HOME
The Info List - Wayō



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i)

Wayō
Wayō
(和様, lit. Japanese style) is the name given to a style developed in art and architecture in Japan during the Heian period , mainly by the esoteric sects Tendai
Tendai
and Shingon
Shingon
. Together with Zenshūyō
Zenshūyō
and Daibutsuyō
Daibutsuyō
, it is one of the three most significant styles developed by Japanese Buddhism on the basis of Chinese models.

The name was coined later, during the Kamakura period
Kamakura period
when the other two styles were born. Because by then the style was considered to be native, the term started to be used to distinguish older styles from those just arrived from China. It was characterized by simplicity, refraining from ornamentation, use of natural timber and in general plain materials. Structurally, it was distinguished by a main hall divided in two parts, an outer area for novices and an inner area for initiates, a hip-and-gable roof covering both areas, a raised wooden floor instead of the tile or stone floors of earlier temples, extended eaves to cover the front steps; shingles or bark rather than tile roofing; and a disposition of the shichidō garan adapting to the natural environment, rather than following the symmetrical layouts prevalent for example in Zen
Zen
temples.

During the Heian period temples were built using only non-penetrating tie beams (nageshi (長押)) made to fit around columns and pillars and nailed. The daibutsuyō style, first, and the zenshūyō style, later, replaced them with penetrating tie-beams ( nuki (長押)), which actually pierced the column, and were therefore much more effective against earthquakes. The nageshi was, however, retained as a purely decorative element.

Temples in this style, uninfluenced by the later styles, can be found mostly in the Kansai
Kansai
region, and particularly in Nara .

CONTENTS

* 1 Shin- Wayō
Wayō
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Bibliography

SHIN-WAYō

During the Muromachi period , the combination of wayō with elements of the daibutsuyō style became so frequent that sometimes it is called by scholars Shin-wayō (新和様, new wayō).

SEE ALSO

* Japanese Buddhist architecture - Heian period * Daibutsuyō
Daibutsuyō
* Setchūyō * Zenshūyō
Zenshūyō

REFERENCES

* ^ Parent, Mary Neighbour. Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System . Wayou, retrieved on 4-17-11 * ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:23) * ^ Young & Young 2007 , p=44 * ^ Young, Young & Yew 2004 , p=47 * ^ Hamashima, Masashi (1999). Jisha Kenchiku no Kanshō Kiso Chishiki (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shibundō. p. 160. * ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:24-25) * ^ Parent, Mary Neighbour. Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System . Nageshi, retrieved on 4-6-11 * ^ Nishi, Hozumi (1996:29)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Nishi, Kazuo; Hozumi, Kazuo (1996) . What is Japanese architecture? (illustrated ed.). Kodansha International. ISBN 4-7700-1992-0 . Retrieved 2009-11-11. * Young, David; Young, Michiko (2007) . The art of Japanese architecture. Architecture and Interior Design (illustrated, revised ed.). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-8048-3838-0 . Retrieved 2009-11-11. * Young, David; Young, Michiko Kimura; Yew, Tan Hong (2004). Introduction to Japanese architecture. Periplus Asian architecture (illustrated ed.). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-7946-0100-6 . Retrieved 2010-01-11.

* v * t * e

Elements of Japanese architecture

STYLES

* Buddhist * Buke * Daibutsuyō
Daibutsuyō
* Gassho * Giyōfū * Hachiman * Hirairi * Hiyoshi (Hie) * Imperial Crown style (Teikanyōshiki) * Irimoya * Ishi-no-ma * Kasuga * Kibitsu * Nagare * Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen
Zen
* Setchūyō * Shinden * Shinmei * Shinto * Shoin
Shoin
* Sukiya * Sumiyoshi * Taisha * Wayō * Zenshūyō
Zenshūyō

Model of Himeji Castle

TYPES OF BUILDING

* Butsuden * Castle * Chashitsu * Dō * Haiden * Heiden * Hokora
Hokora
* Hōkyōintō * Kura * Kyōzō * Machiya * Main Hall * Minka * Setsumatsusha
Setsumatsusha
* Shōrō
Shōrō
* Tahōtō * Japanese pagoda * Yagura

ROOF STYLES

* Hidden * Irimoya * Karahafu
Karahafu

STRUCTURAL

* Burdock piling
Burdock piling
* Chigi * Disordered piling * Engawa
Engawa
* Fusuma
Fusuma
* Hisashi * Irimoya-zukuri * Irori
Irori
* Jinmaku
Jinmaku
* Katōmado * Katsuogi * Kuruwa * Mokoshi * Moya * Nakazonae
Nakazonae
* Namako wall
Namako wall
* Nightingale floor * Onigawara * Ranma * Shōji
Shōji
(washi ) * Sōrin * Tamagaki * Tatami * Tokonoma
Tokonoma
* Tokyō * Tsumairi * Shibi

* Gates * Approaches

* Genkan * Kairō
Kairō
* Karamon
Karamon
* Mon * Nijūmon * Niōmon * Rōmon
Rōmon
* Sandō
Sandō
* Sanmon
Sanmon
* Sōmon * Torii
Torii
(Mihashira )

ROOMS

* Chashitsu * Daidokoro * Mizuya
Mizuya
* Shoin
Shoin
* Toilets * Washitsu

FURNISHINGS

* Butsudan
Butsudan
* Byōbu * Chabudai * Emakimono * Furo * Futon * Getabako * Kaidan dansu * Kamado * Kamidana * Kichō * Kotatsu
Kotatsu
* Misu * Noren * Sudare
Sudare
* Tamaya * Tansu * Zabuton * Zafu

OUTDOOR OBJECTS

* Chōzuya
Chōzuya
(Temizuya) * Ishigantō * Komainu * Tōrō

MEASUREMENTS

* Ken * Koku * Ri * Shaku * Sun

ORGANIZATIONS

* Architectural Institute of Japan
Architectural Institute of Japan
* Japan Institute of Architects * Metabolist Movement

RELATED TOPICS

* Groups of Traditional Buildings
Groups of Traditional Buildings
* Iki * Japanese garden (rock (Zen) ) * Ryokan * Sentō
Sentō
* Wabi-sabi * Yabo

NATIONAL TREASURES

* Castles * Residences * Shrines * Temples * Other structures

* v * t * e

Buddhist temples in Japan

JAPANESE BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTONIC ELEMENTS

* hidden roof * hisashi * irimoya * kaerumata: see nakazonae * kairō * karahafu * karesansui * kentozuka: see nakazonae * komainu * katōmado * mokoshi * moya * nakazonae * Niō or Kongōrikishi * sandō * shichidō garan * shōrō * sōrin * tokyō * tōrō * onigawara

MON (GATES)

* karamon * nijūmon * niōmon * rōmon * sanmon * sōmon * torii

BUILDINGS

* Chinjusha
Chinjusha
* chōzuya/temizuya * -dō * main hall (kon-dō, hon-dō, butsuden) * kuri * kyōzō or kyō-dō * shoin

JAPANESE PAGODAS

* gorintō * hōkyōintō * hōtō * kasatōba * sotōba * muhōtō * tahōtō

STYLES

* Daibutsuyō
Daibutsuyō
* Wayō * Setchūyō * Shoin-zukuri * Shin-Wayō * Zenshūyō
Zenshūyō
* Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen
Zen
architecture

OTHERS

* A-un * ken

SCHOOLS AND OBJECTS OF WORSHIP

MAJOR SCHOOLS

* Jōdo * Nichiren * Shingon
Shingon
* Tendai
Tendai

ZEN SCHOOLS

* Sōtō
Sōtō
* Ōbaku
Ōbaku
* Rinzai

NANTO ROKUSHū

* Jōjitsu * Hossō * Kusha * Kegon * Ritsu * Sanron

OBJECTS OF WORSHIP

* Amida Nyōrai * Benzaiten
Benzaiten
* Dainichi Nyorai * Jizō * Kannon * Marishi-ten * Shaka Nyorai * Shitennō (Four Kings) * Twelve Heavenly Generals (Jūni Shinshō) * Yakushi Nyorai

OTHER ELEMENTS

IMPLEMENTS

* kei (ritual gong) * mokugyō

OTHERS

* bussokuseki * butsudan * Glossary of Japanese Buddhism * Japanese Buddhist pantheon * jingū-ji * miyadera * saisenbako

Wikimedia Commons has media related to WAYō .

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Wayō
Wayō
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Heian_period /wiki/Esoteric_Buddhism /wiki/Tendai /wiki/Shingon /wiki/Zensh%C5%ABy%C5%8D