HOME
The Info List - Vayu


--- Advertisement ---



Vāyu (Sanskrit, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
pronunciation: [ʋaːju]) is a primary Hindu
Hindu
deity, the lord of the winds, the father of Bhima
Bhima
and the spiritual father of Hanuman. He is also known as Anil ("Air, Wind"), Vyān (Air), Vāta ("Airy Element"), Tanun (The Wind), Pavan ("The Purifier"),[1] and sometimes Prāṇa ("The Breath").

Contents

1 Connotations 2 Hindu
Hindu
texts and philosophy 3 Buddhism 4 In popular culture 5 See also 6 References

Connotations[edit] The word for air (vāyu) or wind (pavana) is one of the classical elements in Hinduism. The Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word 'Vāta' literally means "blown", 'Vāyu' "blower", and Prāna "breathing" (viz. the breath of life, cf. the *an- in 'animate'). Hence, the primary referent of the word is the "deity of Life", who is sometimes for clarity referred to as "Mukhya-Vāyu" (the chief Vāyu) or "Mukhya Prāna" (the chief of Life).[citation needed] Sometimes the word "vāyu," which is more generally used in the sense of the physical air or wind, is used as a synonym for "prāna".[2] Vāta, an additional name for Vāyu, is the root of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and Hindi term for "atmosphere", vātāvaran.[3] Pavan is also a fairly common Hindu
Hindu
name. Pavana played an important role in Anjana's begetting Hanuman
Hanuman
as her child so Hanuman
Hanuman
is also called Pavanaputra "son of Pavana" and Vāyuputra. In the Mahabharata, Bhima
Bhima
was the son and an incarnation of Vāyu and played a major role in the Kurukshetra War. He utilised his huge power and skill with the mace for supporting Dharma. Hindu
Hindu
texts and philosophy[edit]

Classical elements

Stoicheion (στοιχεῖον)

Greek

  Air  

Water Aether Fire

  Earth  

Tattva
Tattva
– Mahābhūta, Panchikarana

Hinduism/Jainism – Buddhism

  Vayu  

Ap Akasha Agni

  Prithvi  

Wŭ Xíng (五行)

Chinese

  Wood (木)  

Water (水)   Fire (火)

Metal (金) Earth (土)

Godai (五大)

Japanese

  Air (風)  

Water (水) Void (空) Fire (火)

  Earth (地)  

Bön

Tibetan

  Air  

Water Aether Fire

  Earth  

Alchemy

Medieval

  Air  

Water Aether Fire

  Earth

Sulphur Mercury Salt

v t e

In the hymns, Vayu
Vayu
is "described as having 'exceptional beauty' and moving noisily in his shining coach, driven by two or forty-nine or one-thousand white and purple horses. A white banner is his main attribute."[1] Like the other atmospheric deities, he is a "fighter and destroyer", "powerful and heroic."[4] In the Upanishads, there are numerous statements and illustrations of the greatness of Vāyu. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
states that the gods who control bodily functions once engaged in a contest to determine who among them is the greatest. When a deity such as that of vision would leave a man's body, that man would continue to live, albeit as a blind man and having regained the lost faculty once the errant deity returned to his post. One by one the deities all took their turns leaving the body, but the man continued to live on, though successively impaired in various ways. Finally, when Mukhya Prāna started to leave the body, all the other deities started to be inexorably pulled off their posts by force, "just as a powerful horse yanks off pegs in the ground to which he is bound." This caused the other deities to realize that they can function only when empowered by Vayu, and can be overpowered by him easily. In another episode, Vāyu is said to be the only deity not afflicted by demons of sin who were on the attack. The Chandogya Upanishad
Chandogya Upanishad
states that one cannot know Brahman
Brahman
except by knowing Vāyu as the udgitha (the mantric syllable om).[5] Mukhya-Vāyu also incarnated as Madhvacharya
Madhvacharya
to teach worthy souls to worship the Supreme God Vishnu.[6]

The first Avatar of Vayu
Vayu
is considered to be Hanuman. His exploits are elucidated in Ramayana. The second Avatar of Vayu
Vayu
is Bhima, one of the Pandavas
Pandavas
appearing in the epic, Mahabharata.[7] The Third Avatar is traditionally ascribed to Madhvacharya, a 13th Century Indian philosopher.[8]

Buddhism[edit] In the Buddhism of the Far East, Vayu
Vayu
is one of the twelve Devas, as guardian deities, who are found in or around Buddhist shrines (Jūni-ten, 十二天).[9] In Japan, he has been called "Fu-ten".[10] He joins these other eleven Devas of Buddhism, found in Japan and other parts of southeast Asia: Indra
Indra
(Taishaku-ten), Agni
Agni
(Ka-ten), Yama (Emma-ten), Nirrti (Rasetsu-ten), Vayu
Vayu
(Fu-ten), Ishana (Ishana-ten), Kubera (Tamon-ten), Varuna
Varuna
(Sui-ten) Brahma
Brahma
(Bon-ten), Prithvi
Prithvi
(Chi-ten), Surya
Surya
(Nit-ten), Chandra (Gat-ten).[10][11][12] In popular culture[edit]

Year Name Channel Country Played by

2015 Sankatmochan Mahabali Hanuman Sony Entertainment Television India Manish Bishla

See also[edit]

List of wind deities Vayu-Vata - in his Zoroastrian context Maruts, attendants of Indra. Rudras, followers of Rudra-Shiva. Rudra, the Vedic wind or storm God. Vayu
Vayu
Purana

References[edit]

^ a b Eva Rudy Jansen; Tony Langham (1993), The book of Hindu
Hindu
imagery: The Gods and their Symbols, Binkey Kok Publications, ISBN 90-74597-07-6, God of the wind ... also known as Vata or Pavan ... exceptional beauty ... moves on noisily in his shining coach ... white banner ...  ^ Raju, P.T. (1954), "The concept of the spiritual in Indian thought", Philosophy East and West, 4 (3): 195–213, doi:10.2307/1397554, JSTOR 1397554.  ^ Vijaya Ghose; Jaya Ramanathan; Renuka N. Khandekar (1992), Tirtha, the treasury of Indian expressions, CMC Limited, ISBN 978-81-900267-0-3, ... God of the winds ... Another name for Vayu
Vayu
is Vata (hence the present Hindi term for 'atmosphere, 'vatavaran). Also known as Pavana (the purifier), Vayu
Vayu
is lauded in both the ...  ^ Sukumari Bhattacharji (1984), Literature in the Vedic age, K.P. Bagchi, ... The other atmospheric gods are his associates: Vayu-Vatah, Parjanya, the Rudras
Rudras
and the Maruts. All of them are fighters and destroyers, they are powerful and heroic ...  ^ Chandogya Upanishad, Adhyaya XVIII, Verse 4; http://www.swamij.com/upanishad-chandogya.htm ^ "Balittha Suktha -Text From Rig Veda". raghavendramutt.org. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016.  ^ http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m01/m01068.htm ^ History of the Dvaita
Dvaita
School And it's literature, pg 173 ^ Twelve Heavenly Deities (Devas) Nara National Museum, Japan ^ a b S Biswas (2000), Art of Japan, Northern, ISBN 978-8172112691, page 184 ^ Willem Frederik Stutterheim et al (1995), Rāma-legends and Rāma-reliefs in Indonesia, ISBN 978-8170172512, pages xiv-xvi ^ Adrian Snodgrass (2007), The Symbolism of the Stupa, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-8120807815, pages 120-124, 298-300

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
deities and texts

Gods

Trimurti

Brahma Vishnu

Rama Krishna

Shiva

Ganesha Kartikeya Hanuman Indra Surya more

Goddesses

Tridevi

Saraswati Lakshmi

Sita Radha

Parvati

Sati Kali Adi Parashakti Mahavidya

Durga Shakti Navadurga Matrikas more

Texts

Vedas

Rig Sama Yajur Atharva

Upanishads Puranas Ramayana Mahabharata

Bhagavad Gita

Yoga
Yoga
Sutras of Patanjali more

Hinduism Hindu
Hindu
mythology

v t e

Indian philosophy

Topics

Atheism Atomism Idealism Logic Monotheism Vedic philosophy

Āstika

Hindu: Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Mīmāṃsā Vedanta

Acintya bheda abheda Advaita Bhedabheda Dvaita Dvaitadvaita Shuddhadvaita Vishishtadvaita

Shaiva

Pratyabhijña Pashupata Shaivism Shaiva
Shaiva
Siddhanta

Nāstika

Ājīvika Ajñana Cārvāka Jain

Anekantavada Syādvāda

Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy
and Early Buddhist schools

Śūnyatā Madhyamaka Yogacara Sautrāntika Svatantrika

Texts

Abhinavabharati Arthashastra Bhagavad Gita Bhagavata Purana Brahma
Brahma
Sutra Buddhist texts Dharmashastra Hindu
Hindu
texts Jain Agamas Kamasutra Mimamsa Sutras

All 108 texts Principal

Nyāya Sūtras Nyayakusumanjali Panchadasi Samkhyapravachana Sutra Shiva
Shiva
Sutras Tarka-Sangraha Tattvacintāmaṇi Upanishads

Minor

Vaiśeṣika Sūtra Vedangas Vedas Yoga
Yoga
Sutras of Patanjali Yoga
Yoga
Vasistha More...

Philosophers

Avatsara Uddalaka Aruni Gautam Buddha Yajnavalkya Gargi Vachaknavi Buddhaghosa Patanjali Kanada Kapila Brihadratha Ikshvaku Jaimini Vyasa Chanakya Dharmakirti Akshapada Gotama Nagarjuna Padmasambhava Vasubandhu Gaudapada Adi Shankara Vivekananda Dayananda Saraswati Ramanuja Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika Raikva Sadananda Sakayanya Satyakama Jabala Madhvacharya Mahavira Guru Nanak Vidyaranya More...

Concepts

Abhava Abhasavada Abheda Adarsana Adrishta Advaita Aham Aishvarya Akrodha Aksara Anatta Ananta Anavastha Anupalabdhi Apauruṣheyā Artha Asiddhatva Asatkalpa Ātman Avyakta Brahman Brahmi sthiti Bhuman Bhumika Chaitanya Chidabhasa Cittabhumi Dāna Devatas Dharma Dhi Dravya Dhrti Ekagrata Guṇa Hitā Idam Ikshana Ishvaratva Jivatva Kama Karma Kasaya Kshetrajna Lakshana Mithyatva Mokṣa Nididhyasana Nirvāṇa Niyama Padārtha Paramatman Paramananda Parameshashakti Parinama-vada Pradhana Prajna Prakṛti Pratibimbavada Pratītyasamutpāda Puruṣa Rājamaṇḍala Ṛta Sakshi Samadhi Saṃsāra Sankalpa Satya Satkaryavada Shabda Brahman Sphoṭa Sthiti Śūnyatā Sutram Svātantrya Iccha-mrityu Syādvāda Taijasa Tajjalan Tanmatra Tyāga Uparati Upekkhā Utsaha Vivartavada Viraj

.