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Ulm
Ulm
(German pronunciation: [ˈʔʊlm] ( listen)) is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at almost 120,000 (2015), forms an urban district of its own (German: Stadtkreis) and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Founded around 850, Ulm
Ulm
is rich in history and traditions as a former free imperial city (German: freie Reichsstadt). Today, it is an economic centre due to its varied industries, and it is the seat of the University of Ulm. Internationally, Ulm
Ulm
is primarily known for having the church with the tallest steeple in the world (161.53 m or 529.95 ft), the Gothic minster ( Ulm
Ulm
Minster, German: Ulmer Münster), and as the birthplace of Albert Einstein.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Neighboring communes 3 Town subdivisions 4 History 5 Economy 6 Ecology 7 Transportation 8 Education and culture 9 Sport 10 Sights

10.1 Historic 10.2 Contemporary 10.3 Museums 10.4 Memorials 10.5 Other landmarks

11 Notable inhabitants

11.1 Born in Ulm 11.2 Otherwise associated with Ulm

12 International relations 13 References

13.1 Notes 13.2 Bibliography

14 External links

Geography[edit]

View from the Münster
Münster
towards Hirschstraße.

Ulm
Ulm
lies at the point where the rivers Blau and Iller
Iller
join the Danube, at an altitude of 479 m (1,571.52 ft) above sea level. Most parts of the city, including the old town, are situated on the left bank of the Danube; only the districts of Wiblingen, Gögglingen, Donaustetten and Unterweiler lie on the right bank. Across from the old town, on the other side of the river, lies the twin city of Neu-Ulm
Neu-Ulm
in the state of Bavaria, smaller than Ulm
Ulm
and, until 1810, a part of it (population c. 50,000). Except for the Danube
Danube
in the south, the city is surrounded by forests and hills which rise to altitudes of over 620 metres (2,034.12 feet), some of them part of the Swabian Alb. South of the Danube, plains and hills finally end in the northern edge of the Alps, which are approximately 100 kilometres (62 miles) from Ulm
Ulm
and are visible from the city on clear days. The city of Ulm
Ulm
is situated in the northern part of the North Alpine Foreland basin, where the basin reaches the Swabian Alb. The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen ("Erminger Turritellenplatte") is a famous palaeontological site of Burdigalian age. Neighboring communes[edit] On the right (south-eastern) side of Danube
Danube
and Iller
Iller
there is the Bavarian district town Neu-Ulm. On the left (north-western) side Ulm is almost completely surrounded by the Alb- Danube
Danube
district. The neighboring communes of Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
are the following: Illerkirchberg, Staig, Hüttisheim, Erbach (Donau), Blaubeuren, Blaustein, Dornstadt, Beimerstetten
Beimerstetten
and Langenau
Langenau
as well as the eastern neighboring community Elchingen. Town subdivisions[edit] The city is divided into 18 districts (German: Stadtteile): Ulm-Mitte, Böfingen, Donaustetten, Donautal, Eggingen, Einsingen, Ermingen, Eselsberg, Gögglingen, Grimmelfingen, Jungingen, Lehr, Mähringen, Oststadt, Söflingen (with Harthausen), Unterweiler, Weststadt, and Wiblingen. Nine districts that were integrated during the latest municipality reform in the 1970s (Eggingen, Einsingen, Ermingen, Gögglingen-Donaustetten, Jungingen, Lehr, Mähringen und Unterweiler). They have own local councils which acquire an important consulting position to the whole city council concerning issues that are related to the prevailing districts. But at the end, final decisions can only be made by the city council of the entire city of Ulm. History[edit] See also: Free Imperial City of Ulm

Ulm
Ulm
in 1572 by Frans Hogenberg

The oldest traceable settlement of the Ulm
Ulm
area began in the early Neolithic
Neolithic
period, around 5000 BC. Settlements of this time have been identified at the villages of Eggingen and Lehr, today districts of the city. In the city area of Ulm
Ulm
proper, the oldest find dates from the late Neolithic
Neolithic
period. The earliest written mention of Ulm
Ulm
is dated 22 July 854 AD, when King Louis the German
Louis the German
signed a document in the King's palace of "Hulma" in the Duchy of Swabia.[2] The city was declared an Imperial City (German: Reichsstadt) by Friedrich Barbarossa in 1181. At first, Ulm's significance was due to the privilege of a Königspfalz, a place of accommodation for the medieval German kings and emperors on their frequent travels. Later, Ulm
Ulm
became a city of traders and craftsmen. One of the most important legal documents of the city, an agreement between the Ulm
Ulm
patricians and the trade guilds (German: Großer Schwörbrief), dates from 1397. This document, considered an early city constitution, and the beginning of the construction of an enormous church ( Ulm
Ulm
Minster, 1377), financed by the inhabitants of Ulm
Ulm
themselves rather than by the church, demonstrate the assertiveness of Ulm's medieval citizens. Ulm blossomed during the 15th and 16th centuries, mostly due to the export of high-quality textiles. The city was situated at the crossroads of important trade routes extending to Italy. These centuries, during which many important buildings were erected, also represented the zenith of art in Ulm, especially for painters and sculptors like Hans Multscher and Jörg Syrlin the Elder. During the Reformation, Ulm became Protestant (1530). With the establishment of new trade routes following the discovery of the New World
New World
(16th century) and the outbreak and consequences of the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
(1618–48), the city began to decline gradually. Around 1700, it was alternately invaded several times by French and Bavarian soldiers.

The capitulation of Ulm. General Mack and 23,000 Austrian troops surrendered to Napoleon.

In the wars following the French Revolution, the city was alternately occupied by French and Austrian forces, with the former ones destroying the city fortifications. In 1803, it lost the status of Imperial City and was absorbed into Bavaria. During the campaign of 1805, Napoleon
Napoleon
managed to trap the invading Austrian army of General Mack and forced it to surrender in the Battle of Ulm. In 1810, Ulm
Ulm
was incorporated into the Kingdom of Württemberg
Kingdom of Württemberg
and lost its districts on the other bank of the Danube, which came to be known as Neu-Ulm (New Ulm). In the mid-19th century, the city was designated a fortress of the German Confederation
German Confederation
with huge military construction works directed primarily against the threat of a French invasion. The city became an important centre of industrialisation in southern Germany
Germany
in the second half of the 19th century, its built-up area now being extended beyond the medieval walls. The construction of the huge minster, which had been interrupted in the 16th century for economic reasons, was resumed and eventually finished (1844–91) in a wave of German national enthusiasm for the Middle Ages. From 1933 to 1935, a concentration camp primarily for political opponents of the regime was established on the Kuhberg, one of the hills surrounding Ulm. The Jews
Jews
of Ulm, around 500 people, were first discriminated against and later persecuted; their synagogue was torn down after Kristallnacht
Kristallnacht
in November 1938. The sole RAF strategic bombing during World War II against Ulm
Ulm
occurred on December 17, 1944, against the two large lorry factories of Magirus-Deutz and Kässbohrer, as well as other industries, barracks, and depots in Ulm. The Gallwitz Barracks and several military hospitals were among 14 Wehrmacht establishments destroyed.[3] The raid killed 707 Ulm inhabitants and left 25,000 homeless and after all the bombings, over 80% of the medieval city centre lay in ruins.[citation needed] Most of the city was rebuilt in the plain and simple style of the 1950s and 1960s, but some of the historic landmark buildings have been restored. Due to its almost complete destruction in 1944, the Hirschstraße part of the city primarily consists of modern architecture. Ulm
Ulm
experienced substantial growth in the decades following World War II, with the establishment of large new housing projects and new industrial zones. In 1967, Ulm University
Ulm University
was founded, which proved to be of great importance for the development of the city. Particularly since the 1980s, the transition from classical industry towards the high-tech sector has accelerated, with, for example, the establishment of research centres of companies like Daimler, Siemens and Nokia
Nokia
and a number of small applied research institutes near the university campus. The city today is still growing, forming a twin city of 170,000 inhabitants together with its neighbouring Bavarian city of Neu-Ulm, and seems to benefit from its central position between the cities of Stuttgart
Stuttgart
and Munich
Munich
and thus between the cultural and economic hubs of southern Germany.

Panorama of Ulm

Significant minority groups

Nationality Population (2018)

 Turkey 4,782

 Italy 2,009

 Croatia 1,557

 Bosnia & Herzegovina 1,532

 Romania 1,319

 Kosovo 959

 Syria 823

 Serbia 783

 Hungary 740

 Iraq 678

 Poland 626

Economy[edit]

Saint George's Catholic church, Ulm

The city has very old trading traditions dating from medieval times and a long history of industrialisation, beginning with the establishment of a railway station in 1850. The most important sector is still classical industry (machinery, especially motor vehicles; electronics; pharmaceuticals). The establishment of the University of Ulm
Ulm
in 1967, which focuses on biomedicine, the sciences, and engineering, helped support a transition to high-tech industry, especially after the crisis of classical industries in the 1980s.[citation needed] Companies with headquarters in Ulm
Ulm
include:

Britax
Britax
(Child safety products) Ebner & Spiegel (de) (book printing) Gardena AG
Gardena AG
(gardening tools) H. Krieghoff GmbH (de) (weapons for hunting and sports since 1886) Iveco Magirus
Magirus
AG J. G. Anschütz
J. G. Anschütz
(firearms for sports and hunting) Liqui Moly
Liqui Moly
(additives, oils, car care products) Müller Ltd. & Co. KG (major German trade company) Ratiopharm
Ratiopharm
(pharmaceuticals) Walther Arms
Walther Arms
(fire arms, especially pistols) Wieland-Werke (de) (non-ferrous semi-finished products) Zwick Roell Group www.zwick.de (Materials Testing Machines) Seeberger (Unternehmen)(dried fruits, coffee, tea)

Companies with important plants in Ulm
Ulm
include:

AEG Atmel BMW Car IT GmbH[4] Continental AG Daimler: Daimler Forschungszentrum (research centre) and Daimler TSS (car IT specialist) Deutsche Telekom AG E-solutions EADS, European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company Nuance Communications
Nuance Communications
Speech Recognition (research departments) Siemens AG Harman International Industries

Ecology[edit] In 2007 the City of Ulm
Ulm
was awarded the European Energy Award for its remarkable local energy management and its efforts to combat climate change.[5] Examples of these efforts are a biomass power plant operated by the Fernwärme Ulm
Ulm
GmbH (10 MW electrical output), and the world's biggest passive house office building, the so-called Energon, located in the "Science City" near the university campus. Moreover, the city of Ulm
Ulm
boasts the second largest solar power production in Germany.[6] For all new buildings, a strict energy standard (German KFW40 standard) has been mandatory since April 2008. Ulm Minster
Ulm Minster
has been fully powered by renewables since January 2008.[7] Until the end of 2011 as a European pilot project a self-sustaining data-centre will be constructed in the west-city of Ulm.[8] There is a solar-powered ferry that crosses the Danube
Danube
7 days a week in summer.[9] The "Bündnis 100% Erneuerbare Energien" was founded in February 2010 with the aim of bringing together the people and organisations seeking to promote the transition to 100% renewable energy
100% renewable energy
in Ulm
Ulm
and Neu-Ulm
Neu-Ulm
by 2030.[10] Transportation[edit]

Tram in Ulm

Ulm
Ulm
is situated at the crossroads of the A8 motorway (connecting the principal cities of southern Germany, Stuttgart
Stuttgart
and Munich), and the A7 motorway (one of the motorways running from northern to southern Europe). The city's railway station is served, among other lines, by one of the European train routes ( Paris
Paris
Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Stuttgart
Stuttgart
Ulm
Ulm
Munich
Munich
Vienna
Vienna
– Budapest). Direct connections to Berlin
Berlin
are also available. Ulm's public transport system is based on several bus lines and a tram line. Construction of a second tram line started in 2015. Several streets in the old town are for the use of pedestrians and cyclists only. Ulm
Ulm
was the first area to be served by the Daimler AG's Car2Go carsharing service in 2008. However, the service in Ulm
Ulm
was discontinued at the end of 2014. Education and culture[edit]

The Ulm
Ulm
Public Library

The University of Ulm
University of Ulm
was founded in 1967 and focuses on the sciences, medicine, engineering, and mathematics / economics. With about 10,000 students, it is one of the smaller universities in Germany.[11] Ulm
Ulm
is also the seat of the city's University of Applied Sciences (German: Fachhochschule), founded in 1960 as a public school of engineering. The school also houses numerous students from around the world as part of an international study abroad programme.[citation needed] In 1953, Inge Aicher-Scholl, Otl Aicher
Otl Aicher
and Max Bill
Max Bill
founded the Ulm School of Design (German: Hochschule für Gestaltung - HfG Ulm), a design school in the tradition of the Bauhaus, which was, however, closed in 1968.[12] Ulm's public library features over 480,000 print media. The city has a public theatre with drama, opera and ballet,[13] several small theatres,[14] and a professional philharmonic orchestra.[15] Sport[edit]

The Donaustadion
Donaustadion
is the stadium of football club SSV Ulm
Ulm
1846

SSV Ulm
Ulm
1846, multi-sports club, former football Bundesliga club, now Regionalliga Süd Ratiopharm
Ratiopharm
Ulm, basketball club, Basketball
Basketball
Bundesliga

Club Founded League Sport Venue Capacity

SSV Ulm
Ulm
1846 1846

Football Donaustadion 19,500

Ratiopharm
Ratiopharm
Ulm 2001 Basketball
Basketball
Bundesliga Basketball Ratiopharm
Ratiopharm
arena 6,000

Sights[edit]

Ulm
Ulm
Marktplatz (market square) with town hall (right) and public library (center)

Town hall

Ulm: View through Rabengasse towards the minster

Sculpture
Sculpture
by Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki de Saint Phalle
(The poet and his muse) in front of Ulm
Ulm
University

Historic[edit]

Ulm Minster
Ulm Minster
(German: Ulmer Münster, built 1377–1891) with the world's highest church steeple (161.53 m (529.95 ft) high and 768 steps). Choir stalls by Jörg Syrlin the Elder
Jörg Syrlin the Elder
(1469–74), famous sculpture Schmerzensmann
Schmerzensmann
(Man of Sorrows) by Hans Multscher (1429). The old Fischerviertel (fishermen's quarter) on the River Blau, with half-timbered houses, cobblestone streets, and picturesque footbridges. Interesting sights here are the Schiefes Haus Ulm (de) (crooked house), a 16th-century house today used as a hotel, and the Alte Münz (Old Mint), a mediaeval building extended in the 16th and 17th centuries in Renaissance
Renaissance
style. The remaining section of the city walls, along the river, with the 14th-century Metzgerturm (butchers' tower) (36 m (118.11 ft) high). The Rathaus (Town Hall), built in 1370, featuring some brilliantly coloured murals dating from the mid-16th century. On the gable is an astronomical clock dating from 1520. Restored after serious damage in 1944. Photos of the Rathaus can be seen at Tripadvisor.com[16] The Krone inn, a medieval complex of several houses (15th / 16th century, extensions from the 19th century), where German kings and emperors were accommodated during their travels. Several large buildings from the late Middle Ages
Middle Ages
/ renaissance used for various purposes (especially storage of food and weapons), e.g. Schwörhaus, Kornhaus, Salzstadel, Büchsenstadel, Zeughaus, Neuer Bau. Ulm
Ulm
Federal Fortifications are the largest preserved fortifications and were built from 1842 to 1859 to protect from attacks by France. The historic district Auf dem Kreuz, a residential area with many buildings from before 1700. Wiblingen Abbey, a former benedictine abbey in the suburb of Wiblingen in the south of Ulm. The church shows characteristics of late baroque and early classicism. Its library is a masterpiece of rococo.[17]

Contemporary[edit]

Building of the Ulm
Ulm
School of Design, (German: Hochschule für Gestaltung - HfG Ulm), an important school of design (1953–68) in the succession of the Bauhaus. Stadthaus, a house for public events built by Richard Meier, directly adjacent to the minster. Stadtbibliothek, the building of the public library of Ulm
Ulm
was erected by Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
in the form of a glass pyramid and is situated directly adjacent to the town hall. Weishaupt Art Gallery (de) is the highlight in Ulm's New Centre

Museums[edit]

Weishaupt Art Gallery (de) [18] The private Collection shows modern art from 1945 in an extraordinary surrounding. Ulm
Ulm
Museum (de)[19] houses a significant collection of art and craftwork from the Middle Ages, the Löwenmensch figurine
Löwenmensch figurine
- a 40,000-year-old lion-headed figurine which is the oldest known human/animal shaped sculpture in the world - and various European and American art from the years after 1945. The museum has alternating exhibitions. Museum of Bread Culture (de)[20] offers a permanent exhibition about the history of grain, baking, milling and bread culture. The exhibitions in the Danube
Danube
Swabian Museum (de)[21] follow the varied history of the Danube
Danube
Swabians (Donauschwaben) emigrants.

Memorials[edit]

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Memorial - A small memorial at the site of the house where Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
was born in Bahnhofstraße, between the present-day newspaper offices and the bank. The house itself and the whole district were destroyed in the firebombing of 1944. Memorial to Hans and Sophie Scholl
Sophie Scholl
- A small memorial on the Münsterplatz in memory of these two members of the Weiße Rose
Weiße Rose
(White Rose, a resistance group opposed to the Nazi regime), who spent their youth in Ulm. Their family's house near the memorial was destroyed in the firebombing of 1944. The Memorial to Deserters - Located near the University's botanical garden, it commemorates those who deserted from the Wehrmacht during World War II. It was originally erected on September 9, 1989, and was moved to its current location in July 2005. The Monument represents the idea: "Desertion is not reprehensible, war is".

Other landmarks[edit]

The Botanischer Garten der Universität Ulm, the university's botanical garden Silo tower of the mill company Schapfenmühle (Schapfen Mill Tower) Sender Ulm-Ermingen (de) Mediumwave transmission mast Ulm-Jungingen FM and TV mast Ulm-Kuhberg The Tiergarten Ulm, the zoo. It was opened in 1935, closed in 1944 and reopened in 1966.

Notable inhabitants[edit] Born in Ulm[edit]

Otl Aicher
Otl Aicher
(1922–1991), graphic designer, co-founder of Ulm
Ulm
School of Design, (German: Hochschule für Gestaltung - HfG Ulm), and creator of Rotis
Rotis
font Ernst Bauer (1917–1991), resistance fighter and publisher Max Bentele, mechanical engineer, jet-engine pioneer, and father of the Wankel rotary engine
Wankel rotary engine
in the US Albrecht Berblinger, (1770–1829), flight pioneer Dieter Braun, (born 1943), Motorcycle Grand Prix racer Hermann Duckek
Hermann Duckek
(1936-2001), riding master and Olympic equestrian arena designer Albert Einstein, (1879–1955), physicist, philosopher, Nobel Prize winner Helmut Ensslin (1909–1984), Protestant parson and father of RAF-member Gudrun Ensslin Anna Essinger, educator; co-founder and headmistress of Bunce Court School Johann Faulhaber, (1580–1635), mathematician, inventor of Faulhaber's formula. Nikolaus Federmann
Nikolaus Federmann
(1505–1542), adventurer and conquistador in Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia Eugen Haile, composer Fritz Hartnagel (1917–2001), officer and jurist, fiancé of Sophie Scholl Hellmut Hattler, jazz and rock bass player (Kraan) Max Hattler, artist filmmaker Johann Christoph Heilbronner, mathematical historian Leo Hepp
Leo Hepp
(1907–1987), officer of the Wehrmacht and General of the Bundeswehr Dieter Hoeneß, (born 1953), former football player, former general manager of Hertha BSC
Hertha BSC
and VfL Wolfsburg
VfL Wolfsburg
football club Uli Hoeneß, (born 1952), former football player, president of Bayern Munich
Munich
football club Otto Kässbohrer (1904–1989), entrepreneur and constructor Hildegard Knef, (1925–2002), actress, singer and writer Mike Krüger, comedian Hellmuth Laegeler (1902–1972), major general in the Wehrmacht Hans Maler zu Schwaz, painter of the 16th century Erwin Piscator, theatre director and innovator Sam Rosen, American sportscaster (MSG Network) Claudia Roth, (born 1955), politician, chairman of the German Green Party Wilhelm Schuler, chemist, inventor and entrepreneur in the second half of the 20th century.

Otherwise associated with Ulm[edit]

Max Bill
Max Bill
(1908–1994), architect and artist, co-founder and director of the Ulm School of Design
Ulm School of Design
(German: Hochschule für Gestaltung - HfG Ulm) Robert Bosch, industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH (born in Albeck near Ulm) Matthäus Böblinger (de), stonemason and master builder, involved in the construction of Ulm
Ulm
Minster In 1619 philosopher Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes
experienced a powerful vision near Ulm.[22] Ulrich Ensingen, master builder, involved in the construction of the Ulm Minster
Ulm Minster
and Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Minster Hermann Fressant, 14th-century author Leonhard Hutter
Leonhard Hutter
(born in Nellingen
Nellingen
near Ulm) Herbert von Karajan, conductor, Kapellmeister in Ulm
Ulm
(1929–1934) Johannes Kepler, a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and a key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, lived for a while in Ulm Hans Multscher, 15th-century sculptor Erwin Rommel
Erwin Rommel
(born in Heidenheim, his last residence was at Herrlingen near Ulm) Hans Scholl
Hans Scholl
and Sophie Scholl, founders of the White Rose, spent their youth in Ulm Carl Teike, who composed the military march Alte Kameraden
Alte Kameraden
in Ulm
Ulm
in 1889. Ronnie Maunz, and American Racing Driver who has family residing in Ulm

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Ulm
Ulm
is a member city of the Eurotowns network.[23] Ulm
Ulm
is officially not twinned. But there are relations with:

Bratislava
Bratislava
in Slovakia[24] Budapest
Budapest
in Hungary Baja in Hungary Novi Sad
Novi Sad
in Serbia Subotica
Subotica
in Serbia Kladovo
Kladovo
in Serbia Sibiu
Sibiu
in Romania Jinotega, Nicaragua New Ulm, Minnesota
New Ulm, Minnesota
in the United States[25]

Timișoara
Timișoara
in Romania Arad in Romania Cluj-Napoca
Cluj-Napoca
in Romania Tulcea
Tulcea
in Romania Vidin
Vidin
in Bulgaria Silistra
Silistra
in Bulgaria Vukovar
Vukovar
in Croatia Jeju in South Korea[25]

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ "ulm-by-michael-vogt". 500px.com. Retrieved May 24, 2014.  ^ "RAF History - Bomber Command 60th Anniversary". Raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ "Homepage - BMW Car IT".  ^ Stadt Ulm. "Stadt Ulm
Ulm
- Ulm
Ulm
erhält 'European Energy Award'".  ^ Lars Schulz (2010-03-27). "Solarbundesliga". Solarbundesliga.de. Retrieved 2010-04-08.  ^ SWU Fakten, Stadtwerke Ulm, visited 15. Mai 2008. ^ "Press release at Gruene-IT.de".  ^ "Solarstiftung Ulm/ Neu-Ulm
Neu-Ulm
- Home". Solarboot-ulm.de. Retrieved 2013-03-12.  ^ Roland Fuchs. "Home - Bündnis 100% Erneuerbare Energien". 100ee.de. Retrieved 2010-03-20.  ^ "The University of Ulm". Retrieved 2011-03-09.  ^ "HfG-Archiv Ulm
Ulm
- History". HfG-Archiv Ulm. 2003. Retrieved 2011-03-09.  ^ "Theatre Ulm". Retrieved 2011-03-09.  ^ "Theatres & Stages". Retrieved 2011-03-09.  ^ "Theater Ulm
Ulm
- Konzerte" (in German). Retrieved 2011-03-09.  ^ " Ulm
Ulm
City Hall (Rathaus)".  ^ "Page with photos of Wiblingen Abbey's Baroque
Baroque
library".  ^ "kunsthalle-weishaupt.de".  ^ http://www.tourismus.ulm.de/tourismus/en/sehenswert/museen_und_co/ulmer_museum/ulmer_museum.php ^ http://www.museum-brotkultur.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=77&Itemid=59 ^ http://www.dzm-museum.de/english/dzm_en.html ^ Terence McKenna ~ Science Was Founded by an Angel. 2 January 2010 – via YouTube.  ^ "Eurotowns".  ^ "Partner (Twin) towns of Bratislava". Bratislava-City.sk. Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2013-08-05.  ^ a b " Ulm
Ulm
- International Contacts (in German)". City of Ulm. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 

Bibliography[edit]

Johannes Baier: Über die Tertiärbildungen im Ulmer Raum. In: Documenta Naturae. 168; München, 2008. ISBN 978-3-86544-168-3.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ulm.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ulm.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Ulm.

Official website of the city Official Tourism Website of Ulm
Ulm
and Neu-Ulm Official website of the University of Ulm Ulm
Ulm
public library (in German)

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Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of crossings of the Danube

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247406865 LCCN: n2005067662 GND: 4

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