Vân Canh is a rural district (huyện) of Bình Định Province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam. The district capital is Vân Canh. Vân Canh is a mountainous district, located in the southwest of Bình Định Province, and is relatively sparsely populated.
Hà Thanh River has its source and flows through the district.
There are seven administrative units at communal level, in which the town of Vân Canh was established and in addition to the communes of Canh Hòa, Canh Thuận, Canh Hiệp, Canh Hiển, Canh Vinh and Canh Liên.
There are three ethnic groups living in the district, Kinh, Cham people and BaNa. The Cham are mainly concentrated mainly in Canh Hoà, Bana ethnic concentration in Canh Liên, Canh Thuận, Canh Hiệp, where they exceed 40% of the total population.
The Cham people settled in the mountainous area along with the indigenous tribes after the kingdom of Champa was dismantled in 1471. As a result, the Cham have adopted many facets of Bana culture.
Most of the communes of Vân Canh District lie on the provincial road 638 between Diêu Trì and Phú Yên Province. Transport facilities have been improved in recent years, allowing increasing economic activity and development. However, infrastructure in the remote Canh Lien commune in the west of the district is still primitive.
The standard of living is low, and the poverty rate high. The land is rather infertile and a lack of irrigation water compounds the poor productivity. In recent years, the sugar cane industry has developed substantially, and the sugar cane factory of Binh Dinh has grown, producing more economic opportunities. The area has a lot of idle grassland that can be exploited for grazing. The area has abundance of natural forests as well as planted ones.