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Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
was a former state of India. It occupied an area of 23,603 sq. miles.[1] It was created in 1948, shortly after Indian independence, from the territories of the princely states in the eastern portion of the former Central India
India
Agency. It was named for the Vindhya Range, which runs through the centre of the province. The capital of the state was Rewa. It lay between Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
to the north and Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
to the south, and the enclave of Datia, which lay a short distance to the west, was surrounded by the state of Madhya Bharat. Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
was merged into Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
in 1956, following the States Reorganisation Act.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Divisions 3 Politics 4 See also 5 References

History[edit] Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
state was formed on 12 March 1948 and the newly formed state was inaugurated on 4 April 1948. Following its formation 35 princely states were merged to form Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
state:

Rewa Panna Datia Orchha Ajaigarh Baoni Baraundha Bijawar Chhatarpur Charkhari Maihar Nagod Samthar Alipura Banka-Pahari Beri Bhaisunda
Bhaisunda
(Chaube Jagir) Bihat Bijna Dhurwai Garrauli Gaurihar Jaso Jigni Khaniadhana Kamta Rajaula (Chaube Jagir) Kothi Lugasi Naigawan Rebai Pahra (Chaube Jagir) Paldeo
Paldeo
(Chaube Jagir) Sarila Sohawal Taraon (Chaube Jagir) Tori-Fatehpur
Tori-Fatehpur
( Hasht-Bhaiya
Hasht-Bhaiya
Jagir)

On 25 January 1950, 10 erstwhile princely states, namely, Bihat, Banka Paharee, Baoni, Beri, Bijna, Charkhari, Jigni, Samthar, Sarila and Tori-Fatehpur
Tori-Fatehpur
were transferred to Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
and Madhya Bharat. Vindhya Pradesh, together with the states of Madhya Bharat
Madhya Bharat
and Bhopal State, was merged into Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
on 1 November 1956. Divisions[edit] After formation, the state was divided into two divisions, which were further divided into 8 districts. Bundelkhand Division with its headquarters at Nowgaon
Nowgaon
comprised the following 4 distri

Panna district Chhatarpur district Tikamgarh district Datia
Datia
district

Baghelkhand
Baghelkhand
Division with its headquarters at Rewa comprised the following 4 districts:[1]

Rewa district Satna district Sidhi district Shahdol district

Politics[edit]

Map of Vindhya Pradesh

The nominal heads of the state were the Rajpramukh
Rajpramukh
from 1948–49, the Chief Commissioner from 1949-March, 1952 and the Lieutenant Governor from March, 1952-31 October 1956. The state had a Vidhan Sabha comprising 60 members elected from 48 constituencies (36 single-member and 12 double-member).[3] There were 4 Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies in the state (2 single-member and 2 double-member).[4] Following the formation of the state in 1948, Martand Singh, the last ruler of the princely state of Rewa became the Rajpramukh
Rajpramukh
and Yadvendra Singh, the last ruler of the princely state of Panna became the Uparajpramukh. Initially Awadhesh Pratap Singh became the Chief Minister of the Baghelkhand
Baghelkhand
Division and Kamta Prasad Saxena became the Chief Minister of the Bundelkhand Division but soon [Awadhesh Pratap Singh]] became the Chief Minister of the whole state. After he resigned on 14 April 1949, N.B. Bonerji, then Chief Commissioner took over on 15 April 1949. He was succeeded by S. N. Mehta. In the first general election in 1951, the Indian National Congress won 40 seats and the Socialist Party won 11 seats.[3] S.N.Shukla of Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
became the Chief Minister of the state on 13 March 1952, Shivanand
Shivanand
became the Speaker and Ram Kishore Shukla
Ram Kishore Shukla
of Socialist Party the leader of the opposition of the house. The house dissolved on 31 October 1956. See also[edit]

List of proposed states and territories of India

References[edit]

^ a b Bhattacharyya, P. K. (1977). Historical Geography of Madhya Pradesh from Early Records. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 54–5. ISBN 0 8426 909 13.  ^ "States Reorganisation Act, 1956". India
India
Code Updated Acts. Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. 31 August 1956. pp. section 9. Retrieved 16 May 2013.  ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 to the Legislative Assembly of Vindhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India website.  ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1951 to the First Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India
India
website. 

v t e

States of India
India
on 26 January 1950

Part A States

Assam Bihar Bombay East Punjab Madhya Pradesh Madras Orissa Uttar Pradesh West Bengal

Part B States

Hyderabad Jammu and Kashmir Madhya Bharat Mysore Patiala and East Punjab
East Punjab
States Union Rajasthan Saurashtra Travancore-Cochin Vindhya Pradesh

Part C States

Ajmer Coorg Cooch-Behar Bhopal Bilaspur Delhi Himachal Pradesh Kutch Manipur Tripura

Part D States

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Coordinates: 24°32′N 81°18′E / 24.53°N 81.3°E /

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