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The United States
United States
Golf
Golf
Association (USGA) is the United States' national association of golf courses, clubs and facilities and the governing body of golf for the U.S. and Mexico.[1] Together with The R&A, the USGA produces and interprets the rules of golf. The USGA also provides a national handicap system for golfers, conducts 14 national championships, including the U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open
U.S. Women's Open
and U.S. Senior Open, and tests golf equipment for conformity with regulations. The USGA is headquartered at Golf
Golf
House in Far Hills, New Jersey.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Competitions organized by the USGA

2.1 Open championships 2.2 Individual amateur championships 2.3 Team amateur championships 2.4 State team championships 2.5 International team competitions 2.6 Discontinued championships 2.7 Multiple event winners 2.8 Most career USGA championships won 2.9 Virtual USGA Championship

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The USGA was originally formed in 1894 to resolve the question of a national amateur championship. Earlier that year, the Newport Country Club and Saint Andrew's Golf
Golf
Club, Yonkers, New York, both declared the winners of their tournaments the "national amateur champion." That autumn, delegates from Newport, St. Andrew's, The Country Club, Chicago Golf
Golf
Club, and Shinnecock Hills Golf
Golf
Club met in New York City to form a national governing body, which would administer the championship and also the Rules of Golf
Golf
for the country. On December 22, 1894, the Amateur Golf
Golf
Association of the United States
United States
was officially formed, and was shortly thereafter renamed the "United States Golf
Golf
Association." Theodore Havemeyer
Theodore Havemeyer
was the first president, and the U.S. Amateur trophy is named in his honor. The first U.S. Amateur was held in 1895 at the Newport Country Club, with Charles B. Macdonald
Charles B. Macdonald
(who was runner-up at both of the previous year's tournaments) winning the championship. The first U.S. Open was held the following day, almost as an afterthought. It was not until 1898 that the two events were held at separate clubs. Today, the USGA administers 14 separate national championships; ten of which are expressly for amateurs. The USGA gradually expanded its membership from the original five clubs. There were 267 club members in 1910, and 1,138 clubs by 1932. Membership fell off during the Great Depression
Great Depression
and World War II, but recovered by 1947. By 1980 there were over 5,000 clubs, and today membership exceeds 9,700.[3] On September 17, 1956, Ann Gregory began competing in the U.S. Women's Amateur Championship, thus becoming the first African-American woman to play in a national championship conducted by the USGA.[4] Competitions organized by the USGA[edit] The USGA organizes or co-organizes the following competitions: Open championships[edit] An "open" golf championship is one which both professionals and amateurs may enter. In practice, such events are always won by professionals nowadays. The two leading opens in the U.S. are:

U.S. Open – no age or gender restrictions, Handicap Index requirement of 1.4 or less. Established in 1895, it is the second-oldest of the four major championships. U.S. Women's Open
U.S. Women's Open
– females, no age restrictions, Handicap Index requirement of 2.4 or less. Established in 1946 and administered by the USGA since 1953, it is the oldest of the five women's majors.

The last win by an amateur at the U.S. Open was 85 years ago in 1933 and an amateur has won the women's event only once, 51 years ago in 1967. The USGA also conducts the U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
for competitors 50 and over. This is one of the five majors recognized by the world's dominant tour for golfers 50 and over, PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Champions. The overwhelming majority of the competitors play regularly on this tour. Many of the remaining players compete on the European counterpart of PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Champions, the European Senior Tour, which recognizes the U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
as one of its three majors. Starting in 2018, the USGA will add a women's counterpart.

U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
– no gender restriction, players age 50 & older, handicap index requirement of 3.4 or less, established in 1980. U.S. Senior Women's Open – women's players age 50 & older, starting in 2018.[5]

Individual amateur championships[edit] Professional golf in the U.S. is mainly run by the PGA Tour, the LPGA, and the PGA of America. However, the USGA is at the heart of amateur golf in the country and organizes the 10 national amateur championships. The leading events are open to all age groups, but are usually won by golfers in their early twenties who are working towards a career in professional tournament golf:

U.S. Amateur – no age or gender restrictions, handicap index of 2.4 or less, established in 1895. U.S. Women's Amateur – no age restrictions, females with a handicap index of 5.4 or less, established in 1895.

There are two championships for players under age 18:

U.S. Junior Amateur – no gender restriction, handicap index of 6.4 or less, established in 1948 U.S. Girls' Junior – girls with a handicap index of 18.4 or less, established in 1949

And two for senior golfers:

U.S. Senior Amateur – no gender restriction, players age 55 & older, handicap index of 7.4 or less, established in 1955 U.S. Senior Women's Amateur – women age 50 & older with a handicap index of 18.4 or less, established in 1962

Because the U.S. Amateur and U.S. Women's Amateur became increasingly dominated by future tournament professionals, two national championships were added in the 1980s for "career amateurs" who were 25 years of age & older:

U.S. Mid-Amateur – no gender restriction, players age 25 & older, handicap index of 3.4 or less, established in 1981 U.S. Women's Mid-Amateur – women age 25 & older with a handicap index of 9.4 or less, established in 1987

Team amateur championships[edit] These team events were announced by the USGA in 2013 as the replacements for the discontinued Public Links championships, and played for the first time in 2015. Both are contested by two-member teams in four-ball matches. Partners are not required to be from the same club, political subdivision, or country.[6]

U.S. Amateur Four-Ball – no age or gender restrictions; handicap index of 5.4 or less U.S. Women's Amateur Four-Ball – no age restrictions, females with a handicap index of 14.4 or less

State team championships[edit] The USGA men's and women's state team championships were first conducted in 1995 as a part of the USGA's Centennial celebration. The two championships were conducted biennially in odd-numbered years through 2009. Since 2010, the men's championship has been conducted in even-numbered years and the women's championship in odd-numbered years. According to NCAA rules, college golfers are not eligible.

USGA Men's State Team Championship USGA Women's State Team Championship

International team competitions[edit] The USGA, in cooperation with The R&A, co-organizes two biennial amateur team competitions between the United States
United States
and a joint team representing Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
(in political terms, Ireland and the United Kingdom).

Walker Cup – 10-man male teams, played in odd-numbered years. Curtis Cup – 8-woman teams, played in even-numbered years. The upcoming 2018 edition will be the first in which The R&A will be directly involved. Previously, the Ladies' Golf
Golf
Union was the co-organizer, but that body merged with The R&A in late 2016 (after that year's Curtis Cup had been played).

Through its membership of the International Golf
Golf
Federation the USGA is involved in the administration of the two "World Amateur Team Championships", which are played biennially in even-numbered years.

Eisenhower Trophy – for men Espirito Santo Trophy – for women

Discontinued championships[edit] There had been two events for "public-course" golfers, but the USGA announced in 2013 that both would be discontinued after their 2014 editions.[6] Members of private golf clubs were excluded from these championships.

U.S. Amateur Public Links – popularly known as the "Publinx"; no gender restriction, handicap index of 4.4 or less, established in 1922 and discontinued in 2014 U.S. Women's Amateur Public Links – popularly known as the "Women's Publinx"; women with a handicap index of 18.4 or less, established in 1977 and discontinued in 2014

Multiple event winners[edit] Only eight golfers have won more than one USGA individual event in the same year:

Chick Evans
Chick Evans
won the U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur in 1916. He went on to win the U.S. Amateur in 1920. Bobby Jones won the U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur as half of his historic Grand Slam in 1930. Jones had previously won three U.S. Opens (1923, 1926, 1929) and four U.S. Amateurs (1924, 1925, 1927, 1928). Jay Sigel won the U.S. Amateur and U.S. Mid-Amateur in 1983. He had won the U.S. Amateur in 1982, and would win the Mid-Am in 1985 and 1987. Pearl Sinn won the Women's Public Links and Women's Amateur in 1988. She successfully defended her Women's Publinx title in 1989. Ryan Moore won the U.S. Public Links and U.S. Amateur in 2004. He had previously won the Publinx in 2002. Colt Knost won the U.S. Public Links and U.S. Amateur in 2007. Jennifer Song
Jennifer Song
won the Women's Public Links and Women's Amateur in 2009. Seong Eun-jeong won the Girls' Junior and Women's Amateur in 2016. She had previously won the Girls' Junior in 2015.

Five people have won three different USGA individual events in their careers:

JoAnne Carner (née Gunderson) – Girls' Jr - 1956; Women's Am - 1957, 1960, 1962, 1966, 1968; Women's Open - 1971, 1976 Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
– Amat - 1954; Open - 1960; Sr Open - 1981 Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
– Amat - 1959, 1961; Open - 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980; Sr Open - 1991, 1993 Carol Semple Thompson – Women's Am - 1973; Women's Mid-Am - 1990, 1997; Sr Women's Am - 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
– Jr Amat - 1991, 1992, 1993; Amat - 1994, 1995, 1996; Open - 2000, 2002, 2008

Thirty-nine other people have won two different USGA individual events in their careers, and one has won USGA individual and team events:

Francis Ouimet
Francis Ouimet
– Open - 1913; Amat - 1914, 1931 Jerome Travers
Jerome Travers
– Amat - 1907, 1908, 1912, 1913; Open - 1915 Johnny Goodman – Open - 1933; Amat - 1937 Lawson Little – Amat - 1934, 1935; Open - 1940 Patty Berg – Women's Am - 1938; Women's Open - 1946 Betty Jameson – Women's Am - 1939, 1940; Women's Open - 1947 Babe Zaharias
Babe Zaharias
– Women's Am - 1946; Women's Open - 1948, 1950, 1954 Louise Suggs
Louise Suggs
– Women's Am - 1947; Women's Open - 1949, 1952 Mickey Wright – Girls' Jr - 1952; Women's Open - 1958, 1959, 1961, 1964 Gene Littler – Amat - 1953; Open - 1961 Catherine Lacoste – Women's Open - 1967; Women's Am - 1969 Gene Andrews – Publinx - 1954; Sr Amat - 1970 Johnny Miller
Johnny Miller
– Jr Amat - 1964; Open - 1973 Jerry Pate – Amat - 1974; Open - 1976 Dorothy Germain Porter – Women's Am - 1949; Sr Women's Am - 1977, 1980, 1981, 1983 Hollis Stacy – Girls' Jr - 1969, 1970, 1971; Women's Open - 1977, 1978, 1984 William C. Campbell – Amat - 1964; Sr Amat - 1979, 1980 Lori Castillo – Girls' Jr - 1978; Women's Publinx - 1979, 1980 Amy Alcott
Amy Alcott
– Girls' Jr - 1973; Women's Open - 1980 Billy Casper
Billy Casper
– Open - 1959, 1966; Sr Open - 1983 Heather Farr – Girls' Jr - 1982; Women's Publinx - 1984 Marlene Streit (née Stewart) – Women's Am - 1956; Sr Women's Am - 1985, 1994, 2003 Billy Mayfair
Billy Mayfair
– Publinx - 1986; Amat - 1987 Gary Player
Gary Player
– Open - 1965; Sr Open - 1987, 1988 Anne Quast (aka Decker, Welts, Sander) – Women's Am - 1958, 1961, 1963; Women's Mid-Am - Women's Mid-Am - 1987, 1989, 1990, 1993 Orville Moody – Open - 1969; Sr Open - 1989 Pat Hurst – Girls' Jr - 1986; Women's Am - 1990 Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
– Open - 1968, 1971; Sr Open - 1990 Amy Fruhwirth – Women's Am - 1991; Women's Publinx - 1992 Jill McGill
Jill McGill
– Women's Am - 1993; Women's Publinx - 1994 Kelli Kuehne – Girls' Jr - 1994; Women's Am - 1995, 1996 Dorothy Delasin
Dorothy Delasin
– - Girls' Jr - 1996; Women's Am - 1998 Hale Irwin
Hale Irwin
– Open - 1974, 1979, 1990; Sr Open - 1998, 2000 Juli Inkster
Juli Inkster
– Women's Am - 1980, 1981, 1982; Women's Open - 1999, 2002 Bruce Fleisher – Amat - 1968; Sr Open - 2001 Inbee Park
Inbee Park
– Girls' Jr - 2002; Women's Open - 2008 Vinny Giles – Amat - 1972; Sr Amat - 2009 Ellen Port – Women's Mid-Am - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2011; Sr. Women's Am - 2012, 2013, 2016 Joan Higgins – Women's Mid-Am - 2008; Sr. Women's Am - 2014 Nathan Smith – Mid-Am – 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012; Four-Ball – 2015

Note: Multiple winners of individual events can be found in that event's article. Most career USGA championships won[edit]

Bobby Jones: 9 – Open - 1923, 1926, 1929, 1930; Amat - 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1930 Tiger Woods: 9 – Jr Amat - 1991, 1992, 1993; Amat - 1994, 1995, 1996; Open - 2000, 2002, 2008 JoAnne Carner: 8 – Girls' Jr - 1956; Women's Am - 1957, 1960, 1962, 1966, 1968; Women's Op - 1971, 1976 Jack Nicklaus: 8 – Amat - 1959, 1961; Open - 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980; Sr Open - 1991, 1993 Anne Quast (aka Decker, Welts, Sander): 7 – Women's Am - 1958, 1961, 1963; Sr Women's Am - 1987, 1990, 1992, 1993 Ellen Port: 7 – Women's Mid-Am - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2011; Sr. Women's Am - 2012, 2013, 2016 Carol Semple Thompson: 7 – Women's Am - 1973; Women's Mid-Am - 1990, 1997; Sr Women's Am - 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Glenna Collett (Vare): 6 – Women's Am - 1922, 1925, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1935 Hollis Stacy: 6 – Girls' Jr - 1969, 1970, 1971; Women's Open - 1977, 1978, 1984 Jerome Travers: 5 – Amat - 1907, 1908, 1912, 1913; Open - 1915 Mickey Wright: 5 – Girls' Jr - 1952; Women's Op - 1958, 1959, 1961, 1964 Carolyn Cudone: 5 – Sr Women's Am - 1968-1972 Dorothy Germain Porter: 5 – Women's Am - 1949; Sr. Women's Am - 1977, 1980, 1981, 1983 Jay Sigel: 5 – Amat - 1982, 1983; Mid-Am - 1983, 1985, 1987 Hale Irwin: 5 – Open - 1974, 1979, 1990; Sr Open 1998, 2000 Juli Inkster: 5 – Women's Am - 1980, 1981, 1982; Women's Open - 1999, 2002 Nathan Smith: 5 – Mid-Am – 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012; Four-Ball – 2015

Virtual USGA Championship[edit] The USGA partnered with World Golf
Golf
Tour in 2009 to co-host the first annual Virtual USGA Championship online. The Virtual U.S. Open attracted hundreds of thousands of players from more than 180 countries. The first-place winner took home a replica of the U.S. Open trophy and won a trip for two to Pebble Beach for the next year’s event.[7] See also[edit]

Golf
Golf
in the United States United States
United States
Golf
Golf
Association Museum and Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
Center for Golf
Golf
History George Herbert Walker, past president and namesake of the Walker Cup

References[edit]

^ "USGA: Our History". Retrieved August 14, 2015.  ^ Pennington, Bill (May 26, 2008). "Answers for Any Question, on Any Rule, Any Time". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2008.  ^ "Club membership history". USGA. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008.  ^ "2005 News Archive". USGA. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2015.  ^ " U.S. Senior Women's Open To Debut In 2018". USGA. February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.  ^ a b "Changes Made to USGA Championship Roster" (Press release). United States
United States
Golf
Golf
Association. February 11, 2013. Archived from the original on February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.  ^ Gaudiosi, John (March 18, 2010). "GDC 2010: World Golf
Golf
Tour Partners with USGA for Virtual Competition". GamerLive.TV. Retrieved May 1, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Official website Database of all USGA Championships results

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v t e

National members of the International Golf
Golf
Federation

Africa (AGC)

ALG BOT CIV CGO EGY GAM GHA KEN GAB MRI MAR NAM NIG RSA

Men Women

SWZ TAN TUN ZAM ZIM

Americas (AGA)

CAN CRC BER GUA HON MEX NCA PAN USA

Arab (AGF)

BRN IRI LEB LIB OMN QAT KSA UAE

Asia Pacific (APGC)

Asia

AFG BAN CAM CHN HKG IND INA JPN KOR KGZ MAS MGL MYA PAK PHI SGP SRI THA TPE VIE

Oceania

AUS COK GUM NZL FIJ PNG SAM VAN

Caribbean (CGA)

BAH BAR CAY JAM PUR TRI TCA VIR

European (EGA)

AUT BEL BOS BUL CYP CZE DEN ENG ESP EST FIN FRA GER GRE HRV HUN ICL ITA IRL

Women Men

ISR LAT LIT LUX MAC MLT NED NOT POL POR MDA ROM RUS SCO SRB SVK SLO SMR SWE SUI TUR UKR WAL

South American (SAGF)

ARG BRA BOL COL CHI ECU URU VEN PAR PER

No Affliation

DOM

Others

The R&A

Pinnacle Events

All Africa Challenge Trophy (AACT) Queen Sirikit Cup (Asia-Pacific) Olympics

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inc. Beach

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United States
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Pa

.