HOME
The Info List - Wayō


--- Advertisement ---



Wayō
Wayō
(和様, lit. Japanese style) is the name given to a style developed in art and architecture in Japan during the Heian period, mainly by the esoteric sects Tendai
Tendai
and Shingon. Together with Zenshūyō
Zenshūyō
and Daibutsuyō, it is one of the three most significant styles developed by Japanese Buddhism on the basis of Chinese models. The name was coined later, during the Kamakura period
Kamakura period
when the other two styles were born.[1] Because by then the style was considered to be native, the term started to be used to distinguish older styles from those just arrived from China.[2] It was characterized by simplicity, refraining from ornamentation, use of natural timber and in general plain materials. Structurally, it was distinguished by a main hall divided in two parts, an outer area for novices and an inner area for initiates, a hip-and-gable roof covering both areas, a raised wooden floor instead of the tile or stone floors of earlier temples, extended eaves to cover the front steps; shingles or bark rather than tile roofing; and a disposition of the shichidō garan adapting to the natural environment, rather than following the symmetrical layouts prevalent for example in Zen
Zen
temples.[3][4] During the Heian period
Heian period
temples were built using only non-penetrating tie beams (nageshi (長押)) made to fit around columns and pillars and nailed. The daibutsuyō style, first, and the zenshūyō style, later, replaced them with penetrating tie-beams ( nuki (長押)), which actually pierced the column, and were therefore much more effective against earthquakes.[5][6] The nageshi was, however, retained as a purely decorative element.[7] Temples in this style, uninfluenced by the later styles, can be found mostly in the Kansai
Kansai
region, and particularly in Nara.

Contents

1 Shin-Wayō 2 See also 3 References 4 Bibliography

Shin-Wayō[edit] During the Muromachi period, the combination of wayō with elements of the daibutsuyō style became so frequent that sometimes it is called by scholars Shin-wayō (新和様, new wayō).[8] See also[edit]

Japanese Buddhist architecture
Japanese Buddhist architecture
- Heian period Daibutsuyō Setchūyō Zenshūyō

References[edit]

^ Parent, Mary Neighbour. Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. Wayou, retrieved on 4-17-11 ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:23) ^ Young & Young 2007, p=44 ^ Young, Young & Yew 2004, p=47 ^ Hamashima, Masashi (1999). Jisha Kenchiku no Kanshō Kiso Chishiki (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shibundō. p. 160.  ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:24-25) ^ Parent, Mary Neighbour. Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. Nageshi, retrieved on 4-6-11 ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:29)

Bibliography[edit]

Nishi, Kazuo; Hozumi, Kazuo (1996) [1983]. What is Japanese architecture? (illustrated ed.). Kodansha International. ISBN 4-7700-1992-0. Retrieved 2009-11-11.  Young, David; Young, Michiko (2007) [2004]. The art of Japanese architecture. Architecture and Interior Design (illustrated, revised ed.). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-8048-3838-0. Retrieved 2009-11-11.  Young, David; Young, Michiko Kimura; Yew, Tan Hong (2004). Introduction to Japanese architecture. Periplus Asian architecture (illustrated ed.). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-7946-0100-6. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 

v t e

Elements of Japanese architecture

Styles

Buddhist Buke Daibutsuyō Gassho Giyōfū Hachiman Hirairi Hiyoshi (Hie) Imperial Crown style
Imperial Crown style
(Teikanyōshiki) Irimoya Ishi-no-ma Kasuga Kibitsu Nagare Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen Setchūyō Shinden Shinmei Shinto Shoin Sukiya Sumiyoshi Taisha Wayō Zenshūyō

Model of Himeji Castle

Types of building

Butsuden Castle Chashitsu Dō Haiden Heiden Hokora Hōkyōintō Kura Kyōzō Machiya Main Hall Minka Setsumatsusha Shōrō Tahōtō Japanese pagoda Yagura

Roof styles

Hidden Irimoya Karahafu

Structural

Burdock piling Chigi Disordered piling Engawa Fusuma Hisashi Irimoya-zukuri Irori Jinmaku Katōmado Katsuogi Kuruwa Mokoshi Moya Nakazonae Namako wall Nightingale floor Onigawara Ranma Shōji (washi) Sōrin Tamagaki Tatami Tokonoma Tokyō Tsumairi Shibi

Gates Approaches

Genkan Kairō Karamon Mon Nijūmon Niōmon Rōmon Sandō Sanmon Sōmon Torii (Mihashira)

Rooms

Chashitsu Daidokoro Mizuya Shoin Toilets Washitsu

Furnishings

Butsudan Byōbu Chabudai Emakimono Furo Futon Getabako Kaidan dansu Kamado Kamidana Kichō Kotatsu Misu Noren Sudare Tamaya Tansu Zabuton Zafu

Outdoor objects

Chōzuya
Chōzuya
(Temizuya) Ishigantō Komainu Tōrō

Measurements

Ken Koku Ri Shaku Sun

Organizations

Architectural Institute of Japan Japan Institute of Architects Metabolist Movement

Related topics

Groups of Traditional Buildings Iki Japanese garden (rock (Zen)) Ryokan Sentō Wabi-sabi Yabo

National Treasures

Castles Residences Shrines Temples Other structures

v t e

Buddhist temples in Japan

Japanese Buddhist architecture

Architectonic elements

hidden roof hisashi irimoya kaerumata: see nakazonae kairō karahafu karesansui kentozuka: see nakazonae komainu katōmado mokoshi moya nakazonae Niō or Kongōrikishi sandō shichidō garan shōrō sōrin tokyō tōrō onigawara

Mon (gates)

karamon nijūmon niōmon rōmon sanmon sōmon torii

Buildings

Chinjusha chōzuya/temizuya -dō main hall (kon-dō, hon-dō, butsuden) kuri kyōzō or kyō-dō shoin

Japanese pagodas

gorintō hōkyōintō hōtō kasatōba sotōba muhōtō tahōtō

Styles

Daibutsuyō Wayō Setchūyō Shoin-zukuri Shin-Wayō Zenshūyō Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen
Zen
architecture

Others

A-un ken

Schools and objects of worship

Major schools

Jōdo Nichiren Shingon Tendai

Zen
Zen
schools

Sōtō Ōbaku Rinzai

Nanto rokushū

Jōjitsu Hossō Kusha Kegon Ritsu Sanron

Objects of worship

Amida Nyōrai Benzaiten Dainichi Nyorai Jizō Kannon Marishi-ten Shaka Nyorai Shitennō (Four Kings) Twelve Heavenly Generals
Twelve Heavenly Generals
(Jūni Shinshō) Yakushi Nyorai

Other elements

Implements

kei (ritual gong) mokugyō

Others

bussokuseki butsudan Glossary of Japanese Buddhism Japanese Buddhist pantheon jingū-ji miyadera saisenbako

Wikimedia Commons has media relat

.