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A WAT (Thai : วัด, pronounced ; Lao : ວັດ vad; Khmer : វត្ត wōat) is a Buddhist temple in Thailand
Thailand
, Cambodia
Cambodia
or Laos
Laos
. The term is borrowed from Pali
Pali
vatta, "which goes on or is customary, i. e. duty, service, custom, function".

CONTENTS

* 1 Introduction * 2 Types * 3 Structure

* 4 Examples

* 4.1 Cambodia
Cambodia
* 4.2 Laos
Laos
* 4.3 Thailand
Thailand
* 4.4 Malaysia

* 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References

INTRODUCTION

Front of Wat
Wat
Mahathat in Luang Prabang , Laos
Laos

Strictly speaking a wat is a Buddhist sacred precinct with a vihara (quarters for bhikkhus ), a temple, an edifice housing a large image of Buddha and a structure for lessons. A site without a minimum of three resident bhikkhus cannot correctly be described as a wat although the term is frequently used more loosely, even for ruins of ancient temples. As a transitive or intransitive verb, wat means to measure, to take measurements; compare templum, from which temple derives, having the same root as template.

In everyday language in Thailand, a wat is any place of worship except a mosque (Thai สุเหร่า surao or มัสยิด masayit ) or a synagogue (Thai สุเหร่ายิว - surao yiw). Thus a wat chin (วัดจีน) or san chao (ศาลเจ้า) is a Chinese temple (either Buddhist or Taoist ), wat khaek (วัดแขก) or Thewasathan (เทวสถาน) is a Hindu temple and bot khrit (โบสถ์คริสต์) or wat farang (วัดฝรั่ง) is a Christian church, though Thai โบสถ์ (โบสถ์ bot) may be used descriptively as with mosques.

In Cambodia, a wat is used to refer to all kinds of places of worship. Technically, wat generally refers to a Buddhist place of worship, but the technical term is វត្តពុទ្ធសាសនា wat putthasasana. A Christian church can be referred as វិហារយេស៊ូ vihear Yesaou or "Jesus vihear". Angkor Wat អង្គរវត្ត means "city of temples".

TYPES

The facade to the Phra wihan Luang (meeting hall) at Wat
Wat
Suthat, one of the Buddhist temples in Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand

According to Thai law, Thai Buddhist temples are of two types:

* WAT (วัด; wat) are temples which have been endorsed by the state and have been granted wisungkhamasima (วิสุงคามสีมา), or the land for establishing central hall , by the king. These temples are divided into:

* Royal temples (พระอารามหลวง; phra aram luang), established or patronised by the king or his family members. * Private temples (วัดราษฎร์; wat rat), established by private citizens. Despite the term "private", private temples are opened to the public and are sites of public religious activities also.

* SAMNAK SONG (สำนักสงฆ์; samnak song) are temples without state endorsement and wisungkhamasima.

STRUCTURE

A close-up of the main Chedi in Wat Phra Mahathat , Nakhon Si Thammarat

A typical Buddhist wat consists of the following buildings:

* CHAIDEI (Khmer : ចេតិយ) or CHEDI (Thai : เจดีย์, Lao : ເຈດີ; from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: chaitya, temple) or THAT (Lao : ທາດ) - usually conical or bell-shaped buildings, often containing relics of Buddha * VIHEAR (Khmer : វិហារ) or WIHAN (Thai : วิหาร, Lao : ວິຫານ; from Sanskrit: vihara ) - a meeting and prayer room * MONDOP (Thai : มณฑป; from Sanskrit: Mandapa ) - a usually open, square building with four arches and a pyramidal roof, used to worship religious texts or objects * SALA (Khmer : សាលា, Thai : ศาลา, Lao : ສາລາ; from Sanskrit: Shala - School, from an earlier meaning of shelter) - a pavilion for relaxation or miscellaneous activities * BOT (Thai : โบสถ์) or UBOSOT (อุโบสถ; from Pali
Pali
uposatha ) or SIM (Lao : ສິມ) - the holiest prayer room, also called the "ordination hall" as it is where new monks take their vows. Architecturally it is similar to the vihara; the main differences are the eight cornerstones placed around the bot to ward off evil. The bot is usually more decorated than the wihan. * HO TRAI (Thai : หอไตร, Lao : ຫໍໄຕ) - library where Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
are kept * DRUM TOWER (Thai : หอกลอง, Lao : ຫໍກອງ) * BELL TOWER (Thai : หอระฆัง, Lao : ຫໍລະຄັງ) * MULTIPURPOSE HALL (Thai : ศาลาการเปรียญ, study hall) is a building in a wat. In the past this hall was only for monks to study in.

The living quarters of the monks, including the kut, kutti, kuti or Kati (Thai : กุฏิ, Lao : ກຸຕິ, ກະຕິ; monk cells) are separated from the sacred buildings.

The roofs of Thai temples are often adorned with chofas .

EXAMPLES

Look up WAT in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Some well-known WATS include:

CAMBODIA

* Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
, Siem Reap * Wat
Wat
Preah Keo , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Botum Vathey , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Moha Montrey , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat
Wat
Ounalaom , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Phnom , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Bakan , Pursat

LAOS

* Pha That Luang , Vientiane
Vientiane
, Laos
Laos
* Wat Xieng Thong , Luang Prabang

THAILAND

Main article: Thai temple art and architecture

* BANGKOK

* Wat Suthat
Wat Suthat
, Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand
* Wat Benchamabophit
Wat Benchamabophit
(The Marble Temple) * Wat Ratchanatdaram * Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew
* Wat Arun * Wat
Wat
Bowonniwet Vihara * Wat Pho * Wat Saket

* LAN NA (NORTHERN THAILAND)

* Wat Phra That Doi Suthep , Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai
* Wat Chiang Man , Chiang Mai * Wat Chedi Luang , Chiang Mai * Wat Phra Singh
Wat Phra Singh
, Chiang Mai * Wat Phra That Lampang Luang , Lampang
Lampang
* Wat Phumin
Wat Phumin
, Nan, Thailand
Thailand

* OTHER REGIONS

* Phra Pathommachedi , Nakhon Pathom

MALAYSIA

* Wat Phothivihan
Wat Phothivihan
, Kelantan * Wat Chaiya Mangkalaram , Penang
Penang

GALLERY

This section contains what may be an unencyclopedic or excessive GALLERY OF IMAGES. Galleries containing indiscriminate images of the article subject are discouraged ; please improve or remove the section accordingly. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

*

Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Wat
Wat
Peapat, Battambang, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Wat
Wat
Phnom, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Two wihans and a chedi at Wat
Wat
Phra That Chang Kham, Nan, Thailand
Thailand
*

Chedi and wihan at Wat
Wat
Suan Tan, Nan, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Phra Kaew, Bangkok, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Phrathat Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang, Laos
Laos

SEE ALSO

* Pura , Balinese temples * Candi , temples of ancient Indonesia
Indonesia
, especially Java
Java
* Kyaung , Burmese monastery

REFERENCES

* ^ http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.3:1:993.pali.753563 The Pali
Pali
Text Society's Pali-English dictionary * ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศกระทรวงธรรมการ แผนกกรมสังฆการี เรื่อง จัดระเบียบพระอารามหลวง, เล่ม ๓๒, ตอน ๐ ก, ๓ ตุลาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๘, หน้า ๒๘๔

* v * t * e

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vow * Prātimokṣa
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Bodhi
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Buddhahood
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* Sotāpanna * Sakadagami * Anāgāmi * Arhat
Arhat

MONASTICISM

* Bhikkhu * Bhikkhuni * Śrāmaṇera * Śrāmaṇerī * Anagarika * Ajahn * Sayadaw * Zen master
Zen master
* Rōshi * Lama
Lama
* Rinpoche * Geshe * Tulku * Householder * Upāsaka and Upāsikā

* Śrāvaka

* The ten principal disciples

* Shaolin Monastery

MAJOR FIGURES

* Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
* Kaundinya * Assaji * Sāriputta * Mahamoggallāna * Mulian * Ānanda * Mahākassapa * Anuruddha * Mahākaccana * Nanda * Subhuti * Punna * Upali
Upali
* Mahapajapati Gotamī * Khema
Khema
* Uppalavanna * Asita
Asita
* Channa * Yasa * Buddhaghoṣa * Nagasena
Nagasena
* Angulimala
Angulimala
* Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma
* Nagarjuna * Asanga * Vasubandhu * Atiśa * Padmasambhava * Nichiren
Nichiren
* Songtsen Gampo * Emperor Wen of Sui * Dalai Lama
Lama
* Panchen Lama
Lama
* Karmapa * Shamarpa * Naropa
Naropa
* Xuanzang
Xuanzang
* Zhiyi

TEXTS

* Tripiṭaka * Madhyamakālaṃkāra * Mahayana sutras * Pāli Canon
Pāli Canon
* Chinese Buddhist canon
Chinese Buddhist canon
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Tibetan Buddhist canon

BRANCHES

* Theravada
Theravada

* Mahayana
Mahayana

* Chan Buddhism
Buddhism

* Zen
Zen
* Seon * Thiền

* Pure Land * Tiantai
Tiantai
* Nichiren
Nichiren
* Madhyamaka * Yogachara

* Navayana

* Vajrayana
Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Dzogchen

* Early Buddhist schools * Pre-sectarian Buddhism
Buddhism
* Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna
Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

COUNTRIES

* Afghanistan * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Cambodia
Cambodia
* China * India * Indonesia
Indonesia
* Japan * Korea * Laos
Laos
* Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Pakistan * Philippines

* Russia

* Kalmykia

* Singapore * Sri Lanka * Taiwan * Thailand
Thailand
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HISTORY

* Timeline * Ashoka
Ashoka
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Buddhist councils

* History of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

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in India

* Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution * Greco- Buddhism
Buddhism
* Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world * Buddhism
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in the West * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism
Buddhism
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Buddhist crisis
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Buddhist modernism
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Buddhism

PHILOSOPHY

* Abhidharma * Atomism * Buddhology * Creator * Economics * Eight Consciousnesses
Eight Consciousnesses
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Buddhism
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Buddhism
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CULTURE

* Architecture

* Temple
Temple
* Vihara * Wat * Stupa
Stupa
* Pagoda
Pagoda
* Candi * Dzong architecture * Japanese Buddhist architecture
Buddhist architecture
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Buddhist architecture

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Bodhi
Tree * Budai * Buddharupa * Calendar * Cuisine * Funeral

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Vesak
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Magha Puja
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Asalha Puja
* Vassa

* Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
* Kasaya * Mahabodhi Temple
Temple

* Mantra
Mantra

* Om mani padme hum
Om mani padme hum

* Mudra
Mudra
* Music

* Pilgrimage

* Lumbini
Lumbini
* Maya Devi Temple
Temple
* Bodh Gaya * Sarnath * Kushinagar
Kushinagar

* Poetry * Prayer beads * Prayer wheel

* Symbolism

* Dharmachakra
Dharmachakra
* Flag * Bhavacakra * Swastika
Swastika
* Thangka

* Temple
Temple
of the Tooth * Vegetarianism

MISCELLANEOUS

* Abhijñā * Amitābha

* Avalokiteśvara

* Guanyin
Guanyin

* Brahmā * Dhammapada
Dhammapada
* Dharma
Dharma
talk * Hinayana
Hinayana
* Kalpa * Koliya * Lineage * Maitreya
Maitreya
* Māra * Ṛddhi

* Sacred languages

* Pali
Pali
* Sanskrit
Sanskrit

* Siddhi * Sutra * Vinaya

COMPARISON

* Bahá\'í Faith

* Christianity
Christianity

* Influences * Comparison

* East Asian religions * Gnosticism * Hinduism
Hinduism
* Jainism * Judaism * Psychology * Science * Theosophy * Violence * Western philosophy

LISTS

* Bodhisattvas * Books

* Buddhas

* named

* Buddhists * Suttas * Temples

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Religion in Thailand
Thailand

BUDDHISM

SCHOOLS AND MOVEMENTS

* Theravada
Theravada
* Maha Nikaya * Dhammayuttika Nikaya * Forest Tradition * Dhammakaya Movement * Santi Asoke

OTHER TOPICS

* Thai temple art and architecture * Wat * List of temples

* Buddha images

* Art history

* Supreme Patriarch * Mae ji

OTHER RELIGIONS

* Christianity
Christianity

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Thailand
Bible Society

* Hinduism
Hinduism
* Islam * Judaism * Sikhism

OTHER TOPICS

* Freedom of religion * Spirit house

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