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The Verona
Verona
Arena (Italian: Arena di Verona
Verona
[aˈrɛːna di veˈroːna; aˈreːna]) is a Roman amphitheatre in Piazza Bra
Piazza Bra
in Verona, Italy built in the first century. It is still in use today and is internationally famous for the large-scale opera performances given there. It is one of the best preserved ancient structures of its kind. In ancient times, nearly 30,000 people was the housing capacity of the Arena. Nowadays, for security reasons, the maximum attendance is 15,000 people.

Contents

1 Amphitheatre 2 Musical theatre 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Amphitheatre[edit] The building itself was built in AD 30 on a site which was then beyond the city walls. The ludi (shows and games) staged there were so famous that spectators came from many other places, often far away, to witness them.[citation needed] The amphitheatre could host more than 30,000 spectators in ancient times. The round façade of the building was originally composed of white and pink limestone from Valpolicella, but after a major earthquake in 1117, which almost completely destroyed the structure's outer ring, except for the so-called "ala" (wing), the stone was quarried for re-use in other buildings. Nevertheless, it impressed medieval visitors to the city, one of whom considered it to have been a labyrinth, without ingress or egress.[1] Ciriaco d'Ancona
Ciriaco d'Ancona
was filled with admiration for the way it had been built and Giovanni Antonio Panteo's civic panegyric De laudibus veronae, 1483, remarked that it struck the viewer as a construction that was more than human.[2] Musical theatre[edit]

Aida
Aida
by Giuseppe Verdi

The Arena di Verona
Verona
Festival

Detail of opera performance

The first interventions to recover the arena's function as a theatre began during the Renaissance. Some operatic performances were later mounted in the building during the 1850s, owing to its outstanding acoustics. And in 1913, operatic performances in the arena commenced in earnest due to the zeal and initiative of the Italian opera tenor Giovanni Zenatello and the impresario Ottone Rovato. The first 20th-century operatic production at the arena, a staging of Giuseppe Verdi's Aida, took place on 10 August of that year, to mark the birth of Verdi 100 years before in 1813. Musical luminaries such as Puccini
Puccini
and Mascagni were in attendance. Since then, summer seasons of opera have been mounted continually at the arena, except in 1915–18 and 1940–45, when Europe was convulsed in war. In modern times, at least four productions (sometimes up to six) are mounted each year between June and August. During the winter months, the local opera and ballet companies perform at the L'Accademia Filarmonica. Modern-day travellers are advised that admission tickets to sit on the arena's stone steps are much cheaper to buy than tickets giving access to the padded chairs available on lower levels. Candles are distributed to the audience and lit after sunset around the arena. Every year over 500,000 people see productions of the popular operas in this arena.[3] Once capable of housing 20,000 patrons per performance (now limited to 15,000 because of safety reasons), the arena has featured many of world's most notable opera singers. In the post- World War II
World War II
era, they have included Giuseppe Di Stefano, Maria Callas, Tito Gobbi
Tito Gobbi
and Renata Tebaldi
Renata Tebaldi
among other names. A number of conductors have appeared there, too. The official arena shop has historical recordings made by some of them available for sale. The opera productions in the Verona
Verona
Arena had not used any microphones or loudspeakers until an electronic sound reinforcement system was installed in 2011.[4] In recent times, the arena has also hosted several concerts of international rock and pop bands, among which Zucchero Fornaciari, who holds the record of the highest number of concerts in the location, 38 from 1989 to 2017, and the highest number of concerts during the same tour, 22 of the Black Cat World Tour, Bruce Springsteen, Elisa, Laura Pausini, Pink Floyd, Alicia Keys, One Direction, Simple Minds, Duran Duran, Deep Purple, The Who, Dire Straits, Mike Oldfield, Rod Stewart, Sting, Pearl Jam, Radiohead, Peter Gabriel, Björk, Muse, Leonard Cohen, Paul McCartney, Jamiroquai, Whitney Houston, Mumford & Sons, Kiss, Spandau Ballet, 5 Seconds Of Summer and 2Cellos. In 1981, 1984 and 2010 it hosted the podium and presentation of the Giro d'Italia
Giro d'Italia
with thousands packing the arena to watch the prizes being handed out. The 2011 Bollywood film Rockstar directed by Imtiaz Ali starring Ranbir Kapoor
Ranbir Kapoor
with music composed by Academy Award winner A.R.Rahman opens and closes with musical concerts shot here. On 24 September 2012 Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
performed here as part of the First European Leg of his "Old Ideas" World Tour. On 25 June 2013 Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
performed at the venue as part of his 2013 Tour. British-Irish boy band One Direction
One Direction
performed on 19 May 2013 as part of their Take Me Home Tour. Spandau Ballet
Spandau Ballet
played a concert at Verona
Verona
Arena on 6 July 2015, as part of their Soul Boys Of The Western World Tour. On 21 September 2015 the operatic pop group Il Volo
Il Volo
performed in Verona
Verona
for their final date of the Grande Amore Tour. The evening was recorded and broadcast by Rai1 and gained a share of 23% On May 13th 2016, the Australian band 5 Seconds Of Summer performed in Verona
Verona
as part of their 2016 Sounds Live Feels Live World Tour. On May 28th and 29th 2016, the English singer Adele
Adele
performed in Verona
Verona
as part of her Adele
Adele
Live 2016 Tour. See also[edit]

Arena di Verona
Verona
Festival Earth Hour Festivalbar

References[edit]

^ altum lambyrintum in quo nescitur ingressus et egressus, quoted in Roberto Weiss, The Renaissance
Renaissance
Discovery of Classical Antiquity, 1969:117 and note 7. ^ Weiss 1969. ^ Festivals in Italy
Italy
2009 ^ " Verona
Verona
Opera
Opera
Festival Outfitted with New Audio". AVTechnology. February 7, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arena di Verona.

Verona
Verona
Arena website, in English Photographs of Arena di Verona An article on Arena di Verona
Verona
including Photographs and videos Live webcam on Verona
Verona
Arena Verona
Verona
Arena English Video Introduction

v t e

Landmarks of Veneto

Basilica di San Zeno Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua Basilica Palladiana Castelvecchio Bridge Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park Lake Garda Orto botanico di Padova Sant'Anastasia Scrovegni Chapel Teatro Olimpico Verona
Verona
Arena Villa Barbaro Villa Capra "La Rotonda" Walls of Montagnana

v t e

Music venues in Italy

Rome

Parco della Musica Teatro dell' Opera
Opera
di Roma PalaLottomatica Casa del jazz Circolo degli Artisti Villa Ada CSOA Forte Prenestino Traffic INIT

Milan

La Scala Teatro degli Arcimboldi Mediolanum Forum Teatro Dal Verme Alcatraz (it) C.S. Leoncavallo (it) Magazzini Generali Musicdrome Teatro Franco Parenti (it) Lime Light

Naples

Teatro di San Carlo Palapartenope Casa della Musica Teatro Acacia Teatro Cilea Arenile Reload Officina 99 (it)

Turin

Teatro Regio Teatro Carignano Torino Palasport Olimpico Torino Palavela Teatro Colosseo Hiroshima Mon Amour Spazio 211

Palermo

Teatro Massimo Teatro Politeama Teatro Biondo Teatro di Verdura Teatro Garibaldi Teatro Nuovo Montevergini Teatro Santa Cecilia

Bologna

Unipol Arena Teatro Comunale Teatro Auditorium Manzoni Estragon Club Covo Club Zona Roveri Land Rover Arena

Other cities

Cesena: Carisport, Vidia Club Cremona: Midian Florence: Viper Theatre Genoa: Teatro Carlo Felice Mantua: Teatro Bibiena Mezzago: Bloom Parma: Auditorium Niccolò Paganini, Teatro Regio Pozzuoli: Duel Beat Rieti: Teatro Flavio Vespasiano Rimini: Velvet Roncade: New Age Venice: La Fenice Verona: Verona
Verona
Arena

Coordinates: 45°26′20″N 10°59′40″E / 45.43889°N 10.99444°E / 45.43889; 10.99444

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141965332 ISNI: 0000 0001 2165 9603 GND: 1024966-7 SUDOC: 034525114 BNF:

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