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Vračar
Vračar
(Serbian Cyrillic: Врачар, pronounced [v̞rǎt͡ʃaːr]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 56,333 inhabitants. With an area of only 297 hectares, it is the smallest of all Belgrade's (and Serbian) municipalities, but also the most densely populated. Vračar
Vračar
is one of the three municipalities that constitute the very center area of Belgrade, together with Savski Venac
Savski Venac
and Stari Grad. It is an affluent municipality, having one of the most expensive real estate prices within Belgrade, and has the highest proportion of university educated inhabitants compared to all other Serbian municipalities.[1] One of the most famous landmarks in Belgrade, the Saint Sava
Saint Sava
Temple is located in Vračar. Vračar
Vračar
borders five other Belgrade
Belgrade
municipalities: Voždovac
Voždovac
to the south, Zvezdara
Zvezdara
to the east, Palilula to the northeast, Stari Grad to the north and Savski Venac
Savski Venac
to the west. It is generally bounded by the three boulevards: Boulevard of Liberation, Southern Boulevard and the Boulevard of King Aleksandar.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Cityscape 3 History 4 Neighborhoods 5 Demographics

5.1 Ethnic structure

6 Administration 7 Characteristics 8 International cooperation 9 See also 10 Historical references 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] The neighborhood of Vračar
Vračar
is located on the top of the Vračar plateau, partially in the easternmost section of the municipality of Savski Venac
Savski Venac
as a result of a series of administrative changes of municipal boundaries after World War II. Despite its small area, being located less than a kilometer away from downtown (Terazije) it borders many other Belgrade
Belgrade
neighborhoods: the square and neighborhood of Slavija to the north, Palilula to the northeast, Čubura
Čubura
and Gradić Pejton to the east, Neimar
Neimar
to the south and the park and neighborhood of Karađorđev Park
Karađorđev Park
to the southwest. With 132 metres (433 feet), Vračar plateau
Vračar plateau
is one of the highest points in downtown Belgrade, which is generally built on a hilly terrain (32 hills altogether).[2] The top of the hill was flattened and turned into the plateau when earth from the top was used to cover and drain the pond on Slavija, in the western foothills of the Vračar hill.[3] Almost no geographical features survive today as the area is completely urbanized, except for the small section of Karađorđev Park on the southern slopes of the plateau. Some much larger parks, like major portion of Karađorđev Park
Karađorđev Park
or parks Manjež
Manjež
and Tašmajdan
Tašmajdan
are left just outside the Vračar's administrative borders. Cityscape[edit]

Map of Belgrade
Belgrade
from 1830

National Library of Serbia

The most dominant feature of modern Vračar
Vračar
is the massive Temple of Saint Sava. Its decades long, troubled construction shaped not only the present appearance of the plateau but also the entire skyline of Belgrade. The plateau has been reshaped in the early 2000s, with fountains, marble access roads to the temple with pillars, and playgrounds added, while the already existing monument to the leader of the First Serbian Uprising, Karađorđe, was erected on a low, artificial hillock. The plateau is also the location of the National Library of Serbia
Serbia
and Karađorđev Park
Karađorđev Park
begins here, with the craftsmen settlement of Gradić Pejton and the bohemian quarter of Čubura
Čubura
nearby. History[edit]

Karadjordje
Karadjordje
and Temple of Saint Sava, on the Vračar
Vračar
plateau, where the Turks burned the remains of Saint Sava

Vračar
Vračar
(derived from Serbian word vrač meaning the 'medicine man', 'healer') was first mentioned in 1495 in Turkish documents. In 1560 it is mentioned as the Christian village outside the fortress of Kalemegdan
Kalemegdan
with 17 houses. It is believed this village is the place where in 1595 the Turkish grand vizier Sinan Pasha
Sinan Pasha
burned at the stake the remains of Saint Sava, a major Serbian saint, to pacify and punish a rebellious population. At the beginning of the 19th century Vračar, as a geographical term, referred to a much wider area, from the village of Savamala
Savamala
(present Mostar) on the west to the village of Paliula (present neighborhood of Karaburma), which means it used to cover at least three times larger territory than the municipality covers today. By order of prince Miloš Obrenović, an alternative city centre with western characteristics was designed and built here while city of Belgrade
Belgrade
was still under Turkish rule and for three quarters an oriental town with all the characteristics of Islamic architecture. On the other hand, Vračar
Vračar
was built with broad streets and boulevards, first parks and monuments. It was housing all Serbian public buildings and state institutions in Belgrade, known as a place where the remains of the Serbian Saint Archbishop Sava
Sava
Nemanjic were burned by Turks. The Masonic Temple on this site was destroyed during the German bombing of Belgrade
Belgrade
on 6 April 1941. Today, it is the site of the biggest Christian Orthodox Cathedral in the world. The Times
The Times
on October 17, 1843 published a text full of exultations. 'Four years have passed since the time when I was last here, and how Belgrade
Belgrade
has changed! I have hardly recognised it. The high belfry on the church (Cathedral) now screens by its shadow the Turkish mosques; many shops are now provided with new doors and glass windows, oriental clothing is more rare and houses with several storeys, in European manner, are being built everywhere'. Many architects-baumeisters (builders) Germans, Czechs, Italians and the Serbians who appeared only at the end of the 1860s built new Serbian Belgrade
Belgrade
in Vračar. After 1867, when Turkish military garrisons left the Belgrade
Belgrade
fortress Kalemegdan
Kalemegdan
they extended their architectural activities on the ruins of the Turkish houses (Stambol gate, Dorćol, Palilula) and on the ruins of the Serbian huts in the Sava
Sava
river port, Savamala. When Belgrade
Belgrade
was divided into six quarters in 1860, Vračar
Vračar
was one of them.[4] By the census of 1883 it had a population of 5,965.[5] Since the 1880s, the neighborhood was roughly divided into Zapadni Vračar
Vračar
(West Vračar) and Istočni Vračar (East Vračar), divided by the road of Šumadijski put (present Boulevard of Liberation). Since 1955 when municipality was officially split into these two, Zapadni Vračar
Vračar
later became core of the new municipality of Savski Venac while the term Vračar
Vračar
became synonym for Istočni Vračar only. The municipality of Vračar
Vračar
was officially formed in 1952 after Belgrade
Belgrade
was administratively reorganized from districts (rejon) to municipalities. Already on September 1, 1955 Vračar
Vračar
was divided into Zapadni Vračar (West Vračar) and Istočni Vračar (East Vračar). Year and a half later, on January 1, 1957, parts of Istočni Vračar merged with the municipality of Neimar
Neimar
and the western part of the municipality of Terazije
Terazije
to create new, albeit the smallest municipality in Belgrade, Vračar. Zapadni Vračar became municipality of Savski Venac, while the easternmost section of Istočni Vračar became part of the municipality of Zvezdara
Zvezdara
(local community of Vračarsko Polje; Zvezdara
Zvezdara
hill itself was styled Veliki Vračar
Vračar
- Big Vračar). Neighborhoods[edit] As Vračar
Vračar
has a very small area by itself, its sub-neighborhoods are also small, some of them encompassing only a street or so:

Crveni Krst Cvetni Trg Čubura

Englezovac Istočni Vračar Gradić Pejton

Grantovac Kalenić Krunski Venac

Neimar Savinac Slavija

Vračar

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1948 62,158 —    

1953 75,139 +3.87%

1961 88,422 +2.06%

1971 84,291 −0.48%

1981 78,862 −0.66%

1991 69,680 −1.23%

2002 58,386 −1.59%

2011 56,333 −0.40%

Source: [6]

As the other two central Belgrade
Belgrade
municipalities, Stari Grad and Savski Venac, Vračar
Vračar
has been depopulating for the last five decades. Despite that, Vračar
Vračar
is by far, thanks to its small area, the most densely populated municipality of Belgrade, with 18,967 inhabitants per square kilometer (2011 census; 28,380 back in 1971). Ethnic structure[edit] The ethnic composition of the municipality:[7]

Ethnic group Population

Serbs 50,561

Yugoslavs 601

Montenegrins 530

Croats 266

Romani 254

Gorani 122

Muslims 105

Slovenians 97

Russians 71

Hungarians 62

Others 3,664

Total 56,333

Administration[edit] Recent presidents of the municipal assembly:

January 1993–December 1996: Dragan Maršićanin
Dragan Maršićanin
(b. 1950) December 1996–June 13, 2006: Milena Marković (b. 1950) June 13, 2006–June 5, 2015: Branimir Kuzmanović (b. 1968) June 5, 2015–July 8, 2016: Tijana Blagojević (b. 1980) July 8, 2016–present: Milan Nedeljković (b. 1957)

Mrs Dunja Vlahović (b. 1912), who was municipal president from January 1957 when Vračar
Vračar
was restored as one municipality, was one of the first female municipal presidents in Serbia. District (Serbian: srez) which comprised the suburban area of Belgrade after 1945 was called Vračar
Vračar
District (Vračarski srez) though the name Belgrade
Belgrade
District was also used. In 1955 the Vračar
Vračar
District merged with the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
and parts of some bordering districts to create new, enlarged Belgrade
Belgrade
District. Characteristics[edit]

The Beograđanka, one of the symbols of Belgrade
Belgrade
is located in the western corner of the Vračar
Vračar
municipality

Vračar
Vračar
is a residential and very important commercial part of Belgrade. The tall skyscraper in downtown Belgrade, the Beograđanka, Cvetni Trg
Cvetni Trg
(famous for its flower shops) and the square of Slavija occupy the western section of the municipality. Other important features are the Temple of Saint Sava
Temple of Saint Sava
and the National Library of Serbia
Serbia
on the Vračar
Vračar
plateau, northern section of the big interchange Autokomanda
Autokomanda
and the stadium of the FK Obilić
FK Obilić
(Miloš Obilić
Obilić
Stadium) and the Architecture high school in the extreme west of the municipality. Commercial center of the municipality is the area surrounding the Kalenić, largest open green market in Belgrade. The " Vračar
Vračar
plane tree" is a tree in the Makenzijeva street, protected as the natural monument. It is a London plane, 23 m (75 ft) high in 2013 and is estimated to be planted circa 1860.[8] International cooperation[edit] Vračar
Vračar
is twinned with following cities and municipalities:[9]

Anavyssos, Greece

See also[edit]

Istočni Vračar Zapadni Vračar Veliki Vračar Subdivisions of Belgrade List of Belgrade
Belgrade
neighborhoods and suburbs

Historical references[edit]

Beograd - Izdanje opštine beogradske, 1911; Zapisi starog Beograđanina 2000; Iz starog Beograda, Živorad P. Jovanović 1964; Siluete starog Beograda, Milan Jovanović - Stojimirović, 1971; Uspon Beograda, Milivoje M.Kostić, 2000; Beogradske gradske pijace, JKP Beogradske pijace, 1999; Vračarski glasnik, 1997–2004

References[edit]

^ [1] Retrieved on 2013-02-01. ^ "Opservatorija: Beograd - Vračar
Vračar
(osnovana 1887 godine)" (in Serbian). Politika. 2017.  ^ Milan Četnik, "Generali na koti Vračar", Politika
Politika
(in Serbian)  ^ Dejan Aleksić (9 May 2017), "Šest decenija opštine Palilula - Nekad selo, a danas urbana celina grada", Politika
Politika
(in Serbian)  ^ Belgrade
Belgrade
by the 1883 census ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 26 February 2017.  ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.  ^ Vladimir Vukasović (9 June 2013), "Prestonica dobija još devet prirodnih dobara", Politika
Politika
(in Serbian)  ^ [2] Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vračar.

Municipality of Vračar Vračar
Vračar
info at the official Belgrade
Belgrade
site

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Landmarks

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Belgrade
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Zemun
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Belgrade
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Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts National Theatre in Belgrade Sava
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Belgrade
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Education

University of Belgrade University of Arts in Belgrade University of Defence John Naisbitt University Singidunum University Union University Ilija M. Kolarac Endowment

Sport centers

Pinki Hall Ranko Žeravica Sports Hall Kombank Arena FK Obilić
FK Obilić
Stadium Omladinski stadion Partizan Stadium Aleksandar Nikolić Hall Rajko Mitić Stadium King Peter I Stadium Tašmajdan
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Stadium Zemun
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i Metohija1

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1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

Coordinates: 44°47′43″N 20°28′04″E / 44.7953°N 20.4678°E

.