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William Dieterle
William Dieterle
(July 15, 1893 – December 9, 1972) was a German actor and film director, who worked in Hollywood
Hollywood
for much of his career. His best known films include The Devil and Daniel Webster, The Story of Louis Pasteur and The Hunchback of Notre Dame. His 1937 film The Life of Emile Zola
The Life of Emile Zola
won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Hollywood
Hollywood
career: 1930s 3 Hollywood
Hollywood
career: 1940s 4 Later career 5 Selected filmography 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Early life and career[edit] He was born Wilhelm Dieterle to a Jewish family[1][2] in Ludwigshafen, the youngest child of nine, to Jacob and Berthe (Doerr) Dieterle.[3][4] As a child, he lived in considerable poverty and earned money by various means including carpentry and as a scrap dealer. He became interested in theater early and would stage productions in the family barn for friends and family. At the age of sixteen he had joined a traveling theater company as a handy-man, scene shifter and apprentice actor. His striking good looks and ambition soon paved the way as a leading romantic actor in theater productions. In 1919, he attracted the attention of Max Reinhardt
Max Reinhardt
in Berlin who hired him as an actor for his productions until 1924. He started acting in German films in 1921 to make more money and quickly became a popular character actor. He usually portrayed "country yokels" or simpletons with great gusto and popularity, but he was ambitious to begin a career as a director. In 1921 Dieterle married Charlotte Hagenbruch, an actress and later screenwriter. In 1923 Dieterle used his own money to make his first film, Der Mensch am Wege. Based on a Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
short story, the film co-starred a young Marlene Dietrich. Years later Dieterle said of the film "we were just four or five very young, enthusiastic, and revolutionary people who wanted to do something different. We brought it out; it didn't make any money, but was shown and it was an interesting experiment."[5] In 1924 Dieterle left Reinhardt's company and formed his own theater company in Berlin, although it was unsuccessful and short lived. He also returned to film acting for several years and appeared in such notable German films as Das Wachsfigurenkabinett (Waxworks) (1924) and F. W. Murnau's Faust
Faust
(1926). In 1927, Dieterle and his wife formed their own production company, Charrha-Film, and Dieterle returned to directing films, such as Sex in Chains
Sex in Chains
(1928) in which he also played the lead role. Hollywood
Hollywood
career: 1930s[edit] In 1930, the political and economic situations in Germany worsened and, like many from the German film industry, Dieterle emigrated to the United States. Dieterle had said "It was a running joke in Berlin...if the phone rang at a restaurant they said it must be Hollywood. Well, one night my wife and I were dining out and it really happened."[5] Dieterle was offered a job at First National to make dubbed versions of Hollywood
Hollywood
films in German, as the studios were afraid of losing foreign business with the advent of sound films. Instead, when Dieterle, his wife and a group of actors arrived they found that the films had already been dubbed and they were able to completely remake German versions of four Hollywood
Hollywood
films, including Lloyd Bacon's Moby Dick (1930) in which Dieterle played Ahab. After the four films were completed, Warner Brothers' Vice President of Production Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
was so impressed that he invited Dieterle to stay in Hollywood. He became a US citizen in 1937. He adapted quickly to Hollywood
Hollywood
filmmaking with his first film, The Last Flight (1931). The film depicts four American fighter pilots who roam around Paris after World War I trying to put their lives back together. It starred Richard Barthelmess
Richard Barthelmess
and Helen Chandler
Helen Chandler
and was compared to the writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Although not a success on its first run, it was hailed as a forgotten masterpiece at a 1970 revival screening. His initial Hollywood
Hollywood
career was neither successful nor notable, and included such films as the W. C. Fields musical Her Majesty, Love (1932), Jewel Robbery
Jewel Robbery
(1932), Adorable (1933), and Fog Over Frisco
Fog Over Frisco
(1934) with Bette Davis. In 1934, Max Reinhardt
Max Reinhardt
was staging a version of A Midsummer Night's Dream at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl in Los Angeles. Dieterle convinced Warner Brothers to finance a big budget version of the film with an all-star cast. The resulting film, A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1935), revitalized Dieterle's career as a major Hollywood
Hollywood
director. Starring James Cagney, Olivia de Havilland, Joe E. Brown
Joe E. Brown
and an 11-year-old Mickey Rooney, the film had very mixed reviews for its "Americanization" of Shakespeare, but was a success on release and is now considered a classic. During production, Reinhardt would rehearse the actors and then let Dieterle direct the film. Dieterle then directed the first of his hugely successful "biography films" with actor Paul Muni, beginning with The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936). The film stars Paul Muni
Paul Muni
as the scientist who discovered the principles of vaccination and struggled against a skeptical medical community. The film was a success both critically and financially and earned Muni the Oscar for Best Actor. It also helped to establish Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
as a producer of "prestige pictures" after almost a decade of being known primarily for crime dramas. Unfortunately this led to several films which Dieterle did not like because "at Warners the moment you had a success they gave you something terrible to keep you from getting a swelled head."[5] These films included the second version of Dashiell Hammett's The Maltese Falcon, Satan Met a Lady with Bette Davis, The Prince and the Pauper and another bio-pic about Florence Nightingale, The White Angel. Dieterle was then allowed to make another bio-pic with Paul Muni, The Life of Emile Zola (1937). Based on the life of the French philosopher and novelist Émile Zola, the film concentrates on Zola's response to the Dreyfus affair
Dreyfus affair
involving the falsely accused and convicted Jewish French officer unjustly found guilty of treason and imprisoned. The film was an enormous success and writer Frank S. Nugent called it "the finest historical film ever made and the greatest screen biography." It was nominated for 10 Academy Awards and won for Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor for Joseph Schildkraut
Joseph Schildkraut
(as Dreyfus) and Best Screenplay. Dieterle lost the award for Best Director to Leo McCarey. It was his only nomination. Dieterle's next film would come back to haunt both him and screenwriter John Howard Lawson later in life. Blockade (1938) stars Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
as a dedicated Loyalist fighter and Madeline Carroll
Madeline Carroll
as the reluctant Franco spy who falls in love with him during the Spanish Civil War. The film was openly anti-fascist and critical of nations that stood by and let fascist dictators commit atrocities. It was mildly controversial upon release, but would become one of the major films cited by Congressional Committees during the Hollywood
Hollywood
Witch Hunt of the 1940s and 1950s. Its 1938 premiere at Grauman's Chinese Theater was abruptly and inexplicably cancelled. Juarez (1939) was the third biographical picture that Dieterle made with Paul Muni, depicting the life of Mexican politician Benito Juárez and his conflict with Emperor Maximilian I. Upon its release, Dieterle was called "the quintessential liberal director of the 30s" and when interviewed in the 1970s Dieterle said "it should be the biggest kind of picture right now—a big modern army worn down by guerrilla fighters. The parallel with Vietnam is so obvious."[5] Dieterle again found both financial and critical success with The Hunchback of Notre Dame (also 1939). The film stars Charles Laughton as Quasimodo and a 19-year-old Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
as Esmeralda. Dieterle then made two more bio-pics, this time both starring Edward G. Robinson instead of Paul Muni. Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
(1940) is about Paul Ehrlich's discovery of Salvarsan, which made syphilis curable; and A Dispatch from Reuter's
A Dispatch from Reuter's
(also 1940), about the man who established the first news agency. These were Dieterle's last films for Warner Brothers. Hollywood
Hollywood
career: 1940s[edit] While many commentators at the time felt that his career had reached a peak in the 1930s, it is now believed that the films of this period contain some of his best work. David Thomson, for instance, has written that the bio-pics of the 1930s are "ponderous, Germanic works, suffering from staginess and the unrestrained histrionics of Paul Muni." By the time he was working for Selznick in the 1940s, the director's "sense of almost supernatural atmosphere" matched those of his producer, with his later works "all suggest if not a late flowering, a realization that his talent was for the lavish romantic."[6] The Devil and Daniel Webster (also known as All That Money Can Buy, 1941) is a gothic fantasy and loose adaptation of the Faust
Faust
legend set in New Hampshire during the 1840s. Starring Walter Huston
Walter Huston
and Edward Arnold as the titular Prince of Darkness and early Congressman who battle over the soul of Jabez Stone after an ill-conceived deal with the devil. Although unsuccessful upon its initial release, it is today a classic with Noirish cinematography by Joe August, Oscar-winning score by Bernard Herrmann
Bernard Herrmann
and still impressive special effects. After another bio-pic about President Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
called Tennessee Johnson (1942) starring Van Heflin
Van Heflin
and Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
and a remake of Kismet (1944) with Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
and Marlene Dietrich, Love Letters (1945) stars Joseph Cotten
Joseph Cotten
as a soldier who writes love letters on behalf of a friend during World War II. Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
stars as the recipient of the letters who falls in love with the writer. Years after the war, Cotten tracks down Jones only to find that she has lost her memory and apparently killed her husband. The film was produced by Jones's then husband David O. Selznick, who also produced Dieterle's next film. Portrait of Jennie
Portrait of Jennie
(1948) stars Cotten and Jones as a painter and his muse. After meeting in Central Park one day, Cotten paints a portrait of Jones that makes him famous, but is unable to find his muse who he has fallen in love with. The film's budget dramatically increased during production and Selznick was forced to sell Dieterle's contract to Paramount Pictures, where his career never reached the heights of the previous 15 years. Later career[edit] Dieterle's career declined in the 1950s during the time of McCarthyism. Although he was never blacklisted directly, his libertarian film Blockade (1938), in addition to people he had worked with, were thought to be suspect. Also, in the 1930s he and his wife had worked to help get people out of Nazi Germany and given aid to many left-wing friends, including Bertolt Brecht. Of this period, Dieterle said "Although I was never to my knowledge on any blacklist, I must have been on some kind of gray list because I couldn't get any work."[5] He continued to make American films in the 1950s, including the film noir The Turning Point (1952) and Salome (1953) with Rita Hayworth. Production for Elephant Walk
Elephant Walk
(1954) with Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
was held up for three months when the State Department would not allow Dieterle to travel to Ceylon. He made two more Hollywood
Hollywood
films before moving back to Europe: a biopic of Richard Wagner, Magic Fire
Magic Fire
(1955) for Republic Pictures and Omar Khayyam (1957). He made some films in Germany and Italy, and a notorious U.S. flop, Quick, Let's Get Married
Quick, Let's Get Married
(1964) – also known as The Confession or Seven Different Ways – with Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
before retiring in 1965. Dieterle is remembered for always wearing a large hat and white gloves on set. This was due to needing to quickly change roles from actor to technician without dirtying his hands during his early career. Selected filmography[edit]

The Vulture Wally (1921) The Conspiracy in Genoa (1921) Marie Antoinette, the Love of a King
Marie Antoinette, the Love of a King
(1922) Lucrezia Borgia (1922) Miss Julie (1922) Women's Sacrifice
Women's Sacrifice
(1922) Man by the Wayside
Man by the Wayside
(1923) The Green Manuela
The Green Manuela
(1923) Mother and Child (1924) Waxworks (1924) Modern Marriages (1924) Carlos and Elisabeth (1924) The Woman from Berlin (1925) In the Valleys of the Southern Rhine (1925) Lightning (1925) The Flower Girl of Potsdam Square (1925) Sword and Shield (1926) The Bohemian Dancer (1926) The Pink Diamond (1926) Torments of the Night (1926) The Priest from Kirchfeld (1926) The Schimeck Family (1926) The Circus of Life (1926) The Hunter of Fall (1926) The Fallen (1926) The Mill at Sanssouci
The Mill at Sanssouci
(1926) Circle of Lovers (1927) The Weavers (1927) Heimweh (1927) At the Edge of the World (1927) Behind the Altar (1927) The Gypsy Baron (1927) The Saint and Her Fool (1928) Sex in Chains
Sex in Chains
(1928) Violantha (1928) Thieves (1928) Knights of the Night (1928) Durchs Brandenburger Tor. Solang noch Untern Linden (1929) Ich lebe für Dich (1929) Rustle of Spring (1929) Das Schweigen im Walde (1929) Ludwig II, King of Bavaria
Ludwig II, King of Bavaria
(1929) The Dance Goes On (1930) Moby Dick (1930) German version The Last Flight (1931) Kismet (1931) German version The Mask Falls (1931) The Sacred Flame (1931) One Hour of Happiness
One Hour of Happiness
(1931) Her Majesty, Love (1931) Man Wanted
Man Wanted
(1932) Jewel Robbery
Jewel Robbery
(1932) The Crash (1932) Six Hours to Live (1932) Scarlet Dawn
Scarlet Dawn
(1932) Lawyer Man (1933) Grand Slam (1933) Adorable (1933) The Devil's in Love
The Devil's in Love
(1933) Female (1933) From Headquarters (1933) Fog Over Frisco
Fog Over Frisco
(1934) Fashions of 1934
Fashions of 1934
(1934) Madame Du Barry (1934) Dr. Monica (1934) (uncredited) The Firebird (1934) The Secret Bride
The Secret Bride
(1934) A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1935) Dr. Socrates (1935) The Story of Louis Pasteur
The Story of Louis Pasteur
(1935) The White Angel (1936) Satan Met a Lady
Satan Met a Lady
(1936) The Great O'Malley
The Great O'Malley
(1937) The Prince and the Pauper (1937) (uncredited) Another Dawn (1937) The Life of Emile Zola
The Life of Emile Zola
(1937) Blockade (1938) Juarez (1939) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939) Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
(1940) A Dispatch from Reuter's
A Dispatch from Reuter's
(1940) The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941) Syncopation (1942) Tennessee Johnson (1943) Kismet (1944) I'll Be Seeing You (1945) Love Letters (1945) This Love of Ours (1945) The Searching Wind
The Searching Wind
(1946) Duel in the Sun (1946) (uncredited) Portrait of Jennie
Portrait of Jennie
(1948) The Accused (1949) Rope of Sand
Rope of Sand
(1949) Paid in Full (1950) Vulcano (1950) September Affair
September Affair
(1950) Dark City (1950) Peking Express (1951) Red Mountain (1951) Boots Malone
Boots Malone
(1952) The Turning Point (1952) Salome (1953) Elephant Walk
Elephant Walk
(1954) Magic Fire
Magic Fire
(1955) Screen Directors Playhouse (1956) (TV) Le Choix de... (1956) (TV) Omar Khayyam (1957) Dubrowsky
Dubrowsky
(1959) Mistress of the World
Mistress of the World
(1960) Ich fand Julia Harrington (1960) Carnival Confession
Carnival Confession
(1960) Die Große Reise (1961) (TV) Gabriel Schillings Flucht (1962) (TV) Das Vergnügen, anständig zu sein (1962) (TV) Antigone (1962) (TV) The Confession (1964) Samba (1966) (TV)

References[edit]

^ Jewish Daily Forward: "William Dieterle, Paul Ehrlich, a 'Markedly Jewish' Humanitarian" by Benjamin Ivry December 30, 2011 ^ Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México: "Cuando decir Napoleón III significaba decir Hitler. Los biopics de Dieterle y Muni (1935-1939)" ^ May, Larry. The Big Tomorrow: Hollywood
Hollywood
and the Politics of the American Way, Univ. of Chicago Press (2000) p. 64 ^ http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/russell-holmes-fletcher/whos-who-in-california-volume-1942-43-tel/page-67-whos-who-in-california-volume-1942-43-tel.shtml ^ a b c d e Wakeman, John. World Film Directors, Volume 1. The H.W. Wilson Company. 1987. 245–251. ^ David Thomson The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, London & New York: Little, Brown & Alfred A. Knopf, 2002, p.236

Wakeman, John (ed.) World Film Directors, Vol. 1, 1890–1945. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1987. Hillstrom, Laurie Collier (ed.) International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997.

Bibliography[edit]

Books

Close up : the contract director.- Metuchen ; New-York : Scarecrow Press, 1976. Strangers in paradise : the Hollywood
Hollywood
emigres 1933–1950 / John Russel Taylor.- London : Faber & Faber, 1983 ISBN 1-892597-00-4 William Dieterle
William Dieterle
/ Hervé Dumont.- Paris : CNRS éditions : Cinémathèque française, 2002 William Dieterle, der Plutarch von Hollywood
Hollywood
/ Marta Mierendorff.- Berlin 1993 ISBN 2-271-06001-X

Magazines

Avant-Scène du Cinéma, n° 196, November 1977 Cahiers du Cinéma, n° 532, February 1999 Classic Film Collector, n° 50, Springtime 1976 Ecran, n° 12, February 1973 Film in Review, vol 8 n° 4, April 1957 Jeune Cinéma, n° 222, May–June 1993 Sight and Sound vol 22 n° 1, July–September 1952 Sight and Sound, vol 19 n° 3, May 1950 Velvet Light Trap, n° 15, Autumn 1975 Wide Angle, vol 8 n° 2, 1986

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Dieterle.

They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? William Dieterle
William Dieterle
on IMDb Virtual History – Tobacco cards (in French) William Dieterle
William Dieterle
in the Bibliothèque du Film William Dieterle
William Dieterle
in the Deutsche Filminstitut

v t e

Films directed by William Dieterle

Man by the Wayside
Man by the Wayside
(1923) Behind the Altar (1927) The Saint and Her Fool (1928) Sex in Chains
Sex in Chains
(1928) Rustle of Spring (1929) Ludwig II, King of Bavaria
Ludwig II, King of Bavaria
(1929) Triumph of Love (1929) The Brandenburg Arch (1929) Silence in the Forest (1929) The Dance Goes On (1930) Kismet (1931) The Mask Falls (1931) Demon of the Sea (1931) One Hour of Happiness
One Hour of Happiness
(1931) The Sacred Flame (1931) The Last Flight (1931) Her Majesty, Love (1931) Man Wanted
Man Wanted
(1932) Jewel Robbery
Jewel Robbery
(1932) The Crash (1932) Six Hours to Live (1932) Scarlet Dawn
Scarlet Dawn
(1932) Lawyer Man (1933) Adorable (1933) The Devil's in Love
The Devil's in Love
(1933) Grand Slam (1933) Female (1933) From Headquarters (1933) Fog Over Frisco
Fog Over Frisco
(1934) Fashions of 1934
Fashions of 1934
(1934) Madame Du Barry (1934) Dr. Monica (1934) The Firebird (1934) The Secret Bride
The Secret Bride
(1934) A Midsummer Night's Dream
A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1935) Dr. Socrates (1935) The Story of Louis Pasteur
The Story of Louis Pasteur
(1935) The White Angel (1936) Satan Met a Lady
Satan Met a Lady
(1936) The Great O'Malley
The Great O'Malley
(1937) The Prince and the Pauper (1937) Another Dawn (1937) The Life of Emile Zola
The Life of Emile Zola
(1937) Blockade (1938) Juarez (1939) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939) Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
(1940) A Dispatch from Reuter's
A Dispatch from Reuter's
(1940) The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941) Syncopation (1942) Tennessee Johnson (1943) Kismet (1944) I'll Be Seeing You (1944) Love Letters (1945) This Love of Ours (1945) The Searching Wind
The Searching Wind
(1946) Duel in the Sun (1946) Portrait of Jennie
Portrait of Jennie
(1948) The Accused (1949) Rope of Sand
Rope of Sand
(1949) Paid in Full (1950) Vulcano (1950) September Affair
September Affair
(1950) Dark City (1950) Peking Express (1951) Red Mountain (1951) Boots Malone
Boots Malone
(1952) The Turning Point (1952) Salome (1953) Elephant Walk
Elephant Walk
(1954) Magic Fire
Magic Fire
(1955) Omar Khayyam (1957) Dubrowsky
Dubrowsky
(1959) Mistress of the World
Mistress of the World
(1960) Carnival Confession
Carnival Confession
(1960) Quick, Let's Get Married
Quick, Let's Get Married
(1964)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 76534014 LCCN: n87860286 ISNI: 0000 0000 8157 0398 GND: 119118432 SUDOC: 066883423 BNF: cb14441848p (data) BNE: XX1106

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