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FIFA
FIFA
(Fédération Internationale de Football
Football
Association) is the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer. It is one of the world's oldest and largest NGOs, being founded on 21 May 1904. It has since expanded to include 209 member associations.

Contents

1 Beginnings 2 Inter-war years 3 Post-war expansion 4 1950s and 1960s 5 Havelange's presidency 6 The new millennium

6.1 FIFA
FIFA
altitude ban 6.2 Controversy over the 2022 World Cup selection and allegations of corruption 6.3 2016 British poppy controversy

7 List of Presidents of FIFA 8 List of General Secretaries of FIFA 9 See also 10 References

Beginnings[edit]

Charter FIFA
FIFA
(1 September 1905) original screen

The first official match between representatives of two nations was between England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
in 1872 at Hamilton Crescent, Partick, Glasgow,[1] finishing in a 0–0 draw. The following year at The Oval, England
England
enjoyed a 4–2 victory over the travelling Scots. This was followed by the creation of the world's second national football association, the Scottish Football Association in 1873. Previously the Football
Football
Association had been the world's only governing body, though codified football was being played only in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
at this stage. With the number of inter-nation matches increasing as football spread, the need for a global governing body emerged. Initially, it was intended to reflect the formative role of the British in football's history[clarification needed], but the football associations of the Home Nations
Home Nations
unanimously rejected such a body. This was led by rejection from Football
Football
Association President Lord Kinnaird. Thus the nations of continental Europe decided to go it alone and 'FIFA' was born in Paris, uniting the Football
Football
governing bodies of France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland
Switzerland
on 21 May 1904. Germany
Germany
also joined the federation on the same day by Telegram
Telegram
but is not considered a founding member. The initial statutes of FIFA
FIFA
stated that:

Only the represented National Associations would be recognised. Clubs that players could only play for two National Associations at a time. All Associations would recognise the suspension of a player in any Association. Matches were to be played according to the "Laws of the Game of the Football
Football
Association Ltd". Each National Association was to pay an annual fee of 50 French Francs. Only FIFA
FIFA
could organise International Matches.

These statutes came into effect on 1 September 1905, decided by the founding members and Germany. The first FIFA
FIFA
Congress was held on 23 May 1904 – Robert Guérin
Robert Guérin
was elected President, Victor E. Schneider of Switzerland
Switzerland
and Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann
Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann
of the Netherlands were made Vice Presidents, and Louis Muhlinghaus of Belgium
Belgium
was appointed Secretary and Treasurer
Treasurer
with the help of Ludvig Sylow of Denmark. Early attempts at the organization of a tournament began, but without the British countries this failed. England, however, joined on 14 April 1905, thanks to great efforts by Baron Edouard de Laveleye
Baron Edouard de Laveleye
who was made the first hounary member of FIFA. In 1906, Daniel Burley Woolfall took over as president, making strides to uniformity in the globe's laws. FIFA
FIFA
continued to expand in federations and influence, being able to monopolize international matches. However, its organizational skills were still not refined, and it was the Football
Football
Association which organized the football tournaments at the 1908 and 1912 Olympic Games, both won by Great Britain. In 1909 South Africa (the first non-European member) joined, and Argentina and Chile followed in 1912. The United States and Canada entered just before World War I
World War I
in 1913. Inter-war years[edit] International football was rare during World War One and FIFA
FIFA
nearly collapsed after Woolfall's death in 1918; It was Hirschmann, almost acting alone, who kept FIFA
FIFA
alive, and in 1919 convened an assembly in Brussels. However, the British associations (representing England, Ireland, Scotland
Scotland
and Wales) withdrew in protest against the inclusion of countries from the Central Powers. They re-joined in the early '20s, but withdrew again in 1928 following a disagreement with FIFA regarding payments to amateur players, and did not return until after World War II. In 1920, Jules Rimet
Jules Rimet
of France
France
was elected Chairman, becoming President in 1921. FIFA
FIFA
began to organize Olympic games football tournaments, with 60,000 spectators watching the final at the 1924 Summer Olympics
1924 Summer Olympics
between Uruguay and Switzerland. These successes prompted FIFA, at the Amsterdam congress of 28 May 1928, to consider staging its own World Championship. At the following Congress in Barcelona
Barcelona
plans were finalised – it would be held in Uruguay, which was celebrating its 100th anniversary of independence the following year. Unfortunately, Europe was in the midst of an economic crisis, and teams would have to do without their key players for two months – several nations pulled out. Without them, the first World Cup opened in Montevideo
Montevideo
on 18 July 1930 – with only four European teams. Following the disappointment of not hosting the first tournament, Italy
Italy
was chosen as the venue for the 1934 World Cup. Following the previous tournament, all matches were played in one country, meaning some teams made the long trip home after just one qualifying round. The final, won by the Italians, was the first to be broadcast live on radio. Italy
Italy
defended this title in the last World Cup before World War II, in France. Post-war expansion[edit] In 1946 the four British nations returned. On 10 May 1947 a 'Match of the Century' between Great Britain and 'Rest of Europe XI' was played at Hampden Park
Hampden Park
in Glasgow before 135,000 spectators – Britain won 6–1. The proceeds from the match, coming to £35 000, were given to FIFA, to help re-launch it after World War Two. This was followed by FIFA's first post-war World Cup in 1950, held in Brazil. FIFA, meanwhile, continued to expand so that by the time of its fiftieth anniversary it had 84 members. 1950s and 1960s[edit] In 1954, Jules Rimet
Jules Rimet
was replaced by Rodolphe William Seeldrayers
Rodolphe William Seeldrayers
of Belgium; Seeldrayers died the next year and was succeeded by Englishman, Arthur Drewry. He again had a short presidency and was replaced upon his death in 1961 by Sir Stanley Rous, a former referee. During Rous' presidency, the game continued to spread, with the World Cup appearing on television for the first time. Rous was a traditionalist, promoting the amateurism of the national game and a romantic view of "Corinthian" values. He helped make the World Cup one of the big international sports events, behind perhaps only the Olympic Games in worldwide prestige. His tenure was also marked with controversy, as he supported the South African apartheid regime, and worked to allow the country to participate in the World Cup, despite having been banned from CAF. This caused tensions between Rous and a number of FIFA
FIFA
confederations. Havelange's presidency[edit] Rous was replaced in 1974 by the Brazilian João Havelange. FIFA became a more commercial institution at this time. He increased the number of teams in the World Cup to 24 for the 1982 World Cup and then to 32 at the 1998 World Cup. He also brought Israel into the international game (affiliated to UEFA) and saw FIFA
FIFA
spread across the globe, with small nations such as Guam, Lesotho and Montserrat joining. The new millennium[edit] The next president, Sepp Blatter, maintained this policy; he promised the 2010 World Cup
2010 World Cup
to Africa, for example. He now oversees a federation that is a massive corporate body and whose actions have global economic and political impact. He has continued the modernisation of the game, taking FIFA
FIFA
past its centenary in 2004. In 2006, after the game between Switzerland
Switzerland
and South Korea, South Korean access to FIFA
FIFA
website has been blocked. The rumor spread in Korea that if they send 500 million protest notes to the FIFA administration the Switzerland's victory might be canceled. Because of this, overwhelming access from Korean users (which was detected by IP address) caused problems and FIFA
FIFA
eventually denied Korean access.[2] FIFA
FIFA
altitude ban[edit] Main article: High-altitude football controversy FIFA
FIFA
attempted to address the issue of extreme altitude in May 2007, ruling that no future international matches could be played at an altitude over 2500 m (8200 ft).[3] The FIFA
FIFA
altitude ban would most notably have affected the national teams of Andean countries. Under this proposal, Bolivia would no longer be able to play international matches in La Paz
La Paz
(3600 m), Ecuador would be unable to play in Quito
Quito
(2800 m), and Colombia could no longer play in Bogotá
Bogotá
(2640 m). However, FIFA
FIFA
soon backed away from the proposal after international condemnation,[4] and under political pressure from the CONMEBOL countries, first extending the maximum altitude to 2800 m (9190 ft) in June 2007, which made Bogotá
Bogotá
and Quito
Quito
viable international venues once again, and then waiving the restriction for La Paz
La Paz
in July 2007.[5] Controversy over the 2022 World Cup selection and allegations of corruption[edit] See also: Qatar 2022 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup bid In May 2011, after Qatar was selected to host the 2022 World Cup, allegations of bribery on the part of two members of the FIFA Executive Committee were tabled by Lord Triesman of the English FA. These allegations were based on information from a whistleblower involved with the Qatari bid. FIFA
FIFA
has since opened an internal inquiry into the matter, and a revote on the 2022 World Cup remains a possibility if the allegations are proven. FIFA
FIFA
president Sepp Blatter has admitted that there is a ground swell of popular support to re-hold the 2022 vote won by Qatar. In testimony to a UK parliamentary inquiry board in May 2011, David Triesman, Baron Triesman alleged that Trinidad and Tobago's Jack Warner demanded $4 million for an education center in his country and Paraguay's Nicolás Léoz
Nicolás Léoz
asked for an honorary knighthood in exchange for their votes. Also, two Sunday Times
Sunday Times
reporters testified that they had been told that Jacques Anouma of the Ivory Coast and Issa Hayatou of Cameroon
Cameroon
were each paid $1.5 million to support Qatar's bid for the tournament. All four have denied the allegations.[6] Mohammed bin Hammam, who played a key role in securing the games for Qatar, withdrew as a candidate for president of FIFA
FIFA
in May 2011 after being accused of bribing 25 FIFA
FIFA
officials to vote for his candidacy.[7] Soon after, FIFA
FIFA
suspended bin Hammam and Jack Warner as the ethics investigation continued.[8] After his suspension, Warner stated that FIFA
FIFA
had awarded him 1998 World Cup rights in Trinidad and Tobago after he had helped Blatter win his campaign to become FIFA
FIFA
president and given preferential treatment for future World Cup rights after supporting Blatter's 2002 reelection.[9] The corruption allegations against Bin Hammam and Jack Warner were leveled by CONCACAF
CONCACAF
general secretary Chuck Blazer. In response, CONCACAF
CONCACAF
president Lisle Austin attempted to fire Blazer, but the move was blocked by the CONCACAF
CONCACAF
executive committee.[10] 2016 British poppy controversy[edit] In 2011 FIFA
FIFA
made an exception for the British Home Nations
Home Nations
to wear a black arm band with a remembrance poppy emblem on it. The poppy is a symbol of remembrance and peace in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
which has been worn since 1921 to remember the war dead. This period of remembrance starts on 11 November, Remembrance Day, which signifies the end of the First World War, and is worn until Remembrance Sunday. This symbol has been adopted by many Commonwealth nations to remember the war dead such as Canada, Australia
Australia
and New Zealand, as well as many other countries around the world. As the football games clashed with the United Kingdom's Remembrance Day
Remembrance Day
period, the British Home Nations
Home Nations
of England, Scotland, Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
were allowed to wear black Remembrance poppy
Remembrance poppy
arm bands whilst playing. In 2016 the British Home Nations
Home Nations
games clashed again with the United Kingdom's Remembrance Day
Remembrance Day
period, however this time FIFA
FIFA
told them that they were not allowed to wear the poppy armbands. All four British Home Nations
Home Nations
announced that they would wear the poppy arm bands regardless and face the penalty. England
England
were to play Scotland on 11 November 2016. Wales
Wales
were to face Serbia and Northern Ireland were to face Azerbaijan on 12 November 2016. Although all four Home Nations had originally agreed to ignore the ban, Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland were misled to believe that there would only be a punishment if the opposition team complained about the arm band. As the Home Nation England
England
played the Home Nation Scotland
Scotland
both teams would agree not to complain and therefore avoid a penalty. Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland on the other hand, who both faced teams from away, would receive a penalty. The Welsh and Northern Irish teams decided at the last minute to not wear the poppy arms bands and instead come up with other inventive ways to introduce the poppy at the games, including wreaths of poppies and fans holding up placards with poppy images on them. England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
played each other and wore the poppy armbands. Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
did not. On 14 November 2016 FIFA
FIFA
announced that England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
would both face penalties even though no one had made a complaint. On 23 November 2016 FIFA
FIFA
announced that Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland would both face penalties even though no one had made a complaint. The list of charges brought against the Welsh team included bringing remembrance poppy wreaths on to the pitch, fans holding Remembrance poppy placards and, controversially, "fans in the stadium wearing a Remembrance poppy
Remembrance poppy
on their shirts". The British have worn Remembrance poppys on their shirts since 1921, and many people felt this was a step too far. There was huge backlash against FIFA
FIFA
from the British press in all four of the Home Nations. List of Presidents of FIFA[edit] Main article: List of presidents of FIFA FIFA
FIFA
has been served by eight Presidents since its foundation in 1904:[11]

No. President Nationality Presidency

1 Robert Guérin  France 1904–1906

2 Daniel Burley Woolfall  England 1906–1918

Cornelis Hirschman
Cornelis Hirschman
(acting)  Netherlands 1918–1921

3 Jules Rimet  France 1921–1954

4 Rodolphe Seeldrayers  Belgium 1954–1955

5 Arthur Drewry  England 1955–1961

6 Sir Stanley Rous  England 1961–1974

7 Dr João Havelange  Brazil 1974–1998

8 Sepp Blatter   Switzerland 1998–2015

Issa Hayatou
Issa Hayatou
(acting)  Cameroon 2015–2016

9 Gianni Infantino   Switzerland/ Italy 2016–present

List of General Secretaries of FIFA[edit] FIFA
FIFA
has been served by nine General Secretaries since its foundation in 1904:[12]

General Secretary Nationality Term

Louis Muhlinghaus  Belgium 1904–1906

Cornelis August Wilhelm Hirschman  Netherlands 1906–1931

Dr. Ivo Schricker  Germany 1932–1951

Kurt Gassmann   Switzerland 1951–1960

Dr. Helmut Käser   Switzerland 1961–1981

Sepp Blatter   Switzerland 1981–1998

Michel Zen-Ruffinen   Switzerland 1998–2002

Urs Linsi   Switzerland 2002–2007

Jérôme Valcke  France 2007–2015

Markus Kattner (acting)   Switzerland 2015–2016

Fatma Samoura  Senegal 2016–present

See also[edit]

FIFA
FIFA
World Cup

References[edit]

^ http://www.englandfootballonline.com/Seas1872-00/1872-73/M0001Sco1872.html ^ " FIFA
FIFA
blocks angry e-mails from South Koreans" (Sports Illustrated, 25 June 2006). " FIFA
FIFA
사이트, 항의폭주 한국접속 차단한 듯" (JoongAng Ilbo, 25 July 2006) ^ "Focus on 57th FIFA
FIFA
Congress". FIFA. 27 May 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2007.  ^ [1] ^ "Blatter will waive La Paz
La Paz
altitude ban". Sports Illustrated. 6 July 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2007. [dead link] ^ Sports Illustrated, "Sorry Soccer", 23 May 2011, p. 16. ^ Associated Press, "Bin Hammam leaves race after allegations", Japan Times, 30 May 2011, p. 16. ^ Associated Press, " FIFA
FIFA
clears Blatter, suspends Asia chief", Japan Times, 31 May 2011, p. 16. ^ Associated Press, "Former official claims FIFA
FIFA
traded television rights for support", Japan Times, 31 December 2011, p. 16. ^ Associated Press, " CONCACAF
CONCACAF
stymies attempt to fire Blazer", Japan Times, 2 June 2011, p. 18. ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Presidents".  ^ " FIFA
FIFA
General Secretaries over the years" (PDF). 

v t e

FIFA

History of FIFA FIFA
FIFA
Anthem FIFA
FIFA
Congress FIFA
FIFA
Council FIFA
FIFA
Ethics Committee FIFA
FIFA
headquarters Football
Football
at the Summer Olympics List of football federations International Football
Football
Association Board Timeline of association football

Football
Football
codes

Association football Beach soccer Futsal

Confederations

AFC CAF CONCACAF CONMEBOL OFC UEFA

Men's tournaments

FIFA
FIFA
World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Confederations Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-20 World Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-17 World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Club World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Futsal
Futsal
World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Beach Soccer World Cup Blue Stars/ FIFA
FIFA
Youth Cup

Women's tournaments

FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-20 Women's World Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-17 Women's World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Women's Club World Cup

Other tournaments

FIFA
FIFA
eWorld Cup

Presidents

Robert Guérin
Robert Guérin
(1904–1906) Daniel Burley Woolfall
Daniel Burley Woolfall
(1906–1918) Jules Rimet
Jules Rimet
(1921–1954) Rodolphe Seeldrayers
Rodolphe Seeldrayers
(1954–1955) Arthur Drewry (1955–1961) Stanley Rous
Stanley Rous
(1961–1974) João Havelange
João Havelange
(1974–1998) Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
(1998–2015) Issa Hayatou
Issa Hayatou
(2015–2016, acting) Gianni Infantino
Gianni Infantino
(2016–present)

General Secretaries

Louis Muhlinghaus (1904–1906) Wilhelm Hirschman (1906–1931) Ivo Schricker (1932–1951) Kurt Gassmann
Kurt Gassmann
(1951–1960) Helmut Käser (1961–1981) Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
(1981–1998) Michel Zen-Ruffinen (1998–2002) Urs Linsi
Urs Linsi
(2002–2007) Jérôme Valcke
Jérôme Valcke
(2007–2015) Markus Kattner (2015–2016, acting) Fatma Samoura
Fatma Samoura
(2016–present)

Awards

FIFA
FIFA
100 FIFA
FIFA
Ballon d'Or FIFA
FIFA
Club of the Century FIFA
FIFA
Development Award FIFA
FIFA
Fair Play Award FIFA
FIFA
Female Player of the Century FIFA
FIFA
FIFPro World XI FIFA
FIFA
Order of Merit FIFA
FIFA
Player of the Century FIFA
FIFA
Presidential Award FIFA
FIFA
Puskás Award FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup awards FIFA
FIFA
World Coach of the Year FIFA
FIFA
World Cup All-Time Team FIFA
FIFA
World Cup Dream Team FIFA
FIFA
World Cup awards FIFA
FIFA
World Player of the Year The Best FIFA
FIFA
Football
Football
Awards

Rankings

FIFA
FIFA
World Rankings FIFA
FIFA
World Ranking system (1999–2006) FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Rankings

Congresses

51st (Paris 1998) 53rd (Seoul 2002) 61st (Zürich 2011) 65th (Zürich 2015) Extraordinary (Zürich 2016)

Corruption

"FIFA's Dirty Secrets" Garcia Report 2015 FIFA
FIFA
corruption case List of banned football officials

Others

FIFA
FIFA
(video game series) List of FIFA
FIFA
country codes FIFA
FIFA
Disciplinary Code FIFA
FIFA
Fan Fest FIFA
FIFA
Futbol Mundial FIFA
FIFA
eligibility rules FIFA
FIFA
International Match Calendar FIFA
FIFA
International Referees List FIFA
FIFA
Master FIFA
FIFA
Transfer Matching System FIFA
FIFA
World Cup Trophy Non-FI

.