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A voivodeship is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe. Voivodeships have existed since medieval times and the area of extent of voivodeship resembles that of a duchy in western medieval states, much as the title of voivode was equivalent to that of a duke. Other roughly equivalent titles and areas in medieval Eastern Europe included ban (bojan, vojin or bayan) and banate. In a modern context, the word normally refers to one of the provinces ''(województwa)'' of Poland. , Poland has 16 voivodeships.

Terminology

A voi(e)vod(e) (literally, "leader of warriors" or "war leader", equivalent to the Latin "''Dux Exercituum''" and the German "''Herzog''") was originally a military commander who stood, in a state's structure, next to the ruler. Later the word came to denote an administrative official. Words for "voivodeship" in various languages include the uk|воєводство; the pl|województwo; the ro|voievodat; the Bulgarian: ''voivoda'' (войвода); the Serbian: ''vojvodina'' (војводина), ''vojvodstvo'' (војводство) or ''vojvodovina'' (војводовина); the hu|vajdaság; the be|ваяводства (''vajаvodstva''); the lt|vaivadija. Some of these words, or variants of them, may also be used in English. Named for the word for "voivodeship" is the autonomous Serbian province of Vojvodina. Though the word "voivodeship" (other spellings are "voievodship" and "voivodship") appears in English dictionaries such as the OED and Webster's, it is not in common general usage, and voivodeships in Poland and elsewhere are frequently referred to as "provinces"."''Jednostki podziału administracyjnego Polski tłumaczymy tak: województwo''—province..." ("Polish administrative units are translated as follows: ''województwo''—province..."). Arkadiusz Belczy
"Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski"
("Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English"), 2002-2006. For examples se
New Provinces of Poland (1998)Map of PolandEnglish names of Polish provinces
Depending on context, historic voivodeships may also be referred to as "duchies", "palatinates" (the Latin word "''palatinatus''" was used for a voivodeship in Poland), "administrative districts" or "regions".

Historical voivodeships



in Southeastern Europe

(1848–1849)]] File:Map_of_Voivodeship_of_Serbia_and_Banat_of_Temeschwar_(1849-1860).png.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Voivodeship of Serbia and Temes Banat">File:Map of Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar (1849-1860).png">thumb|upright=1.25|Voivodeship of Serbia and Temes Banat (1849-1860) In the territory of modern [[Romania and [[Moldova]], the regions of [[Wallachia]], [[Moldavia]] and [[Voivodeship of Transylvania|Transylvania]] were formerly voivodeships. Historical voivodeships in the territory of modern [[Serbia]] include the [Voivodeship of Salan (9th–10th centuries), Voivodeship of Sermon (11th century) and Voivodeship of Syrmia of Radoslav Čelnik (1527–1530). A voivodeship called Serbian Vojvodina was established in 1848–1849; this was transformed into the Voivodeship of Serbia and Temes Banat, a land within the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1849 to 1860. This is the origin of the name of the present-day Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina.

In Poland and Lithuania

For more information about the divisions of Polish lands in particular periods, see Administrative divisions of Poland ("Historical"). Voivodeships in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795): *In the Polish Crown Lands: *Poznań Voivodeship *Kalisz Voivodeship *Gniezno Voivodeship *Sieradz Voivodeship *Łęczyca Voivodeship *Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship *Inowrocław Voivodeship *Chełmno Voivodeship *Malbork Voivodeship *Pomeranian Voivodeship *Płock Voivodeship *Rawa Voivodeship *Masovian Voivodeship *Kraków Voivodeship *Sandomierz Voivodeship *Lublin Voivodeship *Podlasie Voivodeship *Ruthenian Voivodeship *Bełz Voivodeship *Wolhynia Voivodeship *Podole Voivodeship *Bracław Voivodeship *Kijów Voivodeship *Czernihów Voivodeship *In the historical Grand Duchy of Lithuania: * Vilnius Voivodeship * Trakai Voivodeship * Nowogródek Voivodeship * Brest-Litovsk Voivodeship * Minsk Voivodeship * Mścisław Voivodeship * Smolensk Voivodeship * Vitebsk Voivodeship * Połock Voivodeship *In the historical Duchy of Livonia: ** Wenden Voivodeship (1598–1620) ** Dorpat Voivodeship (1598–1620) ** Parnawa Voivodeship (1598–1620) ** Inflanty Voivodeship (from the 1620s) thumb|upright=1.25|Voivodeships of Poland, 1921–1939 Voivodeships of Poland, 1921–1939: *Silesian Voivodeship (''Województwo Śląskie'') *Białystok Voivodeship (''Województwo Białostockie'') *Kielce Voivodeship (''Województwo Kieleckie'') *Kraków Voivodeship (''Województwo Krakowskie'') *Łódź Voivodeship (''Województwo Łódzkie'') *Lublin Voivodeship (''Województwo Lubelskie'') *Lwów Voivodeship (''Województwo Lwowskie'') *Nowogródek Voivodeship (''Województwo Nowogrodzkie'') *Polesie Voivodeship (''Województwo Poleskie'') *Pomeranian Voivodeship (''Województwo Pomorskie'') *Poznań Voivodeship (''Województwo Poznańskie'') *Stanisławów Voivodeship (''Województwo Stanisławowskie'') *Tarnopol Voivodeship (''Województwo Tarnopolskie'') *Warsaw Voivodeship (''Województwo Warszawskie'') *Wilno Voivodeship (''Województwo Wileńskie'') *Volhynian Voivodeship (''Województwo Wołyńskie'') Voivodeships of Poland, 1945–1975: *Białystok Voivodeship *Bydgoszcz Voivodeship *Gdańsk Voivodeship *Katowice Voivodeship *Kielce Voivodeship *Koszalin Voivodeship *Kraków Voivodeship *Łódź Voivodeship *Lublin Voivodeship *Olsztyn Voivodeship *Opole Voivodeship *Poznań Voivodeship *Rzeszów Voivodeship *Szczecin Voivodeship *Warsaw Voivodeship *Wrocław Voivodeship *Zielona Góra Voivodeship Voivodeships of Poland, 1975–1998: *Biała Podlaska Voivodeship *Białystok Voivodeship *Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship *Bydgoszcz Voivodeship *Chełm Voivodeship *Ciechanów Voivodeship *Częstochowa Voivodeship *Elbląg Voivodeship *Gdańsk Voivodeship *Gorzów Voivodeship *Jelenia Góra Voivodeship *Kalisz Voivodeship *Katowice Voivodeship *Kielce Voivodeship *Konin Voivodeship *Koszalin Voivodeship *Kraków Voivodeship *Krosno Voivodeship *Legnica Voivodeship *Leszno Voivodeship *Łódź Voivodeship *Łomża Voivodeship *Lublin Voivodeship *Nowy Sacz Voivodeship *Olsztyn Voivodeship *Opole Voivodeship *Ostrołęka Voivodeship *Piotrków Voivodeship *Piła Voivodeship *Poznań Voivodeship *Przemyśl Voivodeship *Płock Voivodeship *Radom Voivodeship *Rzeszów Voivodeship *Siedlce Voivodeship *Sieradz Voivodeship *Skierniewice Voivodeship *Suwałki Voivodeship *Szczecin Voivodeship *Słupsk Voivodeship *Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship *Tarnów Voivodeship *Toruń Voivodeship *Warsaw Voivodeship *Wałbrzych Voivodeship *Wrocław Voivodeship *Włocławek Voivodeship *Zamość Voivodeship *Zielona Góra Voivodeship

References

{{Terms for types of administrative territorial entities Category:Former subdivisions of Belarus Category:Geographic history of Hungary Category:Medieval Romania Category:Geographic history of Latvia Category:Geographic history of Ukraine Category:Geographic history of Moldova Category:Geography of Poland Category:Types of administrative division Category:Subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire