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The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are a small, rugged mountain range of the Transverse Ranges
Transverse Ranges
system, located just south of the western San Gabriel Mountains in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, Southern California. The range is sometimes known as the Verdugo Hills or simply the Verdugos. Surrounded entirely by urban development, the Verdugo Mountains represent an isolated wildlife island and are in large part under public ownership in the form of undeveloped parkland. The mountains are used primarily for recreation in the form of hiking and mountain biking, and as the site of communications installations on the highest peaks. The mountains appear to be low-lying to local residents; however, there are a number of rugged sections, and the high portion of range reaches nearly as high as the nearby Santa Susana Mountains.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Geology 3 Flora, fauna and climate 4 History

4.1 Glendale & Mount Verdugo Railway

5 Wildfire 6 Protected areas 7 Access and recreational use 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 Maps 12 External links

Geography[edit] The northwest-trending range is approximately 8 miles (13 km) long by 3.25 miles (5.23 km) wide, and roughly parallels the southern front of the San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
at a distance of 1 mile (1.6 km) to 2 miles (3.2 km), with the Crescenta Valley lying between the two. The southern front of the range forms part of the northeastern boundary of the San Fernando Valley; at their southeastern end the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are separated from the San Rafael Hills by the Verdugo Wash. The highest summit is the informally named Verdugo Peak (3,126 feet), located near the center of the range and rising to approximately 2,200 feet (670 m) above its southern base. Other peaks include Tongva Peak (2,656 feet), recently named in honor of the Tongva (Gabrielino) people, the original inhabitants of much of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin, Santa Monica Mountains, and San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
areas. Other informally named peaks are Mount La Tuna on the north end and Mount Thom on the south end of the range. With the exception of Mount La Tuna, all these summits, as well as several others, are occupied by communications towers. The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
lie within the corporate boundaries of the cities of Glendale, Burbank, and Los Angeles. The neighborhood of La Crescenta, most of which lies within Glendale, is adjacent to its northern end, as are the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
neighborhoods of Tujunga, Sunland, Shadow Hills, and Sun Valley (the last of which includes La Tuna Canyon). Geology[edit] The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
consist of an east-west-trending antiformal fault block, bounded on south by the Verdugo Fault, a north-dipping reverse fault, and on the north by the Sierra Madre thrust fault near the front of the San Gabriel Mountains,[2] thus including the sediment-covered Crescenta Valley
Crescenta Valley
within the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
Block. The Verdugo Fault lies slightly south of the topographic range front and is completely covered by sediments.[2] The rocks within the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
block are almost entirely igneous and metamorphic rocks similar to the crystalline basement rocks exposed to the north in that portion of the San Gabriel Mountains south of the San Gabriel Fault. These rocks consist of gneiss, and gneissic diorite and quartz diorite, intruded by irregular bodies of equigranular granitic rocks, predominantly quartz diorite and granodiorite, with accompanying pegmatite and aplite.[3] Exposed rocks in the Shadow Hills neighborhood at the extreme northwestern end of the Verdugos are typically marine sedimentary rocks of Miocene
Miocene
age, predominantly sandstone and shale. The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are part of the western Transverse Ranges, which have risen in the last 7 million years as the result of contractional deformation resulting from transpressional motion and rotation of crustal blocks in the "Big Bend" region of the San Andreas Fault.[4][5] The amount of crustal shortening since the beginning of the Pliocene
Pliocene
has been estimated to be on the order of 7 kilometers (4.3 mi). The Verdugo fault and Sierra Madre thrust are part of a complex system of faults that accommodate some of this shortening and generally become younger to the south, with the Verdugo Fault possibly being the youngest member of this system and forming the current boundary between this portion of the western Transverse Ranges
Transverse Ranges
and the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
basin.[6] Uplift along the Verdugo fault may total approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi), at a minimum rate of 1.1 km (0.68 mi) per million years since 2.3 million years ago,[7] moving the crystalline rocks of the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
up and over younger Tertiary and Quaternary
Quaternary
sediments to the south. The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are, therefore, young and rapidly rising, reflected in their steep topography and rapid rates of erosion. Flora, fauna and climate[edit] See also: California
California
chaparral and woodlands The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
lie almost entirely within the chaparral plant community, as defined by Munz[8] and later authors, including Sawyer et al.[9] This dense, shrub-dominated community of the California chaparral and woodlands is more highly developed on the north-facing slopes than on the drier, hotter south-facing slopes. Among the shrub species that characterize this community, prominent in the Verdugos are laurel sumac (Malosma laurina), toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum), chamise (Adenostoma fasciculatum) and two species of California-lilac (Ceanothus crassifolius and Ceanothus oliganthus). Native trees are restricted to protected canyons and sites along the largely seasonal watercourses. Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), California
California
bay laurel (Umbellularia californica), California
California
sycamore (Platanus racemosa), California
California
walnut (Juglans californica), and several species of willow ( Salix
Salix
spp.) are the most common. Non-native trees, particularly pines ( Pinus
Pinus
spp.), cypress ( Cupressus
Cupressus
spp.), locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), and Australian eucalyptus ( Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
spp.) have been planted locally along the fire roads and, most notably, in the Fire Warden's Grove, established in the wake of a wildfire in 1927. Except for a tenuous link to the large wild area in the San Gabriel Mountains through Big Tujunga Wash
Tujunga Wash
at their northwestern end, the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are an urban wildlife island completely surrounded by development. Among the large mammals, coyote (Canis latrans) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are the most common; mountain lions (Puma concolor) and black bears (Ursus americanus) have occasionally been reported.[10] [11] The many rodent species support a population of western rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis). Of the numerous bird species present, the most characteristic of the chaparral here, and throughout California, is the small, seldom seen but often heard wrentit (Chamaea fasciata).[12] With its call of three or four chirps followed by an accelerating trill, often likened to the sound of a dropped ping-pong ball, the wrentit provides the most characteristic sound of the chaparral. The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
have warm, dry summers and cool wet winters. Snow infrequently falls along the crest during the coldest winter storms, but melts rapidly. Annual precipitation varies from about 18 inches at the base to about 25 inches at the crest. Most of the rain falls between November and March during periodic frontal passages. History[edit] The mountains were part of the indigenous Tongva people's homelands for over 7,000 years, with villages at some springs in the canyons.[13] The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
were named for Jose Maria Verdugo, holder of the Rancho San Rafael land grant, which covered the mountains during California's Spanish and Mexican periods. On October 20, 1784 Pedro Fages, the military governor of Alta California, granted Jose Maria Verdugo permission to use the rancho, known officially by the name San Rafael but informally called "La Zanja" by Verdugo.[14] The rancho's boundaries were primarily defined by the Verdugo Mountains, the Arroyo Seco and the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River, with the boundary following north along the east bank of the river and wrapping westerly around Griffith Park to a point near the Travel Town Museum
Travel Town Museum
in the park.[14] Glendale & Mount Verdugo Railway[edit] One of the earliest attempts to access and develop the interior of the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
was the 1912 proposal by Colonel Lewis Ginger to build a cable incline railroad to the summit of Mount Verdugo, now known as Mount Thom. The proposed Glendale & Verdugo Mountain Railway was to run in a straight line from the Pacific Electric’s Casa Verdugo station at the top of Brand Boulevard to the summit of Mount Verdugo, employing cars with stepped seating similar to those of Angels Flight
Angels Flight
on Bunker Hill in Los Angeles.[15] Initially, Colonel Ginger had proposed that his cable railway would lift a Pacific Electric car directly to the summit, but Henry E. Huntington
Henry E. Huntington
did not approve of this scheme. The railway was to have four or five stations along the incline and a large visitor’s center at the summit. Several months after the initial proposal, the route was altered to run up the west side of Verdugo Canyon from a hoped-for extension of the Pacific Electric up Verdugo Canyon to Montrose. Interest in the cable railway continued for about a year, but the project was abandoned before a company could be formed, largely as the result of the Pacific Electric’s decision not to build the Montrose extension. Wildfire[edit] Fire is a natural component of the chaparral ecosystem, and the plants that comprise it are largely adapted to survive fire or to reproduce after it.[16] More specifically, the members of this plant community are adapted to a particular fire regime, which is characterized by intensity and seasonality, but most importantly, by the frequency of fires.[17] In the southern California
California
chaparral, natural frequencies of 30 to 40 years are typical, with some areas going as long as 100 years without fires and others burning more frequently.[18] It has been estimated the chaparral plant community can persist over the long term only with a fire frequency at a given site of no shorter than several decades, or perhaps longer, although there is variability in the tolerance of different species. Repeated shorter intervals between fires promote so-called "type conversion," in which the shrubby species are replaced by grasses, particularly non-native grasses, and other weedy species. The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
have been subject to repeated wildfires in historical times. Major occurrences in the twentieth century include the December, 1927 Burbank Canyon Fire, which started in Haines Canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
and burned south into the range, consuming approximately 100 homes in Burbank's Sunset Canyon.[19] The La Tuna Canyon Fire of November, 1955 burned over almost the entire western portion of the range, ultimately destroying approximately 4,500 acres (1,800 ha).[20] The Whiting Woods Fire of March, 1964, started by a power line downed by high winds, burned from the northern edge of the range southward over to crest to consume homes in Glendale. A fire in November, 1980, also called the La Tuna Canyon Fire, burned 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) in the northern and western portions of the range.[21] Since 2000, three major fires have occurred in the Verdugo Mountains. In September, 2002, the Mountain Fire burned over two days approximately 750 acres (300 ha) above Glendale, largely on the southern side of the range.[22] The Harvard Fire started on September 29, 2005, and consumed 1,024 acres (414 ha) both north and south sides of the range north of Burbank during a six-day period.[23] In September, 2017, the La Tuna fire started north of the Verdugos, jumping Interstate 210 forcing the closure of it, burning both the north and south face of the ranges. The fire ultimately destroyed four homes and 7,003 acres (2,834 ha) of land.[24] Beginning in 1921, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Fire Department began a county-wide program of building fire breaks (or more properly, fuel breaks) to slow the spread of fire, and by 1923 the initial breaks had been constructed in the Verdugos. In 1934, the City of Glendale built a 60-foot lookout tower on Verdugo Peak, which was staffed with an observer until it closed in the mid-1950s. In order to conduct the work necessary to build fire breaks and roads, temporary construction camps were located throughout the fire-prone areas of the county. In the Verdugo Mountains, Construction Camp #2 was located in the lower reaches of Deer Canyon, at the end of present-day Beaudry Blvd, for a period during the late 1930s and early 1940s.[21] It is difficult to determine from published sources the dates of construction for the fire roads so important to present-day recreational use of the mountains. The report of the 1955 La Tuna Canyon fire,[20] however, indicates that at least some of these roads were in place by that date. Protected areas[edit]

Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
State Park, California
California
Department of Parks and Recreation Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
Open Space Preserve, jointly operated by the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy and the City of Glendale Brand Park, Glendale Stough Canyon Nature Center, Burbank Wildwood Canyon Park, Burbank La Tuna Canyon Park, Los Angeles Tujunga Ponds, Los Angeles

The Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are being considered as part of the proposed Rim of the Valley Corridor National Park.[25][26] Access and recreational use[edit] Other than the Foothill Freeway
Foothill Freeway
(I-210) and the nearly parallel La Tuna Canyon Road, both of which traverse only the northwestern tip of the range, the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
are crossed by no paved roads. By contrast, the range contains more than 25 miles (40 km) of graded and well maintained fire roads that are used extensively by hikers and mountain bike riders. Several abandoned and overgrown fire roads and ridge-top fire breaks are used recreationally as well. Trails, in the sense of engineered and maintained foot paths, are few, the most notable being the 2.2 mile (3.5 km)-long La Tuna Canyon Trail, which was constructed in 1989 by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Conservation Corps with funds provided by the Santa Monica Mountains
Santa Monica Mountains
Conservancy.[27] See also[edit]

La Tuna Fire

References[edit]

^ "Verdugo Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04.  ^ a b Arkle, Jeanette, C, and Armstrong, Phillip A. (2007). " Quaternary
Quaternary
exhumation of the Verdugo Mountains, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin, constrained by low-temperature thermochronometry." Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 83. ^ Weber, F. Harold, Jr., and others (1980). Earthquake Hazards Associated with the Verdugo-Eagle Rock and Benedict Canyon Fault Zones, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County California. Calif. Div. Mines and Geology Open File
File
Report 80-10 ^ Luyendyk, B. P. (1991). "A model for Neogene crustal rotations, transtension, and transpression in southern California". Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 103, pp.1528-1536. ^ Schneider; C. L., Hummon, C.; Yeats, R. S.; and Huftile, G.J. (1996). "Structural evolution of the northern Los Angeles
Los Angeles
basin, California, based on growth strata." Tectonics, vol. 15, pp. 341-355. ^ Arkle, Jeanette C.; and Armstrong, Phillip A. (2009). "Exhumation of the Verdugo Mountains, Southern California; constraints from low-temperature thermochronology and geomorphic analysis." Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 41, no. 67 p. 300. ^ Meigs, Andrew; Yule, Doug; Blythe, Ann; and Burbank, Doug (2003). "Implications of disturbed crustal deformation for exhumation in a portion of a transpressional plate boundary, Western Transverse Ranges, Southern California." Quaternary
Quaternary
International, vol. 101-102, pp.169-177. ^ Munz,Phillip A., in collaboration with David D. Keck (1968). A California
California
Flora and Supplement. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ Sawyer, J., and Keeler-Wolf, T. (1995). A Manual of California Vegetation. Sacramento: California
California
Native Plant Society. ^ Groves, Martha (May 29, 2015). "Meet the Verdugo Mountains' very own mountain lion: P-41". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Tchekmedyian, Alene (July 8, 2016). "Bear spotted at Burbank golf course". Burbank Leader.  ^ Quinn, Ronald D., and Keeley, Sterling C. (2006) Introduction to California
California
Chaparral. Berkeley: University of California
California
Press. ^ Gumprecht, Blake. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth, Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
Press, 1999, ISBN 0-8018-6642-1, page 31 ^ a b Kielbasa, John R. (1998). Historic Adobes of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County. Pittsburg: Dorrance Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8059-4172-X. . ^ Duke, Donald (1998). Incline Railways of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Southern California. San Marino CA: Golden West Books. ^ Barbour, Michael, Keeler-Wolf, Todd, and Schoenherr, Allan A. (2007). Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd ed. Berkeley: University of California
California
Press. ^ Quinn, Ronald D., and Keeley, Sterling G. (2006). Introduction to California
California
Chaparral. Berkeley: University of California
California
Press. ^ Carle, David (2008). Introduction to Fire in California. Berkeley: University of California
California
Press. ^ "The 1927 Burbank Canyon Fire". Burank Fire Department website (former posting). Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ a b "The 1955 La Tuna Canyon Fire". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ a b Boucher, David, 1991. Ride the Devil Wind: a History of the Los Angeles County Forester & Fire Warden Department and Fire Protection Districts. Bellflower, CA: Fire Publications, Inc. ^ "Mountain Fire Damage Assessment and Rehabilitation" (PDF). Glendale Fire and Rescue News. October 2002. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ "Southern California
California
Wildfires 2005". Wildfire.com: the Home of the Wildland Firefighter. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ Alpert Reyes,, Emily; Curwen ,, Thomas; Tchekmedyian Reyes,, Alene (September 3, 2017). "210 Freeway reopened, all evacuation orders lifted as firefighters gain upper hand on Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
fire". KTLA. Retrieved September 3, 2017.  ^ "Rim of the Valley Corridor Special
Special
Resource Study". National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-12-30.  ^ Kamal, Sameea (March 4, 2015). "Three lawmakers urge Park Service action on Rim of the Valley study". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ McKinney, John (1994). Walking Los Angeles
Los Angeles
New York: HarperCollinsWest.

Further reading[edit]

Tectonics of the San Gabriel Basin and surroundings, southern California. Robert S. Yeats. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University, Department of Geosciences, 2004. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth. Blake Gumprecht. Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8018-6642-1. Afoot & Afield in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, 2nd edition, Area B-5. Jerry Schad. Berkeley, California: Wilderness Press, 2000. ISBN 0-89997-267-5. Tectonics of the San Gabriel Basin and surroundings, southern California. Robert S. Yeats. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University, Department of Geosciences, 2004. Paleoseismology, active tectonics, and seismic hazards of the Verdugo fault zone, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California. James F. Dolan. The University, 1997. Segmentation, slip rates and earthquake dimensions in the active fold-thrust belt of northern Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin, California. Robert S. Yeats. Dept. of Geosciences, Oregon State University, 1996. Geology of Earthquakes. Robert S. Yeats, Kerry E. Sieh, and Clarence R. Allen. Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-19-507827-6. Living with Earthquakes in California: A Survivor's Guide. Robert S. Yeats. Oregon State University
Oregon State University
Press, 2001. ISBN 0-87071-493-7. The geology of a portion of the western Verdugo mountains. Robert L. Johnston, 1938. Geology Underfoot in Southern California. Allen Glazner. Mountain Press, 1993. ISBN 0-87842-289-7. Assembling California. John McPhee. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1993. ISBN 0-374-10645-2. Cycles of Rock and Water: At the Pacific Edge. Kenneth A. Brown. HarperCollins, 1993. ISBN 0-06-016056-X. Birds of Los Angeles: Including Santa Barbara, Ventura and Orange Counties. Chris C. Fisher and Herbert Clarke. Lone Pine Publications, 1997. ISBN 1-55105-104-4. A Flora of Southern California. Philip A. Munz. University of California
California
Press, 1974. Native Trees of Southern California. Victor P. Peterson. University of California
California
Press, 1970. Illustrated Guide to the Oaks of the Southern Californian Floristic Province: The Oaks of Coastal Southern California
California
and Northwestern Baja California. Fred M. Roberts, Jr. F. M. Roberts Publishing, 1995. ISBN 0-9643847-0-1. Plant Life in the World's Mediterranean Climates: California, Chile, South Africa, Australia and the Mediterranean Basin. Peter R. Dallman. University of California, 1998. ISBN 0-520-20808-0. Island Called California: An Ecological Introduction to Its Natural Communities. Elna Bakker. Second Edition. University of California Press, 1984. ISBN 0-520-04947-0. Natural History of Vacant Lots ( California
California
Natural History Guides). Matthew F. Vessel and Herbert H. Wong. University of California
California
Press, 1987. ISBN 0-520-05250-1. Growing California
California
Native Plants. Marjorie D. Schmidt. University of California
California
Press, 1981. ISBN 0-520-03762-6. Introduction to California
California
Beetles. Arthur V. Evans and James N. Hogue. University of California
California
Press, 2004. ISBN 0-520-24035-9. Geography and evolution in the pocket gophers of California. Joseph Grinnell. USGPO, 1927. Evolutionary Dynamics of the Pocket Gopher Thomomys Bottae, With Emphasis on California
California
Populations. James L. Patton and Margaret F. Smith. University of California
California
Press, 1990. ISBN 0-520-09761-0. The Verdugos of Hispanic California. Marie E. Northrop. 1978.

Maps[edit]

Angeles Front Country Trail Map. San Rafael, California: Tom Harrison Maps, 2001. ISBN 1-877689-65-3. Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
trail map. Matt Maxon, 2005 http://pctmap.homeip.net/data/PDF/Verdugo%20Mtns%2001-16-05.pdf[permanent dead link] Burbank, California, 7.5 minute topographic quadrangle map. United States Geological Survey. Pasadena, California, 7.5 minute topographic quadrangle map. United States Geological Survey. Mount La Tuna - 34°13′24″N 118°20′15″W / 34.22327°N 118.33763°W / 34.22327; -118.33763 Verdugo Peak - 34°12′55″N 118°16′48″W / 34.21518°N 118.28001°W / 34.21518; -118.28001 Tongva Peak - 34°11′50″N 118°15′30″W / 34.19722°N 118.25833°W / 34.19722; -118.25833 Mount Thom - 34°11′14″N 118°15′21″W / 34.18717°N 118.25596°W / 34.18717; -118.25596

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Verdugo Mountains.

Outdoor LA Hiking Trails - Hiking trails in the area with maps and directions to the trailheads. Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
Park Property - California
California
State Parks page for the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
Park Property Rim of the Valley Corridor Special
Special
Resource Study - National Park Service page about the Rim of the Valley Corridor LA Trails - Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
- a listing of most of the hiking trails in the Verdugo Mountains. Verdugo Hills Community Hike - an annual community hike and trail run in the Verdugos involving the Glendale, Burkbank, and Crescenta Valley communities Parks in the Verdugo & San Rafael Mountains Region - Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy page, with an interagency list of parks and other protected areas in the Verdugo Mountains/ San Rafael Hills
San Rafael Hills
area

Places adjacent to Verdugo Mountains

Sun Valley in the San Fernando Valley Crescenta Valley
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- I-210 Crescenta Valley
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- I-210

Burbank in the San Fernando Valley
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Verdugo Mountains

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Asilomar Bean Hollow Bolsa Chica Cardiff Carlsbad Carmel River Carpinteria Caspar Headlands Cayucos Corona del Mar Dockweiler Doheny El Capitán Emma Wood Gray Whale Cove Greenwood Half Moon Bay Huntington Leucadia Lighthouse Field Little River Malibu Lagoon Mandalay Manresa Marina McGrath Montara Monterey Moonlight Morro Strand Moss Landing Natural Bridges New Brighton Pacifica Pelican Pescadero Pismo Point Dume Point Sal Pomponio Refugio Robert H. Meyer Memorial Robert W. Crown Memorial Salinas River San Buenaventura San Clemente San Elijo San Gregorio San Onofre Santa Monica Schooner Gulch Seacliff Silver Strand Sonoma Coast South Carlsbad Sunset Thornton Torrey Pines Trinidad Twin Lakes Westport-Union Landing Will Rogers William Randolph Hearst Memorial Zmudowski

State Recreation Areas

Admiral William Standley Auburn Austin Creek Benbow Lake Benicia Bethany Reservoir Brannan Island Candlestick Point Castaic Lake Colusa-Sacramento River Folsom Lake Franks Tract George J. Hatfield Harry A. Merlo Kenneth Hahn Kings Beach Lake Del Valle Lake Oroville Lake Perris Lake Valley Martial Cottle Park McConnell Millerton Lake Picacho Providence Mountains Salton Sea San Luis Reservoir Silverwood Lake Standish-Hickey Tahoe Turlock Lake Woodson Bridge

State Vehicular Recreation Areas

Carnegie Clay Pit Heber Dunes Hollister Hills Hungry Valley Oceano Dunes Ocotillo Wells Prairie City

Other

Burleigh H. Murray Ranch California
California
State Mining and Mineral Museum California
California
State Capitol Museum California
California
State Railroad Museum Castro Adobe Delta Meadows Estero Bay Hatton Canyon Indio Hills Palms Point Cabrillo Light Station Point Lobos
Point Lobos
Ranch Point Montara Light Station Reynolds Wayside Campground San Timoteo Canyon Stone Lake Verdugo Mountains Ward Creek Wildwood Canyon

National Forests and Grasslands

National Forests and Grasslands

Angeles Butte Valley NG Cleveland Eldorado Humboldt-Toiyabe Inyo Klamath Lake Tahoe Basin Lassen Los Padres Mendocino Modoc Plumas Rogue River – Siskiyou San Bernardino Sequoia Shasta–Trinity Sierra Six Rivers Stanislaus Tahoe

National Wilderness Preservation System

Agua Tibia Ansel Adams Bucks Lake Caribou Carson-Iceberg Castle Crags Cucamonga Desolation Dick Smith Dinkey Lakes Emigrant Golden Trout Hoover Inyo Mountains Ishi Jennie Lakes John Muir Kaiser Marble Mountain Mokelumne Mount Shasta Wilderness North Fork Pine Creek San Gabriel Sanhedrin San Jacinto San Rafael Sespe Siskiyou Snow Mountain South Fork Eel River South Sierra South Warner Thousand Lakes Trinity Alps Ventana Yolla Bolly–Middle Eel Yuki

National Monuments and Recreation Areas

Giant Sequoia National Monument San Gabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains
National Monument Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains
San Jacinto Mountains
National Monument Smith River National Recreation Area Shasta–Trinity National Recreation Area Sand to Snow National Monument

State Forests

Boggs Mountain Demonstration Ellen Pickett Jackson Demonstration Las Posadas LaTour Demonstration Mount Zion Mountain Home Demonstration Soquel Demonstration

National Wildlife Refuges

Antioch Dunes Bitter Creek Blue Ridge Butte Sink Castle Rock Clear Lake Coachella Valley Colusa Delevan Don Edwards San Francisco Bay Ellicott Slough Farallon Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes Hopper Mountain Humboldt Bay Kern Lower Klamath Marin Islands Merced Modoc Pixley Sacramento Sacramento River Salinas River San Diego Bay San Diego San Joaquin River San Luis San Pablo Bay Seal Beach Sonny Bono Salton Sea Stone Lakes Sutter Tijuana Slough Tule Lake

State Wildlife Areas

Wildlife Areas

Antelope Valley Ash Creek Bass Hill Battle Creek Big Lagoon Big Sandy Biscar Butte Valley Buttermilk Country Cache Creek Camp Cady Cantara/Ney Springs Cedar Roughs Cinder Flats Collins Eddy Colusa Bypass Coon Hollow Cottonwood Creek Crescent City Marsh Crocker Meadows Daugherty Hill Decker Island Doyle Dutch Flat Eastlker River Eel River Elk Creek Wetlands Elk River Fay Slough Feather River Fitzhugh Creek Fremont Weir Grass Lake Gray Lodge Green Creek Grizzly Island Hallelujah Junction Heenan Lake Hill Slough Hollenbeck Canyon Honey Lake Hope Valley Horseshoe Ranch Imperial Indian Valley Kelso Peak and Old Dad Mountains Kinsman Flat Knoxville Laguna Lake Berryessa Lake Earl Lake Sonoma Little Panoche Reservoir Los Banos Lower Sherman Island Mad River Slough Marble Mountains Mendota Merrill's Landing Miner Slough Monache Meadows Morro Bay Moss Landing Mouth of Cottonwood Creek Napa-Sonoma Marshes North Grasslands O'Neill Forebay Oroville Petaluma Marsh Pickel Meadow Pine Creek Point Edith Putah Creek Rector Reservoir Red Lake Rhode Island Sacramento River San Felipe Valley San Jacinto San Luis Obispo San Luis Reservoir San Pablo Bay Santa Rosa Shasta Valley Silver Creek Slinkard/Little Antelope Smithneck Creek South Fork Spenceville Surprise Valley Sutter Bypass Tehama Truckee River Upper Butte Basin Volta Warner Valley Waukell Creek West Hilmar Westlker River White Slough Willow Creek Yolo Bypass

Ecological Reserves

Albany Mudflats Alkali Sink Allensworth Atascadero Creek Marsh Bair Island Baldwin Lake Batiquitos Lagoon Blue Sky Boden Canyon Boggs Lake Bolsa Chica Bonny Doon Buena Vista Lagoon Butler Slough Butte Creek Canyon Butte Creek House Buttonwillow By Day Creek Calhoun Cut Canebrake Carlsbad Highlands Carmel Bay Carrizo Canyon Carrizo Plains China Point Clover Creek Coachella Valley Coal Canyon Corte Madera Marsh Crestridge Dairy Mart Ponds Dales Lake Del Mar Landing Eden Landing Elkhorn Slough Estelle Mountain Fall River Mills Fish Slough Fremont Valley Goleta Slough Indian Joe Spring Kaweah Kerman King Clone Laguna Laurel Loch Lomond Vernal Pool Lokern Magnesia Spring Marin Islands Mattole River McGinty Mountain Morro Dunes Morro Rock Napa River North Table Mountain Oasis Spring Panoche Hills Peytonia Slough Pine Hill Piute Creek Pleasant Valley Rancho Jamul Redwood Shores River Springs Lakes Saline Valley San Dieguito Lagoon San Elijo Lagoon San Felipe Creek San Joaquin River Santa Rosa Plateau Springville Stone Corral Sycamore Canyon Sycuan Peak Thomes Creek Tomales Bay Upper Newport Bay Watsonville Slough West Mojave Desert Woodbridge Yaudanchi

Marine Protected Areas

Abalone Cove Albany Mudflats Anacapa Anacapa Año Nuevo Asilomar Atascadero Beach Bair Island Batiquitos Lagoon Big Creek Big Creek Big Sycamore Canyon Bodega Bolsa Chica Cambria Cardiff and San Elijo Carmel Bay Carmel Pinnacles Carrington Point Catalina Marine Science Center Corte Madera Marsh Crystal Cove Dana Point Del Mar Landing Doheny Doheny Duxbury Reef Edward F. Ricketts Elkhorn Slough Elkhorn Slough Encinitas Estero de Limantour Fagan Marsh Farallon Islands Farnsworth Bank Fort Ross Gerstle Cove Goleta Slough Greyhound Rock Gull Island Harris Point Heisler Park Hopkins Irvine Coast James V. Fitzgerald Judith Rock Julia Pfeiffer Burns La Jolla Laguna Beach Lovers Cove (Catalina Island) Lovers Point MacKerricher Manchester and Arena Rock Marin Islands Mia J. Tegner Moro Cojo Slough Morro Bay Morro Bay Morro Beach Natural Bridges Niguel Pacific Grove Marine Gardens Painted Cave Peytonia Slough Piedras Blancas Piedras Blancas Pismo Pismo-Oceano Beach Point Buchon Point Buchon Point Cabrillo Point Fermin Point Lobos Point Reyes Headlands Point Sur Point Sur Portuguese Ledge Punta Gorda Redwood Shores Refugio Richardson Rock Robert E. Badham Robert W. Crown Russian Gulch Russian River Salt Point San Diego-Scripps San Dieguito Lagoon San Elijo Lagoon Santa Barbara Island Scorpion Skunk Point Sonoma Coast Soquel Canyon South Laguna Beach South Point Swami’s Tomales Bay Upper Newport Bay Van Damme Vandenberg White Rock (Cambria)

Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Land Management
National Landscape Conservation System

National Monuments

Berryessa Snow Mountain California
California
Coastal Carrizo Plain Cascade-Siskiyou Fort Ord Mojave Trails Sand to Snow Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains

National Conservation Areas

California
California
Desert King Range

Wilderness Areas

Argus Range Big Maria Mountains Bigelow Cholla Garden Bighorn Mountain Black Mountain Bright Star Bristol Mountains Cadiz Dunes Carrizo Gorge Chemehuevi Mountains Chimney Peak Chuckwalla Mountains Chumash Cleghorn Lakes Clipper Mountain Coso Range Coyote Mountains Darwin Falls Dead Mountains Dick Smith El Paso Mountains Fish Creek Mountains Funeral Mountains Golden Valley Grass Valley Headwaters Forest Reserve Hollow Hills Ibex Indian Pass Inyo Mountains Jacumba Kelso Dunes Kiavah Kingston Range Little Chuckwalla Mountains Little Picacho Machesna Mountain Matilija Malpais Mesa Manly Peak Mecca Hills Mesquite Newberry Mountains Nopah Range North Algodones Dunes North Mesquite Mountains Old Woman Mountains Orocopia Mountains Otay Mountain Owens Peak Pahrump Valley Palen/McCoy Palo Verde Mountains Picacho Peak Piper Mountain Piute Mountains Red Buttes Resting Spring Range Rice Valley Riverside Mountains Rodman Mountains Sacatar Trail Saddle Peak Hills San Gorgonio Santa Lucia Santa Rosa Sawtooth Mountains Sespe Sheephole Valley South Nopah Range Stateline Stepladder Mountains Surprise Canyon Sylvania Mountains Trilobite Turtle Mountains Whipple Mountains

National Marine Sanctuaries

Channel Islands Cordell Bank Greater Farallones Monterey Bay

National Estuarine Research Reserves

Elkhorn Slough San Francisco Bay Tijuana River Estuary

University of California
California
Natural Reserve System

Angelo Coast Range Reserve Año Nuevo Island Blue Oak Ranch Reserve Bodega Marine Box Springs Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center Burns Piñon Ridge Carpinteria Salt Marsh Chickering American River Coal Oil Point Dawson Los Monos Canyon Eagle Lake Field Station Elliott Chaparral Emerson Oaks Fort Ord Hastings James San Jacinto Mountains Jenny Pygmy Forest Jepson Prairie Kendall-Frost Mission Bay Marsh Kenneth S. Norris Rancho Marino Landels-Hill Big Creek McLaughlin Motte Rimrock Quail Ridge Sagehen Creek Field Station San Joaquin Freshwater Marsh Santa Cruz Island Scripps Coastal Sedgwick Stebbins Cold Canyon Steele Burnand Anza-Borrego Stunt Ranch Santa Monica Mountains Sweeney Granite Mountains Desert Research Center Valentine Eastern Sierra Younger Lagoon

Heritage registers National

.