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Vesak
Vesak
(Pali: Vesākha, Sanskrit: Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists
Buddhists
and some Hindus
Hindus
on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia
Mongolia
and the Philippines
Philippines
and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan
Taiwan
and Vietnam
Vietnam
as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world.[6][7] The festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment (Buddhahood), and death (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
in the Theravada
Theravada
or southern tradition.[8]

Contents

1 History 2 Celebration

2.1 Bringing happiness to others 2.2 Paying homage to the Buddha 2.3 Dates of observance 2.4 In Japan 2.5 In Nepal 2.6 In Sri Lanka 2.7 In Korea 2.8 In Laos

2.8.1 Boun Bang Fay

2.9 In Vietnam 2.10 In Malaysia 2.11 In Indonesia 2.12 In Singapore 2.13 At the United Nations

3 References 4 External links

History[edit]

Queen Maya holds onto a branch of a tree while giving birth to the Buddha, who is received by Śakra as other gods look on.

The decision to agree to celebrate Wesākha as the Buddha’s birthday was formalized at the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists
Buddhists
held in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in 1950, although festivals at this time in the Buddhist world are a centuries-old tradition. The resolution that was adopted at the World Conference reads as follows:

That this Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists, while recording its appreciation of the gracious act of His Majesty, the Maharaja of Nepal
Nepal
in making the full-moon day of Vesak
Vesak
a Public Holiday in Nepal, earnestly requests the Heads of Governments of all countries in which large or small number of Buddhists
Buddhists
are to be found, to take steps to make the full-moon day in the month of May a Public Holiday in honour of the Buddha, who is universally acclaimed as one of the greatest benefactors of Humanity.[9]

On Vesākha Day, Buddhists
Buddhists
all over the world commemorate events of significance to Buddhists
Buddhists
of all traditions: The birth, enlightenment and the passing away of Gautama Buddha. As Buddhism
Buddhism
spread from India it was assimilated into many foreign cultures, and consequently Vesākha is celebrated in many different ways all over the world. In India, Vaishakh Purnima day is also known as Buddha Jayanti day and has been traditionally accepted as Buddha's birth day. In 1999, the United Nations
United Nations
resolved to internationally observe the day of Vesak
Vesak
at its headquarters and offices.[10] The name of the observance is derived from the Pali
Pali
term vesākha or Sanskrit
Sanskrit
vaiśākha, which is the name of the lunar month in the Hindu calendar falling in April–May (see Vaisakha).[11] In Mahayana Buddhist traditions, the holiday is known by its Sanskrit
Sanskrit
name (Vaiśākha) and derived variants of it. Local renditions of the name vary by language, including:

Assamese: বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা Buddho Purnima Bengali: বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা Buddho Purnima, বুদ্ধ জয়ন্তী Buddho Joyonti Dzongkha: སྟོན་པའི་དུས་ཆེན་༥ འཛོམས་ Dhüchen Nga Zom Burmese: ကဆုန်လပြည့် ဗုဒ္ဓနေ့ "Full Moon Day of Kason" Chinese: 佛陀誕辰紀念日; pinyin: Fótuó dànchén jìniàn rì, 佛誕 (Fódàn, Birthday of the Buddha), 浴佛節 (Yùfójié, Occasion of Bathing the Buddha), 衛塞節 (Wèisāi jié) Hindi: बुद्ध पूर्णिमा Buddha Pūrṇimā, बुद्ध जयन्ती Buddha Jayantī, वैशाख पूर्णिमा Vaisākh Pūrṇimā Indonesian: Hari Raya Waisak Japanese: 花祭り Hanamatsuri (Flower Festival) Khmer: វិសាខបូជា Visak Bochea Kannada: ಬುದ್ಧ ಪೌರ್ಣಮಿ Buddha Pournami Korean Hangul: 석가 탄신일; Hanja: 釋迦誕辰日; RR: Seokka Tanshin-il (Birthday of the Shakyamuni Buddha), Korean: 부처님오신날 (Buddha's Day) Lao: ວິສາຂະບູຊາ Vixakha Bouxa Malay: Hari Wesak (هاري ويسق) Mongolian: Бурхан Багшийн Их Дүйцэн Өдөр (Lord Buddha's Great Festival Day) Marathi: बुद्ध पोर्णिमा Buddha Pornima Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa: स्वांया पुन्हि Swānyā Punhi Nepali: बुद्ध पुर्णिमा Buddha Purnima, बुद्ध जयन्ति Buddha Jayanti Sinhalese: වෙසක් Vesak Tamil: விசாக தினம் Vicāka Tiṉam Tagalog: Araw ng Bisyak Telugu: బుద్ధ పౌర్ణమి Buddha Pournami or alternatively వైశాఖ పౌర్ణమి Vaisakha
Vaisakha
Pournami Thai: วิสาขบูชา Wisakha Bucha Tibetan: ས་ག་ཟླ་བ།, THL: Sa Ga Dawa Vietnamese: Phật Đản (Birthday of the Buddha)

Celebration[edit] May 2007 had two full moon days: the 1st and the 31st. Some countries (including Sri Lanka, Cambodia
Cambodia
and Malaysia) celebrated Vesākha on the 1st, and others (Thailand, Singapore) celebrated the holiday on the 31st because of a different local lunar observance. The difference also manifests in the observance of other Buddhist holidays, which are traditionally observed at the local full moon. Likewise, in 2012, Vesak
Vesak
was observed on 28 April in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Taiwan, on 5 May in Sri Lanka, on 6 May in India, on 28 May in South Korea and on 4 June in Thailand. (In 1999, the Taiwanese government set Buddha's birthday as the second Sunday of May, the same date as Mother's Day.[12][13]). In 2014, Vesak
Vesak
is celebrated on 13 May in Myanmar, Singapore
Singapore
and Thailand
Thailand
while it is observed on 15 May in Indonesia. On Vesākha, devout Buddhists
Buddhists
and followers alike assemble in their various temples before dawn for the ceremonial and honorable hoisting of the Buddhist flag
Buddhist flag
and the singing of hymns in praise of the holy triple gem: The Buddha, The Dharma
Dharma
(his teachings), and The Sangha (his disciples). Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers, candles and joss-sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher. These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while and the candles and joss-sticks would soon burn out, so too is life subject to decay and destruction. Devotees are enjoined to make a special effort to refrain from killing of any kind. They are encouraged to partake of vegetarian food for the day. In some countries, notably Sri Lanka, two days are set aside for the celebration of Vesākha and all liquor shops and slaughter houses are closed by government decree during the two days. Also birds, insects and animals are released by the thousands in what is known as a 'symbolic act of liberation' of giving freedom to those who are in captivity, imprisoned, or tortured against their will. (The practice, however, is banned in some countries such as Singapore, as it is believed that the released animals are unable to survive long-term and may adversely impact the local ecosystem if they do.)[14] Some devout Buddhists
Buddhists
will wear a simple white dress and spend the whole day in temples with renewed determination to observe the Eight Precepts.

Young novice monk on Vesākha Day Parade

Devout Buddhists
Buddhists
undertake to lead a noble life according to the teaching by making daily affirmations to observe the Five Precepts. However, on special days, notably new moon and full moon days, they observe the eight Precepts to train themselves to practice morality, simplicity, and humility. Some temples also display a small statue of the Buddha in front of the altar in a small basin filled with water and decorated with flowers, allowing devotees to pour water over the statue; it is symbolic of the cleansing of a practitioner's bad karma, and to reenact the events following the Buddha's birth, when devas and spirits made heavenly offerings to him. Devotees are expected to listen to talks given by monks. On this day, monks will recite verses uttered by the Buddha twenty-five centuries ago to invoke peace and happiness for the government and the people. Buddhists
Buddhists
are reminded to live in harmony with people of other faiths and to respect the beliefs of other people as the Buddha taught. Bringing happiness to others[edit]

Play media

Video Korean Buddhist monks perform ritual dances and music on Buddha's Birthday.

Celebrating Vesākha (Vesak) also means making special efforts to bring happiness to the unfortunate like the aged, the handicapped and the sick. To this day, Buddhists
Buddhists
will distribute gifts in cash and kind to various charitable homes throughout the country. Vesākha is also a time for great joy and happiness, expressed not by pandering to one’s appetites but by concentrating on useful activities such as decorating and illuminating temples, painting and creating exquisite scenes from the life of the Buddha for public dissemination. Devout Buddhists
Buddhists
also vie with one another to provide refreshments and vegetarian food to followers who visit the temple to pay homage to the Enlightened One.[citation needed] Paying homage to the Buddha[edit] Tradition ascribes to the Buddha himself instruction on how to pay him homage. Just before he died, he saw his faithful attendant Ananda, weeping. The Buddha advised him not to weep, but to understand the universal law that all compounded things (including even his own body) must disintegrate. He advised everyone not to cry over the disintegration of the physical body but to regard his teachings (The Dhamma) as their teacher from then on, because only the Dhamma truth is eternal and not subject to the law of change. He also stressed that the way to pay homage to him was not merely by offering flowers, incense, and lights, but by truly and sincerely striving to follow his teachings. This is how Buddhists
Buddhists
are expected to celebrate Vesak: to use the opportunity to reiterate their determination to lead noble lives, to develop their minds, to practise loving-kindness and to bring peace and harmony to humanity.[citation needed] Dates of observance[edit] The exact date of Vesak
Vesak
is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars and is primarily celebrated in Vaisakha
Vaisakha
month of the Buddhist calendar
Buddhist calendar
and the Hindu calendar, and hence the name Vesak. In Nepal, which is considered the birth-country of Buddha, it is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha
Vaisakha
month of the Hindu calendar, and is traditionally called Buddha Purnima, Purnima meaning the full moon day in Sanskrit. In Theravada
Theravada
countries following the Buddhist calendar, it falls on a full moon Uposatha
Uposatha
day, typically in the 5th or 6th lunar month. Nowadays, in Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Vesak/Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the day of the full moon in May in the Gregorian calendar. In Thailand, Laos, Indonesia, Vesak
Vesak
is celebrated on the fourteenth or fifteenth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. In China, and Korea, Vietnam, Buddha's Birthday
Buddha's Birthday
is celebrated on the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar, in Japan
Japan
the same day but in the Gregorian calendar. The date varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar, but usually falls in April or May. In leap years it may be celebrated in June. In the following table, year numbers in the range 2500-2599 are BE (Buddhist Era).

Year (CE) Thailand[15] Singapore Laos Myanmar Sri Lanka Cambodia Indonesia Nepal
Nepal
& India China Malaysia Vietnam[16]

2001 7 May 2544 7 May

6 May 2545 7 May 2545 7 May 2545 7 May 2545

30 May 7 May 6 Jun

2002 26 May 2545 27 May

26 May 2546 26 May 2546 26 April 2546 26 May 2546

19 May 26 May 26 May

2003 15 May 2546 15 May

15 May 2547 15 May 2547 15 May 2547 16 May 2547

8 May 15 May 15 May

2004 2 Jun 2547 2 Jun

3 May 2548 4 May 2548 3 May 2548 3 Jun 2548 3 May 26 May 3 May 2 Jun

2005 22 May 2548 23 May

22 May 2549 23 May 2549 22 May 2549 24 May 2549 23 May 15 May 22 May 22 May

2006 12 May 2549 12 May

11 May 2550 12 May 2550 12 May 2550 13 May 2550 13 May 5 May 12 May 12 May

2007 31 May 2550 31 May 31 May 2550 30 April 2551 1 May 2551 1 May 2551 1 Jun 2551 2 May 24 May 31 May 31 May

2008 19 May 2551 19 May 18 May 2551 19 May 2552 19 May 2552 19 May 2552 20 May 2552 20 May 12 May 19 May 19 May

2009 8 May 2552 9 May 8 May 2552 8 May 2553 8 May 2553 8 May 2553 9 May 2553 8 May 2 May 9 May 9 May

2010 28 May 2553 28 May 28 May 2553 27 April 2554 27 May 2554 28 April 2554 28 May 2554 27 May 21 May 28 May 28 May

2011 17 May 2554 17 May 17 May 2554 17 May 2555 17 May 2555 17 May 2555 17 May 2555 17 May 10 May 17 May 17 May

2012 4 Jun 2555 5 May 5 May 2555 5 May 2556 5 May 2556 5 May 2556 6 May 2556 6 May 28 April 5 May 5 May

2013 24 May 2556 24 May 24 May 2556 24 May 24 May 2557 24 May 25 May 2557 25 May 24 May 24 May 24 May

2014 13 May 2557 13 May 13 May 2557 13 May 14 May 2558 13 May 15 May 2558 14 May

13 May 13 May

2015 1 Jun 2558 1 Jun 2 May 2558 2 May 2559 3 May 2559 3 May 2559 2 Jun 2559 4 May 25 May 3 May 1 Jun

2016 20 May 2559 21 May

21 May 2560 21 May 2560 21 May 2560 22 May 2560 21 May 14 May 21 May 14 May

2017 10 May 2560 10 May

10 May 2561 10 May 2561

11 May 2561 10 May 3 May 10 May 10 May

2018

29 May 2562

29 May

2019

18 May 2563

19 May

2020

6 May 2564

6 Jun

Vesak
Vesak
is celebrated in Jetavana, India, 2011

In Japan[edit] In Japan, Vesākha or hanamatsuri (花祭) is also known as Kanbutsue (灌仏会), Goutan'e (降誕会)), Busshoue (仏生会), Yokubutsue (浴仏会), Ryuge'e (龍華会) and Hanaeshiki (花会式). It is not a public holiday. It is based on a legend that a dragon appeared in the sky on the Buddha's birthday and poured soma over him. It used to be celebrated on the 8th day of the fourth month in the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
based on one of the legends that proclaims the day as Buddha's birthday. At present, the celebration is observed on 8 April of the Solar Calendar since the government of Meiji Japan
Japan
adopted the western solar calendar as the official calendar. Since the 8th day of the fourth month in the lunar calendar commonly falls in May of the current solar calendar, it is now celebrated about a month earlier. In Japan, Vesak
Vesak
celebrations include pouring 甘茶 (amacha), a sweet tea made from Hydrangea macrophylla, on statues. In Buddhist religious sites such as temples and viharas, more involved ceremonies are conducted for lay Buddhists, priests, and monks and nuns. In Nepal[edit] Vesak, commonly known in Nepal
Nepal
as "Buddha Jayanti" is widely celebrated all across the country, predominantly, Lumbini
Lumbini
– the birthplace of Buddha, and Swayambhu – the holy temple for Buddhists, also known as "the Monkey Temple". The main door of Swayambhu is opened only on this very day, therefore, people from all over Kathmandu valley are stimulated by the event. Thousands of pilgrims from various parts of the world come together to celebrate Buddha's birthday at his birthplace, Lumbini. In Nepal, Buddha is worshipped by all religious groups, therefore "Buddha Jayanti" is marked by a public holiday. People donate foods and clothes to the needy and also provide financial aid to monasteries and schools where Buddhism
Buddhism
is taught and practised. In Sri Lanka[edit]

A Vesak
Vesak
pandal or thorana in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Vesak
Vesak
Thorana in Piliyandala, Sri Lanka

Vesak
Vesak
is celebrated as a religious and a cultural festival in Sri Lanka on the full moon of the lunar month of Vesak
Vesak
(usually in the Gregorian month of May), for about one week. During this week, the selling of alcohol and fresh meat is usually prohibited, with abattoirs also being closed.[17] Celebrations include religious and alms-giving activities. Electrically-lit pandals called thoranas are erected in locations mainly in Colombo, Kandy, Galle and elsewhere, most sponsored by donors, religious societies and welfare groups. Each pandal illustrates a story from the Jataka tales. In addition, colourful lanterns called Vesak
Vesak
kuudu are hung along streets and in front of homes. They signify the light of the Buddha, Dharma
Dharma
and the Sangha. Food stalls set up by Buddhist devotees called dansälas provide free food and drinks to passersby. Groups of people from community organisations, businesses and government departments sing bhakti gee (Buddhist devotional songs). Colombo experiences a massive influx of people from all parts of the country during this week. In Korea[edit]

Lotus Lantern Festival (연등회, Yeon Deung Hoe) in Seoul

In South Korea
South Korea
the birthday of Buddha is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Korean lunar calendar (as well as in Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam) and is an official holiday. This day is called 석가탄신일 (Seokga tansinil), meaning "Buddha's birthday" or 부처님 오신 날 (Bucheonim osin nal) meaning "the day when the Buddha came". It has now grown into one of the nation’s biggest cultural festivals. Lotus lanterns cover the entire temple throughout the month which are often flooded down the street.[18] On the day of Buddha's birth, many temples provide free meals and tea to all visitors. The breakfast and lunch provided are often sanchae bibimbap. In Laos[edit] The Vixakha Bouxa festival is the Lao version of the Thai Visakha Puja, which it closely resembles. It commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha, which are all said to have happened on the same date. It is held around the month of May or Vesak, based on the lunar calendar. Celebrations include dances, poems, parades, processions, deep meditation, theatrical performances, and puppet shows. Boun Bang Fay[edit] One part of the Vixakha Bouxa festival is called Boun Bang Fay, or Rocket Festival. As this occurs during the hottest and driest season of the year, large homemade rockets are launched into the sky in an attempt to convince the celestial beings to send down rain. Traditionally, Buddhist monks made the rockets out of hollow bamboo tubes filled with gunpowder (among other things). Nowadays, lay people make the bang fai more like fireworks and hold competitions for the highest, fastest and most colorful rockets. The event takes place on both sides of the Mekhong River border between Thailand
Thailand
and the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and sometimes teams from the neighbouring countries will compete against each other. Tourists travel long distances to witness this now popular event. In Vietnam[edit] Main article: Huế Phật Đản shootings Before 1975, the birthday of Buddha was a national public holiday in South Vietnam.[19] It was a public festival with float and lantern parades on the streets. However, after the Fall of Saigon, the day was no longer a public holiday. In Malaysia[edit] Celebrated by Buddhists
Buddhists
to mark three momentous events in Buddha's life – his birth, enlightenment, and his departure from the human world, the Wesak celebration in Malaysia
Malaysia
begins at dawn when devotees gather at Buddhist temples nationwide to meditate on the Eight Precepts. Donations - giving food to the needy and offerings of incense and joss sticks - and prayers are carried out. The sutras are chanted in unison by monks in saffron robes. The celebration is highlighted by a candle procession. Wesak Day in Malaysia
Malaysia
is a national public holiday. In Indonesia[edit]

Vesak
Vesak
Day celebration in Borobudur
Borobudur
temple, Indonesia

This significant and traditional holy day is observed throughout Indonesia, where it is known as Waisak Day.[20][21] At Borobudur, thousands of Buddhist monks will join together to repeat mantras and meditate as they circuit the temple in a ritual called "Pradaksina". This is a form of tribute to the temple. Monks
Monks
celebrate the special day by bottling holy water (which symbolises humility) and transporting flames (which symbolize light and enlightenment) from location to location. The monks also took part in the "Pindapata" ritual, where they received charity from the people of Indonesia. Waisak Day in Indonesia
Indonesia
has been celebrated as a national public holiday every year since 1983. In Singapore[edit] In Singapore, Vesak
Vesak
Day was made a public holiday in 1955 after many public petitions, replacing Whit Monday.[22][23][24] In the early decades of the 20th century, Vesak
Vesak
Day was associated with the Ceylonese community which then celebrated it along with their National Day in a two-day event. After World War II, there was a movement to make Vesak
Vesak
Day a public holiday, with the Singapore
Singapore
Buddhist Association leading the petitions.[25] At the United Nations[edit] In 1999, the United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly adopted resolution 54/115, entitled 'International recognition of the Day of Vesak
Vesak
at United Nations
United Nations
Headquarters and other United Nations
United Nations
offices'. The resolution internationally recognized the Day of Vesak
Vesak
to acknowledge the contributions that Lord Buddha and Buddhism
Buddhism
have made for over two and a half millennia. It also called for annual commemoration of the Day at the UN Headquarters, in New York, and other UN offices around the world.[26][27] The Day of Vesak
Vesak
is an official holiday for the UN offices in many of the countries in the South-East Asia. References[edit]

^ https://www.officeholidays.com/religious/buddhist/buddhas_birthday.php ^ May 2016 calendar of Sri Lanka ^ May 2016 calendar of Cambodia ^ Buddha Purnima/ Vesak
Vesak
in India ^ http://www.officeholidays.com/religious/buddhist/buddhas_birthday.php ^ Fowler, Jeaneane D. (1997). World Religions: it is celebrated to mark the birth, enlightenment and the passing away of the Lord Buddha. An Introduction for Students. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1-898723-48-6.  ^ The World Buddhist Directory ^ "Visakha Puja". Accesstoinsight.org. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ "World Fellowship of Buddhists
Buddhists
Second Two-Year Plan (B.E. 2544-2545/2001-2002)". Buddha Dhyana Dana Review Online. Retrieved 2015-12-25.  ^ "RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY: 54/115. International recognition of the Day of Vesak
Vesak
at United Nations
United Nations
Headquarters and other United Nations
United Nations
offices" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ "Vesākha". The Pali
Pali
Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary. Retrieved 7 February 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ Camaron Kao (14 May 2012), "Thousands of believers mark Buddha's birthday", China
China
Post, archived from the original on 16 June 2013  ^ Ko Shu-Ling (9 May 2011), "Sakyamuni Buddha birthday celebrated", Taipei Times, The legislature approved a proposal in 1999 to designate the birthday of Sakyamuni Buddha — which falls on the eighth day of the fourth month of the lunar calendar — a national holiday and to celebrate the special occasion concurrently with International Mother’s Day, which is celebrated on the second Sunday of May.  ^ http://www.tnp.sg/news/singapore-news/vesak-day-practice-releasing-animals-harms-ecosystems ^ "International VisakhaBuja Date Collection". เมื่อนานาประเทศ ต่างหันหลังให้ (วันวิสาขบูชา) ไทย. Retrieved 2 February 2012.  ^ http://www.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/~duc/amlich/ ^ Vesak
Vesak
Festival in Sri Lanka ^ Lotus lanterns light up Seoul
Seoul
night ^ Niên biểu lịch sử Phật giáo Việt Nam Archived 15 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Akhtar Malik (1 January 2007). Survey of Buddhist Temples and Monasteries. Anmol Publications. p. 145. ISBN 978-81-261-3259-1.  ^ Sameer Das Gupta (1 January 2008). Advanced history of Buddhism: monasteries and temples. Cyber Tech Publications. p. 145.  ^ Y. D. Ong (1 January 2005). Buddhism
Buddhism
in Singapore: A Short Narrative History. Skylark Publications. p. 206. ISBN 978-981-05-2740-2.  ^ Piyasīlo (1992). New Directions in Buddhism
Buddhism
Today: Celebrating 30 Years of the Buddha Day Holidays, 1962-1992. Community of Dharmafarers. p. 6. ISBN 978-983-9030-03-7.  ^ Jason Lim; Terence Lee (26 May 2016). Singapore: Negotiating State and Society, 1965-2015. Routledge. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-317-33152-0.  ^ 5 Things About Vesak
Vesak
Day ^ "Buddha's message of compassion 'timeless' says UN chief on international day". UN News Service Section. United Nations. UN News Centre. 10 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.  first1= missing last1= in Authors list (help) ^ "International recognition of the Day of Vesak
Vesak
at United Nations Headquarters and other United Nations
United Nations
offices". www.un.org. United Nations. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

The Significance of Vesak
Vesak
- Buddha Day

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vesak.

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Branches

Theravada Mahayana

Chan Buddhism

Zen Seon Thiền

Pure Land Tiantai Nichiren Madhyamaka Yogachara

Navayana Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Dzogchen

Early Buddhist schools Pre-sectarian Buddhism Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

Countries

Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Cambodia China India Indonesia Japan Korea Laos Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Russia

Kalmykia Buryatia

Singapore Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Tibet Vietnam Middle East

Iran

Western countries

Argentina Australia Brazil France United Kingdom United States Venezuela

History

Timeline Ashoka Buddhist councils History of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

Decline of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution Greco-Buddhism Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world Buddhism
Buddhism
in the West Silk Road transmission of Buddhism Persecution of Buddhists Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal Buddhist crisis Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism Buddhist modernism Vipassana movement 969 Movement Women in Buddhism

Philosophy

Abhidharma Atomism Buddhology Creator Economics Eight Consciousnesses Engaged Buddhism Eschatology Ethics Evolution Humanism Logic Reality Secular Buddhism Socialism The unanswered questions

Culture

Architecture

Temple Vihara Wat Stupa Pagoda Candi Dzong architecture Japanese Buddhist architecture Korean Buddhist temples Thai temple art and architecture Tibetan Buddhist architecture

Art

Greco-Buddhist

Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree Budai Buddharupa Calendar Cuisine Funeral Holidays

Vesak Uposatha Magha Puja Asalha Puja Vassa

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi Kasaya Mahabodhi Temple Mantra

Om mani padme hum

Mudra Music Pilgrimage

Lumbini Maya Devi Temple Bodh Gaya Sarnath Kushinagar

Poetry Prayer beads Prayer wheel Symbolism

Dharmachakra Flag Bhavacakra Swastika Thangka

Temple of the Tooth Vegetarianism

Miscellaneous

Abhijñā Amitābha Avalokiteśvara

Guanyin

Brahmā Dhammapada Dharma
Dharma
talk Hinayana Kalpa Koliya Lineage Maitreya Māra Ṛddhi Sacred languages

Pali Sanskrit

Siddhi Sutra Vinaya

Comparison

Bahá'í Faith Christianity

Influences Comparison

East Asian religions Gnosticism Hinduism Jainism Judaism Psychology Science Theosophy Violence Western philosophy

Lists

Bodhisattvas Books Buddhas

named

Buddhists Suttas Temples

.