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The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.[6] It is mostly known for participating in the Wikimedia movement. It owns the internet domain names of most movement projects and hosts sites like. The foundation was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales
Jimmy Wales
as a way to fund and its sister projects through non-profit means.[7][8] As of 2015[update], the foundation employs over 280 people, with annual revenues in excess of US$75 million.[9] Christophe Henner is chair of the board.[10] Katherine Maher
Katherine Maher
is the executive director since March 2016.

Contents

1 Goal 2 History 3 Projects and initiatives

3.1 Wikimedia projects

3.1.1 Content projects 3.1.2 Infrastructure and coordination projects

3.2 Movement affiliates 3.3 Wikimania 3.4 Strategic plan 3.5 Usability Initiative 3.6 Public Policy Initiative

4 Technology

4.1 Hardware 4.2 Softwаrе

5 Finances

5.1 In general 5.2 Grants 5.3 Financial summary

6 Governance

6.1 Board of trustees 6.2 Advisory board

7 Staff

7.1 First appointments 7.2 Employees

8 Disputes and lawsuits 9 References 10 External links

10.1 Other

Goal[edit] The Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
has stated its goal is to develop and maintain open content, wiki-based projects and to provide the full contents of those projects to the public free of charge.[11] Another main objective of the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
is political advocacy.[12] The Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
was granted section 501(c)(3) status by the U.S. Internal Revenue Code
Internal Revenue Code
as a public charity in 2005.[13] Its National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities (NTEE) code is B60 (Adult, Continuing education).[14][15] The foundation's by-laws declare a statement of purpose of collecting and developing educational content and to disseminate it effectively and globally.[16] History[edit] See also: History of In 2001, Jimmy Wales, an Internet
Internet
entrepreneur, and Larry Sanger, an online community organizer and philosophy professor, founded as an Internet
Internet
encyclopedia to supplement Nupedia. The project was originally funded by Bomis, Jimmy Wales's for-profit business. As Wikipedia's popularity increased, revenues to fund the project stalled.[7] Since was depleting Bomis's resources, Wales and Sanger thought of a charity model to fund the project.[7] The Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
was incorporated in Florida
Florida
on June 20, 2003.[8][17] It applied to the United States
United States
Patent and Trademark Office to trademark on September 14, 2004. The mark was granted registration status on January 10, 2006. Trademark protection was accorded by Japan on December 16, 2004, and, in the European Union, on January 20, 2005. There were plans to license the use of the trademark for some products, such as books or DVDs.[18] The name "Wikimedia", a compound of wiki and media, was coined by American author Sheldon Rampton
Sheldon Rampton
in a post to the English mailing list in March 2003,[19] three months after Wiktionary
Wiktionary
became the second wiki-based project hosted on Wales' platform. In April 2005, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
approved the foundation as an educational foundation in the category "Adult, Continuing education", meaning all contributions to the foundation are tax-deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes. On December 11, 2006, the foundation's board noted that the corporation could not become the membership organization initially planned but never implemented due to an inability to meet the registration requirements of Florida
Florida
statutory law. Accordingly,[according to whom?] the by-laws were amended to remove all reference to membership rights and activities. The decision to change the bylaws was passed by the board unanimously.[20][8] On September 25, 2007, the foundation's board gave notice that the operations would be moving to the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area. Major considerations cited for choosing San Francisco
San Francisco
were proximity to like-minded organizations and potential partners, a better talent pool, as well as cheaper and more convenient international travel than is available from St. Petersburg, Florida.[21][22][23] The move from Florida
Florida
was completed by 31 January 2008 with the headquarters on Stillman Street in San Francisco.[24] In 2009, the Wikimedia Foundation's headquarters moved to New Montgomery Street. Lila Tretikov
Lila Tretikov
was appointed executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation in May 2014. She resigned in March 2016. Former chief communications officer Katherine Maher
Katherine Maher
was appointed the interim executive director, a position made permanent in June 2016. In October 2017, the headquarters moved to One Montgomery Tower.[25] Projects and initiatives[edit] Wikimedia projects[edit] For the complete list, see foundation:Special:SiteMatrix and m:Complete list of Wikimedia projects. Content on most Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
websites is licensed for redistribution under v3.0 of the Attribution and Share-alike
Share-alike
Creative Commons licenses. This content is sourced from contributing volunteers and from resources with few or no copyright restrictions, such as copyleft material and works in the public domain. Content projects[edit] In addition to, the foundation operates ten other wikis that follow the free content model with their main goal being the dissemination of knowledge. These include, by launch date:

Name: Description: online encyclopedia Website: www.wikipedia.org Launched: January 15, 2001 Editions: more than 290 in over 250 languages Alexa rank: 5 (Global, January 2018[update])[26]

Name: Wiktionary Description: online dictionary and thesaurus Website: www.wiktionary.org Launched: December 12, 2002 Editions: more than 270 languages and in Simple English Alexa rank: 503 (Global, January 2018[update])[27]

Name: Wikibooks Description: collection of textbooks Website: www.wikibooks.org Launched: July 10, 2003 Alexa rank: 1,986 (Global, January 2018[update])[28]

Name: Wikiquote Description: collection of quotations Website: www.wikiquote.org Launched: July 10, 2003 Alexa rank: 4,060 (Global, January 2018[update])[29]

Name: Wikivoyage Description: travel guide Website: www.wikivoyage.org Launched: July 2003 as Wikitravel Forked: December 10, 2006 (German language) Re-launched: January 15, 2013 by WMF in English language Alexa rank: 24,186 (Global, January 2018[update])[30]

Name: Wikisource Description: digital library Website: www.wikisource.org Launched: November 24, 2003 Alexa rank: 3,673 (Global, January 2018[update])[31]

Name: Wikimedia Commons Description: repository of images, sounds, videos, and general media Website: commons.wikimedia.org Launched: September 7, 2004

Name: Wikispecies Description: taxonomic catalogue of species Website: species.wikimedia.org Launched: September 14, 2004

Name: Wikinews Description: online newspaper Website: www.wikinews.org Launched: November 8, 2004 Alexa rank: 70,278 (Global, January 2018[update])[32]

Name: Wikiversity Description: collection of tutorials and courses, while also serving as a hosting point to coordinate research Website: www.wikiversity.org Launched: August 15, 2006 Alexa rank: 11,687 (Global, January 2018[update])[33]

Name: Wikidata Description: knowledge base Website: www.wikidata.org Launched: October 30, 2012 Alexa rank: 13,467 (Global, January 2018[update])[34]

Infrastructure and coordination projects[edit] Several additional projects exist to provide infrastructure or coordination of the free knowledge projects. For instance, Outreach gives guidelines for best practices on encouraging the use of Wikimedia sites. These include:

Name: Meta-Wiki Description: central site for coordinating all projects and the Wikimedia community Website: meta.wikimedia.org

Name: Wikimedia Incubator Description: for language editions in development Website: incubator.wikimedia.org

Name: MediaWiki Description: helps coordinate work on Media Wiki
Wiki
software Website: www.mediawiki.org

Name: Wikitech Alias: Wikimedia Cloud Services (WMCS), formerly known as "Wikimedia Labs" Description: technical projects and infrastructure Website: wikitech.wikimedia.org

Movement affiliates[edit] Further information: Wikimedia movement Wikimedia movement
Wikimedia movement
affiliates are independent, but formally recognized, groups of people intended to work together to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement. The Wikimedia Foundation's Board of Trustees has approved three active models for movement affiliates: chapters, thematic organizations, and user groups. Movement affiliates are intended to organize and engage in activities to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement, such as regional conferences, outreach, edit-a-thons, hackathons, public relations, public policy advocacy, GLAM engagement, and Wikimania.[35][36][37] Recognition of a chapter and thematic organization is approved by the foundation's board. Recommendations on recognition of chapters and thematic organizations are made to the foundation's board by an Affiliations Committee, composed of Wikimedia community
Wikimedia community
volunteers. The Affiliations Committee approves the recognition of individual user groups. While movement affiliates are formally recognized by the Wikimedia Foundation, they are independent of the Wikimedia Foundation, with no legal control of nor responsibility for the Wikimedia projects.[36][37][38] The foundation began recognizing chapters in 2004.[39] In 2010, development on additional models began. In 2012, the foundation approved, finalized, and adopted the thematic organization and user group recognition models. An additional model, movement partners, was also approved but as of 27 October 2015[update] has not yet been finalized or adopted.[35][37][40] Wikimania[edit] Main article: Wikimania Each year, an international conference called Wikimania
Wikimania
brings the people together who are involved in the Wikimedia organizations and projects. The first Wikimania
Wikimania
was held in Frankfurt, Germany, in 2005. Nowadays, Wikimania
Wikimania
is organized by a committee supported usually by the national chapter, in collaboration with the Wikimedia Foundation. Wikimania
Wikimania
has been held in cities such as Buenos Aires,[41] Cambridge,[42] Haifa,[43] Hong Kong,[44] and London.[45] In 2015, Wikimania
Wikimania
took place in Mexico City.[46] In 2016, Wikimania
Wikimania
was held in Esino Lario, Italy.[47] Strategic plan[edit]

Play media

Video explaining the 2011 Wikimedia Strategic Plan

Executive director Katherine Maher, 2016

In response to the growing size and popularity of, the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
announced a Strategic Plan to improve and sustain the Wikimedia movement. The plan was announced in July 2009, followed by a process of interviews and surveys with people from across the Wikimedia movement, including board of trustees, members of staff and volunteer editors.[48] The ongoing plan was intended to be the basis of a five-year plan to further outreach, improve content quality and quality control, and optimising operational areas such as finance and infrastructure.[49] Usability Initiative[edit] In December 2008, the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
announced a restricted donation grant of US$890,000 from the Stanton Foundation, to improve Wikipedia's accessibility.[50] Later named the Usability Initiative, the grant was used by the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
to appoint project-specific staff to the technology department.[51] A series of surveys were conducted throughout 2009. This began with a qualitative environment survey on Media Wiki
Wiki
extensions, followed by a Qualitative Statistical Survey focusing on volume of edits, number of new users, and related statistics. In March 2009, a usability and experience study was carried out on new and non-editors of the English Wikipedia. The aim was to discover what obstacles participants encountered while editing, ranging from small changes to more complicated syntax such as templates. The study recruited 2500 people for in-person laboratory testing via the website, which was filtered down to ten participants. The results were collated and used by the technology team to improve's usability.[52] The Usability and Experience Study was followed up by the Usability, Experience and Progress Study in September 2009. This study recruited different new and non-editors for in-person trials on a new skin.[53] The initiative ultimately culminated in a new skin named Vector, constructed based on the results of the usability studies. This was introduced by default in stages, beginning in May 2010.[54] Public Policy Initiative[edit] In May 2010, the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
announced the Public Policy Initiative, following a US$1.2 million donation by the Stanton Foundation. The initiative was set up to improve articles relating to public policy issues.[55] As part of the initiative, collaborated with ten universities to help students and professors create and maintain articles relating to public policy.[56] Volunteer editors of, known as "ambassadors", provided assistance to students and professors. This was either done on campus sites or online.[57] In April 2017, the foundation was one of the founding partners in the Initiative for Open Citations.[58] Technology[edit] The foundation employs technology including hardware and software to run its projects. Hardware[edit] See also: § Hardware operations and support

Overview of system architecture, October 2015. See server layout diagrams on Meta-Wiki

Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
servers

employed a single server until 2004, when the server setup was expanded into a distributed multitier architecture.[59] In January 2005, the project ran on 39 dedicated servers in Florida.[citation needed] This configuration included a single master database server running MySQL, multiple database servers, 21 web servers running the Apache HTTP Server, and seven Squid cache servers.[citation needed] Wikimedia currently runs on dedicated clusters of Linux
Linux
servers (mainly Ubuntu).[60][61] As of December 2009[update], there were 300 in Florida
Florida
and 44 in Amsterdam.[62] The number of servers needed to run the infrastructure has been mostly stable since then: 520 servers are used in the main cluster (eqiad) as of November 2015.[63] As of 2015, the system still runs on central master database and application servers, but there are several cache layers with various ever-changing technologies, as well as a multitude of subsystems for DNS resolution, load balancing, metrics, monitoring, other system administration etc.[64] Softwаrе[edit] The operation of Wikimedia depends on MediaWiki, a custom-made, free and open-source wiki software platform written in PHP
PHP
and built upon the MySQL
MySQL
database.[65] The software incorporates programming features such as a macro language, variables, a transclusion system for templates, and URL redirection. Media Wiki
Wiki
is licensed under the GNU General Public License and it is used by all Wikimedia projects, as well as many other wiki projects. Originally, ran on UseMod Wiki
Wiki
written in Perl
Perl
by Clifford Adams (Phase I), which initially required CamelCase
CamelCase
for article hyperlinks; the present double bracket style was incorporated later. Starting in January 2002 (Phase II), began running on a PHP
PHP
wiki engine with a MySQL database; this software was custom-made for by Magnus Manske. The Phase II software was repeatedly modified to accommodate the exponentially increasing demand. In July 2002 (Phase III), shifted to the third-generation software, MediaWiki, originally written by Lee Daniel Crocker. Several Media Wiki
Wiki
extensions are installed to extend the functionality of Media Wiki
Wiki
software. In April 2005, a Lucene
Lucene
extension[66][67] was added to MediaWiki's built-in search and switched from MySQL
MySQL
to Lucene
Lucene
for searching. Currently Lucene
Lucene
Search 2.1,[68] which is written in Java and based on Lucene
Lucene
library 2.3,[69] is used. Wikimedia Foundation also uses CiviCRM[70] and WordPress.[71] The foundation published official mobile apps for Android and iOS devices and in March 2015, the apps were updated to include mobile user friendly features.[72] Finances[edit] In general[edit]

Financial development of the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
(in US$), 2003–2015

The Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
relies on public contributions and grants to fund its mission.[73] It is exempt from federal income tax[73][74] and from state income tax.[73][75] It is not a private foundation, and contributions to it qualify as tax-deductible charitable contributions.[73] The continued technical and economic growth of each of the Wikimedia projects is dependent mostly on donations but the Wikimedia Foundation also increases its revenue by alternative means of funding such as grants, sponsorship, services and brand merchandising. The Wikimedia OAI-PMH update feed service, targeted primarily at search engines and similar bulk analysis and republishing, has been a source of revenue for several years,[73] but is no longer open to new customers.[76] DBpedia
DBpedia
was given access to this feed free of charge.[77] In July 2014, the foundation announced it would be accepting Bitcoin donations.[78] Since the end of fiscal year ended 2004, the foundation's net assets have grown from US$57,000[79] to US$53.5 million at the end of fiscal year ended June 30, 2014.[80] Under the leadership of Sue Gardner, who joined the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
in 2007, the foundation's staff levels, number of donors and revenue have seen very significant growth.[81]

Play media

Interview with Garfield Byrd, Chief of Finance and Administration at the Wikimedia Foundation. Recorded October 7, 2011

In 2007, Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
gave Wikimedia an overall rating of three out of four possible stars[82] Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
gave three out of four possible stars in overall rating for fiscal years 2008 and 2009 which improved to four-stars in 2010.[83] As of December 2016, the overall rating was four stars.[84] Grants[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2017)

Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
and chapters finance meeting 2012, Paris

In March 2008, the foundation announced a large donation, at the time its largest donation yet: a three-year, US$3 million grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.[85] In 2009, the foundation received four grants – the first grant was a US$890,000 Stanton Foundation grant which was aimed to help study and simplify user interface for first-time authors of Wikipedia.[86] The second was a US$300,000 Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
Grant, given in July 2009, for Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
that aimed to improve the interfaces and workflows for multimedia uploading on Wikimedia websites.[87] In August 2009, the foundation received a US$500,000 grant from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.[88] Lastly, in August 2009, the Omidyar Network
Omidyar Network
issued a potential[clarification needed] US$2 million in "grant" funding to Wikimedia.[89] In 2010, Google
Google
donated US$2 million to the foundation.[90] The Stanton Foundation granted $1.2 million to fund the Public Policy Initiative, a pilot program for what would later become the Education Program (and the spinoff Wiki
Wiki
Education Foundation).[91][92][93] Also in 2010, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation pledged a US$800,000 grant and all was funded during 2011.[citation needed] In March 2011, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
authorized another US$3 million grant to continue to develop and maintain the foundation's mission. The grant was to be funded over three years with the first US$1 million funded in July 2011 and the remaining US$2 million was scheduled to be funded in August 2012 and 2013. In August 2011, the Stanton Foundation pledged to fund a US$3.6 million grant of which US$1.8 million was funded and the remaining was due to be funded in September 2012. As of 2011, this was the largest grant received by the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
to-date.[94] In November 2011, the foundation received a US$500,000 donation from Google
Google
co-founder Sergey Brin
Sergey Brin
and his wife.[95][96] In 2012, the foundation was awarded a grant of US$1.25 million from the historians Lisbet Rausing[95] and Peter Baldwin through Charities Aid Foundation, scheduled to be funded in five equal installments. The first installment of US$250,000 was received in April 2012 and the remaining were to be funded in December 2012 through 2015. In 2014, the foundation received the largest single gift in its history, a $5 million unrestricted donation from an anonymous donor supporting $1 million worth of expenses annually for the next five years.[97] In 2015, a grant agreement was reached with the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation to build a search engine called the "Knowledge Engine".[98][99] Financial summary[edit]

Wikimedia financial data through June 2016 (financial years run from July 1 to June 30)

Fiscal year Revenue Year-over-year ratio (revenue) Expenses Year-over-year ratio (expenses) Net assets Year-over-year ratio (net assets)

2003–2004[100]

US$80,129

N/A

US$23,463

N/A

US$56,666

N/A

2004–2005[100]

US$379,088

373.1%

US$177,670

657.2%

US$268,084

373.1%

2005–2006[100]

US$1,508,039

297.8%

US$791,907

345.7%

US$1,004,216

274.6%

2006–2007[101]

US$2,734,909

81.4%

US$2,077,843

162.4%

US$1,658,282

65.1%

2007–2008[102]

US$5,032,981

84.0%

US$3,540,724

70.4%

US$5,178,168

212.3%

2008–2009[103]

US$8,658,006

72.0%

US$5,617,236

58.6%

US$8,231,767

59.0%

2009–2010[104]

US$17,979,312

107.7%

US$10,266,793

82.8%

US$14,542,731

76.7%

2010–2011[105]

US$24,785,092

37.8%

US$17,889,794

74.2%

US$24,192,144

66.3%

2011–2012[106]

US$38,479,665

55.2%

US$29,260,652

63.6%

US$34,929,058

44.4%

2012–2013[107]

US$48,635,408

26.4%

US$35,704,796

22.0%

US$45,189,124

29.4%

2013–2014[9]

US$52,465,287

8.6%

US$45,900,745

28.6%

US$53,475,021

18.3%

2014–2015[9]

US$74,536,375

44.5%

US$52,596,782

14.6%

US$77,820,298

45.5%

2015–2016[4]

US$81,862,724

9.8%

US$65,947,465

25.4%

US$91,782,795

17.9%

Governance[edit] Board of trustees[edit]

Christophe Henner, the current Chairman
Chairman
of the Board

The foundation's board of trustees has ultimate authority of all the businesses and affairs of the foundation. It is composed of ten members:

four who are appointed by the board itself; three who are selected by the community encompassed by all the different Wikimedia projects; two who are selected by the local chapters and thematic organizations; and one emeritus for the foundation's founder, Jimmy Wales.[108]

Three permanent entities support the board on its mission and responsibilities: an executive director, who leads and oversees the operational arm of the foundation; an advisory board composed of individuals selected by the board itself that advise the board on different matters; and standing committees to which the board delegates certain matters while retaining ultimate authority. The board has also at times created other orthodox entities[clarification needed] to support itself, such as executive secretaries and ad-hoc committees established for specific tasks. The current board comprises Christophe Henner as chairman and María Sefidari as vice-chairman, together with Alice Wiegand, Nataliia Tymkiv, Kelly Battles, Dariusz Jemielniak
Dariusz Jemielniak
as members at-large, and Jimmy Wales
Jimmy Wales
as founder's seat (installed as "Community Founder Trustee Position" to the WMF bylaws in August 2008).[109][110] James Heilman was appointed as a community selected trustee in August 2017[111]. Raju Narisetti, CEO of Gizmodo Media Group, was appointed trustee in October 2017,[112] and Bahraini human rights activist and blogger Esra'a Al Shafei
Esra'a Al Shafei
idem in November 2017.[113] In a high-profile decision of 2015, James Heilman
James Heilman
was removed from the board,[114][115] with little explanation.[114] (He returned in the Board in August 2017). In January 2016, Arnnon Geshuri
Arnnon Geshuri
briefly joined the board before stepping down from the board following a controversy about an agreement he executed when at Google, violating United States antitrust law. The participating companies paid US$415 million in a class action suit on behalf of affected employees.[116][117] Advisory board[edit] The advisory board, according to the Wikimedia Foundation, is an international network of experts who have agreed to give the foundation meaningful help on a regular basis in many different areas, including law, organizational development, technology, policy, and outreach.[118] Staff[edit] First appointments[edit]

Play media

Background footage of Wikimedia's San Francisco
San Francisco
office in 2014.

In 2004, the foundation appointed Tim Starling as developer liaison to help improve the Media Wiki
Wiki
software, Daniel Mayer as chief financial officer (finance, budgeting, and coordination of fund drives), and Erik Möller
Erik Möller
as content partnership coordinator. In May 2005, the foundation announced seven more official appointments.[119] In January 2006, the foundation created several committees, including the Communication Committee, in an attempt to further organize activities essentially handled by volunteers at that time.[120] Starling resigned that month to spend more time on his PhD program. Employees[edit]

A workers area at Wikimedia's San Francisco
San Francisco
headquarters in 2011.

The foundation's functions were, for the first few years, executed almost entirely by volunteers. In 2005, it had only two employees, Danny Wool, a coordinator, and Brion Vibber, a software manager. As of October 4, 2006[update], the foundation had five paid employees:[121] two programmers, an administrative assistant, a coordinator handling fundraising and grants, and an interim executive director,[122] Brad Patrick, previously the foundation's general counsel. Patrick ceased his activity as interim director in January 2007, and then resigned from his position as legal counsel, effective April 1, 2007. He was replaced by Mike Godwin, who served as general counsel and legal coordinator from July 2007[123] until 2010. In January 2007, Carolyn Doran was named chief operating officer and Sandy Ordonez joined as head of communications.[124] Doran began working as a part-time bookkeeper in 2006 after being sent by a temporary agency. Doran, found to have had a long criminal record,[125] left the foundation in July 2007, and Sue Gardner
Sue Gardner
was hired as consultant and special advisor (later CEO). Doran's departure from the organization was cited by Florence Devouard
Florence Devouard
as one of the reasons the foundation took about seven months to release its fiscal 2007 financial audit.[126]

Exterior view of Wikimedia's San Francisco
San Francisco
headquarters at New Montgomery St in 2014.

Danny Wool, officially the grant coordinator but also largely involved in fundraising and business development, resigned in March 2007. He accused Wales of misusing the foundation's funds for recreational purposes, and said that Wales had his Wikimedia credit card taken away in part because of his spending habits, a claim Wales denied.[127] In February 2007, the foundation added a new position, chapters coordinator, and hired Delphine Ménard,[128] who had been occupying the position as a volunteer since August 2005. Cary Bass was hired in March 2007 in the position of volunteer coordinator. Oleta McHenry was brought in as accountant in May 2007, through a temporary placement agency and made the official full-time accountant in August 2007. In January 2008, the foundation appointed Veronique Kessler as the new chief financial and operating officer, Kul Wadhwa as head of business development, and Jay Walsh as head of communications. As of June 16, 2017,[update] the foundation had approximately 280 employees and contractors.[5] Disputes and lawsuits[edit] Main article: Litigation involving the Wikimedia Foundation

Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
post-SOPA party, 2012

Many disputes have resulted in litigation[129][130][131][132] while others have not.[133] Attorney Matt Zimmerman stated, "Without strong liability protection, it would be difficult for to continue to provide a platform for user-created encyclopedia content."[134] In December 2011, the foundation hired Washington, DC lobbyist Dow Lohnes Government Strategies LLC to lobby the United States
United States
Congress with regard to "Civil Rights/Civil Liberties" and "Copyright/Patent/Trademark."[135] At the time of the hire the Foundation was concerned specifically about a bill known as the Stop Online Piracy Act.[136] In October 2013, a German Court ruled that the Wikimedia Foundation can be held liable for content added to – however, this applies only when there has been a specific complaint; otherwise, the Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
does not check any of the content published on and has no duty to do so.[137] In June 2014, a copyright infringement lawsuit was filed by Bildkonst Upphovsrätt i Sverige against Wikimedia Sweden.[138] On June 20, 2014, a defamation lawsuit (Law Division civil case No. L-1400-14) involving editors was filed with the Mercer County Superior Court in New Jersey seeking, inter alia, compensatory and punitive damages.[139][140] In a March 10, 2015, op-ed for The New York Times, Wales and Tretikov announced the foundation was filing a lawsuit against the National Security Agency, calling into question its practice of mass surveillance, which they argued infringed the constitutional rights of the foundation's readers, editors and staff.[141][142][143] On October 23, 2015, the United States
United States
District Court for the District of Maryland dismissed the suit Wikimedia Foundation v. NSA
Wikimedia Foundation v. NSA
on grounds of standing. US District Judge T. S. Ellis III ruled that the plaintiffs could not plausibly prove they were subject to upstream surveillance, and that their argument is riddled with assumptions, speculations and mathematical gymnastics.[144][145] The plaintiffs filed an appeal with the United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on February 17, 2016.[146] In February 2016, Lila Tretikov
Lila Tretikov
announced her resignation as executive director, as a result of the WMF's controversial Knowledge Engine project and disagreements with the staff.[147][148]

References[edit]

^ "2014 Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax (form 990)" (PDF). WMF (Public Inspection Copy). 11 May 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.  ^ "Contact us - Wikimedia Foundation". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ Cbrown1023. "Board of Trustees". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved July 22, 2015.  ^ a b c "Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Financial Statements June, 2016 and 2015" (PDF). Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved November 15, 2016.  ^ a b "Staff and contractors page ( Wikimedia Foundation
Wikimedia Foundation
website)". Wikimedia Foundation. September 21, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2017.  ^ Jarice Hanson (2016). The Social Media Revolution: An Economic Encyclopedia of Friending, Following, Texting, and Connecting. ABC-CLIO. p. 375. ISBN 978-1-61069-768-2.  ^ a b c Neate, Rupert (October 7, 2008). "founder Jimmy Wales goes bananas". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 25, 2009. The encyclopedia's huge fan base became such a drain on Bomis's resources that Mr Wales, and co-founder Larry Sanger, thought of a radical new funding model – charity.  ^ a b c Jimmy Wales
Jimmy Wales
(June 20, 2003). "Announcing Wikimedia Foundation". mail:wikipedia-l. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ a b c "Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Financial Statements June, 2016 and 2015" (PDF). Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved November 15, 2016.  ^ "editors force trustee to resign". Irish Examiner. January 28, 2016.  ^ Devouard, Florence. "Mission statement". Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on September 1, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2008.  ^ Jackson, Jasper (12 Feb 2017). "'We always look for reliability': why's editors cut out the Daily Mail". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 Feb 2017. Another core job for the foundation – and Maher – is political advocacy. While copyright and press freedom are important issues for, there is one area even more fundamental to its operation - the rules that protect web firms from full liability for what their users post.  ^ Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
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External links[edit]

Find more aboutWikimediaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Learning resources from Wikiversity Data from Wikidata

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People

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Past

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Other

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Overview

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Community

Administrators Arbitration Committee of the English Edit-a-thon List ofs The Signpost Wikipedian in residence Wikimania WikiProject Women in Red

People

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History

Bomis Logo Controversies

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References and analysis

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Related

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137022054 LCCN: n2005070272 ISNI: 0000 0004 4914 788X GND: 10102830-1

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