Fijians (38.1%); other (Asian, Europeans, other Pacific Islander)
Viti Levu (pronounced [ˈβitʃi ˈleβu]) is the largest island in
the Republic of Fiji, the site of the nation's capital, Suva, and home
to a large majority of Fiji's population.
1 Geography and economy
7 External links
Geography and economy
Viti Levu island.
Viti Levu is the largest island in the nation, home to 70% of the
population (about 600,000), and is the hub of the entire Fijian
The island measures 146 kilometres (91 mi) long and 106
kilometres (66 mi) wide, and has an area of 10,389 square
kilometres (4,011 sq mi). It is comparable to the size of
the Big Island of Hawaiʻi, and slightly smaller than the U.S. state
Geologists believe that
Viti Levu has been submerged a number of
times, and has been covered by lava and other volcanic
materials. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions account
for the somewhat rugged terrain of the island, which is divided into
roughly equal halves by a north-south mountain range. The centre of
the island is forested and includes the nation's highest peak Mount
Tomanivi (otherwise Mount Victoria) rising to 1,324 metres
The eastern side of the island experiences heavy rainfall, while the
western side is noticeably drier in the range's rain shadow.
Accordingly, sugar cane production thrives in the west, while a dairy
industry is being built in the east. Fiji's biggest
cattle ranch is at Yaqara, with 7000 head of cattle on its 70 square
kilometres (17,000 acres), located halfway between Tavua and Rakiraki.
The island is the only known home of one of the world's largest
insects, the Giant Fijian long-horned beetle.
Korotogo beach, Coral Coast.
The highland village of Navala.
Viti Levu hosts the capital city of Suva, and is home to nearly three
quarters of the population of the Republic (about 580,000). Other
important towns, all around the coast, include Ba, Lautoka, Nadi,
Nausori, Rakiraki, and Sigatoka. One major road has been built around
the perimeter of Viti Levu. Well-known localities include Natadola
Beach, Pacific Harbour (a resort center about 50 kilometers from
Eight of Fiji's fourteen Provinces are in Viti Levu. The Provinces of
Ba, Nadroga-Navosa, and Ra comprise the Western Division, while
Naitasiri, Namosi, Rewa, Serua, and Tailevu form the Central Division.
In part because of its high concentration of Indo-Fijians, whose
ancestors came mostly as indentured workers from
India between 1879
and 1916, the political dynamics of western
Viti Levu are somewhat
different from those of eastern Viti Levu, where, apart from the
multi-racial urban areas, indigenous
Fijians are more heavily
Viti Levu is believed to have been inhabited longer than the northern
island of Vanua Levu. According to oral traditions, the first
Melanesian settlers landed at
Vuda Point and established Viseisei,
believed to be Fiji's oldest settlement, although archaeologists
refute this claim.
The Canadian entrepreneur
Peter Munk named his
Klosters house after
the island, as
Viti Levu was where he and David Gilmour started the
Southern Pacific Hotel chain in the 1960s.
^ "Peter Munk: A mining magnate nears the end of his golden reign"
The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail 15 March 2014
Viti Levu travel guide from Wikivoyage
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Viti Levu.
Coordinates: 17°48′S 178°0′E / 17.800°S 178.000°E /
Viti Levu Group
Islands of Fiji
Vanua Levu Group
Viti Levu Group