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Wallace Fitzgerald Beery (April 1, 1885 – April 15, 1949) was an American film actor.[1] He is best known for his portrayal of Bill in Min and Bill
Min and Bill
opposite Marie Dressler, as Long John Silver
Long John Silver
in Treasure Island, as Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa
in Viva Villa!, and his titular role in The Champ, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Beery appeared in some 250 movies during a 36-year career. His contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
stipulated in 1932 that he would be paid $1 more than any other contract player at the studio, making him the highest paid actor in the world. He was the brother of actor Noah Beery Sr. and uncle of actor Noah Beery Jr.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early career 2.2 Comedy Film Star - Essanay Studios 2.3 Villainous Roles 2.4 Historical Films 2.5 Paramount 2.6 MGM 2.7 Stardom 2.8 Marjorie Main

3 Personal life

3.1 First marriage 3.2 Second marriage and adoption 3.3 Alleged fatal altercation 3.4 Second adoption 3.5 Working relationship with peers 3.6 Hobbies 3.7 Activism against National Park Lands 3.8 Paternity suit 3.9 Death, estate, and continuing paternity suit 3.10 Enduring case law

4 Legacy 5 Filmography 6 Awards and nominations 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

For his contributions to the film industry, Beery was posthumously inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
with a motion pictures star in 1960. His star is located at 7001 Hollywood Boulevard.[2] Early life[edit] Beery was born in Clay County, Missouri, near Smithville.[3] The Beery family left the farm in the 1890s and moved to nearby Kansas City, Missouri, where the father was a police officer. Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
attended the Chase School in Kansas City and took piano lessons as well, but showed little love for academic matters. He ran away from home twice, the first time returning after a short time, quitting school and working in the Kansas City train yards as an engine wiper.[3] Beery ran away from home a second time at age 16, and joined the Ringling Brothers Circus as an assistant elephant trainer. He left two years later, after being clawed by a leopard. Career[edit]

Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
circa 1914

Beery as Sweedie
Sweedie
the Swedish maid (1914)

Early career[edit] Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
joined his brother Noah in New York City in 1904, finding work in comic opera as a baritone and began to appear on Broadway as well as summer stock theatre. He appeared in The Belle of the West in 1905. His most notable early role came in 1907 when he starred in The Yankee Tourist to good reviews.[4] Comedy Film Star - Essanay Studios[edit] In 1913, he moved to Chicago to work for Essanay Studios. His first movie was likely a comedy short, His Athletic Wife (1913). Beery was then cast as Sweedie, a Swedish maid character he played in drag in a series of short comedy films from 1914-16. Sweedie
Sweedie
Learns to Swim (1914) co-starred Ben Turpin. Sweedie
Sweedie
Goes to College (1915) starred Gloria Swanson, whom Beery married the following year.[5] Other Beery films (mostly shorts) from this period included In and Out (1914), The Ups and Downs (1914), Cheering a Husband (1914), Madame Double X (1914), Ain't It the Truth (1915), Two Hearts That Beat as Ten (1915), and The Fable of the Roistering Blades (1915). The Slim Princess (1915), with Francis X. Bushman, was a feature. Beery did The Broken Pledge (1915) and A Dash of Courage
A Dash of Courage
(1916), both with Swanson. Beery was a German soldier in The Little American
The Little American
(1917) with Mary Pickford, directed by Cecil B. De Mille. He did some comedies for Mack Sennett, Maggie's First False Step (1917) and Teddy at the Throttle (1917), but he would gradually leave that genre and specialize in portrayals of villains. Villainous Roles[edit] In 1917 Beery portrayed Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa
in Patria at a time when Villa was still active in Mexico. (Beery reprised the role 17 years later in Viva Villa!.) Beery was a villainous German in The Unpardonable Sin
The Unpardonable Sin
(1919) with Blanche Sweet. For Paramount he did The Love Burglar
The Love Burglar
(1919) with Wallace Reid; Victory (1919), with Jack Holt; Behind the Door (1919), as another villainous German; and The Life Line
The Life Line
(1919) with Holt. Beery was the villain in 813 (1920); The Virgin of Stamboul
The Virgin of Stamboul
(1920) for director Tod Browning; and The Mollycoddle
The Mollycoddle
(1920) with Douglas Fairbanks. Beery returned to comedy with The Round-Up (1920) starring Fatty Arbuckle, though Beery was again the villain. He went back to straight villainy in The Last of the Mohicans (1920), playing Magua. Beery had a support part in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1920) with Rudolph Valentino. He was a villainous Tong leader in A Tale of Two Worlds (1921) and was the bad guy in Sleeping Acres (1922), Wild Honey (1922), and I Am the Law (1922). Historical Films[edit] Beery had a then-rare heroic part as King Richard I
King Richard I
in Robin Hood (1922), starring Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
in the title role. The movie was a huge hit. Beery had a cameo in A Blind Bargain
A Blind Bargain
(1922), and a support role in The Flame of Life (1923). He played another historical king, King Philip IV of Spain in The Spanish Dancer
The Spanish Dancer
(1923) with Pola Negri. Beery starred in an action melodrama, Stormswept
Stormswept
(1923) for FBO Films alongside his elder brother, Noah Beery Sr.. Beery played his third royal, the Duc de Tours, in Ashes of Vengeance (1923) with Norma Talmadge, then did Drifting (1923) with Priscilla Dean for director Browning. Beery had the lead part in Bavu
Bavu
(1923). He co-starred with Buster Keaton in the comedy Three Ages (1923), the first feature Keaton wrote, produced, directed and starred in. Beery was a villain in The Eternal Struggle (1923), a Mountie drama, which was produced by Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
who would become crucial to Beery's career. He was reunited with Dean and Browning in White Tiger (1923), then played the title role in Richard the Lion-Hearted (1923), a sequel to Robin Hood based on Sir Walter Scott's The Talisman. Beery was in The Drums of Jeopardy (1923) and had a support role in The Sea Hawk (1924) for director Frank Lloyd, and The Signal Tower (1925). Paramount[edit] Beery signed a contract with Paramount Pictures. He had a support role in Adventure (1925) directed by Victor Fleming. At First National, he was given the star role of Professor Challenger in Arthur Conan Doyle's dinosaur epic The Lost World (1925). Beery was top billed in Paramount's The Devil's Cargo
The Devil's Cargo
(1925) for Victor Fleming, and supported in The Night Club
The Night Club
(1925), The Pony Express (1925) for James Cruze, and The Wanderer (1925) for Raoul Walsh. Beery starred in a comedy with Raymond Hatton, Behind the Front (1926) and he was a villain in Volcano! (1926). He was a bos'n in Old Ironsides (1926) for director James Cruze, with Charles Farrell
Charles Farrell
in the romantic lead. Beery had the title role in the baseball movie Casey at the Bat (1927). He was reunited with Hatton in Fireman, Save My Child (1927) and Now We're in the Air
Now We're in the Air
(1927). The latter also featured Louise Brooks who was Beery's co star in Beggars of Life
Beggars of Life
(1928), directed by William Wellman, which was Paramount's first part-talkie movie. There was a fourth comedy with Hatton, Wife Savers (1929), then Beery starred in Chinatown Nights (1929) for Wellman, produced by a young David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
and Stairs of Sand
Stairs of Sand
(1929). He then left Paramount. MGM[edit]

Chester Morris
Chester Morris
and Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
in The Big House (1930)

With Marie Dressler
Marie Dressler
in Min and Bill
Min and Bill
(1930)

Jackie Cooper, Edward Brophy, and Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
in The Champ (1931)

Tugboat Annie
Tugboat Annie
(1933)

Irving Thalberg
Irving Thalberg
contracted Beery to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
as a character actor. The association began well when Beery played the savage convict "Butch", a role originally intended for Lon Chaney Sr.
Lon Chaney Sr.
in the highly successful 1930 prison film The Big House, directed by George W. Hill; Beery was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Beery's second film for MGM was also a huge success: Billy the Kid (1930) where he played Pat Garrett. He supported John Gilbert in Way for a Sailor (1930) and Grace Moore
Grace Moore
in A Lady's Morals (1930), playing P.T. Barnum
P.T. Barnum
in the latter. Stardom[edit] Beery was well established as a leading man and top rank character actor. What really made him a star was Min and Bill
Min and Bill
(1931) opposite Marie Dressler, and directed by Hill, a huge success.[6] Beery made a third film with Hill, The Secret Six
The Secret Six
(1931), a gangster film with Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
and Clark Gable. It was popular but not as much as The Champ, which Beery made with Jackie Cooper
Jackie Cooper
for director King Vidor. The film, especially written for Beery, was a box office sensation. Beery shared the Best Actor Oscar with Fredric March. Though March received one vote more than Beery, Academy rules at the time—since rescinded—defined results within one vote of each other as "ties".[7] Beery's career went from strength to strength. Hell Divers
Hell Divers
(1932), also starring a young Clark Gable, was a big hit. So too was the all-star Grand Hotel (1932), in which Beery was billed fourth, one of the very few times he would not be top billed for the rest of his career. In 1932 his contract with MGM stipulated that he be paid a dollar more than any other contract player at the studio, making him the world's highest paid actor. Beery was a wrestler in Flesh (1932), a minor hit, then was in another all-star ensemble blockbuster, Dinner at Eight (1933), with Jean Harlow holding her own as Beery's comedically bickering wife. Beery was loaned out to the new Twentieth Century Pictures
Twentieth Century Pictures
for The Bowery (1933), also starring George Raft
George Raft
and Fay Wray, under the direction of Raoul Walsh. Back at MGM he played the title role of Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa
in Viva Villa! (1933) and was reunited with Dressler in Tugboat Annie
Tugboat Annie
(1933), a massive hit. He was Long John Silver
Long John Silver
in Treasure Island (1934), a box office disappointment.[8] Beery returned to Twentieth Century Productions for The Mighty Barnum (1934) in which he played P.T. Barnum
P.T. Barnum
again. Back at MGM he was a kindly sergeant in West Point of the Air
West Point of the Air
(1935) and was in an all-star spectacular, China Seas (1935), this time billed beneath Clark Gable. O'Shaughnessy's Boy (1935) reunited Beery and Jackie Cooper. He had the lead in MGM's adaptation of Ah, Wilderness! (1936) and went back to Twentieth Century - now 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
- for A Message to Garcia (1936). At MGM he was in Old Hutch (1936) and The Good Old Soak
The Good Old Soak
(1937) then he was back at Fox for Slave Ship (1937). Beery was in The Bad Man of Brimstone
The Bad Man of Brimstone
(1938), Port of Seven Seas (1938), Stablemates (1938) with Mickey Rooney, Stand Up and Fight (1939) with Robert Taylor, Sergeant Madden
Sergeant Madden
(1939) with Tom Brown, Thunder Afloat
Thunder Afloat
(1939), The Man from Dakota
The Man from Dakota
(1940), and 20 Mule Team (1940). Marjorie Main[edit] Wyoming (1940) teamed Beery with Marjorie Main. After The Bad Man (1941) MGM reunited Beery and Main in Barnacle Bill (1941), The Bugle Sounds (1941), and Jackass Mail
Jackass Mail
(1942). Beery did a war film, Salute to the Marines
Salute to the Marines
(1943) then was back with Main in Rationing (1944). Barbary Coast Gent
Barbary Coast Gent
(1944), a Western comedy in which Beery played a bombastic con man, teamed him with Binnie Barnes. He did another war film, This Man's Navy (1945), then made another Western with Main, Bad Bascomb (1946), a huge hit, helped by Margaret O'Brien's casting. The Mighty McGurk
The Mighty McGurk
(1947) put Beery with another child star of the studio, Dean Stockwell. Alias a Gentleman (1947) was the first of Beery's movies to lose money during the sound era. A Date with Judy (1949) was a hugely popular musical featuring Elizabeth Taylor. Beery's last film, again featuring Main, Big Jack (1949), also lost money.[9] Personal life[edit]

20 Mule Team
20 Mule Team
(1940)

The Bad Man (1941)

First marriage[edit] On March 27, 1916, at the age of 30, Beery married 17-year-old actress Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
in Los Angeles.[10] The two had co-starred in Sweedie Goes to College.[5] Although Beery had enjoyed popularity with his Sweedie
Sweedie
shorts, his career had taken a dip, and during the marriage to Swanson, he relied on her as a breadwinner. According to Swanson's autobiography, Beery raped her on their wedding night, and later tricked her into swallowing an abortifacient when she was pregnant, which caused her to lose their child.[11] Swanson filed for divorce in 1917 and it was finalized in 1918.[10] Second marriage and adoption[edit] On August 4, 1924, Beery married actress Rita Gilman (née Mary Areta Gilman; 1898–1986) in Los Angeles.[12] The couple adopted Carol Ann Priester (1930–2013), daughter of Rita Beery's mother's half-sister, Juanita Priester (née Caplinger; 1899–1931) and her husband, Erwin William Priester (1897–1969). After 14 years of marriage, Rita filed for divorce on May 1, 1939, in Carson City, Ormsby County, Nevada. Within 20 minutes of filing, she won the decree. Rita re-married 15 days later, on May 16, 1939, to Jessen Albert D. Foyt (1907–1945), filing her marriage license with the same county clerk in Carson City. Alleged fatal altercation[edit] In December 1937, comedic actor Ted Healy
Ted Healy
was involved in a drunken altercation at Cafe Trocadero
Cafe Trocadero
on the Sunset Strip. E. J. Fleming, in his 2005 book, The Fixers: Eddie Mannix, Howard Strickling and the MGM Publicity Machine, asserts that Healy was attacked by three men:

Future James Bond producer Albert "Cubby" Broccoli Local mob figure Pat DiCicco (who was Broccoli’s cousin as well as the former husband of Thelma Todd
Thelma Todd
and the future husband of Gloria Vanderbilt) Wallace Beery

Fleming writes that this beating led to Healy's death a few days later.[13][14] Second adoption[edit] Around December 1939, Beery, recently divorced, adopted a seven-month-old girl Phyllis Ann Beery.[15] Phyllis appeared in MGM publicity photos when adopted, but was never mentioned again.[16] Beery told the press he had taken the girl in from a single mother, recently divorced, but he had filed no official adoption papers.[17] Working relationship with peers[edit]

Brother Noah Beery Sr.
Noah Beery Sr.
ca. 1920s

Beery was considered misanthropic and difficult to work with by many of his colleagues. Mickey Rooney, one of Beery's few co-stars to consistently speak highly of him in subsequent decades, related in his autobiography that Howard Strickling, MGM's head of publicity, once went to Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
to complain that Beery was stealing props off of the studio's sets. "And that wasn't all," Rooney continued. "He went on for some minutes about the trouble that Beery was always causing him ... Mayer sighed and said, 'Yes, Howard, Beery's a son of a bitch. But he's our son of a bitch.' Strickling got the point. A family has to be tolerant of its black sheep, particularly if they brought a lot of money into the family fold, which Beery certainly did."[18]

Nephew Noah Beery Jr.
Noah Beery Jr.
ca. 1970s

Child actors, in particular, recalled unpleasant encounters with Beery. Jackie Cooper, who made several films with him early in his career, called him "a big disappointment", and accused him of upstaging, and other attempts to undermine his performances, out of what Cooper presumed was jealousy.[19] He recalled impulsively throwing his arms around Beery after one especially heartfelt scene, only to be gruffly pushed away.[20] Child actress Margaret O'Brien claimed that she had to be protected by crew members from Beery's insistence on constantly pinching her.[21] Rooney remained an exception to the general negative attitude among child actors. In his memoir he described Beery as "... a lovable, shambling kind of guy who never seemed to know that his shirttail belonged inside his pants, but always knew when a little kid actor needed a smile and a wink or a word of encouragement." He did concede that "not everyone loved [Beery] as much as I did."[22] Beery, by contrast, described Rooney as a "brat", but a "fine actor".[23] Hobbies[edit] Beery owned and flew his own planes,[24] one a Howard DGA-11. On April 15, 1933 he was commissioned a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy Reserve at NRAB Long Beach.[25] One of his proudest achievements was catching the largest black sea bass in the world — 515 pounds (234 kg) — off Santa Catalina Island in 1916, a record that stood for 35 years.[26] Activism against National Park Lands[edit] A noteworthy episode in Beery's life is chronicled in the fifth episode of Ken Burns' documentary The National Parks: America's Best Idea: In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
signed an executive order creating Jackson Hole National Monument to protect the land adjoining the Grand Tetons in Wyoming. Local ranchers, outraged at the loss of grazing lands, compared FDR's action to Hitler's taking of Austria. Led by an aging Beery, they protested by herding 500 cattle across the monument lands without a permit.[27] Paternity suit[edit] On February 13, 1948, Gloria Schumm (aka Gloria Smith Beery, née Florence W. Smith; 1916–1989) filed a paternity suit against Beery. Beery, through his lawyer, Norman Ronald Tyre (1910–2002), initially offered $6,000 as a settlement, but denied being the father. Gloria had given birth on February 7, 1948, to Johan Richard Wallace Schumm. Gloria, in 1924, divorced Stuttgart-born Hollywood actor Hans Schumm (né Johann Josef Eugen Schumm; 1896–1990), but re-married him August 21, 1947, after realizing that she was pregnant. Prior to re-marrying Hans Schumm, Gloria, on August 4, 1947, met with Beery at his home, where he gave her the name and address of a physician to submit an examination.[28] At or around that time, she also asked Beery to marry her to legitimatize the expected child (her words), which Beery refused. According to newspapers, Gloria claimed to have been intimate with Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
on or about May 1, 1947, at his home in Beverly Hills (in the court proceedings, tho', she claimed to have been intimate with Beery on May 17, 1947). Beery conceded that he had known Gloria for about 15 years and that, under the pseudonym "Gloria Whitney," she had played bit roles in 6 films that he starred in. She again separated from Hans Schumm April 15, 1948. Death, estate, and continuing paternity suit[edit]

Grave at Forest Lawn Glendale

Beery died of a heart attack on April 15, 1949 (14 months, 1 week, and 1 day after Johan Schumm's birth) — while the suit was pending. He died intestate (with a will). Beery had been reading a newspaper at his Beverly Hills
Beverly Hills
home when he collapsed.[29] His body was interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California. The inscription on his grave reads, "No man is indispensable but some are irreplaceable." When Mickey Rooney's father died less than a year later, Rooney arranged to have him buried next to his old friend. "I thought it was fitting that these two comedians should rest in peace, side by side," he wrote.[30] As for the paternity suit, Gloria's attorneys — initially Joseph L. Fainer (1897–1960), then Maurice Rose (né Maurice Morris Rosenberg; 1881–1973) with Kay Whyner (née Kate Whyner; 1910–1996), Rose's secretary acting as guardian ad litem — demanded $104,135 against Beery's $2,220,000 estate. Judge Newcomb Condee (1898–1974) of the Los Angeles County Superior Court, on February 22, 1952, approved a $26,750 settlement from Beery's estate – far less than what Gloria had been seeking. Gloria Schumm finally accepted the settlement and Johan Beery's paternity was not admitted. Enduring case law[edit] The paternity suit, and subsequent suites – including appeals – extended through about 1952 and were internationally publicized, particularly in gossip columns and tabloids. The litigation has endured as case law with, among other things, treatises addressing the rights of illegitimate offspring against legitimate heirs in races for inheritance.[31][32][33][34][35] The upshot was that Schumm's paternity suit against Beery's estate put would-be half-siblings and other would-be family legatees, including a would-be uncle, Noah Beery, Sr., in the position as de facto defendants. Phyllis Ann Riley was not named in Beery's will. Part of plaintiff's claim, initially, hinged on whether an oral agreement was binding. Gloria had claimed that Beery, while alive, agreed to provide the child. However, on November 17, 1949, Judge William B. McKesson (1895–1967) threw-out Gloria's claim. The judge reasoned that any oral agreement between the two, specifically any that was intended to provide for maintenance and care of a minor, was not binding because the amount allegedly agreed upon was in excess of $500, which must be made in writing.[36] Another matter in the case hinged on a "peppercorn" rule. That is, in order for any agreement, oral or written, between Wallace and Gloria to be binding, there must be consideration. The court, initially, found that Beery agreed to an oral contract where Gloria would (i) include the name "Wallace" in the child's name if a male, or "Wally" if a female, and (ii) refrain from filing a paternity suit that both agreed would damage Beery's "social and professional standing as a prominent motion picture star." Generally, under California
California
state law at the time, a father who neither marries the mother nor acknowledges paternity does not have a right to name the child. That right belongs to the mother. In exchange for Gloria's promise to name the child "Wallace" or "Wally" (the promise representing a form of consideration), Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
agreed to arrange for the payment of $100 per week to the child (as a third-party beneficiary under the contract), plus a lump sum of $25,000 to the child when he or she attained age 21, in addition to the customary obligation to pay for the "maintenance, support and education according to the station in life and standard of living of Wallace Beery."[34] Legacy[edit] For his contributions to the film industry, Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
posthumously received a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
in 1960. His star is located at 7001 Hollywood Boulevard.[2] Beery is mentioned in the film Barton Fink, in which the lead character has been hired to write a wrestling screenplay to star Beery.[37] Filmography[edit]

His Athletic Wife (1913) (film debut) A series of at least 29 Sweedie
Sweedie
comedy films starting with Sweedie
Sweedie
the Swatter, released 13 July 1914 In and Out (1914) The Ups and Downs (1914) Cheering a Husband (1914) Madame Double X (1914) Ain't It the Truth (1915) Two Hearts That Beat as Ten (1915) with Ben Turpin The Fable of the Roistering Blades (1915) The Slim Princess (1915) with Francis X. Bushman The Broken Pledge (1915) with Gloria Swanson A Dash of Courage
A Dash of Courage
(1916) with Gloria Swanson The Little American
The Little American
(1917) with Mary Pickford Maggie's First False Step (1917) Teddy at the Throttle
Teddy at the Throttle
(1917) The Unpardonable Sin
The Unpardonable Sin
(1919) The Love Burglar
The Love Burglar
(1919) with Wallace Reid
Wallace Reid
and Anna Q. Nilsson Victory (1919) with Jack Holt and Lon Chaney Sr. Behind the Door (1919) with Hobart Bosworth
Hobart Bosworth
and Jane Novak The Life Line
The Life Line
(1919) with Jack Holt 813 (1920) The Virgin of Stamboul
The Virgin of Stamboul
(1920; directed by Tod Browning) The Mollycoddle
The Mollycoddle
(1920) with Douglas Fairbanks The Round-Up (1920) with Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle The Last of the Mohicans (1920) The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) with Rudolph Valentino A Tale of Two Worlds
A Tale of Two Worlds
(1921 Goldwyn)(*extant; Library of Congress) Sleeping Acres (1921) The Man from Hell's River (1922) Wild Honey (1922) with Priscilla Dean
Priscilla Dean
and Noah Beery Sr. I Am the Law (1922) with Noah Beery Sr. Hurricane's Gal
Hurricane's Gal
(1922) Robin Hood (1922) with Douglas Fairbanks A Blind Bargain
A Blind Bargain
(1922) with Lon Chaney Sr. The Flame of Life
The Flame of Life
(1923) The Spanish Dancer
The Spanish Dancer
(1923) with Pola Negri Stormswept
Stormswept
(1923) with Noah Beery Sr. Ashes of Vengeance
Ashes of Vengeance
(1923) with Norma Talmadge Drifting (1923) with Priscilla Dean
Priscilla Dean
and Anna May Wong Bavu
Bavu
(1923) Three Ages (1923) with Buster Keaton The Eternal Struggle (1923) White Tiger (1923; directed by Tod Browning) Richard the Lion-Hearted (1923; sequel to 1922's Robin Hood) The Drums of Jeopardy (1923) The Sea Hawk (1924) The Signal Tower
The Signal Tower
(1924) Adventure (1925) The Lost World (1925; Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle
dinosaur epic in which Beery portrayed Professor Challenger) with Lewis Stone
Lewis Stone
(and Doyle himself in a frontispiece) The Devil's Cargo
The Devil's Cargo
(1925) The Night Club
The Night Club
(1925) with Raymond Griffith
Raymond Griffith
and Vera Reynolds Pony Express (1925) with Betty Compson
Betty Compson
and George Bancroft The Wanderer (1925) with Greta Nissen
Greta Nissen
and Tyrone Power Sr. Behind the Front (1926) with Raymond Hatton Volcano! (1926) Old Ironsides (1926) with Charles Farrell
Charles Farrell
and George Bancroft Casey at the Bat (1927) with Ford Sterling
Ford Sterling
and ZaSu Pitts Fireman, Save My Child (1927) with Raymond Hatton Now We're in the Air
Now We're in the Air
(1927) with Louise Brooks
Louise Brooks
(only twenty minutes survive) Beggars of Life
Beggars of Life
(1928) with Louise Brooks
Louise Brooks
and Richard Arlen Wife Savers (1928) with Raymond Hatton
Raymond Hatton
and ZaSu Pitts
ZaSu Pitts
(lost film) Chinatown Nights (1929) with Warner Oland
Warner Oland
and Jack Oakie Stairs of Sand
Stairs of Sand
(1929) The Big House (1930) with Chester Morris, Lewis Stone, and Robert Montgomery Billy the Kid (1930; widescreen) with Johnny Mack Brown
Johnny Mack Brown
(billed as "John Mack Brown") Way for a Sailor
Way for a Sailor
(1930) with John Gilbert A Lady's Morals (1930; as P.T. Barnum) Min and Bill
Min and Bill
(1930) with Marie Dressler The Stolen Jools
The Stolen Jools
(1931; 20-minute ensemble short) with Edward G. Robinson and Buster Keaton The Secret Six
The Secret Six
(1931) with Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
and Clark Gable The Champ (1931; Oscar-winning performance) with Jackie Cooper Hell Divers
Hell Divers
(1931; early military planes) as C.P.O. H.W. "Windy" Riker; with Clark Gable Grand Hotel (1932) as General Director Preysing; with Greta Garbo, John Barrymore, Lionel Barrymore, and Joan Crawford Flesh (1932; as a wrestler, directed by an uncredited John Ford) Dinner at Eight (1933) with Marie Dressler, Lionel Barrymore, and Jean Harlow The Bowery (1933) with George Raft, Jackie Cooper, Fay Wray
Fay Wray
and Pert Kelton Viva Villa!
Viva Villa!
(1934; as Pancho Villa) with Leo Carrillo, Stu Erwin
Stu Erwin
and Fay Wray
Fay Wray
(shot on location in Mexico) Tugboat Annie
Tugboat Annie
(1934) with Marie Dressler, Robert Young and Maureen O'Sullivan Treasure Island (1934; as Long John Silver) with Jackie Cooper, Lionel Barrymore and Lewis Stone The Mighty Barnum (1934; as P.T. Barnum
P.T. Barnum
again) with Adolphe Menjou West Point of the Air
West Point of the Air
(1935) with Robert Young, Maureen O'Sullivan, Rosalind Russell, and Robert Taylor China Seas (1935) as Jamesy McArdle; with Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Lewis Stone, and Robert Benchley O'Shaughnessy's Boy (1935) with Jackie Cooper Ah, Wilderness! (1935) with Lionel Barrymore, Aline MacMahon, and Mickey Rooney A Message to Garcia (1936) with Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
and Alan Hale Sr. Old Hutch (1936) The Good Old Soak
The Good Old Soak
(1937) with Betty Furness
Betty Furness
and Ted Healy Slave Ship (1937) with Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(first-billed) and Mickey Rooney The Bad Man of Brimstone
The Bad Man of Brimstone
(1937) with Noah Beery Sr. Port of Seven Seas
Port of Seven Seas
(1938; written by Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
and directed by James Whale) with Maureen O'Sullivan Stablemates (1938) with Mickey Rooney Stand Up and Fight (1939) with Robert Taylor and Charles Bickford Sergeant Madden
Sergeant Madden
(1939; directed by Josef von Sternberg) with Laraine Day Thunder Afloat
Thunder Afloat
(1939) with Chester Morris The Man from Dakota
The Man from Dakota
(1940) with Dolores del Río 20 Mule Team
20 Mule Team
(1940) with Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
and Noah Beery Jr. Wyoming (1940) with Ann Rutherford The Bad Man (1941) with Lionel Barrymore, Laraine Day, and Ronald Reagan Barnacle Bill (1941) with Marjorie Main The Bugle Sounds
The Bugle Sounds
(1942) with Marjorie Main, Lewis Stone, and George Bancroft Jackass Mail
Jackass Mail
(1942) with Marjorie Main Salute to the Marines
Salute to the Marines
(1943, in color) with Noah Beery Sr. Rationing (1944) with Marjorie Main Barbary Coast Gent
Barbary Coast Gent
(1944) with Chill Wills
Chill Wills
and Noah Beery Sr. This Man's Navy (1945) with Noah Beery Sr. Bad Bascomb (1946) with Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
and Marjorie Main The Mighty McGurk
The Mighty McGurk
(1947) with Dean Stockwell
Dean Stockwell
and Edward Arnold Alias a Gentleman (1948) with Gladys George
Gladys George
and Sheldon Leonard A Date with Judy (1948) with Jane Powell, Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
and Carmen Miranda Big Jack (1949) with Richard Conte, Marjorie Main, and Edward Arnold (final film)

With Joan Crawford

Hell Divers
Hell Divers
(1931)

The Bowery (1933)

China Seas (1935)

The Good Old Soak
The Good Old Soak
(1937)

Barnacle Bill (1941)

Hollywood Steps Out
Hollywood Steps Out
(1941), left to right: William Powell, Spencer Tracy, Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
and Errol Flynn. Seated: Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
and C. Aubrey Smith

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Film Result

1930 Academy Award for Best Actor The Big House Nominated

1932 Academy Award for Best Actor The Champ Won ("Tied" with Fredric March
Fredric March
for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde although in reality March received one more vote than Beery.)

1934 Venice Film Festival Award for Best Actor Viva Villa! Won

See also[edit]

List of actors with Academy Award nominations

References[edit]

^ Obituary Variety, April 20, 1949. ^ a b Walk of Fame Stars-Wallace Beery ^ a b Dictionary of Missouri Biography, Lawrence O. Christensen, University of Missouri Press, 1999. ^ https://www.ibdb.com/broadway-production/the-yankee-tourist-6354 ^ a b Sonneborn, Liz (2014-05-14). A to Z of American Women in the Performing Arts. Infobase Publishing
Infobase Publishing
(published 2002). ISBN 9781438107905. OCLC 297504194.  ^ Scott Eyman, Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer, Robson, 2005, p. 191 ISBN 9781861058928 ^ History of the Academy Awards: The Fifth Academy Awards, 1931/32. About.com archive. Retrieved April 2, 2015. ^ THE YEAR IN HOLLYWOOD: 1984 May Be Remembered as the Beginning of the Sweetness-and-Light Era By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILL.HOLLYWOOD.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 30 Dec 1934: X5. ^ The Eddie Mannix
Eddie Mannix
Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study . ^ a b Shearer, Stephen Michael (2013). Gloria Swanson: The Ultimate Star. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 9781250013668.  ^ Swanson, Gloria (1980). Swanson on Swanson. Random House. pp. 69–75. ISBN 0-394-50662-6.  ^ Katchmer, George A. (2002-05-08). A Biographical Dictionary of Silent Film Western Actors and Actresses. McFarland. ISBN 9781476609058.  ^ The Fixers: Eddie Mannix, Howard Strickling, and the MGM Publicity Machine, by E J Fleming (né Edward J. Fleming IV; born 1954), McFarland & Company (2005); p. 176; OCLC 215262172 ^ "A nyuk on the wild side: Did the Three Stooges Cover Up the Murder of Their Founder?," by Jim Mueller, Chicago Tribune, April 4, 2002 (retrieved September 3, 2017) ^ "Milestones," Time, December 4, 1939 ^ A Certain Cinema, Acertaincinema.com ^ "Beery Will Add To Adopted Family" (UP), Palm Beach Post, December 8, 1939, p. 22 (accessible via Newspapers.com
Newspapers.com
at www.newspapers.com/image/130165198) ^ Rooney, M. Life is Too Short. Villard Books (1991), p. 77. ISBN 0679401954. ^ Cooper, Jackie. Please Don't Shoot My Dog. Morrow, 1980, pp. 54–61. ISBN 0-688-03659-7 ^ Bergan, R (May 5, 2011). Jackie Cooper
Jackie Cooper
Obituary. The Guardian archive. Retrieved August 20, 2012. ^ Private Screenings: Child Starsdate=March 2009 ^ Rooney, M. Life is Too Short. Villard Books (1991), pp. 76–7. ISBN 0679401954. ^ Marx, A. The Nine Lives of Mickey Rooney. Stein and Day (1986), p. 68. ISBN 0812830563. ^ "Wallace Beery," (www.dmairfield.com) ^ Heiser, Wayne H., "U.S. Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Aviation V. I, 1916–1942." p.78. ^ "Quite a Record," The News Leader, December 18, 1977, p. 13 (accessible via Newspapers.com
Newspapers.com
at www.newspapers.com/image/288602242 ^ Episode Five: 1933–1945 Great Nature ^ "Links Berry to Physician," Long Beach Independent, Apriil 29, 1948, p. 12 (accessible via Newspapers.com
Newspapers.com
at www.newspapers.com/image/74866244, subscription required) ^ http://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-wallace-beery-19490417-story.html ^ Rooney, M. Life is Too Short. Villard Books (1991), p. 239. ISBN 0679401954. ^ "Johan Richard Wallace Schumm, a Minor, etc., Appellant, v Phil Berg, Beery's agent) and Noah Beery, Jr. (Beery's nephew), as Executors of the Estate of Wallace Beery, Jr." (opinion of Justice Jesse W. Carter), citation: 37 Cal.2d 174 (1951), Supreme Court California
California
Resources, Stanford Law School, Robert Crown Law Library (Philip Jay Berg, 1902–1983, was married to actress Leila Hyams)

^ 2 Photographs of Mrs. Gloria Schumm and son, Johann Schumm (age 4), April 17, 1952; OCLC 822257200, 857831052, 663235176 ^ Ardor in the Court!: Sex and the Law, by Jeffrey Miller (born 1950), ECW Press
ECW Press
(2002); OCLC 972272320 ^ a b "Charitable Naming Rights Transactions: Gifts or Contracts?," by William Drennan, Michigan State Law Review, Michigan State University College of Law (2016), pps. 1324–1326 (Schumm v. Berg); ISSN 1087-5468 ^ K: A Common Law Approach to Contracts (2nd ed.), by Tracey E. George, Russell Korobkin, Wolters Kluwer
Wolters Kluwer
(2017), p. 32; ISBN 978-1-4548-6819-4; OCLC 951854766 ^ "Court Rejects Claim Beery Millions," Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1949, Part I, p. 17 (accessible via Newspapers.com
Newspapers.com
at www.newspapers.com/image/381132078, subscription required) ^ Rafferty, Terrence (July 27, 2003). "FILM; He's Nobody Important, Really. Just a Movie Writer". The New York Times. 

Further reading[edit]

Wise, James. Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in America's Sea Services. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997. ISBN 1557509379 OCLC 36824724

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wallace Beery.

Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
on IMDb AllMovie.com/ biography Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
and Gloria Swanson's Marriage Photographs of Wallace Beery

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actor

1928–1950

Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1928) Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(1929) George Arliss
George Arliss
(1930) Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
(1931) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1932) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1933) Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(1934) Victor McLaglen
Victor McLaglen
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1937) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1938) Robert Donat
Robert Donat
(1939) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950)

1951–1975

Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) William Holden
William Holden
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott1 (1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando1 (1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975)

1976–2000

Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2001) Adrien Brody
Adrien Brody
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

1 refused award that year

v t e

Volpi Cup for Best Actor

1934–68

Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1934) Pierre Blanchar
Pierre Blanchar
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1937) Leslie Howard (1938) Ermete Zacconi
Ermete Zacconi
(1941) Fosco Giachetti
Fosco Giachetti
(1942) Pierre Fresnay
Pierre Fresnay
(1947) Ernst Deutsch
Ernst Deutsch
(1948) Joseph Cotten
Joseph Cotten
(1949) Sam Jaffe
Sam Jaffe
(1950) Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
(1951) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1952) Henri Vilbert (1953) Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
(1954) Curd Jürgens/ Kenneth More
Kenneth More
(1955) Bourvil
Bourvil
(1956) Anthony Franciosa
Anthony Franciosa
(1957) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1958) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1959) John Mills
John Mills
(1960) Toshiro Mifune
Toshiro Mifune
(1961) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1962) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1963) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1964) Toshiro Mifune
Toshiro Mifune
(1965) Jacques Perrin
Jacques Perrin
(1966) Ljubiša Samardžić
Ljubiša Samardžić
(1967) John Marley (1968)

1983–2000

Guy Boyd/George Dzundza/David Alan Grier/Mitchell Lichtenstein/Matthew Modine/Michael Wright (1983) Naseeruddin Shah
Naseeruddin Shah
(1984) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1985) Carlo Delle Piane
Carlo Delle Piane
(1986) Hugh Grant/ James Wilby (1987) Don Ameche/ Joe Mantegna
Joe Mantegna
(1988) Marcello Mastroianni/ Massimo Troisi
Massimo Troisi
(1989) Oleg Borisov
Oleg Borisov
(1990) River Phoenix
River Phoenix
(1991) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1992) Fabrizio Bentivoglio/ Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Xia Yu/ Roberto Citran
Roberto Citran
(1994) Götz George/ Ian Hart (1995) Liam Neeson/ Chris Penn
Chris Penn
(1996) Wesley Snipes
Wesley Snipes
(1997) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(1998) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(1999) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2000)

2001–present

Luigi Lo Cascio
Luigi Lo Cascio
(2001) Stefano Accorsi
Stefano Accorsi
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2004) David Strathairn
David Strathairn
(2005) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2006) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(2007) Silvio Orlando
Silvio Orlando
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Vincent Gallo
Vincent Gallo
(2010) Michael Fassbender
Michael Fassbender
(2011) Philip Seymour Hoffman/ Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix
(2012) Themis Panou (2013) Adam Driver
Adam Driver
(2014) Fabrice Luchini
Fabrice Luchini
(2015) Oscar Martínez (2016) Kamel El Basha (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32258641 LCCN: n80016853 ISNI: 0000 0000 8369 7392 GND: 1019429607 SUDOC: 087478943 BNF: cb146598156 (data) MusicBrainz: 966e55ee-9303-462e-bd08-b03efca657f1 BNE: XX1079800 SN

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