WARANGAL pronunciation (help ·info ) is a city and district
Warangal Urban District and
Warangal Rural District 's
Indian state of
Warangal is the second largest city
Hyderabad , spreading across 406.87 km2 (157 sq mi)
with a population of 811,844. Along with 11 other cities in the
country having rich culture and heritage, it has been chosen for the
HRIDAY – Heritage
City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme by
the Government of
India . It was also selected as a smart city in the
"fast-track competition", which makes it eligible for additional
investment to improve urban infrastructure and industrial
opportunities under the
Smart Cities Mission .
Warangal served as the capital of the
Kakatiya dynasty which was
established in 1163. The monuments left by the Kakatiyas include
fortresses, lakes, temples, and stone gateways helped the city to
become a significant tourist attraction. The Kakatiya Kala Thoranam
was included in the Emblem of
Telangana by the state government. The
city along with its two neighborhoods of
Kazipet , is
often referred as 'Tri City'.
* 1 Etymology
* 3 Geography and climate
* 4 Governance
* 4.1 Civic administration
* 4.2 Law and order
* 4.3 Healthcare
* 5 Economy
* 6.1 Roadway
* 6.3 Airway
* 8 Culture
* 9 References
* 10 Further reading
* 11 External links
During Kakatiyan rule, the city was referred with various names like
Orugallu, Ekasila Nagaram, or Omatikonda all these means a 'single
stone' referring to a huge granite boulder present in the Warangal
fort. When the kakatiyan dynasty was defeated by
Delhi Sultanate in
1323, ruler Juna khan conquered the city and renamed it as Sultanpur
Warangal years ago
Warangal Fort Kakatiyas well at warangal
Warangal was the ancient capital of kakatiya dynasty. It was ruled by
many kings such as BetaRaja I, ProlaRaja I, BetaRaja II, ProlaRaja II,
Mahadeva , Ganapathideva,
Prataparudra and Rani Rudrama
Devi who is the only woman to rule over Telugu region. Beta Raja I is
the founder of Kakatiya Dynasty and ruled the kingdom for 30 years and
was succeeded by his son Prola Raja I who shifted his capital to
During the rule of Ganapathideva, the capital was shifted from
Hanamkonda to Warangal. Kakatiya Period Inscriptions praised Warangal
as best city within all of telugu region up to shores of the Ocean.
The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress,
four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to
Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and
administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by Marco
Polo . After the defeat of
Prataparudra II , the Musunuri Nayaks
united 72 Nayak chieftains and captured
Warangal from Delhi Sultanate
and ruled for fifty years. After the demise of the Nayaks, Warangal
was part of the
Bahmani Sultanate and then the Sultanate of
The Mughal emperor
Golconda in 1687, and it
remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the
empire split away to become the state of
Hyderabad in 1724, which
Telangana region and some parts of
Hyderabad was annexed to
India in 1948, and became an
Indian state called as
Hyderabad state. In 1956
Hyderabad state was
partitioned as part of the
States Reorganisation Act , and Telangana,
the Telugu -speaking region of
Hyderabad state, which includes
Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh. After the
Telangana state was formed on 2 June 2014, warangal became part of
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
15 30 16
5 33 18
5 37 22
7 40 26
15 42 28
50 37 28
85 32 25
170 31 25
160 33 23
70 33 22
10 31 18
0 30 15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
0.6 86 61
0.2 91 64
0.2 99 72
0.3 104 79
0.6 108 82
2 99 82
3.3 90 77
6.7 88 77
6.3 91 73
2.8 91 72
0.4 88 64
0 86 59
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Bhadrakali Lake Pakhal lake]]
Warangal is located at 18°00′N 79°35′E / 18.0°N
79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58 . It has an average elevation of 302 metres
(990 feet). It is settled in the eastern part of
Deccan Plateau made
up of granite rocks and hill formations which left the region barren
making the cultivation depend on seasonal rainfalls. There are no
river flows nearby warangal, which makes it to rely on Kakatiya Canal
which originates from
Sriram Sagar Project to meet the drinking water
requirements. Located in the semi-arid region of Telangana, Warangal
has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summer starts in March, and
peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F)
range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with
about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in
October and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity
and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Many
hill rocks and lakes are located around warangal. Padmakshi hill and
Govinda Rajula Gutta are two famous hills with temples.
Bhadrakali Lake ,
Dharmasagar lake and
Waddepally Lake are the three
famous lakes which adds scenic beauty and also are the major sources
of drinking water.
Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation
Police patrol vehicle
WARANGAL CITY POPULATION
Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city,
which oversees the civic needs. The GWMC covers an area of 406.87
square kilometres (157.09 sq mi).
City planning is governed by the
Kakatiya Urban Development Authority , which was constituted in 1982.
The body oversees development of infrastructure and other projects in
Warangal Municipal Corporation implemented some pilot
projects, such as the Solid Waste Management programme, that were so
successful that other corporations have since implemented them. The
city is divided into 58 political wards where each ward is represented
by an area corporator.
LAW AND ORDER
The urban police district, which is responsible for maintaining law
and order in city and agglomerated areas around
Warangal was converted
Police Commissionerate by the state government in 2015.
Inspector General will be working as police commissioner who is also
given magisterial powers. There are around 19 police stations present
under warangal commissionerate.
Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital is the largest hospital
in the city. It also serves the needs of patients from the
neighbouring districts of
Apart from major public hospitals such as those for maternity, chest
and tuberculosis, there are many private specialist hospitals
including Lifeline, Rohini, Jaya, Guardian, Max Care, and St.Ann's.
As of 2011 census of
Warangal is one of the Indian cities
that has seen rapid growth of urbanisation from 19%–28%, alongside
cities such as
Agriculture is the main economic activity with irrigation depending
mainly on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy ,
cotton , mango and wheat .
Warangal benefits from the
irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from the Godavari
river to irrigate drought prone areas in the
The city hosts second-biggest grain market of Asia, located in
Information Technology is another sector in which the city
is making steady progress with its Incubation centre at
Kazipet railway station
Warangal railway station
Warangal railway station
The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and
railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are,
National Highway 163 , connecting
Bhopalpatnam ; NH 563
Khammam ; State highway 3.
buses to various destinations from
stations of the city.
City buses runs in various routes across the
city and sub urban areas.
Warangal has two railway stations namely,
Warangal on the
New Delhi-Chennai main line of
Indian Railways . They are
administered under the jurisdiction of the Secunderabad railway
South Central Railway zone .
Kazipet Junction shelters
both Electric and Diesel Loco sheds with a capacity of holding 175 and
Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Pendial, Hasanparthy
Road railway station are the other railway stations within the city
limits. The construction of third railway line between Balharshah and
Kazipet was sanctioned at an estimated cost of ₹24.032 billion
Warangal has an airport built by the Nizams at Mamnoor in 1930. It
was largest airport in undivided
India with 1,875 acres of land, a
6.6-km runway, a pilot and staff quarters, a pilot training centre and
more than one terminal. Many cargo services and Vayudoot services were
served. During the Indo-China war , it served as a hangar for
government aircraft due to Delhi airport being a target in combat. It
remained in service until 1981.
This airport is currently being used as NCC Training Centre by No.
4(A) air squadron for gliding sorties, skeet shooting and
aero-modeling. There is no scheduled commercial air service from this
airport at present.
Kakatiya Medical College
Both government and private institutions has their presence in the
Colleges and universities:
Kakatiya University and
Kaloji Narayana Rao
University of Health
Sciences are two universities in the city. Other notable educational
NIT Warangal , Kakatiya
Institute of Technology
and Science ,
Vaagdevi College of Engineering , SR
Kakatiya Medical College .
Tourist attraction spots in
The residents of the city are often referred as Warangalites. The
Warangal Fort ,
Thousand Pillar Temple and
Ramappa Temple are the
World Heritage sites
World Heritage sites recognised by
UNESCO . Bhadrakali Temple ,
Padmakshi Temple ,
Kazipet Dargah are other notable destinations of
Bhadrakali Lake , Vaddepally lake , Dharmasagar
Laknavaram Lake ,
Pakhal Lake ,
Ramappa Lake are the water
bodies notable for tourism. Bhadrakali Temple in
Bhadrakali Temple lake is being developed into the largest first
Geo-Bio-Diversity cultural park in the country, with promenades,
historic caves, suspension bridges, natural trails, nesting ground and
The Ministry of Tourism has awarded
Warangal as the best heritage
city, at the National Tourism Awards for the year 2014-2015. This is
third time in a row for the city to get this award since 2012.
RELIGIONS IN WARANGAL
†Includes Sikhs , Jains
Festivals in the city include, a floral festival of
celebrated by women of the city, worshiping the goddess with different
flowers for nine days. The women carry their
Bathukamma to the
nearest temple of their locality, then they clap, sing and dance
rhythmically around the Bathukamma. Along with Bathukamma,
also declared as a state festival on 15 June 2014. Other festivals
Sammakka Saralamma Jatara (
Medaram Jatara), a popular religious
congregation in the honour of Goddess at
The cuisine of the city is mainly of South Indian dishes. The
breakfast items include
Dosa , Vada , and Puri . Rice with
variety of curries including curd is taken as main food and the most
notable one is the Biryani.
Special food items
traditional food items available in the season of
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