WELLINGTON is a town in the unitary authority of
Telford and Wrekin
and ceremonial county of
The total town population of Wellington was 25,554 in 2011 making it
by far the largest of the borough towns and the third largest town in
* 1 History * 2 The creation of Telford * 3 Shopping and local businesses * 4 Attractions * 5 Events * 6 Education and health services * 7 Transport * 8 Community projects * 9 Notable people * 10 References * 11 External links
Its name is most likely derived from that of a Saxon settler - Weola
- whose farmstead would have been located somewhere in the centre of
town, possibly near The Green. A church has stood near that site for
almost 1000 years and a priest is mentioned in the
Wellington's first market charter was granted to Giles of Erdington, lord of the manor, and is dated 1244 (See citation in external links) and a market still exists today. The market had an open-sided market hall by 1680 - and possibly much earlier - but this was dismantled c.1805 (See Citation in external links). In 1841, a market company formed to purchase the market rights from Lord Forester in 1856. Several years later in 1848, the company built a town hall with the butter market below, creating a permanent covered home for traders.
In 1642 King Charles I stayed overnight 'in the environs of'
Wellington (i.e. not in the town itself) when on his way from Newport
To the north-east of the town is the site of Apley Castle, originally a fourteenth-century fortified manor house, the remains of which were converted into a stable block with the building of a grand Georgian house, which was itself demolished in the 1950s. The surviving stable block has been converted into apartments and retains some medieval features. Another street view of the pedestrianised centre of Wellington
THE CREATION OF TELFORD
Dawley New Town was designated by the Government in 1963, and was expanded to encompass Wellington in 1968 under the new name of Telford , named for the great engineer and first county surveyor of Shropshire , Thomas Telford . The creation of Telford has divided opinion in Wellington ever since, with some celebrating the jobs and investment it brought to the area and others bemoaning the negative impact on Wellington's own economy – as well as its status and sense of identity. The development of Telford Town Centre since the 1970s has hit Wellington's retail centre hard. The local football team had its name changed from Wellington Town to Telford United .
SHOPPING AND LOCAL BUSINESSES
The area's largest employers are located in nearby areas of Telford , with Wellington itself housing hundreds of small businesses in its shops, offices and small manufacturing units. A range of nationwide chains have branches in Wellington (including Holland ">
Located in the town's Victorian market hall, Wellington Market
operates four days a week and houses over 100 stalls. A Farmers'
Market takes place on the fourth Saturday of the month, bringing
A short walk from the centre of the town is Sunnycroft , a Victorian villa and mini-estate now owned and run by the National Trust .
The New Buck's Head football stadium, home to A.F.C. Telford United , is in Wellington. Other sporting clubs include the Wellington Cricket Club, currently in the Birmingham League Premier Division, and Wrekin Golf Club.
Wellington is home to the Belfrey Theatre an amateur venue run by the Wellington Theatre Company which puts on an annual season of plays and other shows.
The area's music and theatre groups host performances throughout the year, and there are craft markets at both Belmont Hall and Christ Church.
In March, the town marks Charter Day, when the 1244 charter is delivered by a messenger on horseback. A jury then convenes in the Market Square to appoint the town crier, ale taster and market clerk for the year ahead.
During the summer, around 40 events take place in and around the town, including the historically-inspired Midsummer Fayre, the town carnival and Lions Day at Bowring Park, and the Wellington Walking Festival. Sounds in The Square brings live music to the heart of the town across weekends in July and August, and various concerts and fetes complete the programme.
Autumn kicks off with The Wrekin Barrel Race, when teams race to carry a nine-gallon beer barrel to the top of The Wrekin hill. In October, The Wellington Literary Festival heralds a month-long series of talks and workshops with nationally-known authors and broadcasters, alongside local writers and historians.
EDUCATION AND HEALTH SERVICES
Wellington is the main education centre for the borough. Wrekin College , New College Telford and Telford College of Arts and Technology (TCAT) are located around the outskirts of the town, along with several primary and secondary schools.
The Princess Royal Hospital – one of Shropshire's two main hospitals – is located just outside the town at Apley , as is the Severn Hospice. Within the town itself, Wellington Health Centre is the main GP practice, and the attractive former Cottage Hospital now houses popular day care facilities as Wellington Cottage Care.
Wellington railway station All Saints' Church in the
centre of Wellington. Built in 1790.
Wellington can be reached more easily than many
Wellington railway station was built in 1849 and has three platforms,
Arriva Trains Wales ,
London Midland and Virgin Trains (West
coast) providing northbound trains towards
In 1867, a branch line was opened to connect the town with Market Drayton . The Wellington and Market Drayton Railway operated for just under one hundred years before closure under the Beeching Axe in 1963. The line remained open for goods only services until 1967, when this service was also withdrawn. The track was lifted in the early 1970s.
A goods only link to a rail head at Donnington, on part of the former
Wellington is located at the western terminus of the M54 motorway Junction 7 and has good bus services making it one of the most accessible towns in Shropshire.
A number of community organisations are active in the town. Wellington's 'Walkers are Welcome' Group, for instance, organises regular walks around the area in addition to the annual Walking Festival, and Wellington H2A promote arts and heritage in the town through a range of events. Local history and heritage are also promoted by Wellington History Group and Wellington Civic Society. A twinning group exists to maintain links with Wellington's twin town of Chatenay-Malabry in France.
Amongst current community projects are the Peace Garden, started by local nonagenarian George Evans, and the ambitious project to reopen the former Clifton Cinema as a multi-purpose community-owned arts centre, since the building was vacated by previous occupants Dunelm in 2012.
The GEORGIA WILLIAMS TRUST is an active charity in the town which
raises money for various good causes and assists young people with
opportunities and training for a wide range of indoor and outdoor
activities. It is run by the family of local teenager Georgia
Williams, who was murdered at the age of 17 on 26 May 2013 in the home
of 22-year-old friend Jamie Reynolds. Her body was found in woodland
Main category: People from Wellington,
The town's literary claims to fame include it being the birthplace of
Other notable residents of the town and its hinterland include:
Richard Baxter (1615–1691), puritan church leader and scholar.
* Sir George Downing (1685–1749), politician, founder of Downing
College, Cambridge . He was brought up in the household of his
maternal aunt at Dothill Park, her husband being politician Sir
William Forester .
* ^ All Saints Church, Wellington
* ^ 'Wellington: Economic history', A History of the County of
Shropshire: Volume 11:
Telford (1985), pp. 222–232. Shropshire
market. Date accessed: 20 May 2008.
* ^ Historic