HOME
The Info List - Viaticum



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i)

VIATICUM is a term used especially in the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
for the Eucharist
Eucharist
(also called Holy Communion) administered, with or without Anointing of the Sick (also called Extreme Unction), to a person who is dying, and is thus a part of the Last Rites
Last Rites
. According to Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán , "The Catholic tradition of giving the Eucharist
Eucharist
to the dying ensures that instead of dying alone they die with Christ who promises them eternal life ."

CONTENTS

* 1 Usage * 2 Practice * 3 Relation to superstition * 4 References * 5 Bibliography

USAGE

The word viaticum is a Latin word meaning "provision for a journey," from via, or "way." For Communion as Viaticum, the Eucharist
Eucharist
is given in the usual form, with the added words "May the Lord Jesus Christ protect you and lead you to eternal life". The Eucharist
Eucharist
is seen as the ideal spiritual food to strengthen a dying person for the journey from this world to life after death.

Alternatively, viaticum can refer to an ancient Roman provision or allowance for traveling, originally of transportation and supplies, later of money, made to officials on public missions; mostly simply, the word, a haplology of viā tēcum ("with you on the way"), indicates money or necessities for any journey. Viaticum
Viaticum
can also refer to the enlistment bonus received by a Roman legionary , auxiliary soldier or seaman in the Roman Imperial Navy .

PRACTICE

Administration of the Eucharist
Eucharist
to a dying person (painting by 19th-century artist Alexey Venetsianov)

The desire to have the bread and wine consecrated in the Eucharist available for the sick and dying led to the reservation of the Blessed Sacrament
Sacrament
, a practice which has endured from the earliest days of the Christian Church
Christian Church
. Saint Justin Martyr
Justin Martyr
, writing less than fifty years after the death of Saint John the Apostle , mentions that “the deacons communicate each of those present, and carry away to the absent the consecrated Bread, and wine and water.” (Just. M. Apol. I. cap. lxv.)

If the dying person cannot take solid food, the Eucharist
Eucharist
may be administered in the "species" of wine alone, since the bread and wine are the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ.

The sacrament of Anointing of the Sick is often administered immediately before giving Viaticum
Viaticum
if a priest is available to do so. Unlike the Anointing of the Sick, Viaticum
Viaticum
may be administered by a priest, deacon or by an extraordinary minister , using the reserved Blessed Sacrament.

RELATION TO SUPERSTITION

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May 2017)

Contrary to church doctrine, during late Antiquity and the early medieval period the host was sometimes placed in the mouth of a person already dead, perhaps owing to traditional superstition that scholars have compared to the pre-Christian custom of Charon\'s obol , a small coin placed in the mouth of the dead for passage to the afterlife and sometimes called a viaticum in Latin literary sources.

REFERENCES

* ^ L\'Osservatore Romano , the Vatican 's newspaper. * ^ Gregory Grabka, “Christian Viaticum,” Traditio 9 (1953), pp. 38–42; G.J.C. Snoek, Medieval Piety from Relics to the Eucharist (Leiden 1995), pp. 103, 122–124; Edward T. Cook, A Popular Handbook to the Greek and Roman Antiquities in the British Museum (London 1903), pp. 370–371. * ^ A. Rush, Death and Burial in Christian Antiquity (Washington, D.C. 1941), pp. 93–94; Gregory Grabka, “Christian Viaticum: A Study of Its Cultural Background,” Traditio 9 (1953), 1–43; Frederick S. Paxton, Christianizing Death: The Creation of a Ritual Process in Early Medieval Europe ( Cornell University Press
Cornell University Press
1990), pp. 32–33 online; G.J.C. Snoek, Medieval Piety from Relics to the Eucharist: A Process of Mutual Interaction (Leiden 1995), passim, but especially pp. 102–103 online and 122–124 online; Paul Binski, Medieval Death: Ritual and Representation (Cornell University Press 1996), p. 32 online; J. Patout Burns, “Death and Burial in Christian Africa: The Literary Evidence,” paper delivered to the North American Patristics Society, May 1997, full text online.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Rubin, Miri, Corpus Christi: The Eucharist
Eucharist
in Late Medieval Culture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. * Snoek, C. J. K., Medieval Piety from Relics to the Eucharist: A Process of Mutual Interaction, Leiden: Brill, 1995,

* v * t * e

Structure of the Mass of the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church

FORMS

* Pre-Tridentine Mass

* Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass

* Extraordinary form

* Mass of Paul VI

TYPES

* Low Mass * Missa Cantata * Solemn Mass * Pontifical High Mass * Papal Mass
Papal Mass

* Ritual Masses

* Blue Mass
Blue Mass
* Chapter and Conventual Mass * Coronation Mass * Nuptial Mass * Red Mass
Red Mass
* Requiem Mass

* sine populo * Votive Mass

ORDER OF MASS

PRE-MASS

* Vesting prayers in the sacristy

* Asperges
Asperges
me

* Vidi aquam in Eastertide

Liturgy of the Word

* Sign of the Cross * Psalm 43 * Entrance Antiphon

* Penitential Rite

* Confiteor
Confiteor
/ Kyrie

* Gloria * Dominus vobiscum

* Collect
Collect

* Oremus
Oremus

* First Reading * Responsorial Psalm or Gradual
Gradual
* Epistle

* Alleluia

* Gospel verse / sequence

* Gospel * Homily

* Credo
Credo

* Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
or Apostles\' Creed

* General Intercessions

Liturgy of the Eucharist
Eucharist

* Offertory
Offertory

* Orate fratres / prayer over the gifts

* Preface

* Sursum corda / Sanctus / Hosanna

* Eucharistic Prayer / Canon of the Mass

* oblation / epiclesis / Words of Institution / elevation / anamnesis * texts ">POST-MASS

* Leonine Prayers * Recessional hymn

PARTICIPANTS

* Acolyte
Acolyte

* Altar server
Altar server

* female

* Bishop * Boat boy * Cantor * Choir
Choir
* Crucifer * Deacon
Deacon
* Extraordinary minister of Holy Communion

* Laity

* Eucharistic Congress

* Lector * Priest
Priest
* Subdeacon
Subdeacon
* Usher

Parts of the Sanctuary / Altar

* Altar crucifix * Altar rails * Ambo * Communion bench * Credence table * Kneeler * Lavabo
Lavabo
* Misericord
Misericord
* Piscina
Piscina
* Tabernacle

ALTAR CLOTHS

* Altar linens * Antependium * Burse * Chalice
Chalice
veil * Corporal * Lavabo
Lavabo
towel * Pall * Purificator

CANDLES AND LAMPS

* Altar candle * Altar candlestick * Paschal candle * Sanctuary lamp
Sanctuary lamp
* Triple candlestick * Votive candle

LITURGICAL OBJECTS

* Altar bell * Aspergillum
Aspergillum
* Censer
Censer
* Chalice
Chalice
* Ciborium * Collection basket * Cruet
Cruet
* Flabellum
Flabellum
* Funghellino * Holy water

* Incense
Incense

* use

* Manuterge * Paten * Processional cross
Processional cross
* Pyx
Pyx

* Sacramental bread

* wafer

* Sacramental wine (or must ) * Thurible * Water
Water

Liturgical books of the Roman Rite

* Ceremonial of Bishops

* Evangeliary

* Gospel Book
Gospel Book

* Graduale * Lectionary * Roman Missal

Vestments

* Alb
Alb
* Amice * Chasuble * Dalmatic
Dalmatic
* Episcopal sandals * Liturgical colours
Liturgical colours
* Headcover * Humeral veil * Pallium
Pallium
* Pontifical * Stole * Surplice * Tunicle * Vimpa

Liturgical year (Roman Calendar )

* Advent
Advent
* Christmastide
Christmastide
* Ordinary Time * Septuagesima * Lent
Lent
* Passiontide

* Holy Week

* Paschal Triduum

* Eastertide * Ascensiontide

Eucharistic discipline

* Abstemius
Abstemius
* Anima Christi * Concelebration * Church etiquette * Closed communion * Communion and the developmentally disabled
Communion and the developmentally disabled
* Communion under both kinds

* Denial of Communion

* Canon 915

* Eucharistic fast * First Communion * Frequent Communion * Genuflection * Host desecration
Host desecration
* Infant communion * Intinction * Reserved sacrament * Thanksgiving after Communion * Viaticum

Eucharistic theology

* Body and Blood of Christ * Corpus Christi (feast) * Crucifixion of Jesus and substitutionary atonement * Epiousios * Grace ex opere operato * In persona Christi * Historical roots of Catholic Eucharistic theology * Koinonia * Last Supper
Last Supper
* Mirae caritatis * Mysterium fidei (encyclical) * Origin of the Eucharist
Eucharist
* Real presence * Transubstantiation
Transubstantiation
* Year of the Eucharist
Eucharist
* Stercoranism

Regulations and concepts

* Ad orientem
Ad orientem
& versus populum * Calendar of saints
Calendar of saints
* Canon law * Code of Rubrics * Commemoration * Ecclesiastical Latin
Ecclesiastical Latin
* General Instruction of the Roman Missal * Holy day of obligation
Holy day of obligation
* Intercession of saints
Intercession of saints
* Ordinary border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Agape feast * Catholic liturgy

* Christian prayer

* effects of prayer

* Congregation for Divine Worship * Council of Trent * Ecclesia de Eucharistia

* Eucharistic adoration
Eucharistic adoration
position: absolute;" /> Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=