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Coordinates: 52°59′12″N 3°1′43″W / 52.98667°N 3.02861°W / 52.98667; -3.02861

Wat's Dyke
Wat's Dyke
in brown; Offa's Dyke
Offa's Dyke
in red

Wat's Dyke
Wat's Dyke
(Welsh: Clawdd Wat) is a 40-mile (64 km) earthwork running through the northern Welsh Marches
Welsh Marches
from Basingwerk Abbey
Basingwerk Abbey
on the River Dee estuary, passing to the east of Oswestry
Oswestry
and on to Maesbury
Maesbury
in Shropshire, England. It runs generally parallel to Offa's Dyke, sometimes within a few yards but never more than three miles away. It now appears insignificant, sometimes a raised hedgerow and in other places is now no more than a cropmark, the ditch long since filled in and the bank ploughed away, but originally it was a considerable construction, considered to be more sophisticated than Offa's Dyke.[1]

Contents

1 Construction and siting 2 Dating controversy 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Construction and siting[edit] It consists of the usual bank and ditch of an ancient dyke, with the ditch on the western side, meaning that the dyke faces Wales
Wales
and by implication can be seen as protecting the English lands to the east. The placement of the dyke in the terrain also shows that care was taken to provide clear views to the west and to use local features to the best defensive advantage. Dating controversy[edit] The dyke was previously thought to date to the early 8th century, constructed by Aethelbald king of Mercia
Mercia
who reigned from 716 to 757. Aethelbald's successor, Offa, built the dyke which carries his name at some point during his reign (757 to 796). Excavations in the 1990s at Maes-y-Clawdd near Oswestry
Oswestry
uncovered the remains of a small fire site together with eroded shards of Romano-British
Romano-British
pottery and quantities of charcoal, which have been dated to between 411 and 561 AD (centered around 446 AD).[2] This evidence would seem to place the building of the dyke in the era of the post-Roman kingdom whose capital was at Wroxeter
Wroxeter
(just south of modern-day Shrewsbury) about 10 miles to the east.[1] The dating of the fire site and hence the dyke has been disputed, and it has been suggested that owing to the difficulties inherent in radiocarbon dating, this single date cannot be trusted and also that the dyke could easily have been built on top of the fire site at a later date.[3] Excavations in 2006 suggested a much later date of 792-852, and the earlier date is now thought to relate to a fire site which preceded the dyke. A likely context for construction is the 820s, when the Mercian king Coenwulf was fighting against a resurgent Welsh threat.[4] See also[edit]

Wales
Wales
portal

Offa's Dyke Scots' Dike
Scots' Dike
three and a half mile linear earthwork, in 1552 to mark the division of the Debatable lands
Debatable lands
and thereby settle the exact boundary between the Kingdoms of Scotland and England. Silesia Walls

References[edit]

^ a b Keith Nurse (2001). "Wat's In A Name?".  ^ Editor: Simon Denison (November 1999). "British Archaeology Issue 49". CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Keith J. Matthews (c. 2000). "Dating Wat's Dyke".  ^ " Wat's Dyke
Wat's Dyke
Dated: Was it Coenwulf's Dyke?" British Archaeology, Nov./Dec. 2007

Further reading[edit]

Blake, Steve and Scott, Lloyd (2003): The Keys to Avalon: The True Location of Arthur’s Kingdom Revealed. Revised Edition, published by Rider. Hannaford, H. R. (1998): "Archaeological Excavations on Wat’s Dyke at Maes-y-Clawdd," Archaeology Service, Shropshire
Shropshire
County Council, report no. 132, December 1997. Worthington, Margaret (1997): '"Wat’s Dyke: An Archaeological and Historical Enigma," Bulletin John Rylands Library, Manchester, Vol 79, no. 3, 1997.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wat's Dyke.

[1] - trail following the Dyke www.geograph.co.uk - photos o

.