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The Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organizing body of women's professional tennis. It governs the WTA Tour
WTA Tour
which is the worldwide professional tennis tour for women and was founded to create a better future for women's tennis. Its counterpart organization in the men's professional game is the Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals (ATP). The Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association was founded in the month of June 1973, but traces its origins to the inaugural Virginia Slims tournament, arranged by Gladys Heldman, and held on 23 September 1970 at the Houston
Houston
Racquet Club in Houston, Texas. Rosie Casals
Rosie Casals
won this first event. The WTA's corporate headquarters is in St. Petersburg, Florida, with its European headquarters in London and its Asia-Pacific headquarters in Beijing. When the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association was founded, Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
was the head of nine players that comprised the WTA, also referred to as the Original 9. This included Julie Heldman, Valerie Ziegenfuss, Judy Dalton, Kristy Pigeon, Peaches Bartkowicz, Kerry Melville Reid, Nancy Richey, and Rosie Casals.[1] Today, the WTA has more than 2,500 players from nearly 100 countries competing for $146 million in prize money. The 2018 WTA competitive season[2] includes 54 events, including the WTA Premier tournaments
WTA Premier tournaments
(Premier Mandatory, Premier 5, and regular Premier), the WTA International tournaments, the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
(organized by the ITF), the year-end championships (the WTA Tour Championships and the WTA Elite Trophy), and four Grand Slams (supervised by the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). These events take place in 30 countries. The season concludes with the BNP Paribas WTA Finals Singapore from October 21-28 and the WTA Elite Trophy in Zuhai, China from October 30-November 4. Also included in the 2018 calendar is the Hopman Cup, which is organized by the ITF and does not distribute ranking points.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Growth milestones 3 Management 4 Tournament categories 5 Players’ Council 6 Ranking method 7 WTA Rankings 8 Global Advisory Council members 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The Open Era, in which professional players are allowed to compete alongside amateurs, began in 1968. The first open tournament was the British Hard Court Championships in Bournemouth. At the first Open Wimbledon the prize fund difference was 2.5:1 in favour of men. Billie Jean King won £750 for taking the title while Rod Laver
Rod Laver
won £2,000. The total purses of both competitions were £14,800 for men and £5,680 for women. Confusion also reigned as no one knew how many open tournaments there were supposed to be. The tournaments that did not want to provide prize money eventually faded out of the calendar, including the U.S. Eastern Grass Court circuit with stops at Merion Cricket Club and Essex county club. There were two professional tennis circuits in existence at the start of the Open Era: World Championship Tennis
Tennis
(WCT), which was for men only, and the National Tennis
Tennis
League (NTL). Ann Jones, Rosie Casals, Françoise Dürr, and Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
joined NTL. King was paid $40,000 a year, Jones was paid $25,000, and Casals and Durr were paid $20,000 each. The group played established tournaments such as the US Open and Wimbledon. But the group also organised their own tournaments, playing in the south of France
France
for two months. The International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF) then imposed several sanctions on the group: the women were not allowed to play in the Wightman Cup in 1968 and 1969 and the USLTA refused to include Casals and King in their rankings for these years. By the 1970s the pay differential had increased. King said "Promoters were making more money. Male tennis players were making more money. Everybody was making more money except the women".[citation needed] In 1969, ratios of 5:1 in terms of pay between men and women were common at smaller tournaments. By 1970 these figures had increased to up to 12:1. In 1970 Margaret Court
Margaret Court
won the Grand Slam and received only a $15,000 bonus, whereas the men could achieve up to $1 million. The low point in women's pay inequality came before the US Open in 1970. The Pacific Southwest Championships directed by Jack Kramer, had announced a 12:1 ratio in the prize money difference between what males and females would win. The tournament would not take place until after the US Open. Several female players contacted Gladys Heldman, publisher of World Tennis
Tennis
Magazine, and stated that they wanted to boycott the event. While she advised against it, she then created the 1970 Houston Women's Invitation for nine women players.[3] The original nine women from the Houston
Houston
event, along with Heldman, then created their own tour, the Virginia Slims Circuit, which would later absorb the ILTF's Women's Grand Prix circuit, and eventually become the WTA Tour. The circuit was composed of 19 tournaments, all based in the United States
United States
(one in Puerto Rico),[1] and prize money totalled $309,100.[2] Formation of the Virginia Slims Circuit resulted in part from changes that tennis was undergoing at the time and from the way prize moneys were distributed. During the first two years of the Open Era
Open Era
a large number of male players began playing professionally, and the tournaments in which they competed, often men's and women's combined events, attracted increased investment. The International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) began dropping several women's competitions from the tournaments it presided over. For example, in 1970, the ILTF sanctioned 15 men-only tournaments, all of which had previously been combined events.[4] The WTA was founded at a meeting organized by Billie Jean King, a week before the 1973 Wimbledon Championships. This meeting was held at Gloucester Hotel in London. In 1975, the WTA increased its financial stature by signing a television broadcast contract with CBS, the first in the WTA's history. Further financial developments ensued. In 1976, Colgate assumed sponsorship of the circuit from April to November. In 1979, Avon replaced Virginia Slims as the sponsor of the winter circuit, and in its first year offered the largest prize fund for a single tournament, $100,000 for the Avon Championships, in the WTA tennis history.[2] The Colgate Series, renamed the Toyota
Toyota
Series in 1981, included tournaments from the across the world, whereas the Avon sponsored events took place solely in the U.S. The two circuits merged beginning with the 1983 season, when Virginia Slims returned to take full sponsorship rights of the WTA Tour. Every tournament under the administration of the WTA now became part of the Virginia Slims World Championships Series.[1][2] In 1977, women's tennis was the first professional sport opened to transsexuals. The New York Supreme Court ruled in favor of Renée Richards, a player who underwent male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. Eligibility of transsexual players is officially regulated under the current WTA official rulebook.

In 1984, The Australian Open
Australian Open
joined the US Open in offering women equal prize money, but temporarily did not between 1996 and 2000. After a 30-year campaign, 2007 marked the historic achievement of equal prize money at Roland Garros and Wimbledon. This meant all four major tournaments offered parity. In 1995, the WTA Players Association merged with the Women's Tennis Council to form the WTA Tour[1]. Growth milestones[edit] The WTA circuit continued to expand during these years. In 1971, King became the first female athlete to surpass $100,000 in earnings for a single year.[1][5] Chris Evert
Chris Evert
became the first female athlete to win over $1,000,000 in career earnings in 1976. By 1980, over 250 women were playing professionally, and the circuit consisted of 47 global events, offering a total of $7.2 million in prize money. These increased financial opportunities allowed for groundbreaking developments not only in tennis, but across women's sports. In 1982, Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
became the first to win over $1,000,000 in a single year. Navratilova's single year earnings exceeded $2 million in 1984. In 1997, Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
became the first to earn over $3 million during a single year. In 2003, Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
surpassed $4 million in earnings for a single year. In 2006, Venus Williams
Venus Williams
and the WTA pushed for equal prize money at both the French Open
French Open
and Wimbledon. Both of these Grand Slam events relented in 2007 and awarded equal money for the first time. This enabled Justine Henin, who won the French Open
French Open
in 2007, to earn over $5 million that year, becoming the first woman in sports to do this.[6] In 2009, Serena Williams went over the six million mark by earning over $6.5 million in a single year. Then in 2012 both Serena Williams
Serena Williams
and Victoria Azarenka became first players to exceed $7 million in prize money in a single season. In 2013 Serena Williams
Serena Williams
went over the twelve million dollar mark winning $12,385,572 in a single year. By virtue of winning the 2014 US Open and the 2014 US Open series, Serena Williams
Serena Williams
had the largest payday in the history of tennis (men or women) at four million dollars. Additionally, Serena Williams
Serena Williams
has won the most Grand Slams (23 as of 2017) in the Open era, beating out tennis legend, Steffi Graf. Serena is only one behind Margaret Court
Margaret Court
for total singles titles in women's tennis. Her career prize money of $84 million is more than twice as much as any other female athletes. Management[edit] American sports entrepreneur Jerry Diamond (1928–1996) served as executive director of the women's association from 1974 to 1985. He was instrumental in negotiating business deals with Avon, Colgate-Palmolive, and Toyota, and worked out the deal that made Virginia Slims the titular sponsor of the WTA tour.[7] Larry Scott became Chairman
Chairman
and CEO of the WTA on April 16, 2003.[8] While at the WTA, Scott put together the largest sponsorship in the history of women's sports, a six-year, $88-million sponsorship deal with Sony Ericsson.[8][9][10] On March 24, 2009, Scott announced that he was resigning as WTA chief in order to take up a new position as the Commissioner of the Pacific-10 Conference, now the Pac-12 Conference, on July 1, 2009.[9][10][11] Scott pointed to Korn Ferry
Korn Ferry
to headhunt his replacement but "with no decision made"[12] on July 13, 2009, WTA Tour
WTA Tour
announced the appointment of Stacey Allaster, the Tour's President since 2006, as the new Chairman
Chairman
and CEO of the WTA. Allaster was named as one of the "Most Powerful Women in Sports" by Forbes Magazine and led the WTA through significant growth and under her leadership, she secured a media agreement that would maximize fan exposure to women's tennis globally.[2] During her time with the WTA, she generated an estimated $1 billion in diversified contract revenues, built the brand globally, and was a strong advocate for gender equality. She announced her retirement as chief executive of the WTA on September 22, 2015 citing a personal change in priorities.[13] On October 5, Steve Simon, the Tournament Director of the BNP Paribas Open was announced to succeed Stacey as the new WTA Chairman
Chairman
and CEO.[14] Tournament categories[edit]

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The current tournament structure was introduced in 2009. Premier Tournaments replaced the previous Tier I and Tier II events, and International Tournaments replaced Tier III and IV events.

Grand Slam tournaments (4) Year-ending championships ( WTA Tour
WTA Tour
Championships) Premier tournaments:

Premier Mandatory: Four combined tournaments with male professional players, with U.S.$5.4 million in equal prize money for men and women (increased from $4.5 million in 2013). These tournaments are held in Indian Wells, Miami, Madrid, and Beijing. Premier Five: Five $2 million events in Doha/Dubai, Rome, Montreal/Toronto, Cincinnati, and Wuhan. Premier: Twelve events with prize money from U.S.$710,000 to U.S.$2 million.

International tournaments: There are 32 tournaments, with prize money for all except three events at U.S.$250,000. The exceptions are the Shenzhen Open and the Tianjin Open, each with prize money of U.S.$750,000 and U.S.$500,000 respectively; and the year-ending WTA Elite Trophy in Zhuhai which has prize money of U.S.$2.2 million. WTA 125k Series (since 2012): In 2017 there are eight tournaments (two in China, and one each in Croatia, France, Thailand, India, United States, and Taiwan), with prize money for every event at U.S.$125,000.

Ranking points are also available at tournaments on the ITF Women's Circuit organised by the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation, which comprises several hundred tournaments each year with prize funds ranging from U.S. $10,000 to U.S. $100,000, and at the Olympic Games. Players’ Council[edit] The Players' Council is a group or sub-committee under the WTA board of directors, consisting of 8 selected players on the tour that advocate player interest, handles grievances, changes in the tennis schedule and other concerns. 2017 Players’ Council[15]

1–20 Ranking Category : Johanna Konta, Lucie Šafářová, Samantha Stosur, Venus Williams 21–50 Ranking Category : Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova 51–100 Ranking Category : Alison Riske 21+ Ranking Category : Irina Falconi 100+ Ranking Category : Marina Erakovic

Ranking method[edit] The WTA rankings are based on a rolling 52-week, cumulative system. A player's ranking is determined by her results at a maximum of 16 tournaments for singles and 11 for doubles and points are awarded based on how far a player advances in a tournament. The basis for calculating a player's ranking are those tournaments that yield the highest ranking points during the rolling 52-week period with the condition that they must include points from the Grand Slams, Premier Mandatory tournaments, and the WTA Finals. In addition, for Top 20 players, their best two results at Premier 5 tournaments will also count.[16] All WTA players also have a Universal Tennis
Tennis
Rating, based on head-to-head results. The points distribution for tournaments in 2017 is shown below.

Category W F SF QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Q Q3 Q2 Q1

Grand Slam (S) 2000 1300 780 430 240 130 70 10 40 30 20 2

Grand Slam (D) 2000 1300 780 430 240 130 10 – 40 – – –

WTA Finals (S) 1500* 1080* 750* (+125 per Round Robin Match; +125 per Round Robin Win)

WTA Finals (D) 1500 1080 750 375 –

WTA Premier Mandatory (96S) 1000 650 390 215 120 65 35 10 30 – 20 2

WTA Premier Mandatory (64/60S) 1000 650 390 215 120 65 10 – 30 – 20 2

WTA Premier Mandatory (28/32D) 1000 650 390 215 120 10 – – – – – –

WTA Premier 5 (56S,64Q) 900 585 350 190 105 60 1 – 30 22 15 1

WTA Premier 5 (56S,48/32Q) 900 585 350 190 105 60 1 – 30 – 20 1

WTA Premier 5 (28D) 900 585 350 190 105 1 – – – – – –

WTA Premier 5 (16D) 900 585 350 190 1 – – – – – – –

WTA Premier (56S) 470 305 185 100 55 30 1 – 25 – 13 1

WTA Premier (32S) 470 305 185 100 55 1 – – 25 18 13 1

WTA Premier (16D) 470 305 185 100 1 – – – – – – –

WTA Elite Trophy (S) 700* 440* 240* (+40 per Round Robin Match; +80 per Round Robin Win)

WTA International (32S,32Q) 280 180 110 60 30 1 – – 18 14 10 1

WTA International (32S,16Q) 280 180 110 60 30 1 – – 18 – 12 1

WTA International (16D) 280 180 110 60 1 – – – – – – –

WTA 125K series
WTA 125K series
(S) 160 95 57 29 15 1 - - 6 - 4 1

WTA 125K series
WTA 125K series
(D) 160 95 57 29 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $100,000 + H(32) 150 90 55 28 14 1 - - 6 4 1 -

ITF $100,000 + H(16) 150 90 55 28 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $100,000 (32) 140 85 50 25 13 1 - - 6 4 1 -

ITF $100,000 (16) 140 85 50 25 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $75,000 + H(32) 130 80 48 24 12 1 - - 5 3 1 -

ITF $75,000 + H(16) 130 80 48 24 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $75,000 (32) 115 70 42 21 10 1 - - 5 3 1 -

ITF $75,000 (16) 115 70 42 21 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $50,000 + H(32) 100 60 36 18 9 1 - - 5 3 1 -

ITF $50,000 + H(16) 100 60 36 18 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $50,000 (32) 80 48 29 15 8 1 - - 5 3 1 -

ITF $50,000 (16) 80 48 29 15 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $25,000 (32) 50 30 18 9 5 1 - - 2 - - -

ITF $25,000 (16) 50 30 18 9 1 - - - - - - -

ITF $15,000 (32) 25 15 9 5 1 0 - - 1 - - -

ITF $15,000 (16) 25 15 9 5 0 - - - - - - -

ITF $10,000 (32) 12 7 4 2 1 0 - - - - - -

ITF $10,000 (16) 12 7 4 2 0 - - - - - - -

S = singles players, D = doubles teams, Q = qualification players. * Assumes undefeated Round Robin match record. "+H" indicates that Hospitality is provided. WTA Rankings[edit] Main article: WTA Rankings These lists are based on the WTA Rankings.[17][18]

WTA Rankings (Singles), as of 2 April 2018[update][19]

No. Player Points Move†

1  Simona Halep (ROU) 8,140

2  Caroline Wozniacki (DEN) 6,790

3  Garbiñe Muguruza (ESP) 5,970

4  Elina Svitolina (UKR) 5,630

5  Jeļena Ostapenko (LAT) 5,611

6  Karolína Plíšková (CZE) 4,730

7  Caroline Garcia (FRA) 4,625

8  Venus Williams (USA) 4,277

9  Sloane Stephens (USA) 3,938 3

10  Petra Kvitová (CZE) 3,271 1

11  Angelique Kerber (GER) 3,150 1

12  Daria Kasatkina (RUS) 2,940 1

13  Julia Görges (GER) 2,855

14  Madison Keys (USA) 2,538 1

15  CoCo Vandeweghe (USA) 2,488 1

16  Anastasija Sevastova (LAT) 2,460 1

17  Magdaléna Rybáriková (SVK) 2,350 1

18  Ashleigh Barty (AUS) 2,283 2

19  Kristina Mladenovic (FRA) 2,280

20  Elise Mertens (BEL) 2,200 1

†Change since previous rankings

WTA Rankings (Doubles), as of 2 April 2018[update][20]

No. Player Points Move‡

1  Latisha Chan (TPE) 9,560

2  Ekaterina Makarova (RUS) 7,825 1

 Elena Vesnina (RUS) 7,825 1

4  Tímea Babos (HUN) 7,280 1

5  Andrea Sestini Hlaváčková (CZE) 5,625 1

6  Ashleigh Barty (AUS) 5,030 7

7  Lucie Šafářová (CZE) 4,905 1

8  Kateřina Siniaková (CZE) 4,670 4

9  Casey Dellacqua (AUS) 4,320 1

10  Gabriela Dabrowski (CAN) 4,300 3

11  Monica Niculescu (ROU) 3,912 3

12  Chan Hao-ching (TPE) 3,900 5

13  Hsieh Su-wei (TPE) 3,768 5

14  Barbora Strýcová (CZE) 3,675 3

15  Kristina Mladenovic (FRA) 3,617

16  Xu Yifan (CHN) 3,580 7

17  Kiki Bertens (NED) 3,580 3

18  Anna-Lena Groenefeld (GER) 3,435 5

19  Peng Shuai (CHN) 3,312

20  Andreja Klepač (SLO) 3,305 1

 María José Martínez Sánchez (ESP) 3,305 1

‡Change since previous week's rankings

Global Advisory Council members[edit] The Global Advisory Council of international business leaders has sixteen members as of September 2013[update].[21]

Darcy Antonellis, President, Technical Operations Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. Sir Richard Branson, Chairman
Chairman
& Founder, Virgin Group, Ltd. Christa Carone, Chief marketing officer, Xerox Corporation Claude de Jouvencel, Member, Supervisory Council of Groupe Marnier-Lapostolle (Grand Marnier), Chairman, Wine & Spirits Association of France
France
(FEVS) Karen Elliott House, Former Publisher, Wall Street Journal Billie Jean King, Co-Founder, World TeamTennis, Founder, WTA Tour Bessie Lee, Chief Executive Officer, GroupM China Winston Lord, Chairman
Chairman
Emeritus, International Rescue Committee, Former US Ambassador to China Jay Lorsch, Louis E. Kirstein Professor, Human Relations, Harvard Business School Scott Mead, President & Founder Partner, Richmond Park Partners Arnon Milchan, Owner & Founder, Regency Enterprises William Pfeiffer, CEO & Founder, Dragongate Entertainment Bruce Rockowitz, Group President & CEO, Li & Fung Limited Hardwick "Wick" Simmons, Former chairman, International Tennis
Tennis
Hall Of Fame Jan Soderstrom, Chief marketing officer, SunPower corporation Kimberly A. Williams, Chief Operating Officer, NFL Network, National Football League

See also[edit]

Tennis
Tennis
portal

2018 WTA Tour Virginia Slims Circuit WTA Tour
WTA Tour
Championships WTA Challenger Series WTA Awards WTA Tour
WTA Tour
records List of WTA number 1 ranked players List of female tennis players Grand Slam (tennis) List of tennis tournaments Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals World TeamTennis Tennis
Tennis
statistics Toyota
Toyota
Championships

References[edit]

^ a b c d e " WTA Tour
WTA Tour
history" (PDF). Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  ^ a b c d e "About the WTA". Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA). Archived from the original on 2014-09-26. Retrieved 2017-04-20.  ^ King, Billie Jean; Starr, Cynthia (1988). We Have Come a Long Way : The Story of Women's Tennis. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 123–127. ISBN 9780070346253.  ^ Joanne Lannin. "Fighting for Equality". Billie Jean King: Tennis Trailblazer. Lerner Publications. p. 57. ISBN 0-8225-4959-X. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  ^ "Billie Jean King: Founder, Leader, Legend". Women's Sports Foundation. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  ^ "Davenport Tops All-Time Prize Money List". Women's Tennis Association (WTA). 2007-01-14. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  ^ Robin Finn (December 18, 1996). "Jerry Diamond, 68, Women's Tennis Leader". The New York Times.  ^ a b "Management Bios: Larry Scott – Chairman
Chairman
& CEO". Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2009-03-31.  ^ a b Dufresne, Chris (2009-03-25). "Larry Scott to head Pac-10 Conference". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-03-31.  ^ a b Condotta, Bob (2009-03-24). "Larry Scott named Pac-10 commissioner". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-03-31.  ^ "Scott leaves WTA role to be Pac-10 commish". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2009-03-31.  ^ Scott, Matt (24 June 2009). "Undermanning Undermines Tennis' Corruption Unit". London: The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ "Home Pro Game News Stacey Allaster leaving as WTA's chief executive". Tennis.com. September 22, 2015.  ^ "Indian Wells executive Steve Simon to take over as WTA CEO". ESPN. 2015-10-05. Retrieved 2016-03-01.  ^ "2017 Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association Media Guide" (PDF). Women's Tennis Association (WTA). Retrieved 2017-09-30.  ^ "WTA – All About Rankings". WTA.  ^ " Sony Ericsson
Sony Ericsson
WTA Tour
WTA Tour
Rankings:Singles". Women's Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22.  ^ " Sony Ericsson
Sony Ericsson
WTA Tour
WTA Tour
Rankings:Doubles". Women's Tennis Association.  ^ "WTA Rankings". wtatennis.com. WTA Tour, Inc.  ^ "WTA Rankings". wtatennis.com. WTA Tour, Inc.  ^ "Global Advisory Council". WTA (wtatennis.com). 

External links[edit]

The official WTA Tour
WTA Tour
web site Official live WTA tennis streaming site

v t e

WTA Tour
WTA Tour
seasons

1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

v t e

WTA 125K series
WTA 125K series
seasons

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

v t e

WTA Premier tournaments

Premier Mandatory

Indian Wells (2009–18) Miami (2009–18) Madrid (2009–18) Beijing (2009–18)

Premier 5 tournaments

Dubai (2009–11, 2015, 2017) Doha (2012–14, 2016, 2018) Rome (2009–18) Toronto / Montreal (2009–18) Cincinnati (2009–18) Tokyo (2009–13) Wuhan (2014–18)

Premier tournaments

Brisbane (2012–18) Sydney (2009–18) Paris (2009–14) Antwerp (2015) St. Petersburg (2016–18) Doha (2011, 2015, 2017) Dubai (2012–14, 2016, 2018) Charleston (2009–18) Stuttgart (2009–18) Warsaw (2009–10) Brussels (2011–13) Birmingham (2014–18) Eastbourne (2009–18) Stanford (2009–18) Los Angeles (2009) San Diego / Carlsbad (2010–13) New Haven (2009–18) Tokyo (2014–18) Moscow (2009–18)

Tournaments by year

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

WTA Finals

v t e

WTA International tournaments
WTA International tournaments
(2009–current)

2009–current

Auckland Hobart Acapulco Monterrey Bogotá Istanbul Fes/Marrakesh/Rabat Strasbourg 's-Hertogenbosch Quebec City Osaka/Tokyo/Hiroshima Guangzhou Seoul Tashkent Linz Luxembourg City

2011–current

Washington D.C.

2013–current

Shenzhen Nuremberg

2014–current

Bucharest Hong Kong Tianjin

2015–current

Prague Nottingham

2016–current

Kaohsiung/Taipei Santa Ponsa Gstaad Nanchang

2017–current

Budapest Biel/Lugano

2018–current

Moscow

Defunct

Bad Gastein Baku Barcelona Båstad Birmingham Brisbane Copenhagen Dallas Florianópolis Katowice Kuala Lumpur Marbella Memphis Oeiras Palermo Pattaya Ponte Vedra Beach Portorož Rio de Janeiro Sofia

v t e

WTA 125K series
WTA 125K series
tournaments

Active

Taipei (since 2012) Limoges (since 2014) Dalian (since 2015) Hua Hin (since 2015) Bol (since 2016) Honolulu (since 2016) Zhengzhou (since 2017) Mumbai (since 2017) Newport Beach (since 2018) Indian Wells (since 2018) Anning (since 2018)

Former

Pune (2012) Cali (2013) Nanjing (2013) Ningbo (2013–2014) Suzhou (2013–2014) Nanchang (2014–2015) Carlsbad (2015) San Antonio (2016)

Former tournament categories

v t e

WTA Tier I Tournaments (1990–2008)

1990–2008 Berlin 1990–2008 Miami 1990–2008 Charleston 1990 Chicago 1990–2008 Montréal/Toronto 1990–2008 Rome 1991–1992 Boca Raton 1993–1995 Philadelphia 1993–2008 Tokyo 1993–2007 Zürich 1997–2008 Indian Wells 1997–2008 Moscow 2004–2007 San Diego 2008 Doha

v t e

WTA Tier II tournaments
WTA Tier II tournaments
(1990–2008)

1990–2008 Amelia Island 1990/1993–1995 Boca Raton 1990–1995 Houston 1990–2008 Los Angeles 1990–2008 Eastbourne 1990–1995 Brighton 1990–1996 Indian Wells/Palm Springs 1990–2002 Hamburg 1990–2008 Stanford 1990–2008 Stuttgart 1990–1996 Tokyo (Nicherei) 1990–1992 Tokyo (Pan Pacific) 1991–1997 Chicago 1991–1992/1996–2005 Philadelphia 1993–1997 Barcelona/Madrid 1993–2008 Paris 1993–2003 Leipzig 1993–2008 Sydney 1996 Madrid 1997–2008 New Haven 1997–2002 Tokyo (Princess) 1998–2008 Linz 2000–2003 Scottsdale 2001–2008 Dubai 2002–2008 Antwerp 2003–2007 Warsaw 2003–2008 Shanghai/Beijing 2004–2007 Doha 2005–2007 Luxembourg City 2008 Bangalore 2008 Zürich

v t e

WTA Tier III Tournaments (1990–2008)

1990 Houston 1990 Tampa 1990 Newport 1990–1991 San Diego 1990–1992 San Antonio 1990-1992 Sydney 1990-1992 Leipzig 1991–1992 Barcelona 1992–1994 Lucerne 1992-1994 Osaka 1993/2007–2008 Budapest 1993 Kitzbühel 1993–1994 Schenectady 1993-1994 Brisbane 1993–1997 Linz 1993–2008 Oklahoma City/Memphis 1993–2008 Strasbourg 1993–2008 Tokyo Outdoor 1993–2008 Birmingham 1993–2008 Quebec City 1994–1995 Moscow (Ladies Open) 1995 San Juan 1995/2000–2003 Zagreb/Bol 1995–1996 Jakarta 1995–1998/2002 Warsaw 1996 Moscow (Kremlin Cup) 1996–2004/2008 Luxembourg City 1996–2008 's-Hertogenbosch 1997–2003 Madrid 1997–2008 Gold Coast 1998 Prague 1998 Boston 1999 Cairo 1999–2004 Sopot 1999–2008 Kuala Lumpur/Bali 2000–2004 Vienna 2001 Canberra 2001–2003 Doha 2001–2008 Bogotá 2001-2008 Acapulco 2004–2006 Hasselt 2004–2008 Cincinnati 2004–2008 Guangzhou 2005–2007 Bangkok 2005–2007 Kolkata 2005–2008 Istanbul 2006–2007 Bangalore 2007–2008 Bad Gastein 2008 Viña del Mar

v t e

WTA Tier IV tournaments
WTA Tier IV tournaments
(1990–2008)

1990–1993 San Juan/Dorado 1990 Wichita 1990–1991 Albuquerque 1990–1991 Nashville 1990–1992 Birmingham 1990–1992 Brisbane 1990–1992 Geneva/Lucerne 1990–1992 Indianapolis 1990–1992 Oklahoma City 1990–1992 Paris 1990–1992 Strasbourg 1990–1992 Tokyo 1990–1992/1994–1998 Kitzbühel/Styria/Maria Lankowitz 1990/1994 Singapore/Kallang 1990–2000/2005–2008 Palermo 1990/2007–2008 Barcelona 1991–1992 Bayonne 1992–1993 Kuala Lumpur 1992–1997/2005–2008 Prague/Karlovy Vary 1992–1994 Taiwan 1993 Hong Kong 1993 San Marino 1993 Sapporo 1993–1994 Taranto 1993–1994/1997 Jakarta 1993/1999–2000 Curitba/Sao Paulo 1993/1999–2000/2002 Liege/Anvers/Brussels 1993–2000/2001–2008 Auckland 1993–2000/2005–2008 Pattaya 1993 Melbourne 1994–1996/2000–2002 Shanghai/Peking 1994–1997 Surabaya 1994–2000/2006–2008 Hobart 1995 Bournemouth 1995 Nagoya 1996–1997 Cardiff 1996–1999 Bol 1996–2000/2005–2006 Budapest 1998 Istanbul 1998 Sopot 1998–2000 Bogotá 1998–2000 Bratislava 1999 Prostějov 1999 Vienna 1999–2000 Warsaw 1999–2001 Knokke-Zoute 1999–2003/2005–2008 Estoril 1999–2008 Tashkent 2001 Basel 2001–2002 Porto 2001–2002 Waikoloa 2002–2003 Sarasota 2002–2008 Espoo/Stockholm 2003–2005 Hyderabad 2004–2008 Seoul 2005 Modena 2005–2008 Forest Hills 2005–2008 Portorož 2005–2008 Rabat/Fes 2006 Canberra

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WTA Tier V tournaments
WTA Tier V tournaments
(1990–2005)

1990–1991 Moscow 1990–1992 Taranto 1990–1992 Wellington 1990 Athens 1990 Bayonne 1990 Estoril 1990–1992/2001 Auckland 1991 Bol 1991 Oslo 1991–1992 San Marino 1991–1992/2001–2003 Pattaya 1992/2001 Brussels/Waregem/Antwerp 2001–2002 Bratislava 2001–2004 Budapest 2001–2004 Palermo 2001–2004 Casablanca 2001–2005 Hobart 2002–2005 Canberra 2004 Forest Hills 2004 Vancouver

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World rankings – Top ten tennis players as of week of 2 April 2018[update]

ATP singles ATP doubles WTA singles WTA doubles

Rafael Nadal     Roger Federer Marin Čilić Alexander Zverev Grigor Dimitrov Juan Martín del Potro Dominic Thiem Kevin Anderson John Isner David Goffin

Łukasz Kubot Marcelo Melo Mate Pavić Henri Kontinen John Peers Oliver Marach Bob Bryan Mike Bryan Nicolas Mahut Ivan Dodig

Simona Halep Caroline Wozniacki Garbiñe Muguruza Elina Svitolina Jeļena Ostapenko Karolína Plíšková Caroline Garcia Venus Williams Sloane Stephens Petra Kvitová

Latisha Chan Elena Vesnina Ekaterina Makarova Tímea Babos Andrea Sestini Hlaváčková Ashleigh Barty Lucie Šafářová Kateřina Siniaková Casey Dellacqua Gabriela Dabrowski

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International sports world tours and series

Ball sports

Badminton Beach volleyball Golf Racquetball

men women

Rugby sevens

men women

Squash Table tennis Tennis

men women

Racing sports

Automobile racing

electric endurance karting open wheel rally touring

Cycling

bicycle motocross cyclo-cross mountain biking men's road women's road track

Motorcycle racing

grand prix superbike motocross speedway sidecar

Mountain running Rowing Sailing Swimming

marathon

Triathlon

Winter sports

Biathlon Figure skating Skiing

alpine cross-country freestyle nordic combined ski jumping

Sledding

bobsleigh luge skeleton

Snowboarding Speed skating

long track short track

Other sports

Archery Athletics

outdoor indoor

Bodyboarding Canoe slalom Chess Cue sports

pool snooker

Diving

high diving

Fencing Gymnastics

artistic rhythmic

world cup grand prix

trampoline

Modern pentathlon Shooting Skyrunning Surfing

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Tennis

ITF History Glossary Match types Statistics Players Umpires Women's tennis

Basics

General

Scoring system

point

Strategy

grips serve and volley

Equipment

ball racket strings

Official Technology

electronic line judge hawk-eye cyclops

Courts

Carpet Clay Grass Hard

Shots

Backhand Backspin Drop shot Flat Forehand Groundstroke Half volley Lob Passing shot Serve

ace

Smash Topspin Volley

Grand Slams

Events

Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open

Stats

Records Singles finals

Professional tours

Men

ATP World Tour ATP Challenger Tour ITF Men's Circuit

Women

WTA Tour WTA 125K series ITF Women's Circuit

Team tennis tournaments

Active

Davis Cup Fed Cup Hopman Cup Laver Cup World TeamTennis

Defunct

Wightman Cup World Team Cup Champions Tennis
Tennis
League International Premier Tennis
Tennis
League

Multi-sport events

Intercontinental

Olympics Youth Olympics Universiade Commonwealth Island Mediterranean

Continental

All-Africa Asian Pacific Pan American

Outline P

.