Wei River Valley
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The Wei River () is a major
river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water ...

river
in west-central China's
Gansu Gansu (, ; Chinese postal romanization, alternately romanized as Kansu) is a landlocked provinces of China, province in Northwest China. Its capital and largest city is Lanzhou, in the southeast part of the province. The seventh-largest administ ...

Gansu
and
Shaanxi Shaanxi (; , ; Chinese postal romanization, alternately Shensi) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Officially part of Northwest China, it borders the province-level divisions of Shanxi (NE, ...

Shaanxi
provinces. It is the largest tributary of the
Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the List of rivers by length, sixth-longest river system in ...
and very important in the early development of
Chinese civilization
Chinese civilization
. The source of the Wei River is close to Weiyuan County''Wei yuan'' meaning "Wei's source"in
Gansu province Gansu (; alternately romanized as Kansu) is a landlocked province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and ...
, less than from the Yellow River at
Lanzhou Lanzhou (, ; ; Chinese postal romanization, Postal romanisation: Lan-chou/Lan Chow) is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province (China), Province in Northwest China. Located on the banks of the Yellow River, it is a key regional transport ...

Lanzhou
. However, due to the sharp turn north the Yellow River takes in
Lanzhou Lanzhou (, ; ; Chinese postal romanization, Postal romanisation: Lan-chou/Lan Chow) is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province (China), Province in Northwest China. Located on the banks of the Yellow River, it is a key regional transport ...

Lanzhou
, the Wei and the Yellow River do not meet for more than further along the Yellow River's course. In a direct line, the Wei's source lies west of the main city along its course,
Xi'an Xi'an ( , ; ; Chinese: ), sometimes romanized as Sian, is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ( ...
in
Shaanxi province Shaanxi (; , ; Chinese postal romanization, alternately Shensi) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Officially part of Northwest China, it borders the province-level divisions of Shanxi (NE, ...
. The length of the river is and the area drained covers . The Wei River's tributaries include the Luo River,
Jing River The Jing River () or Jing He (Pinyin: ''Jīng Hé''), also called Jing Shui (), is a tributary of the Wei River (), which in turn is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. The Jing River flows for , with a basin area of . The river's flow va ...
,
Niutou RiverThe Niutou River () is a major tributary of the Wei River, streaming north-east of Tianshui and through the town of Qingshui County, Qingshui. The river has a total length of . References

{{China-river-stub Rivers of Gansu ...
,
Feng RiverFeng may refer to: *Feng (surname), one of several Chinese surnames in Mandarin: **Féng (surname) (wikt:冯 féng 2nd tone "gallop"), very common Chinese surname **Fèng (surname) (wikt:鳳 fèng 4th tone "phoenix"), relatively common Chinese famil ...
and the
Chishui River Chishui River () is a major tributary of the upper Yangtze. Its name literally means "red water river" because it shows reddish color in lower stream due to a large sediment concentration. With the source in Yunnan, Yunnan Province, it forms part ...
. The Wei River valley has a continental climate, with hot summers and cool, dry winters. It sits between the arid steppes and deserts to the north and the forests of the Qingling mountains. Its natural vegetation would be a steppe-forest, but it has been transformed by human activity and is mostly agricultural.


History

In Chinese mythology, the giant Kua Fu drained the
Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the List of rivers by length, sixth-longest river system in ...
and the Wei River to quench his burning thirst as he pursued the Sun. The valley of the Wei was one of the early cradles of Chinese civilization, along which the capitals of China, capitals of the Zhou Dynasty, Zhou, Qin Dynasty, Qin, Han Dynasty, Han, and Tang Dynasty, Tang Dynasties were situated. The area of Dingxi around its headwaters in Gansu has numerous stone age sites from various early cultures. The Wei Valley is likely the earliest center of Chinese civilization, and also the location of China's first major irrigation works. Some Chinese historians now believe the Wei is the ancient Jiang River that gave its name to the families of Shennong and the Yan emperor, two Chinese legendary heroes credited with the early development of agriculture there. As "China's natural gateway" to the west, the headwaters of the Wei River are also notable in the development of the Northern Silk Road. The Chinese segment of the Northern Silk Road connected Chang'an (then the capitals of China, capital of China) to the west via Baoji, Tianshui at the Wei's headwaters,
Lanzhou Lanzhou (, ; ; Chinese postal romanization, Postal romanisation: Lan-chou/Lan Chow) is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province (China), Province in Northwest China. Located on the banks of the Yellow River, it is a key regional transport ...

Lanzhou
, Dunhuang, and the Wushao Ling Mountain, before looping north of the Taklamakan Desert, Taklamakan on its way to Kashgar and the routes into Parthia. In September 2003 extensive rainfall led to flooding that caused over 30 fatalities, and temporarily displaced over 300,000 people. Ecological aspects of the Wei River have been examined with respect to flow rates in the Wei River. The Wei River Bridge (Weihe Qiao 渭河桥) featured in the design of the First series of the renminbi#¥5,000, 5000-yuan note of the first series of the renminbi, dated 1953, and shows a train passing over the bridge.


See also

*Guanzhong


References

{{Coord, 34, 36, 42, N, 110, 17, 20, E, source:dawiki_region:CN, display=title Rivers of Gansu Tributaries of the Yellow River Rivers of Shaanxi