The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ɟ͡ʝ⟩ and ⟨ɟ͜ʝ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
J\_j\. The tie bar is sometimes omitted, yielding ⟨ɟʝ⟩ in the IPA and
J\j\ in X-SAMPA. This is potentially problematic in case of at least some affricates, because there are languages that contrast certain affricates with stop-fricative sequences. Polish words czysta ('clean (f.)', pronounced with an affricate /t͡ʂ/) and trzysta ('three hundred', pronounced with a sequence /tʂ/) are an example of a minimal pair based on such a contrast.
This sound is the non-sibilant equivalent of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate.
It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.
Features of the voiced palatal affricate:
|Hungarian||gyár||[ɟ͡ʝaːr]||'factory'||See Hungarian phonology|
|Norwegian||Central dialects||leggja||[leɟ͡ja]||'lay'||See Norwegian phonology|
|Skolt Sami||vuõˊlǧǧem||[vʲuɘlɟ͡ʝːɛm]||'I leave'|
|Spanish||Castilian||yate||[ˈɟ͡jate̞]||'yacht'||Occurs only in the onset. See Spanish phonology|