HOME
The Info List - William Gibbs McAdoo





William Gibbs McAdoo, Jr.[1] /ˈmækəˌduː/ (October 31, 1863 – February 1, 1941) was an American lawyer and statesman. McAdoo was a leader of the Progressive movement and played a major role in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson. A member of the Democratic Party, he also represented California
California
in the United States
United States
Senate. Born in Marietta, Georgia, McAdoo moved to Knoxville, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee
in his youth and graduated from the University of Tennessee. He established a legal practice in Chattanooga, Tennessee
Chattanooga, Tennessee
before moving to New York City in 1892. He gained notoriety as the president of the Hudson and Manhattan
Manhattan
Railroad Company and served as the vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee. McAdoo worked on Wilson's successful 1912 presidential campaign and served as the United States
United States
Secretary of the Treasury from 1913 to 1918. He married Wilson's daughter, Eleanor, in 1914. McAdoo presided over the establishment of the Federal Reserve System
Federal Reserve System
and helped prevent an economic crisis after the outbreak of World War I. After the U.S. entered the war, McAdoo also served as the Director General of Railroads. McAdoo left Wilson's Cabinet in 1919, co-founding the law firm of McAdoo, Cotton & Franklin. McAdoo sought the Democratic presidential nomination at the 1920 Democratic National Convention but was blocked by his father-in-law Woodrow Wilson. In 1922, McAdoo left his law firm and moved to California. He sought the Democratic presidential nomination again in 1924, but the 1924 Democratic National Convention
1924 Democratic National Convention
nominated John W. Davis. He was elected to the Senate in 1932 but was defeated in his bid for a second term. McAdoo died of a heart attack in 1941 while traveling to the third inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life and career 1.2 Secretary of the Treasury 1.3 Later political career 1.4 Death and legacy

2 Selected works 3 See also 4 Footnotes 5 Further reading 6 External links

Biography[edit] Early life and career[edit] McAdoo was born during the middle of the Civil War in Marietta, Georgia, the son of author Mary Faith Floyd (1832–1913) and attorney William Gibbs McAdoo, Sr. (1820–1894). His uncle, John David McAdoo, was a Confederate general and a justice of the Texas
Texas
Supreme Court.[2] McAdoo attended rural schools until his family moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1877, when his father became a professor at the University of Tennessee. He graduated from the University of Tennessee
University of Tennessee
and was a member of the Lambda Chapter of Kappa Sigma
Kappa Sigma
Fraternity. He was appointed deputy clerk of the United States
United States
District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee in 1882. He married his first wife, Sarah Hazelhurst Fleming, on November 18, 1885. They had seven children: Harriet Floyd McAdoo, Francis Huger McAdoo, Julia Hazelhurst McAdoo, Nona Hazelhurst McAdoo, William Gibbs MacAdoo III,[1] Robert Hazelhurst McAdoo, and Sarah Fleming McAdoo. He was admitted to the bar in Tennessee in 1885 and set up a practice in Chattanooga, Tennessee. In the early 1890s, he lost most of his money trying to electrify the Knoxville Street Railroad system.[3][4] In 1892 he moved to New York City, where he met Francis R. Pemberton, son of the Confederate General John C. Pemberton. They formed a firm, Pemberton and McAdoo, to sell investment securities. In 1895, McAdoo returned to Knoxville and regained control of part of his bankrupt streetcar company, which had been auctioned off. In subsequent months, he engaged in a struggle with Ohio
Ohio
businessman C. C. Howell over control of the city's streetcar system, culminating in a bizarre incident known as the Battle of Depot Street.[4] Litigation in the aftermath of this incident favored Howell, and McAdoo abandoned his streetcar endeavors in 1897 and returned to New York.[4] Around 1900, McAdoo took on the leadership of a project to build a railway tunnel under the Hudson River
Hudson River
to connect Manhattan
Manhattan
with New Jersey. A tunnel had been partially constructed during the 1880s by Dewitt Clinton Haskin. With McAdoo as president of the Hudson and Manhattan
Manhattan
Railroad Company, two passenger tubes were completed and opened in 1908. The popular McAdoo told the press that his motto was "Let the Public be Pleased." The tunnels are now operated as part of the Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
(PATH) system. His first wife died in February 1912. That year, he served as vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Secretary of the Treasury[edit] Main article: Presidency of Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
lured McAdoo away from business after their meeting in 1910 and he worked for the Wilson presidential campaign in 1912. Once he was President, Wilson appointed McAdoo secretary of the Treasury, a post McAdoo held from 1913 to 1918.[5][6][7] He married the president's daughter Eleanor Randolph Wilson
Eleanor Randolph Wilson
at the White House
White House
on May 7, 1914.[8] They had two daughters, Ellen Wilson McAdoo (1915–1946) and Mary Faith McAdoo (1920–1988). Ellen married twice and had two children.[9] Mary married three times, but had no children. McAdoo's second marriage ended in divorce in July 1935, and he married a third time at nearly 72, to 26 year old nurse Doris Isabel Cross (1909-2005), in September 1935. McAdoo offered to resign after his wedding, but President Wilson urged him to complete his work of turning the Federal Reserve System
Federal Reserve System
into an operational central bank. The legislation establishing the System had been passed by Congress in December 1913. As head of the Department of the Treasury, McAdoo confronted a major financial crisis on the eve and at the outbreak of World War I, July – August 1914.[10] During the last week of July, 1914, British and French investors began to liquidate their American securities holdings into U.S. currency. Many of these foreign investors then converted their dollars into gold, as was common practice in international monetary transactions at the time, in order to repatriate their holdings back to Europe. If they had done this, they would have depleted the gold backing for the dollar, possibly inducing a depression in American financial markets and in the American economy as a whole. They might then have been able to buy American goods and raw materials (for their war effort) at greatly depressed prices, which the Americans would have had to accept in order to restart the economy from a consciously (albeit inadvertently) caused depression.

"A long man with a long head". Puck cartoon, 25 April 1914.

McAdoo's actions at the time were both bold and outrageous. The United States in 1914 was still a net debtor nation (i.e., Americans' aggregate debt to foreigners was greater than foreigners' aggregate debt to Americans). The nations of Europe and their financial institutions held far more in debt of the United States; of many of the states of the Union; and of American private institutions of all kinds, than investors in the United States
United States
held in the debt of Europe's nations and institutions in all forms, both public and private. McAdoo kept the U.S. currency on the Gold Standard. He arranged the closing of the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
for an unprecedented four months in 1914 to prevent Europeans from selling American securities and exchanging the proceeds for dollars, and then gold. Economist William L. Silber wrote that the wisdom and historical impact of this action cannot be overemphasized.[10] McAdoo's bold stroke, Silber writes, as a first consequence averted an immediate panic and collapse of the American financial and stock markets. But also, it laid the groundwork for a historic and decisive shift in the global balance of economic power, from Europe to the United States; a shift which occurred exactly at that time. More than this, McAdoo's actions both saved the American economy and its future allies from economic defeat in the early stages of the war. Investors in the warring countries had no access to their holdings of U.S. financial assets at the outset of the war because of McAdoo's actions. As a result, the treasuries of those countries more quickly exhausted all of their net foreign exchange holdings (those that were on hand and in their possession before McAdoo closed the markets), currency, and gold reserves. Some of them then issued sovereign bonded indebtedness (IOUs) to pay for the war materials they were buying on the American and other markets. Silber wrote that the intact and undamaged American financial system and its markets managed the flow and operation of this financing more easily than they would have without McAdoo's measures, and that U.S. industry swiftly built up to the scale needed to meet the allied war needs. The managed liquidation of foreign holdings of U.S. assets moved the United States
United States
to a net creditor position internationally and with Europe from the net debtor position it had held prior to 1915. In order to prevent a replay of the bank suspensions that plagued America during the Panic of 1907, McAdoo invoked the emergency-currency provisions of the 1908 Aldrich Vreeland Act. William Silber credits his actions for having turned America into a world financial power, in his book When Washington Shut Down Wall Street.[10] Later political career[edit] After the United States
United States
entered World War I
World War I
in April 1917, the United States Railroad Administration was formed to run America's transportation system during the war. McAdoo was appointed Director General of Railroads, a position he held until the armistice in November 1918.

List of UA stockholders in 1920

In March 1919, after leaving the Wilson cabinet, McAdoo co-founded the law firm McAdoo, Cotton & Franklin, now known as white shoe firm Cahill Gordon & Reindel. His law firm served as general counsel for the founders of United Artists, with McAdoo taking a 20 percent stake in the common shares of the joint venture, while founders Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
and D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
each held a 25 percent stake in the preferred shares and a 20 percent stake of the common shares. He left the firm in 1922 and moved to California to concentrate on his political career.

President Woodrow Wilson's Appointment of Treasury Secretary McAdoo, March 1913

McAdoo ran twice for the Democratic nomination for president, losing to James M. Cox
James M. Cox
in 1920,[11] and to John W. Davis
John W. Davis
in 1924,[12] even though in both years he led on the first ballot.[13][14][15] While campaigning in the run-up to the 1920 presidential election, McAdoo voiced his support for such measures as injury compensation, unemployment insurance, and the eight-hour workday, while also expressing his support for the idea of permanent federal legislation in the labor sphere, especially concerning unemployment compensation and a minimum wage.[16] A committed Prohibition
Prohibition
supporter, McAdoo's first presidential bid was scuttled by the New York state delegation and other Northern opponents of the banning of alcohol at the 1920 Democratic National Convention.[17] After defeating his chief rival for the nomination, Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, McAdoo finally lost the party nomination to dark horse candidate Governor James M. Cox
James M. Cox
of Ohio
Ohio
when the delegates decided in his favor on the 44th ballot.[18] McAdoo was again a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1924. Widely regarded as the front-runner in 1923, McAdoo's candidacy was badly hurt by the revelation that he had previously accepted a $25,000 contribution from Edward L. Doheny, an oil tycoon implicated in 1922 in the Teapot Dome scandal.[19] McAdoo had returned the normal-course contribution once he learned of Doheny's possible bribes to Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall to get oil leases.[20] At the 1924 Democratic National Convention, McAdoo notably did not reject the endorsement of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). Despite these Doheny and KKK issues, McAdoo led after the first ballot of the convention, and on dozens of ballots thereafter, before John W. Davis
John W. Davis
won the Democratic presidential nomination on the 103rd ballot. He served as Senator for California
California
from 1933 until 1939, having lost his bid for renomination in 1938 to Sheridan H. Downey. McAdoo filed for divorce from his wife in 1934.[21] Two months after their separation was finalized in July 1935, the 71-year-old McAdoo married Doris Isabel Cross, a 26-year-old nurse.[22][23] Death and legacy[edit]

As treasury secretary, McAdoo's name is on the cornerstone of the U.S. Post Office (built 1919) in La Junta, Colorado.

McAdoo died on February 1, 1941, of a heart attack while traveling in Washington, D.C., after the third inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt,[24] and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington National Cemetery
in Virginia.[25] McAdoo was played by Vincent Price
Vincent Price
in the 1944 biopic Wilson. He is a significant character in the Glen David Gold
Glen David Gold
novel Sunnyside, encouraging Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
to help with efforts to raise funds for World War I
World War I
before advising him on the formation of United Artists.[26] McAdoo's former home in Chattanooga's Fort Wood neighborhood has been restored and is now a private residence. The town of McAdoo in Dickens County, Texas, is named for him.[27] McAdoo's Seafood Company, a restaurant in New Braunfels, Texas, also bears his name. McAdoo is quoted as having said, "It is impossible to defeat an ignorant man in an argument."[28] And in reference to Warren Harding, McAdoo said his public utterances were "an army of pompous phrases moving over the landscape in search of an idea."[29] Selected works[edit]

William G. McAdoo, The Challenge. New York: Century Co., 1928. William G. McAdoo, Crowded Years: The Reminiscences of William G. McAdoo. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1931. Craig, Douglas B. Progressives at War: William G. McAdoo and Newton D. Baker, 1863–1941. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

See also[edit]

List of railroad executives

Footnotes[edit]

^ a b McAdoo is variously differentiated from family members of the same name:

Dr. William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
(1820–1894) – sometimes called "I" or "Senior" William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
(1863–1941) – sometimes called "II" or "Junior" Lt. William Gibbs McAdoo, Jr. (1895–1960) – sometimes called "III"

^ "Mcadoo, John David". The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online. Texas
Texas
State Historical Association (TSHA) ^ Imjort, et al. (August 22, 1938). "California's McAdoo". Time ^ a b c Lucile Deaderick (ed.), Heart of the Valley: A History of Knoxville, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee
(Knoxville: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1976), pp. 216–228. ^ Shook, Dale N. William G. McAdoo and the Development of National Economic Policy, 1913–1918. New York: Garland Publishing, 1987. ^ "Four Men Certain in Wilson Cabinet; Bryan, McAdoo, Burleson, and Daniels Accept — Walker for Attorney General". The New York Times. February 26, 1913. p. 1. (subscription required) ^ "Cabinet Members Sworn.; McReynolds, Houston, and McAdoo Take Oath of Office". The New York Times. March 6, 1913. p. 2.  ^ "Eleanor Wilson Weds W.G. M'Adoo; President's Youngest Daughter and Secretary of Treasury Married at White House". The New York Times. May 8, 1914. p. 1.  ^ "M'adoo's Daughter Found in Coma, Dies". The New York Times. December 23, 1946. p. 11. (subscription required) ^ a b c Silber, William L., When Washington Shut Down Wall Street: The Great Financial Crisis of 1914 and the Origins of America's Monetary Supremacy, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2007, ISBN 978-0-691-12747-7 ^ Bagby, Wesley M (1959). " William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
and the 1920 Democratic Presidential Nomination". East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications. 31: 43–58.  ^ Allen, Lee N. "The McAdoo Campaign for the Presidential Nomination in 1924". Journal of Southern History 29 (May 1963): 211–28. ^ Gelbart, Herbert A. "The Anti-McAdoo Movement of 1924". Ph.D. dissertation, New York University, 1978. ^ Stratton, David H. "Splattered with Oil: William G. McAdoo and the 1924 Democratic Presidential Nomination". Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 44 (June 1963): 62–75. ^ Prude, James C. " William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
and the Democratic National Convention of 1924". Journal of Southern History 38 (November 1972): 621–28. ^ William Gibbs McAdoo: The Last Progressive, (1863–1941). ProQuest. 2008. p. 189. ISBN 9780549982326.  ^ Niall Palmer, The Twenties in America: Politics and History. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 2006; p. 23. ^ Palmer, The Twenties in America, p. 24. ^ Bates, J. Leonard (January 1955). "The Teapot Dome Scandal and the Election of 1924". The American Historical Review. 60 (2): 303–322. doi:10.2307/1843188. JSTOR 1843188.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ " Eleanor Wilson McAdoo
Eleanor Wilson McAdoo
Divorces Senator At Five-Minute Hearing on Incompatibility". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 18, 1934. p. 1. (subscription required) ^ "M'adoo Weds Nurse in Colonial Style; Senator, 71, and Bride, 26, Take Vows in Flower-Decked Home of Son-in-Law". The New York Times. Associated Press. September 15, 1935. p. 3. (subscription required) ^ Staff report (September 23, 1935). "No. 3 for McAdoo". Time ^ ""William G. M'Adoo Dies in the Capital of a Heart Attack; Former Senator, Secretary of Treasury Under Wilson, Was Railways Director in War; Builder of Hudson Tubes; He Swung 1932 Nomination to Roosevelt — Backed for the Presidency in '20 and '24". The New York Times. February 2, 1941. p. 1. (subscription required) ^ Staff report (February 10, 1941). Footnote to History. Times ^ Gold, Glen David. 2009. Sunnyside. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-27068-9 ^ "McAdoo, TX" The Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online. Texas
Texas
State Historical Association (TSHA). ^ Northrup, Cynthia Clark (2011). The American Economy: A Historical Encyclopedia. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO. p. 280. ISBN 978-1-59884-462-7.  ^ Jack Lynch, "Guide to Grammar and Style". Retrieved: 5 June 2011.

Further reading[edit]

Broesamle, John J. William Gibbs McAdoo: A Passion for Change, 1863–1917. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1973. Chase, Philip M. William Gibbs McAdoo: The Last Progressive,(1863–1941) (PhD dissertation, University of Southern California, 2008) online Craig, Douglas B. Progressives at War: William G. McAdoo and Newton D. Baker, 1863–1941. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013. McKinney, Gordon B (1976). "East Tennessee Politics: An Incident in the Life of William Gibbs McAdoo, Jr". East Tennessee Historical Society’s Publications. 48: 34–39.  Prude, James C. " William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
and the Democratic National Convention of 1924". Journal of Southern History. 1972: 621–628. JSTOR 2206152.  Radford, Gail (1999). "William Gibbs McAdoo, the Emergency Fleet Corporation, and the Origins of the Public-Authority Model of Government Action". Journal of Policy History. 11 (1): 59–88. doi:10.1017/s0898030600003067.  Synon, Mary. McAdoo, the Man and His Times: A Panorama in Democracy. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1924.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: William Gibbs McAdoo

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Gibbs McAdoo.

United States
United States
Congress. " William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
(id: M000293)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
via arlingtoncemetery.net Who's Who: William Gibbs McAdoo William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
via Tennessee Historical Society Speeches by William Gibbs McAdoo
William Gibbs McAdoo
via Library of Congress Anthony Fitzherbert (June 1964). "William G. McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes". Electric Railroaders Association, nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2009-03-14.  Wm. G. McAdoo's Birthplace historical marker

Political offices

Preceded by Franklin MacVeagh U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Served under: Woodrow Wilson March 6, 1913 – December 15, 1918 Succeeded by Carter Glass

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Samuel M. Shortridge United States
United States
Senator (Class 3) from California March 4, 1933 – November 8, 1938 Succeeded by Thomas M. Storke

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Anthony Fokker Cover of Time Magazine 7 January 1924 Succeeded by Bishop William Lawrence

v t e

United States
United States
Secretaries of the Treasury

18th century

Hamilton Wolcott Dexter

19th century

Gallatin Campbell Dallas Crawford Rush Ingham McLane Duane Taney Woodbury Ewing Forward Spencer Bibb Walker Meredith Corwin Guthrie Cobb Thomas Dix Chase Fessenden McCulloch Boutwell Richardson Bristow Morrill Sherman Windom Folger Gresham McCulloch Manning Fairchild Windom Foster Carlisle Gage

20th century

Shaw Cortelyou MacVeagh McAdoo Glass Houston Mellon Mills Woodin Morgenthau Vinson Snyder Humphrey Anderson Dillon Fowler Barr Kennedy Connally Shultz Simon Blumenthal Miller Regan Baker Brady Bentsen Rubin Summers

21st century

O'Neill Snow Paulson Geithner Lew Mnuchin

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from California

Class 1

Frémont Weller Broderick Haun Latham Conness Casserly Hager Booth Miller Hearst Williams Hearst Felton White Bard Flint Works Johnson Knowland Engle Salinger Murphy Tunney Hayakawa Wilson Seymour Feinstein

Class 3

Gwin McDougall Cole Sargent Farley Stanford Perkins Phelan Shortridge McAdoo Storke Downey Nixon Kuchel Cranston Boxer Harris

v t e

Cabinet of President Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
(1913–21)

Vice President

Thomas R. Marshall
Thomas R. Marshall
(1913–21)

Secretary of State

William Jennings Bryan
William Jennings Bryan
(1913–15) Robert Lansing
Robert Lansing
(1915–20) Bainbridge Colby
Bainbridge Colby
(1920–21)

Secretary of the Treasury

William G. McAdoo (1913–18) Carter Glass
Carter Glass
(1918–20) David F. Houston
David F. Houston
(1920–21)

Secretary of War

Lindley M. Garrison (1913–16) Newton D. Baker
Newton D. Baker
(1916–21)

Attorney General

James C. McReynolds (1913–14) Thomas W. Gregory (1914–19) A. Mitchell Palmer
A. Mitchell Palmer
(1919–21)

Postmaster General

Albert S. Burleson (1913–21)

Secretary of the Navy

Josephus Daniels
Josephus Daniels
(1913–21)

Secretary of the Interior

Franklin K. Lane (1913–20) John B. Payne (1920–21)

Secretary of Agriculture

David F. Houston
David F. Houston
(1913–20) Edwin T. Meredith
Edwin T. Meredith
(1920–21)

Secretary of Commerce

William C. Redfield
William C. Redfield
(1913–19) Joshua W. Alexander
Joshua W. Alexander
(1919–21)

Secretary of Labor

William B. Wilson (1913–21)

v t e

Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States
United States
(1913–1921) 34th Governor of New Jersey
New Jersey
(1911–1913) 13th President of Princeton University
President of Princeton University
(1902–1910)

Presidency

1913 inauguration

Suffrage Parade

1917 inauguration The New Freedom Clayton Antitrust Act Farm Loan Act Federal Employees' Compensation Act Federal Reserve System

Federal Reserve Act

Federal Income Tax amendment Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
Act

Federal Trade Commission

Revenue Act of 1913 Flag Day National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Occupation of Haiti Bryan–Chamorro Treaty Philippine Autonomy Act World War I

entry campaigns home front Committee on Public Information Espionage Act of 1917 Selective Service Act of 1917 Four Minute Men Sedition Act of 1918 National War Labor Board The Inquiry American Commission to Negotiate Peace Paris Peace Conference, 1919 Treaty of Versailles The Big Four

Fourteen Points League of Nations

charter

1919 Nobel Peace Prize Wilsonian Armenia Silent Sentinels Women's Suffrage amendment Roosevelt desk Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Cabinet State of the Union Address 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1920

Life

Birthplace and Presidential Library

papers and manuscripts

Boyhood home in Georgia Boyhood home in South Carolina Princeton University president Summer White House
White House
(Harlakenden Shadow Lawn) Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
House Gravesite

Books

Congressional Government When a Man Comes to Himself The New Freedom
The New Freedom
(1913)

Elections

New Jersey
New Jersey
gubernatorial election, 1910 1912 Democratic National Convention 1912 U.S. presidential election 1916 Democratic National Convention 1916 U.S. presidential election

Legacy

Wilsonianism Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Foundation Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
International Center for Scholars Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
School of Public and International Affairs Celestial Sphere Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Memorial Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Bridge Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
National Fellowship Foundation U.S. Postage stamps U.S. Currency

Popular culture

Wilson (1944 film) Profiles in Courage (1965 series) Wilson (2013 book) Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
and the Birth of the American Century (2002 documentary)

Family

Joseph Ruggles Wilson
Joseph Ruggles Wilson
(father) Jessie Janet Woodrow (mother) Ellen Axson Wilson
Ellen Axson Wilson
(wife, 1885–1914; death) Edith Bolling Wilson (wife, 1915–1924) Margaret Wilson (daughter) Jessie Wilson Sayre (daughter) Eleanor Wilson McAdoo
Eleanor Wilson McAdoo
(daughter) William McAdoo (son-in-law) Francis Sayre, Jr. (grandson) James Woodrow (maternal uncle)

Related

Progressive Era Jefferson Literary and Debating Society

← William Howard Taft Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding

Category

v t e

(1916 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1920 (→ 1924)

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

James M. Cox

VP nominee

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Candidates

William Gibbs McAdoo A. Mitchell Palmer Al Smith John W. Davis Edward I. Edwards Woodrow Wilson Robert Latham Owen

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Warren G. Harding

VP nominee

Calvin Coolidge

Candidates

Leonard Wood Frank Orren Lowden Hiram Johnson William Cameron Sproul Nicholas Murray Butler Calvin Coolidge Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Jeter Connelly Pritchard Miles Poindexter Howard Sutherland Herbert Hoover

Third party and independent candidates

Socialist Party of America

Nominee

Eugene V. Debs

VP nominee

Seymour Stedman

Farmer–Labor Party

Nominee

Parley P. Christensen

VP nominee

Max S. Hayes

Prohibition
Prohibition
Party

Nominee

Aaron S. Watkins

VP nominee

D. Leigh Colvin

American Party

Nominee

James E. Ferguson

VP nominee

William J. Hough

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

William Wesley Cox

VP nominee

August Gillhaus

Single Tax

Nominee

Robert Colvin Macauley

VP nominee

Richard C. Barnum

Other 1920 elections: House Senate

v t e

(1920 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1924 (→ 1928)

Democratic Party Convention Primaries

Nominee

John W. Davis

VP nominee

Charles W. Bryan

Candidates

William Gibbs McAdoo Al Smith Oscar Underwood

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Calvin Coolidge

VP nominee

Charles G. Dawes

Candidates

Hiram Johnson Robert M. La Follette, Sr.

Progressive Party

Nominee

Robert M. La Follette, Sr.

VP nominee

Burton K. Wheeler

Third party and independent candidates

Communist Party

Nominee

William Z. Foster

VP nominee

Benjamin Gitlow

Prohibition
Prohibition
Party

Nominee

Herman P. Faris

VP nominee

Marie C. Brehm

American Party

Nominee

Gilbert Nations

VP nominee

Charles Hiram Randall

Other 1924 elections: House Senate

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20482095 LCCN: n86111164 ISNI: 0000 0001 1022 2959 GND: 119062216 SUDOC: 08572355X BIBSYS: 7024446 NLA: 35337482 US Congress: M000293 SN

.