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West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
or West Pomerania
Pomerania
Province[1] (in Polish, województwo zachodniopomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ zaˈxɔdɲɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ]), is a voivodeship (province) in northwestern Poland. It borders on Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
to the east, Greater Poland
Poland
Voivodeship to the southeast, Lubusz Voivodeship
Lubusz Voivodeship
to the south, the German federal-states of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
Pomerania
and Brandenburg
Brandenburg
to the west, and the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
to the north. Its capital and largest city is Szczecin. It was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former Szczecin
Szczecin
and Koszalin
Koszalin
Voivodeships and parts of other neighboring voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms
Polish local government reforms
adopted in 1998. It is named for the historical region of Pomerania
Pomerania
(Polish: Pomorze). In spite of the name ("West Pomeranian"), the voivodeship does not include the most westerly parts of historical Pomerania, which lie in Germany's Vorpommern
Vorpommern
(see Western Pomerania). The name "Pomerania" comes from the Slavic "po more", meaning "Land by the Sea".[2]

Contents

1 Geography and tourism 2 Cities and towns 3 Administrative division 4 Protected areas 5 Demography 6 Education and science 7 Industrial, science and technology parks 8 Transportation 9 Gallery 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Geography and tourism[edit]

Viking Festival in Wolin

Church of the Virgin Mary, Queen of the World, in Stargard

West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
is the fifth largest voivodeship of Poland in terms of area. Among the largest cities, of the region, are the capital Szczecin, as well as Koszalin, Stargard, and Świnoujście. This is a picturesque region of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
coast, with many beaches, lakes and woodlands. Szczecin, Świnoujście
Świnoujście
and Police are important ports. Other major seaside towns include Międzyzdroje, Dziwnów, Kołobrzeg, and Mielno. West Pomerania
Pomerania
is considered one of the greenest regions of Poland, and one of the most attractive for tourists. It is characterized by incredible diversity of the landscape: beaches, hundreds of lakes, and forests full of wildlife (e.g. Wkrzanska Forest), spreading mainly up the hills of the glacial lakes areas. West Pomerania
Pomerania
is also rich in various forms and styles of architecture that were built during the Middle Ages as well as the Gothic, Baroque, and Renaissance periods. There is a diverse repertoire of theaters, festivals, museums and galleries. During a few-day long annual Sea Festival in Szczecin, a number of free open-air concerts take place. In Świnoujście
Świnoujście
during the summer, the FAMA
FAMA
Academic Youth Arts Festival takes place – an event with several years of tradition, which attracts not only young people but also older alumni. In Międzyzdroje, there is a Festival Of The Stars, which draws many popular actors. In Wolin, a Viking Festival takes place, which draws "Vikings" from all across Europe. Another draw to the area is a wide array of health resorts. Brine
Brine
and peloid, discovered in the 19th century, together with geothermal water resources, are popular attractions in Świnoujście, Kamień Pomorski and Połczyn Zdrój. Cities and towns[edit]

Oder River
Oder River
in Szczecin

Gothic town hall, Chojna, built by Germans in 1320, when the town was known as Königsberg in der Neumark

City Hall, Koszalin

Park, Połczyn-Zdrój

Ship in harbour, Świnoujście

Town Hall, Nowe Warpno

Oder River
Oder River
in Police

Drawa National Park

Dendrological Garden, Przelewice

The voivodeship contains 64 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006[3]):

Szczecin
Szczecin
(410,809) Koszalin
Koszalin
(107,783) Stargard
Stargard
(70,534) Kołobrzeg
Kołobrzeg
(44,794) Świnoujście
Świnoujście
(40,899) Szczecinek
Szczecinek
(38,756) Police (34,284) Wałcz
Wałcz
(26,140) Białogard
Białogard
(24,339) Goleniów
Goleniów
(22,448) Gryfino
Gryfino
(21,478) Nowogard
Nowogard
(16,745) Gryfice
Gryfice
(16,702) Choszczno
Choszczno
(15,753) Świdwin
Świdwin
(15,637) Darłowo
Darłowo
(14,380) Barlinek
Barlinek
(14,156) Dębno
Dębno
(13,903) Złocieniec
Złocieniec
(13,377) Sławno
Sławno
(13,314) Pyrzyce
Pyrzyce
(12,642) Myślibórz
Myślibórz
(11,867) Drawsko Pomorskie
Drawsko Pomorskie
(11,465) Łobez
Łobez
(10,617) Trzebiatów
Trzebiatów
(10,113) Kamień Pomorski
Kamień Pomorski
(9,134) Połczyn-Zdrój
Połczyn-Zdrój
(8,572) Chojna
Chojna
(7,187) Czaplinek
Czaplinek
(6,933) Sianów
Sianów
(6,543) Karlino
Karlino
(5,794) Międzyzdroje
Międzyzdroje
(5,436) Wolin (4,878) Bobolice
Bobolice
(4,446) Resko
Resko
(4,377) Borne Sulinowo
Borne Sulinowo
(4,224) Płoty
Płoty
(4,142) Lipiany
Lipiany
(4,124) Kalisz Pomorski
Kalisz Pomorski
(3,989) Barwice
Barwice
(3,838) Mieszkowice
Mieszkowice
(3,553) Chociwel
Chociwel
(3,285) Maszewo
Maszewo
(3,073) Węgorzyno
Węgorzyno
(3,011) Recz
Recz
(2,995) Polanów
Polanów
(2,967) Dziwnów
Dziwnów
(2,949) Golczewo
Golczewo
(2,724) Pełczyce
Pełczyce
(2,698) Mirosławiec
Mirosławiec
(2,633) Tychowo
Tychowo
(c. 2,500) Trzcińsko-Zdrój
Trzcińsko-Zdrój
(2,496) Gościno
Gościno
(2,430) Dobrzany
Dobrzany
(2,420) Drawno
Drawno
(2,399) Człopa
Człopa
(2,390) Biały Bór
Biały Bór
(2,127) Dobra (2,028) Ińsko
Ińsko
(2,001) Tuczno
Tuczno
(1,965) Cedynia
Cedynia
(1,653) Moryń
Moryń
(1,570) Suchań
Suchań
(1,446) Nowe Warpno
Nowe Warpno
(1,170) Międzywodzie
Międzywodzie
(1,000)

The Polish districts of the historical region Western Pomerania
Pomerania
(the 3 westernmost districts of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship) had a population of about 520,000 in 2012 (cities of Szczecin, Świnoujście and Police County
Police County
combined) – while the German districts had a population of about 470,000 in 2012 ( Vorpommern-Rügen
Vorpommern-Rügen
and Vorpommern-Greifswald
Vorpommern-Greifswald
combined). So overall, about 1 million people live in the historical region of Western Pomerania
Pomerania
today, while the Szczecin
Szczecin
agglomeration reaches even further. Administrative division[edit] West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
is divided into 21 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 18 land counties. These are further divided into 114 gminas. The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population in 2014) [4]):

English and Polish names Area (km²) Population (2006) Seat Other towns Total gminas

City counties

Szczecin 301 407,180

1

Koszalin 84 107,783

1

Świnoujście 197 41,276

1

Land counties

Stargard
Stargard
County powiat stargardzki 1,520 120,593 Stargard Chociwel, Dobrzany, Ińsko, Suchań 10

Gryfino
Gryfino
County powiat gryfiński 1,870 83,688 Gryfino Chojna, Mieszkowice, Trzcińsko-Zdrój, Cedynia, Moryń 9

Goleniów
Goleniów
County powiat goleniowski 1,617 82,507 Goleniów Nowogard, Maszewo 6

Szczecinek
Szczecinek
County powiat szczecinecki 1,765 78,858 Szczecinek Borne Sulinowo, Barwice, Biały Bór 6

Kołobrzeg
Kołobrzeg
County powiat kołobrzeski 726 79,567 Kołobrzeg Gościno 7

Police County powiat policki 664 75,386 Police Nowe Warpno 4

Myślibórz
Myślibórz
County powiat myśliborski 1,182 67,417 Myślibórz Barlinek, Dębno 5

Koszalin
Koszalin
County powiat koszaliński 1,669 65,962 Koszalin
Koszalin
* Sianów, Bobolice, Polanów 8

Gryfice
Gryfice
County powiat gryficki 1,018 61,517 Gryfice Trzebiatów, Płoty 6

Drawsko County powiat drawski 1,764 58,073 Drawsko Pomorskie Złocieniec, Czaplinek, Kalisz Pomorski 6

Sławno
Sławno
County powiat sławieński 1,044 57,489 Sławno Darłowo 6

Wałcz
Wałcz
County powiat wałecki 1,415 54,348 Wałcz Mirosławiec, Człopa, Tuczno 5

Choszczno
Choszczno
County powiat choszczeński 1,328 49,709 Choszczno Recz, Pełczyce, Drawno 6

Białogard
Białogard
County powiat białogardzki 845 48,679 Białogard Karlino, Tychowo 4

Świdwin
Świdwin
County powiat świdwiński 1,093 48,343 Świdwin Połczyn-Zdrój 6

Kamień County powiat kamieński 1,007 47,751 Kamień Pomorski Międzyzdroje, Wolin, Dziwnów, Golczewo 6

Pyrzyce
Pyrzyce
County powiat pyrzycki 726 40,488 Pyrzyce Lipiany 6

Łobez
Łobez
County powiat łobeski 1,066 37,804 Łobez Resko, Węgorzyno, Dobra 5

   NOTE: * seat not part of the county

Protected areas[edit]

Wolin National Park

Protected areas in West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
include two National Parks and seven Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Drawno
Drawno
National Park
National Park
(partly in Lubusz and Greater Poland Voivodeships) Wolin National Park Barlinek-Gorzów Landscape Park (partly in Lubusz Voivodeship) Cedynia
Cedynia
Landscape Park Drawsko Landscape Park Ińsko
Ińsko
Landscape Park Lower Odra Valley Landscape Park Szczecin
Szczecin
Landscape Park Ujście Warty Landscape Park
Ujście Warty Landscape Park
(partly in Lubusz Voivodeship)

Demography[edit] Until 1945 the region was part of Germany. After World War II
World War II
the region was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union. Most Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles, some of whom were expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union. In 1948 67 percent of the populace originated from Central Poland, Greater Poland
Poland
and Pomeralia
Pomeralia
while 25 percent came from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union. Another 6 percent returned to Poland
Poland
from Western Europe. About 50,000 Ukrainians
Ukrainians
were forcefully resettled to West Pomerania
Pomerania
in the Operation Vistula
Operation Vistula
in 1947.[5] Education and science[edit]

Pomeranian Medical University
Pomeranian Medical University
in Szczecin

University of Szczecin
Szczecin
(Polish Uniwersytet Szczeciński) with 35,000 students Technical University in Koszalin
Koszalin
with 14,000 students (Politechnika Koszalińska) West Pomeranian University of Technology
West Pomeranian University of Technology
in Szczecin
Szczecin
with 15,300 students (Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny), formed as a result of merger of Szczecin
Szczecin
University of Technology (Politechnika Szczecińska) and University of Agriculture in Szczecin
Szczecin
(Akademia Rolnicza w Szczecinie) Pomeranian Medical University
Pomeranian Medical University
with 4,000 students (Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny) The Szczecin
Szczecin
Academy of Arts (Akademia Sztuki w Szczecinie) Maritime University of Szczecin
Szczecin
(Akademia Morska w Szczecinie) The West Pomeranian Business School with 3,000 students (Zachodniopomorska Szkoła Biznesu) Szczeciński Park Naukowo-Technologiczny (science park in Szczecin)

Industrial, science and technology parks[edit]

Goleniowski Park Przemysłowy (industrial park in Goleniów) Infrapark Police (industrial park in Police, Poland) Stargardzki Park Przemysłowy (industrial park in Stargard Szczeciński) Szczeciński Park Naukowo-Technologiczny (science park in Szczecin)

Transportation[edit] There are two main international road routes that pass through the voivodship: National road 3 (Poland)
National road 3 (Poland)
Świnoujście-Szczecin-Gorzów Wielkopolski-Zielona Góra-Legnica-Czech border (part of European route E65 from Swedish Malmö
Malmö
to Chaniá
Chaniá
in Greece) and National road 6 (Poland) Szczecin-Koszalin-Słupsk-Gdańsk (part of European route E28 from Berlin
Berlin
to Minsk). Most of the National road 3 in the voivodship is in a standard of an expressway (Expressway S3 (Poland)). The National road 6 between German border and Rzęśnica is in the standard of autostrada (A6 autostrada (Poland)), whereas part between Rzęścnica and Goleniów
Goleniów
and bypasses of Goleniów
Goleniów
and Nowogard
Nowogard
are in standards of an expressway (Expressway S6 (Poland)). Other important national roads are National road 10 (Poland) (German border-Szczecin-Piła-Bydgoscz-Toruń-Płońsk) and National road 11 (Poland) (Kołobrzeg-Koszalin-Piła-Poznań-Bytom). Apart from the above, some other national roads are located in the voivodship. The voivodship possesses also a well-developed network of regional roads. Main railways in the province are line no. 351 Szczecin-Poznań, line no. 273 Szczecin-Wrocław (so-called “Odra railway”), line no. 202 Stargard-Gdańsk, line no. 401 Szczecin- Świnoujście
Świnoujście
and line no. 404 Kołobrzeg-Szczecinek. The main railway stations of the province are Szczecin
Szczecin
main station, Stargard
Stargard
and Koszalin. The stations are served by fast PKP Intercity
PKP Intercity
trains which connect them with the capital Warsaw, as well as other major Polish cities. In addition to these fast express services, inter-regional trains and intra-regional trains are operated by the firm Przewozy Regionalne. Szczecin
Szczecin
main station possesses international train connections with Berlin, Schwerin
Schwerin
and Lübeck
Lübeck
(operated by DB Regio). Świnoujście
Świnoujście
has a direct train connection with Stralsund, which is operated by Usedomer Bäderbahn. The only domestic and international airport in West Pomeranian Voivodeship is Szczecin- Goleniów
Goleniów
"Solidarność" Airport. Also, part of the runway of an abandoned airport in Bagicz
Bagicz
(near Kołobrzeg) was converted to an airport licensed to service planes carrying not more than 20 passengers on board. Gallery[edit]

Tychowo
Tychowo
Parish

Plaque commemorating the battle of the Pomeranian Wall

Church in Spore, West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Czaplinek
Czaplinek
was once settled by Templars

Jarosławiec (West Province)

St. Roch's Church in Roscin, Mysliborz county

Krąg-Buszyno station ruins

Tumby relics

The historic cemetery crosses at Przyborze

Lapidarium with remains of an old German cemetery in Motaniec, Poland

Square in Kobylanka (West Pomeranian Province)

Ruins of the church in Trzęsacz

Szczecin
Szczecin
- Wały Chrobrego

Gosań cliff, Wolin National Park

Lighthouse in Kołobrzeg

Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Darłowo

Dendrological Garden in Przelewice

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Kamień Pomorski

Wind turbines in Cisowo

Lake Ostrowiec

Borne Sulinowo

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Pomeranian (other) Dukes of Pomerania History of Pomerania Prussia's Province of Pomerania Province of Pomerania
Pomerania
(1653-1815)

References[edit]

^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006. ^ Der Name Pommern (po more) ist slawischer Herkunft und bedeutet so viel wie „Land am Meer“. (German: Pommersches Landesmuseum) ^ "Błąd 404. Strona o podanym adresie nie istnieje" (in Polish). Stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2012-03-12.  ^ "Ludność, ruch naturalny i migracje w województwie zachodniopomorskim w 2014 r" (in Polish). Urząd Statystyczny w Szczecinie. 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-19.  ^ Alina Hutnikiewicz: "Proces Osadnictwa na Pomorzu Zachodnim po 1945 r" in Zeszyty Kulickie 5: Rodzinne Pomorze – dawniej i dziś, pp. 67 ff. (in Polish)

External links[edit]

Westpomeranian System of Tourist Information The Parliament of the Westpomeranian Voivodeship Marshal's Office of the Westpomeranian Voivodeship Voivode's Office of the Westpomeranian Voivodeship Zrot : Official Tourism Site (Polish, English, German) Zart : Good Tourism Site (Polish, English, German)

Places adjacent to West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Baltic Sea Hovedstaden,  Denmark Blekinge and Skåne,  Sweden

  Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern,  Germany

 West Pomeranian Voivodeship

 Pomeranian Voivodeship

 Lubusz Voivodeship  Greater Poland
Poland
Voivodeship

v t e

Counties of West Pomeranian Voivodeship

City counties

Szczecin
Szczecin
(capital) Koszalin Świnoujście

Land counties

Białogard Choszczno Drawsko Goleniów Gryfice Gryfino Kamień Kołobrzeg Koszalin Łobez Myślibórz Police Pyrzyce Sławno Stargard Świdwin Szczecinek Wałcz

v t e

History of Pomerania

10,000 BC – 600 AD 600–1100 1100–1300 1300–1500 1500–1806 1806–1933 1933–1945 1945–present

Administrative

Western Pomerania Farther Pomerania (before 1945)

Billung March Northern March Principality of Rügen Duchy of Pomerania

House of Pomerania List of Dukes Cammin Gützkow Schlawe-Stolp Lauenburg-Bütow Partitions Pomerania-Stolp

Swedish Pomerania Brandenburgian Pomerania
Pomerania
(Draheim) Province of Pomerania
Pomerania
1815–1945

Neumark Köslin Region Stettin Region Stralsund
Stralsund
Region Posen-West Prussia
Posen-West Prussia
Region List of placenames

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Zachodniopomorskie (after 1945)

Szczecin
Szczecin
Voivodeship Koszalin
Koszalin
Voivodeship Słupsk Voivodeship West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Pomerelia
Pomerelia
(Kashubia)

Medieval duchies (Samborides) State of the Teutonic Order Royal Prussia
Royal Prussia
( Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1466–1772) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1807–1814 West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1919–1939 (Polish Corridor) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1920–1939 Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship

Ecclesiastical

Roman Catholic

Historical

Conversion of Pomerania Diocese of Kolberg (Congress of Gniezno) Diocese of Cammin Diocese of Culm Diocese of Roskilde Diocese of Włocławek (Leslau) Prelature of Schneidemühl

Extant

Archdiocese of Berlin Archdiocese of Szczecin-Kamień Diocese of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg Diocese of Pelplin

Protestant

Protestant Reformation Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland Pentecostal Church in Poland Evangelical State Church in Prussia
Evangelical State Church in Prussia
(extinct) Pomeranian Evangelical Church
Pomeranian Evangelical Church
(extinct)

Demography

Archaeological cultures

Hamburg Maglemosian Ertebølle-Ellerbek Linear Pottery Funnelbeaker Havelland Corded Ware Comb Ceramic Nordic Bronze Age Lusatian Jastorf Pomeranian Oksywie Wielbark Gustow Dębczyn (Denzin)

Peoples

Gepids Goths Lemovii Rugii Vidivarii Vistula Veneti Slavic Pomeranians Prissani Rani Ukrani Veleti Lutici Velunzani German Pomeranians Kashubians Poles Slovincians

Major demographic events

Migration Period Ostsiedlung WWII flight and expulsion of Germans Post-WWII settlement of Poles
Poles
and Ukrainians

Languages and dialects

West Germanic

Low German

Low Prussian Central Pomeranian Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch East Pomeranian West Pomeranian

Standard German

West Slavic

Polabian Polish Pomeranian

Kashubian Slovincian

Treaties

1200–1500

Kremmen (1236) Landin (1250) Kępno (1282) Soldin (1309) Templin (1317) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1354) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1370) Thorn (1411) Soldin (1466) Thorn (1466) Prenzlau (1448 / 1472 / 1479) Pyritz (1493)

1500–1700

Grimnitz (1529) Stettin (1570) Franzburg (1627) Stettin (1630) Westphalia (1648) Stettin (1653) Labiau (1656) Wehlau and Bromberg (1657) Oliva (1660) Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679) Lund (1679)

1700–present

Stockholm (1719 / 1720) Frederiksborg (1720) Kiel (1814) Vienna (1815) Versailles (1919) Potsdam (1945)

v t e

Voivodeships of Poland

Greater Poland Kuyavian-Pomeranian Lesser Poland Łódź Lower Silesian Lublin Lubusz Masovian Opole Podkarpackie Podlaskie Pomeranian Silesian Świętokrzyskie Warmian-Masurian West Pomeranian

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140911838 LCCN: n2001105

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