieved 7 February 2014.  ^ "The Theologian". Retrieved 7 February 2014.  ^ "About us". Chabad Wimbledon. Retrieved 2 August 2014.  ^ "Find us". Everyday Church. Retrieved 2 August 2014.  ^ "Wimbledon Spiritualist Church". Wimbledon Spiritualist Church. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 

Bibliography

Bartlett, William A., History of Antiquities of the Parish of Wimbledon, Simpkin, Marshall, & co., 1865 Brown, John W., Lysons's History of Wimbledon, Local History Reprints, 1991, ISBN 1-85699-021-4 Milward, Richard, Historic Wimbledon, Caesar's Camp to Centre Court, The Windrush Press and Fielders of Wimbledon, 1989, ISBN 0-900075-16-3 Milward, Richard, New Short History of Wimbledon, Wimbledon Society, 1989

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for London/Wimbledon.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wimbledon.

Local authorities

merton.gov.uk

Community

[1] wimbledon-village.com

History

british-history.ac.uk The Environs of London: Volume 1: County of Surrey, 1792, "Wimbledon", pp. 519–540, Daniel Lysons british-history.ac.uk A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, 1912, "Parishes: Wimbledon", pp. 120–125, H.E. Malden (editor)

v t e

London
London
Borough of Merton

Districts

Bushey Mead Cannon Hill Colliers Wood Copse Hill Cottenham Park Crooked Billet Lower Morden Merton Merton Abbey Merton Park Mitcham Morden Morden
Morden
Park Motspur Park New Malden Norbury Pollards Hill Raynes Park St Helier South Wimbledon Streatham
Streatham
Vale Summerstown West Barnes Wimbledon Wimbledon Park

Attractions

All England
England
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
and Croquet
Croquet
Club Merton Abbey Mills Merton Priory Museum of Wimbledon New Wimbledon Theatre Southside House Wandle Industrial Museum Wandle Trail Wimbledon Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Museum Wimbledon Stadium Wimbledon Theatre Wimbledon Windmill

Parks and open spaces

Cannizaro Park Cannon Hill Common Lavender Park Mitcham
Mitcham
Common Morden
Morden
Hall Park Ravensbury Park Wimbledon Common Wimbledon Park

Constituencies

Mitcham
Mitcham
and Morden Wimbledon

Tube, rail stations and tram stops

Belgrave Walk Colliers Wood Dundonald Road Haydons Road Merton Park Mitcham Mitcham
Mitcham
Eastfields Mitcham
Mitcham
Junction Morden Morden
Morden
South Morden
Morden
Road Motspur Park Phipps Bridge Raynes Park St Helier South Merton South Wimbledon Tooting Wimbledon Wimbledon Chase Wimbledon Park

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings Parks and open spaces People Public art Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey
Surrey
Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London
London
Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London
London
Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.