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William Saroyan[2] (/səˈrɔɪ.ən/; August 31, 1908 – May 18, 1981) was an Armenian-American novelist, playwright, and short story writer. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama
Pulitzer Prize for Drama
in 1940, and in 1943 won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Story for the film adaptation of his novel The Human Comedy. An Armenian American, Saroyan wrote extensively about the Armenian immigrant life in California. Many of his stories and plays are set in his native Fresno.[3] Some of his best-known works are The Time of Your Life, My Name Is Aram
My Name Is Aram
and My Heart's in the Highlands. He has been described in a Dickinson College
Dickinson College
news release as "one of the most prominent literary figures of the mid-20th century"[4] and by Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry
as "one of the most underrated writers of the [20th] century." Fry suggests that "he takes his place naturally alongside Hemingway, Steinbeck
Steinbeck
and Faulkner."[5]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early years 1.2 Career 1.3 Personal life

2 Awards 3 Bibliography

3.1 Books 3.2 Plays 3.3 Short stories 3.4 Poem 3.5 Song

4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Biography[edit]

Saroyan as a youth

Early years[edit] William Saroyan
William Saroyan
was born on August 31, 1908 in Fresno, California, to Armenak and Taguhi Saroyan, Armenian immigrants from Bitlis, Ottoman Empire. His father came to New York in 1905 and started preaching in Armenian Apostolic churches.[6] At the age of three, after his father's death, Saroyan, along with his brother and sister, was placed in an orphanage in Oakland, California. He later went on to describe his experience in the orphanage in his writings. Five years later, the family reunited in Fresno, where his mother, Takoohi, had already secured work at a cannery. He continued his education on his own, supporting himself with jobs, such as working as an office manager for the San Francisco Telegraph
Telegraph
Company. Saroyan decided to become a writer after his mother showed him some of his father's writings. A few of his early short articles were published in Overland Monthly. His first stories appeared in the 1930s. Among these was "The Broken Wheel", written under the name Sirak Goryan and published in the Armenian journal Hairenik
Hairenik
in 1933. Many of Saroyan's stories were based on his childhood experiences among the Armenian-American fruit growers of the San Joaquin Valley
San Joaquin Valley
or dealt with the rootlessness of the immigrant. The short story collection My Name is Aram (1940), an international bestseller, was about a young boy and the colorful characters of his immigrant family. It has been translated into many languages. Career[edit] As a writer, Saroyan made his breakthrough in Story magazine with "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze" (1934), the title taken from the nineteenth century song of the same title. The protagonist is a young, starving writer who tries to survive in a Depression-ridden society.

Through the air on the flying trapeze, his mind hummed. Amusing it was, astoundingly funny. A trapeze to God, or to nothing, a flying trapeze to some sort of eternity; he prayed objectively for strength to make the flight with grace.

This character resembles the penniless writer in Knut Hamsun's 1890 novel Hunger, but lacks the anger and nihilism of Hamsun's narrator. The story was republished in a collection whose royalties enabled Saroyan to travel to Europe and Armenia, where he learned to love the taste of Russian cigarettes, once observing, "you may tend to get cancer from the thing that makes you want to smoke so much, not from the smoking itself." (from Not Dying, 1963) Saroyan served in the US Army during World War II. He was stationed in Astoria, Queens, spending much of his time at the Lombardy Hotel in Manhattan, far from Army personnel. In 1942, he was posted to London as part of a film unit. He narrowly avoided a court martial when his novel, The Adventures of Wesley Jackson, was seen as advocating pacifism. Saroyan worked rapidly, hardly editing his text, and drinking and gambling away much of his earnings. From 1958 on, he mainly resided in a Paris apartment.

I am an estranged man, said the liar: estranged from myself, from my family, my fellow man, my country, my world, my time, and my culture. I am not estranged from God, although I am a disbeliever in everything about God excepting God indefinable, inside all and careless of all. — from Here Comes There Goes You Know Who, 1961

Saroyan published essays and memoirs, in which he depicted the people he had met on travels in the Soviet Union and Europe, such as the playwright George Bernard Shaw, the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius, and Charlie Chaplin. In 1952, Saroyan published The Bicycle Rider in Beverly Hills, the first of several volumes of memoirs.

Saroyan in 1940

Saroyan's stories celebrated optimism in the midst of the trials and tribulations of the Depression. Several of Saroyan's works were drawn from his own experiences, although his approach to autobiographical fact contained a fair bit of poetic license. His advice to a young writer was: "Try to learn to breathe deeply; really to taste food when you eat, and when you sleep really to sleep. Try as much as possible to be wholly alive with all your might, and when you laugh, laugh like hell." Saroyan endeavored to create a prose style full of zest for life and seemingly impressionistic, that came to be called "Saroyanesque". Saroyan's plays were drawn from deeply personal sources, and often disregarded the convention that conflict is essential to drama. My Heart's in the Highlands (1939), his first play, was a comedy about a young boy and his Armenian family. It was produced at the Guild Theatre in New York. Saroyan is probably best remembered for his play The Time of Your Life (1939), set in a waterfront saloon in San Francisco. It won a Pulitzer Prize, which Saroyan refused on the grounds that commerce should not judge the arts; he did accept the New York Drama Critics' Circle award. The play was adapted into a 1948 film starring James Cagney. Before the war, Saroyan worked on the screenplay of Golden Boy (1939), based on Clifford Odets's play, but he never had much success in Hollywood and after his disappointment with the Human Comedy film project, he never permitted any Hollywood screen adaptation of any of his novels regardless of his financial straits. The Human Comedy (1943) is set in the fictional California town of Ithaca in the San Joaquin Valley
San Joaquin Valley
(based on Saroyan's memories of Fresno, California), where young telegraph messenger Homer bears witness to the sorrows and joys of life during World War II.

"Mrs. Sandoval," Homer said swiftly, "your son is dead. Maybe it's a mistake. Maybe it wasn't your son. Maybe it was somebody else. The telegram says it was Juan Domingo. But maybe the telegram is wrong... — from The Human Comedy

Saroyan was hired to write the screenplay and direct the film for MGM. When Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
balked at its length, Saroyan would not compromise and was removed from the project. He then turned the script into a novel, publishing it just prior to the film's release. He won the 1943 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Story for the film. The novel is often credited as the source for the movie when in fact the reverse is true. The novel is the basis for a 1983 musical of the same name.

Autographed portrait of Saroyan

Interest in Saroyan's novels declined after the war, when he was criticized for sentimentality. Freedom, brotherly love, and universal benevolence were for him basic values, but his idealism was considered out of step with the times. He still wrote prolifically, so that one of his readers could ask "How could you write so much good stuff and still write such bad stuff?" In the novellas The Assyrian and other stories (1950) and in The Laughing Matter (1953) Saroyan mixed allegorical elements within a realistic novel. The plays Sam Ego's House (1949) and The Slaughter of the Innocents (1958) were not as successful as his prewar plays. Many of Saroyan's later plays, such as The Paris Comedy (1960), The London Comedy (1960), and Settled Out of Court (1969), premiered in Europe. Manuscripts of a number of unperformed plays are now at Stanford University with his other papers. When Ernest Hemingway
Hemingway
learned that Saroyan had made fun of the controversial non-fiction work Death in the Afternoon, Hemingway responded: "We've seen them come and go. Good ones too. Better ones than you, Mr. Saroyan." In the late 1960s and the 1970s, Saroyan earned more money and finally got out of debt. Saroyan also painted.[7] He said: "I made drawings before I learned how to write. The impulse to do so seems basic – it is both the invention and the use of language."[8] His abstract expressionist works were exhibited by the Anita Shapolsky Gallery in New York City.[7][9][10][11][12] In 1979, William Saroyan
William Saroyan
was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.[13] Personal life[edit]

The statue of William Saroyan
William Saroyan
in Yerevan, Armenia

Saroyan had a correspondence with writer Sanora Babb
Sanora Babb
that began in 1932 and ended in 1941, that grew into an unrequited love affair on Saroyan's part.[14] In 1943, Saroyan married actress Carol Marcus (1924–2003; also known as Carol Grace), with whom he had two children, Aram, who became an author and published a book about his father, and Lucy, who became an actress.[15] By the late 1940s, Saroyan's drinking and gambling took a toll on his marriage, and in 1949, upon returning from an extended European trip, he filed for divorce. They were remarried briefly in 1951 and divorced again in 1952 with Marcus later claiming in her autobiography, Among the Porcupines: A Memoir,[16][17] that Saroyan was abusive. Carol subsequently married actor Walter Matthau. Saroyan died in Fresno, of prostate cancer at age 72. Half of his ashes were buried in California and the remainder in Armenia
Armenia
at the Komitas Pantheon
Komitas Pantheon
near fellow artists such as composer Aram Khachaturian, painter Martiros Saryan, and film director Sergei Parajanov.[18] Awards[edit] 2013 Parajanov-Vartanov Institute Award posthumously honored William Saroyan for The Time of Your life play and the Human Comedy novel and was presented to his granddaughter by Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor Jon Voight.[19][20][21] Bibliography[edit]

William Saroyan's tomb at Yerevan's Komitas Pantheon

Books[edit]

The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze
The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze
(1935) Inhale and Exhale (1936) Three Times Three (1936) Little Children (1937) The Trouble With Tigers (1938) Peace, It's Wonderful (1939) Love Here Is My Hat (1938) My Name Is Aram
My Name Is Aram
(1940) Razzle-Dazzle (1942) The Human Comedy (1943) Get Away Old Man (1944) Dear Baby (1944) The Adventures of Wesley Jackson (1946) The Twin Adventures (1950) Saroyan's journal with reprint of Wesley Jackson Rock Wagram (1951) Tracy's Tiger
Tracy's Tiger
(1952) The Bicycle Rider in Beverly Hills (1952) The Laughing Matter (1953) Love (1955) The Whole Voyald and Other Stories (1956) Mama I Love You (1956) Papa You're Crazy (1957) Here Comes, There Goes, You Know Who (1962)

"Gaston" (1962), short story collected in Madness...

Me: A Modern Masters Book for Children (1963), illustrated by Murray Tinkelman[22] Not Dying (1963) One Day in the Afternoon of the World (1964) Short Drive, Sweet Chariot (1966) I Used to Believe I Had Forever, Now I'm Not So Sure (1968) The Man with the Heart in the Highlands and other stories (1968) Letters from 74 rue Taitbout (1971) Places Where I've Done Time 1972 (original printing possibly 1957[citation needed]) Days of Life and Death and Escape to the Moon (1973) Sons Come and Go, Mothers Hang In Forever (1976) Chance Meetings (1978) Obituaries (1979) Births (1983) My name is Saroyan (1983) Madness in the Family (1988), collected late stories

Plays[edit]

The Time of Your Life
The Time of Your Life
(1939) – winner of the New York Drama Critics' Circle and the Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Drama My Heart's in the Highlands (1939) Elmer and Lily (1939) Three plays (1940):

My Heart’s in the Highlands The Time of Your Life Love’s Old Sweet Song

Love's Old Sweet Song[23] The Agony of Little Nations (1940) Subway Circus (1940) Hello Out There (1941) Across the Board on Tomorrow Morning (1941) The Beautiful People (1941) Bad Men in the West (1942) Talking to You (1942) Coming Through the Rye (1942) Don't Go Away Mad (1947) Jim Dandy (1947) The Slaughter of the Innocents (1952) The Oyster and the Pearl (Television Play) (1953) The Stolen Secret (1954) A Midsummer Daydream (Television Play) (1955) The Cave Dwellers (1958) Sam, The Highest Jumper Of Them All, or the London Comedy (1960) Hanging around the Wabash (1961) The Dogs, or the Paris Comedy (1969) Armenian (1971) Assassinations (1974) Tales from the Vienna Streets (1980) An Armenian Trilogy (1986) The Parsley Garden (1992)

Short stories[edit]

"1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8" "An Ornery Kind of Kid" "The Filipino and the Drunkard" "Gaston" (date unknown) "The Hummingbird That Lived Through Winter" "Knife-Like, Flower-Like, Like Nothing At All in the World" (1942) "The Mourner" "The Parsley Garden" "Resurrection of a Life" (1935) The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse (1938) "Seventy Thousand Assyrians" (1934) "The Shepherd's Daughter" "Sweetheart Sweetheart Sweetheart" "Third day after Christmas" (1926) "Five Ripe Pears" (1935) "Pomegranate Trees" (year unknown) "Seventeen" (written during the Great Depression, in the collection of The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze
The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze
and Other Stories

"The Barber´s Uncle"

Poem[edit]

"Me" (The Saturday Evening Post, March 9, 1963, illustrated by Murray Tinkelman)[24]

Song[edit]

"Come On-a My House", a hit for Rosemary Clooney, based on an Armenian folk song, written with his cousin, Ross Bagdasarian, later the impresario of Alvin and the Chipmunks.[25]

References[edit]

Specific

^ "Relative to William Saroyan
William Saroyan
Year". Official California Legislative Information. March 13, 2008. Retrieved February 2, 2014. Half of his ashes were buried in the Ararat Cemetery in Fresno
Fresno
and the remaining was interred in Yerevan, Armenia  ^ Armenian: Վիլեամ Սարոյեան in classical orthography and Վիլյամ Սարոյան in reformed orthography ^ " William Saroyan
William Saroyan
Is Dead At 72; Wrote 'The Time of Your Life'". The New York Times. May 19, 1981. Retrieved February 1, 2014.  ^ "One-Man Show Tells Pulitzer-Prize Winning Author's Story". Dickinson College. September 2, 2001. Retrieved December 26, 2013.  ^ 13th Annual Beverly Hills Film Festival Announces Award Winners at Gala Awards Ceremony. May 12, 2013. Retrieved May 3, 2017 ^ Hamalian 1987, p. 23. ^ a b "William Saroyan". Anita Shapolsky Gallery NYC.  ^ Carl Nolte (September 4, 2008). "S.F. gathering celebrates Saroyan's centennial; Living, working and carousing in San Francisco, Fresno-born author chronicled the human comedy". SFGate.  ^ "The Expressive Edge of Paper". The Huffington Post.  ^ In Celebration of the Exhibition, The Writer as Artist: Lawrence Ferlinghetti and William Saroyan. Anita Shapolsky Gallery, National Arts Club (New York, N.Y.).  ^ "The Writer's Brush; September 11th – October 27th, 2007". Anita Shapolsky Gallery NYC. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015.  ^ "Volume 19, Issues 6–8". Art & Auction Magazine. 1997.  ^ "Theater Hall of Fame Enshrines 51 Artists". www.nytimes.com.  ^ Balakian, Nona (1998). The World of William Saroyan
William Saroyan
(2. print. ed.). Lewisburg, [Pa.]: Bucknell University Press. pp. 273–275. ISBN 978-0-8387-5368-2. I have never stopped thinking of you as somebody rare and extraordinary and fine and wonderful and truly beautiful.  ^ Saroyan, Aram (1982). Last Rites: The Death of William Saroyan (First ed.). New York: William Morrow & Co. ISBN 978-0-688-01262-5.  ^ Matthau, Carol (1992). Among the Porcupines: A Memoir
Memoir
(First ed.). New York: Turtle Bay Books. ISBN 0-394-58266-7.  ^ Alex Witchel (July 19, 1992). "The Real Holly Golightly". The New York Times. Retrieved December 15, 2008.  ^ "saroyan". February 9, 2017.  ^ " Parajanov-Vartanov Institute - Official site". Parajanov-Vartanov Institute. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015.  ^ "DOC LA — Los Angeles Documentary Film Festival — Hollywood". DOC LA — Los Angeles Documentary Film Festival — Hollywood.  ^ " Parajanov-Vartanov Institute Awards (2013)".  ^ "Me: A Modern Masters Book For Children: William Saroyan, Murray Tinkelman: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com.  ^ Saroyan, William (1940). Love's Old Sweet Song: A Play in Three Acts. Samuel French. p. 72. Retrieved 15 July 2017.  ^ "Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series". google.com.  ^ Severo, Richard (August 2, 2010). "Mitch Miller, Maestro of the Singalong, Dies at 99" – via NYTimes.com. 

General

Hamalian, Leo (1987). William Saroyan: the man and the writer remembered. Rutherford, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. ISBN 9780838633083.  Saroyan: His Heart In The Highlands (2008)[1]

Further reading[edit]

Balakian, N., 1998. The World of William Saroyan. Floan, H. R., 1966. William Saroyan. Foster, E. H., 1984. William Saroyan. Foster, E. H., 1991. William Saroyan: A Study in the Shorter Fiction. Gifford, Barry, and Lee, Lawrence, 1984. Saroyan. Hamalian, Leo, ed. (1987). William Saroyan: The Man and the Writer Remembered. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. ISBN 9780838633083.  Keyishan, H., 1995. Critical Essays in William Saroyan. Leggett, John, 2002. A Daring Young Man: A Biography of William Saroyan. Linde, Mauricio D. Aguilera, 2002, "Saroyan and the Dream of Success: The American Vaudeville as a Political Weapon," 11.1 (Winter): 18–31. Radavich, David. "War of the Wests: Saroyan's Dramatic Landscape." American Drama 9:2 (Spring 2000): 29–49. Samuelian, Varaz, 1985. Willie & Varaz: Memories of My Friend William Saroyan. Whitmore, Jon, 1995. William Saroyan. Hunter, Pat; Stevens, Janice (2008). William Saroyan: Places in Time. Fresno: Craven Street Books. ISBN 9781933502243. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: William Saroyan

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Saroyan.

William Saroyan
William Saroyan
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
William Saroyan
William Saroyan
on IMDb Petri Liukkonen. "William Saroyan". Books and Writers The William Saroyan
William Saroyan
Society. William Saroyan
William Saroyan
article on Armeniapedia.org. William Saroyan
William Saroyan
at Parajanov.com I Saw The Mighty Armenia The William Saroyan
William Saroyan
Literary Foundation Intl. Web site of the documentary film William Saroyan : The Man, The Writer, by Paul and Susie Kalinian. Fred Finch Youth Center

v t e

Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Drama: Authors

Jesse Lynch Williams (1918) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1920) Zona Gale
Zona Gale
(1921) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1922) Owen Davis
Owen Davis
(1923) Hatcher Hughes (1924) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1925) George Kelly (1926) Paul Green (1927) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1928) Elmer Rice
Elmer Rice
(1929) Marc Connelly
Marc Connelly
(1930) Susan Glaspell
Susan Glaspell
(1931) George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Ira Gershwin
Ira Gershwin
(1932) Maxwell Anderson
Maxwell Anderson
(1933) Sidney Kingsley
Sidney Kingsley
(1934) Zoe Akins
Zoe Akins
(1935) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1936) Moss Hart
Moss Hart
and George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
(1937) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1938) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1939) William Saroyan
William Saroyan
(1940) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1941) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1943) Mary Chase (1945) Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay (1946) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1948) Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
(1949) Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Joseph Kramm (1952) William Inge
William Inge
(1953) John Patrick (1954) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1955) Albert Hackett
Albert Hackett
and Frances Goodrich (1956) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1957) Ketti Frings (1958) Archibald MacLeish
Archibald MacLeish
(1959) Jerome Weidman, George Abbott, Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1960) Tad Mosel
Tad Mosel
(1961) Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
and Abe Burrows
Abe Burrows
(1962) Frank D. Gilroy (1965) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1967) Howard Sackler (1969) Charles Gordone (1970) Paul Zindel
Paul Zindel
(1971) Jason Miller (1973) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1975) Michael Bennett, Nicholas Dante, James Kirkwood Jr., Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban (1976) Michael Cristofer
Michael Cristofer
(1977) Donald L. Coburn (1978) Sam Shepard
Sam Shepard
(1979) Lanford Wilson
Lanford Wilson
(1980) Beth Henley (1981) Charles Fuller (1982) Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1983) David Mamet
David Mamet
(1984) James Lapine
James Lapine
and Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1985) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1987) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1988) Wendy Wasserstein
Wendy Wasserstein
(1989) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1990) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1991) Robert Schenkkan
Robert Schenkkan
(1992) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(1993) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1994) Horton Foote (1995) Jonathan Larson (1996) Paula Vogel
Paula Vogel
(1998) Margaret Edson (1999) Donald Margulies
Donald Margulies
(2000) David Auburn (2001) Suzan-Lori Parks
Suzan-Lori Parks
(2002) Nilo Cruz
Nilo Cruz
(2003) Doug Wright (2004) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(2005) David Lindsay-Abaire (2007) Tracy Letts
Tracy Letts
(2008) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2009) Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2010) Bruce Norris (2011) Quiara Alegría Hudes (2012) Ayad Akhtar
Ayad Akhtar
(2013) Annie Baker
Annie Baker
(2014) Stephen Adly Guirgis (2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Story

Ben Hecht
Ben Hecht
(1927/28) None given (1928/29) None given (1929/30) John Monk Saunders (1930/31) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1931/32) Robert Lord (1932/33) Arthur Caesar (1934) Ben Hecht, Charles MacArthur (1935) Pierre Collings, Sheridan Gibney (1936) Robert Carson, William Wellman (1937) Eleanore Griffin, Dore Schary (1938) Lewis R. Foster (1939) Benjamin Glazer, John Toldy (1940) Harry Segall (1941) Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1942) William Saroyan
William Saroyan
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Charles G. Booth (1945) Clemence Dane
Clemence Dane
(1946) Valentine Davies (1947) Richard Schweizer, David Wechsler (1948) Edna Anhalt, Edward Anhalt (1950) James Bernard, Paul Dehn (1951) Frank Cavett, Fredric M. Frank, Theodore St. John (1952) Dalton Trumbo (1953) Philip Yordan
Philip Yordan
(1954) Daniel Fuchs (1955) Dalton Trumbo (1956)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 27071357 LCCN: n78095781 ISNI: 0000 0001 2125 1480 GND: 118605569 SELIBR: 208142 SUDOC: 027122999 BNF: cb119237180 (data) MusicBrainz: a777c09f-7c60-42a4-bc32-cb89d4fb214c NDL: 00455338 NKC: jn19990009789 BNE: XX1158722 SNAC: w680528m

^ "Publicati

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