Vindhya Pradesh was a former state of India. It occupied an area of
23,603 sq. miles. It was created in 1948, shortly after Indian
independence, from the territories of the princely states in the
eastern portion of the former Central
India Agency. It was named for
the Vindhya Range, which runs through the centre of the province. The
capital of the state was Rewa. It lay between
Uttar Pradesh to the
Madhya Pradesh to the south, and the enclave of Datia, which
lay a short distance to the west, was surrounded by the state of
Vindhya Pradesh was merged into
Madhya Pradesh in 1956, following the
States Reorganisation Act.
4 See also
Vindhya Pradesh state was formed on 12 March 1948 and the newly formed
state was inaugurated on 4 April 1948. Following its formation 35
princely states were merged to form
Vindhya Pradesh state:
Bhaisunda (Chaube Jagir)
Kamta Rajaula (Chaube Jagir)
Pahra (Chaube Jagir)
Paldeo (Chaube Jagir)
Taraon (Chaube Jagir)
On 25 January 1950, 10 erstwhile princely states, namely, Bihat, Banka
Paharee, Baoni, Beri, Bijna, Charkhari, Jigni, Samthar, Sarila and
Tori-Fatehpur were transferred to
Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Bharat.
Vindhya Pradesh, together with the states of
Madhya Bharat and Bhopal
State, was merged into
Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
After formation, the state was divided into two divisions, which were
further divided into 8 districts.
Bundelkhand Division with its headquarters at
Nowgaon comprised the
following 4 distri
Baghelkhand Division with its headquarters at Rewa comprised the
following 4 districts:
Map of Vindhya Pradesh
The nominal heads of the state were the
Rajpramukh from 1948–49, the
Chief Commissioner from 1949-March, 1952 and the Lieutenant Governor
from March, 1952-31 October 1956. The state had a Vidhan Sabha
comprising 60 members elected from 48 constituencies (36 single-member
and 12 double-member). There were 4
Lok Sabha constituencies in the
state (2 single-member and 2 double-member).
Following the formation of the state in 1948, Martand Singh, the last
ruler of the princely state of Rewa became the
Yadvendra Singh, the last ruler of the princely state of Panna became
the Uparajpramukh. Initially
Awadhesh Pratap Singh became the Chief
Minister of the
Baghelkhand Division and Kamta Prasad Saxena became
the Chief Minister of the Bundelkhand Division but soon [Awadhesh
Pratap Singh]] became the Chief Minister of the whole state.
After he resigned on 14 April 1949, N.B. Bonerji, then Chief
Commissioner took over on 15 April 1949. He was succeeded by S. N.
In the first general election in 1951, the Indian National Congress
won 40 seats and the Socialist Party won 11 seats.
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress became the Chief Minister of the state on 13
Shivanand became the Speaker and
Ram Kishore Shukla
Ram Kishore Shukla of
Socialist Party the leader of the opposition of the house. The house
dissolved on 31 October 1956.
List of proposed states and territories of India
^ a b Bhattacharyya, P. K. (1977). Historical Geography of Madhya
Pradesh from Early Records. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
pp. 54–5. ISBN 0 8426 909 13.
^ "States Reorganisation Act, 1956".
India Code Updated Acts. Ministry
of Law and Justice, Government of India. 31 August 1956.
pp. section 9. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
^ a b "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 to the Legislative
Assembly of Vindhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India
^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1951 to the First Lok
Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of
India on 26 January 1950
Part A States
Part B States
Jammu and Kashmir
East Punjab States Union
Part C States
Part D States
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Coordinates: 24°32′N 81°18′E / 24.53°N 81.3°E /