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VRAčAR (Serbian Cyrillic : Врачар, pronounced ) is an urban municipality of the city of Belgrade
Belgrade
. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 56,333 inhabitants.

With an area of only 297 hectares (734 acres), it is the smallest of all Belgrade's (and Serbian) municipalities, but also the most densely populated. Vračar
Vračar
is one of the three municipalities that constitute the very center area of Belgrade, together with Savski Venac
Savski Venac
and Stari Grad . It is an affluent municipality, having one of the most expensive real estate prices within Belgrade, and has the highest proportion of university educated inhabitants compared to all other Serbian municipalities. One of the most famous landmarks in Belgrade, the Saint Sava Temple is located in Vračar.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Cityscape * 3 History * 4 Demographics

* 5 Municipality

* 5.1 Location * 5.2 Geography * 5.3 Administration * 5.4 Neighborhoods * 5.5 Characteristics

* 6 International cooperation * 7 See also * 8 Historical references * 9 References * 10 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The neighborhood of Vračar
Vračar
is located on the top of the Vračar plateau , partially in the easternmost section of the municipality of Savski Venac
Savski Venac
as a result of a series of administrative changes of municipal boundaries after World War II
World War II
. Despite its small area, being located less than a kilometer away from downtown ( Terazije
Terazije
) it borders many other Belgrade
Belgrade
neighborhoods: the square and neighborhood of Slavija to the north, Palilula to the northeast, Čubura and Gradić Pejton to the east, Neimar to the south and the park and neighborhood of Karađorđev Park to the southwest.

With 132 metres (433 feet), Vračar plateau is one of the highest points in downtown Belgrade. The top of the hill was flattened and turned into the plateau when earth from the top was used to cover and drain the pond on Slavija, in the western foothills of the Vračar hill.

CITYSCAPE

Map of Belgrade
Belgrade
from 1830 National Library of Serbia
Serbia

The most dominant feature of modern Vračar
Vračar
is the massive Temple of Saint Sava . Its decades long, troubled construction shaped not only the present appearance of the plateau but also the entire skyline of Belgrade. The plateau has been reshaped in the early 2000s, with fountains, marble access roads to the temple with pillars, and playgrounds added, while the already existing monument to the leader of the First Serbian Uprising , Karađorđe
Karađorđe
, was erected on a low, artificial hillock. The plateau is also the location of the National Library of Serbia
Serbia
and Karađorđev Park begins here, with the craftsmen settlement of Gradić Pejton and the bohemian quarter of Čubura nearby.

HISTORY

Vračar
Vračar
(derived from Serbian word vrač meaning the 'medicine man ', 'healer') was first mentioned in 1495 in Turkish documents. In 1560 it is mentioned as the Christian village outside the fortress of Kalemegdan
Kalemegdan
with 17 houses. It is believed this village is the place where in 1595 the Turkish grand vizier Sinan Pasha
Sinan Pasha
burned at the stake the remains of Saint Sava , a major Serbian saint, to pacify and punish a rebellious population.

At the beginning of the 19th century Vračar, as a geographical term, referred to a much wider area, from the village of Savamala (present Mostar ) on the west to the village of Paliula (present neighborhood of Karaburma
Karaburma
), which means it used to cover at least three times larger territory than the municipality covers today. By order of prince Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
, an alternative city centre with western characteristics was designed and built here while city of Belgrade
Belgrade
was still under Turkish rule and for three quarters an oriental town with all the characteristics of Islamic architecture . On the other hand, Vračar
Vračar
was built with broad streets and boulevards, first parks and monuments. It was housing all Serbian public buildings and state institutions in Belgrade, known as a place where the remains of the Serbian Saint Archbishop Sava Nemanjic were burned by Turks. The Masonic Temple on this site was destroyed during the German bombing of Belgrade
Belgrade
on 6 April 1941. Today, it is the site of the biggest Christian Orthodox Cathedral in the world.

The Times on October 17, 1843 published a text full of exultations. 'Four years have passed since the time when I was last here, and how Belgrade
Belgrade
has changed! I have hardly recognised it. The high belfry on the church (Cathedral) now screens by its shadow the Turkish mosques; many shops are now provided with new doors and glass windows, oriental clothing is more rare and houses with several storeys, in European manner, are being built everywhere'.

Many architects-baumeisters (builders) Germans, Czechs, Italians and the Serbians who appeared only at the end of the 1860s built new Serbian Belgrade
Belgrade
in Vračar. After 1867, when Turkish military garrisons left the Belgrade
Belgrade
fortress Kalemegdan
Kalemegdan
they extended their architectural activities on the ruins of the Turkish houses (Stambol gate , Dorćol
Dorćol
, Palilula) and on the ruins of the Serbian huts in the Sava river port, Savamala.

When Belgrade
Belgrade
was divided into six quarters in 1860, Vračar
Vračar
was one of them. By the census of 1883 it had a population of 5,965.

Since the 1880s, the neighborhood was roughly divided into Zapadni Vračar
Vračar
(West Vračar) and Istočni Vračar (East Vračar), divided by the road of Šumadijski put (present Boulevard of Liberation). Since 1955 when municipality was officially split into these two, Zapadni Vračar
Vračar
later became core of the new municipality of Savski Venac while the term Vračar
Vračar
became synonym for Istočni Vračar only.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1948 62,158 —

1953 75,139 +20.9%

1961 88,422 +17.7%

1971 84,291 −4.7%

1981 78,862 −6.4%

1991 69,680 −11.6%

2002 58,386 −16.2%

2011 56,333 −3.5%

Source:

As the other two central Belgrade
Belgrade
municipalities, Stari Grad and Savski Venac, Vračar
Vračar
has been depopulating for the last five decades. Despite that, Vračar
Vračar
is by far, thanks to its small area, the most densely populated municipality of Belgrade, with 18,967 inhabitants per square kilometer (2011 census; 28,380 back in 1971).

MUNICIPALITY

LOCATION

Karadjordje and Temple of Saint Sava
Temple of Saint Sava
, on the Vračar
Vračar
plateau, where the Turks burned the remains of Saint Sava

The small municipality of Vračar
Vračar
borders five other Belgrade municipalities: Voždovac to the south, Zvezdara to the east, Palilula to the northeast, Stari Grad to the north and Savski Venac
Savski Venac
to the west. It is generally bounded by the three boulevards: Boulevard of Liberation, Southern Boulevard and the Boulevard of King Aleksandar .

GEOGRAPHY

The Vračar plateau is one of the highest point in downtown Belgrade, which is generally built on a hilly terrain (32 hills altogether). Almost no geographical features survive today as the area is completely urbanized, except for the small section of Karađorđev Park on the southern slopes of the plateau. Some much larger parks, like major portion of Karađorđev Park or parks Manjež and Tašmajdan are left just outside the Vračar's administrative borders. The Beograđanka , one of the symbols of Belgrade
Belgrade
is located in the western corner of the Vračar
Vračar
municipality

ADMINISTRATION

The municipality of Vračar
Vračar
was officially formed in 1952 after Belgrade
Belgrade
was administratively reorganized from districts (rejon) to municipalities. Already on September 1, 1955 Vračar
Vračar
was divided into Zapadni Vračar (West Vračar) and Istočni Vračar (East Vračar). Year and a half later, on January 1, 1957, parts of Istočni Vračar merged with the municipality of Neimar and the western part of the municipality of Terazije
Terazije
to create new, albeit the smallest municipality in Belgrade, Vračar. Zapadni Vračar became municipality of Savski Venac
Savski Venac
, while the easternmost section of Istočni Vračar became part of the municipality of Zvezdara (local community of Vračarsko Polje ; Zvezdara hill itself was styled Veliki Vračar
Vračar
- Big Vračar).

Recent presidents of the municipal assembly:

* January 1993–December 1996: Dragan Maršićanin (b. 1950) * December 1996–June 13, 2006: Milena Marković (b. 1950) * June 13, 2006–June 5, 2015: Branimir Kuzmanović (b. 1968) * June 5, 2015–July 8, 2016: Tijana Blagojević (b. 1980) * July 8, 2016–present: Milan Nedeljković (b. 1957)

Mrs Dunja Vlahović (b. 1912), who was municipal president from January 1957 when Vračar
Vračar
was restored as one municipality, was one of the first female municipal presidents in Serbia.

District (Serbian: srez) which comprised the suburban area of Belgrade
Belgrade
after 1945 was called Vračar
Vračar
District (Vračarski srez) though the name Belgrade
Belgrade
District was also used. In 1955 the Vračar District merged with the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
and parts of some bordering districts to create new, enlarged Belgrade
Belgrade
District.

NEIGHBORHOODS

As Vračar
Vračar
has a very small area by itself, its sub-neighborhoods are also small, some of them encompassing only a street or so:

* Crveni Krst * Cvetni Trg * Čubura

* Englezovac * Istočni Vračar * Gradić Pejton

* Grantovac * Kalenić * Krunski Venac

* Neimar * Savinac * Slavija

* VRAčAR

CHARACTERISTICS

Vračar
Vračar
is a residential and very important commercial part of Belgrade. The tall skyscraper in downtown Belgrade, the Beograđanka , Cvetni Trg (famous for its flower shops) and the square of Slavija occupy the western section of the municipality. Other important features are the Temple of Saint Sava
Temple of Saint Sava
and the National Library of Serbia
Serbia
on the Vračar
Vračar
plateau, northern section of the big interchange Autokomanda
Autokomanda
and the stadium of the FK Obilić
FK Obilić
(Miloš Obilić
Obilić
Stadium ) and the Architecture high school in the extreme west of the municipality. Commercial center of the municipality is the area surrounding the Kalenić, largest open green market in Belgrade.

The " Vračar
Vračar
plane tree " is a tree in the Makenzijeva street, protected as the natural monument . It is a London plane
London plane
, 23 m (75 ft) high in 2013 and is estimated to be planted circa 1860.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Vračar
Vračar
is twinned with following cities and municipalities:

* ANAVYSSOS , Greece
Greece

SEE ALSO

* Istočni Vračar * Zapadni Vračar * Veliki Vračar
Vračar
* Subdivisions of Belgrade
Subdivisions of Belgrade
* List of Belgrade
Belgrade
neighborhoods and suburbs

HISTORICAL REFERENCES

* Beograd - Izdanje opštine beogradske, 1911; * Zapisi starog Beograđanina 2000; * Iz starog Beograda, Živorad P. Jovanović 1964; * Siluete starog Beograda, Milan Jovanović - Stojimirović, 1971; * Uspon Beograda, Milivoje M.Kostić, 2000; * Beogradske gradske pijace, JKP Beogradske pijace, 1999; * Vračarski glasnik, 1997–2004

REFERENCES

* ^ Retrieved on 2013-02-01. * ^ "Opservatorija: Beograd - Vračar
Vračar
(osnovana 1887 godine)" (in Serbian). Politika
Politika
. 2017. * ^ Milan Četnik, "Generali na koti Vračar",