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A WAT (Thai : วัด, pronounced ; Lao : ວັດ vad; Khmer : វត្ត wōat) is a type of Buddhist temple and Hindu temple
Hindu temple
in Thailand
Thailand
, Cambodia
Cambodia
or Laos
Laos
. The term is borrowed from Pali
Pali
vatta, "which goes on or is customary, i. e. duty, service, custom, function".

CONTENTS

* 1 Introduction * 2 Types * 3 Structure

* 4 Examples

* 4.1 Cambodia
Cambodia
* 4.2 Laos
Laos
* 4.3 Thailand
Thailand
* 4.4 Malaysia

* 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References

INTRODUCTION

Front of Wat
Wat
Mahathat in Luang Prabang , Laos
Laos

Strictly speaking a wat is a Buddhist sacred precinct with a vihara (quarters for bhikkhus ), a temple, an edifice housing a large image of Buddha and a structure for lessons. A site without a minimum of three resident bhikkhus cannot correctly be described as a wat although the term is frequently used more loosely, even for ruins of ancient temples. As a transitive or intransitive verb, wat means to measure, to take measurements; compare templum, from which temple derives, having the same root as template.

In everyday language in Thailand, a wat is any place of worship except a mosque (Thai สุเหร่า surao or มัสยิด masayit ) or a synagogue (Thai สุเหร่ายิว - surao yiw). Thus a wat chin (วัดจีน) or san chao (ศาลเจ้า) is a Chinese temple (either Buddhist or Taoist ), wat khaek (วัดแขก) or Thewasathan (เทวสถาน) is a Hindu temple
Hindu temple
and bot khrit (โบสถ์คริสต์) or wat farang (วัดฝรั่ง) is a Christian church, though Thai โบสถ์ (โบสถ์ bot) may be used descriptively as with mosques.

In Cambodia, a wat is used to refer to all kinds of places of worship. Technically, wat generally refers to a Buddhist place of worship, but the technical term is វត្តពុទ្ធសាសនា wat putthasasana. A Christian church can be referred as វិហារយេស៊ូ vihear Yesaou or "Jesus vihear". Angkor Wat អង្គរវត្ត means "city of temples".

TYPES

The facade to the Phra wihan Luang (meeting hall) at Wat
Wat
Suthat, one of the Buddhist temples in Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand

According to Thai law, Thai Buddhist temples are of two types:

* WAT (วัด; wat) are temples which have been endorsed by the state and have been granted wisungkhamasima (วิสุงคามสีมา), or the land for establishing central hall , by the king. These temples are divided into:

* Royal temples (พระอารามหลวง; phra aram luang), established or patronised by the king or his family members. * Private temples (วัดราษฎร์; wat rat), established by private citizens. Despite the term "private", private temples are opened to the public and are sites of public religious activities also.

* SAMNAK SONG (สำนักสงฆ์; samnak song) are temples without state endorsement and wisungkhamasima.

STRUCTURE

A close-up of the main Chedi in Wat Phra Mahathat , Nakhon Si Thammarat

A typical Buddhist wat consists of the following buildings:

* CHAIDEI (Khmer : ចេតិយ) or CHEDI (Thai : เจดีย์, Lao : ເຈດີ; from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: chaitya, temple) or THAT (Lao : ທາດ) - usually conical or bell-shaped buildings, often containing relics of Buddha * VIHEAR (Khmer : វិហារ) or WIHAN (Thai : วิหาร, Lao : ວິຫານ; from Sanskrit: vihara ) - a meeting and prayer room * MONDOP (Thai : มณฑป; from Sanskrit: Mandapa ) - a usually open, square building with four arches and a pyramidal roof, used to worship religious texts or objects * SALA (Khmer : សាលា, Thai : ศาลา, Lao : ສາລາ; from Sanskrit: Shala - School, from an earlier meaning of shelter) - a pavilion for relaxation or miscellaneous activities * BOT (Thai : โบสถ์) or UBOSOT (อุโบสถ; from Pali
Pali
uposatha ) or SIM (Lao : ສິມ) - the holiest prayer room, also called the "ordination hall" as it is where new monks take their vows. Architecturally it is similar to the vihara; the main differences are the eight cornerstones placed around the bot to ward off evil. The bot is usually more decorated than the wihan. * HO TRAI (Thai : หอไตร, Lao : ຫໍໄຕ) - library where Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
are kept * DRUM TOWER (Thai : หอกลอง, Lao : ຫໍກອງ) * BELL TOWER (Thai : หอระฆัง, Lao : ຫໍລະຄັງ) * MULTIPURPOSE HALL (Thai : ศาลาการเปรียญ, study hall) is a building in a wat. In the past this hall was only for monks to study in.

The living quarters of the monks, including the kut, kutti, kuti or Kati (Thai : กุฏิ, Lao : ກຸຕິ, ກະຕິ; monk cells) are separated from the sacred buildings.

The roofs of Thai temples are often adorned with chofas .

EXAMPLES

Look up WAT in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Some well-known WATS include:

CAMBODIA

* Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
, Siem Reap * Wat
Wat
Preah Keo , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Botum Vattey , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Moha Montrey , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat
Wat
Ounalaom , Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Phnom
Wat Phnom
, Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
* Wat Bakan , Pursat
Pursat

LAOS

* Pha That Luang , Vientiane , Laos
Laos
* Wat Xieng Thong
Wat Xieng Thong
, Luang Prabang

THAILAND

Main article: Thai temple art and architecture
Thai temple art and architecture

* BANGKOK

* Wat Suthat , Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand
* Wat Benchamabophit
Wat Benchamabophit
(The Marble Temple) * Wat Ratchanatdaram
Wat Ratchanatdaram
* Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew
* Wat Arun * Wat
Wat
Bowonniwet Vihara
Vihara
* Wat Pho * Wat Saket
Wat Saket

* LAN NA (NORTHERN THAILAND)

* Wat Phra That Doi Suthep , Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai
* Wat Chiang Man
Wat Chiang Man
, Chiang Mai * Wat Chedi Luang
Wat Chedi Luang
, Chiang Mai * Wat Phra Singh
Wat Phra Singh
, Chiang Mai * Wat Phra That Lampang Luang
Wat Phra That Lampang Luang
, Lampang
Lampang
* Wat Phumin , Nan, Thailand
Thailand

* OTHER REGIONS

* Phra Pathommachedi , Nakhon Pathom

MALAYSIA

* Wat Phothivihan , Kelantan * Wat Chaiya Mangkalaram , Penang
Penang

GALLERY

This section contains what may be an unencyclopedic or excessive GALLERY OF IMAGES. Galleries containing indiscriminate images of the article subject are discouraged ; please improve or remove the section accordingly. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

*

Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Wat
Wat
Peapat, Battambang, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Wat
Wat
Phnom, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Cambodia
*

Two wihans and a chedi at Wat
Wat
Phra That Chang Kham, Nan, Thailand
Thailand
*

Chedi and wihan at Wat
Wat
Suan Tan, Nan, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Phra Kaew, Bangkok, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Phrathat Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Thailand
*

Wat
Wat
Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang, Laos
Laos

SEE ALSO

* Pura , Balinese temples * Candi , temples of ancient Indonesia
Indonesia
, especially Java
Java
* Kyaung
Kyaung
, Burmese monastery

REFERENCES

* ^ http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.3:1:993.pali.753563 The Pali
Pali
Text Society's Pali-English dictionary * ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศกระทรวงธรรมการ แผนกกรมสังฆการี เรื่อง จัดระเบียบพระอารามหลวง, เล่ม ๓๒, ตอน ๐ ก, ๓ ตุลาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๘, หน้า ๒๘๔

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