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A UFO RELIGION is any religion in which the existence of extraterrestrial (ET) entities operating unidentified flying objects (UFOs) is an element of belief. Typically, adherents of such religions believe the ETs to be interested in the welfare of humanity which either already is, or eventually will become, part of a pre-existing ET civilization . Others may incorporate ETs into a more supernatural worldview in which the UFO occupants are more akin to angels than physical aliens; this distinction may be a little blurred within the overall subculture . These religions have their roots in the tropes of early science fiction (especially space opera ) and weird fiction writings, in ufology , and in the subculture of UFO sightings and alien abduction stories.

CONTENTS

* 1 Summary

* 2 Notable UFO religions

* 2.1 Aetherius Society * 2.2 Church of the SubGenius * 2.3 Heaven’s Gate * 2.4 Universal Industrial Church of the New World Comforter * 2.5 Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
* 2.6 Raëlism * 2.7 Scientology
Scientology
* 2.8 Unarius Academy of Science * 2.9 Universe people
Universe people

* 3 UFOs in other religions

* 3.1 Theosophy and Maitreya * 3.2 Ascended Master Teachings * 3.3 Tempelhofgesellschaft * 3.4 New Message from God * 3.5 Training centre for release of the Atma-energy

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography

SUMMARY

Some adherents believe that the arrival or rediscovery of alien civilizations, technologies and spirituality will enable humans to overcome current ecological, spiritual and social problems. Issues such as hatred, war, bigotry, poverty and so on are said to be resolvable through the use of superior alien technology and spiritual abilities. Such belief systems are also described as millenarian in their outlook.

UFO religions developed first in such countries as the United States , Canada
Canada
, France
France
, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Japan
Japan
as the concept presumes the cultural context of a society technologically advanced enough to conceive of ET as such and one in which religion of any kind is not discouraged or suppressed. The term “flying saucers ” and the popular notion of the UFO originated in 1947. The 1950s saw the creation of UFO religions, with the advent of the purported contactees .

NOTABLE UFO RELIGIONS

Main article: List of UFO religions
List of UFO religions

AETHERIUS SOCIETY

Main article: Aetherius Society

The Aetherius Society was founded in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1955. Its founder, George King , claimed to have been contacted telepathically by an alien intelligence called Aetherius, who represented an "Interplanetary Parliament." According to Aetherians, their society acts as a vehicle through which "Cosmic Transmissions of advanced metaphysical significance" can be disseminated to humanity. These “transmissions” were recorded on magnetic reel-to-reel tape by persons present during each "telepathic transmission" as George King sat in a state of " Samadhi
Samadhi
" and the "transmission" was “delivered” via his own voicebox. In 1956 and 1957, and on occasion before a public audience, several of these “transmissions” forecast flying saucer activity in specific parts of the world on certain dates ( You Are Responsible! Aetherius Society 1961). Shortly after these dates, newspapers, such as the Sunday Times and The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
, reported sightings which coincided with the dates and locations forecast in these “transmissions”. As a spiritual teacher, George King taught certain yoga practices, spiritual healing , Eastern mantra and “dynamic prayer”—tools for spiritual self-advancement and service to the world—which the Aetherius Society is principally based upon.

CHURCH OF THE SUBGENIUS

Main article: Church of the SubGenius

Founded in 1979 with the publication of SubGenius Pamphlet #1 by Ivan Stang and Philo Drummond, the Church of the SubGenius has been known as a “parody religion ” due to its extensive use of comedy and parody. In spite of this, the organization claims over 10,000 followers worldwide who have paid $ 30 to become “ordained SubGenius ministers”, and it has been embraced by many skeptic and atheist groups. With the publication of The Book of the SubGenius in 1983, the Church of the SubGenius prophesied that its founder, J.R. "Bob" Dobbs , was in contact with an exterrestrial race called the Xists (“X-ists”), and these Xists were scheduled to launch a worldwide invasion of Earth
Earth
on July 5, 1998. (See also: X-Day (Church of the SubGenius) ) The day of the scheduled invasion came and went without an appearance by the Xists, but church members remain unconvinced. The church now holds annual “X-Day ” celebrations on July 5 of every year. The church also claims that its members are not entirely human, having descended from the Yeti
Yeti
.

HEAVEN’S GATE

Main article: Heaven\'s Gate (religious group)

The Heaven’s Gate group achieved notoriety in 1997 when founder Marshall Applewhite convinced 38 followers to commit mass suicide . Members reportedly believed themselves to be aliens, awaiting a spaceship that would arrive with Comet Hale-Bopp . The suicide was undertaken in the apparent belief that their souls would be transported onto the spaceship, which they thought was hiding behind the comet. They underwent elaborate preparations for their trip, including purchasing and wearing matching shoes and living in a darkened house to simulate the long journey they expected to have in outer space.

UNIVERSAL INDUSTRIAL CHURCH OF THE NEW WORLD COMFORTER

The Universal Industrial Church of the New World Comforter is a UFO religion founded in 1967 by Allen Michael.

In 1947, Allen Noonan was a pictorial sign painter in Long Beach, California
California
, who that year claimed to have an encounter with Galactic Space Beings. While painting a signboard he said he was beamed up into a Mothership. He then changed his name to Allen Michael. He claimed to have physically encountered a flying saucer in 1954 at Giant Rock in the Mojave Desert of California
California
. During the Summer of Love , he began the One World Family Commune with a vegan restaurant on the northeast corner of Haight and Scott streets in San Francisco, California
California
, called the Here and Now. 7 similar restaurants followed. His communal group lived in two large houses during the early 1970s in Berkeley, California
California
. In 1969, the commune established a vegan restaurant in a much larger space on Telegraph Avenue and Haste Street in Berkeley and the name of the restaurant was changed to the One World Family Natural Food Center. They published a vegetarian cookbook called Cosmic Cookery. There was a large mural on the side of the restaurant painted by Allen Michael that had written above it the phrase Farmers, Workers, Soldiers Unite — The People's Spiritual Reformation 1776–1976! The farmer was holding a pitchfork, the worker was holding a hammer, and the soldier was holding a gun, and they had their arms around each other’s shoulders. Above the three were three flying saucers coming in for a landing. In 1973, Allen Michael founded “The Universal Industrial Church of the New World Comforter” and published the first volume of his channeled revelations, The Everlasting Gospel. In 1975, the church headquarters and the vegetarian restaurant relocated to Stockton, California
California
. Allen Noonan ran for president of the United States
United States
in the 1980 and 1984 elections on the Utopian Synthesis Party ticket.

NATION OF ISLAM

Main article: Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam

The Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
subscribes to the belief that UFOs are man-made machines that are piloted not by extraterrestrial beings, but by humans. It is believed that these machines will have a hand in the Day of Judgment . Its late leader Elijah Muhammed
Elijah Muhammed
claimed that the biblical Book of Ezekiel
Book of Ezekiel
describes a “Mother Plane ” or great “Wheel”. Elijah reported in his books that his mentor, Wallace Fard Muhammad
Muhammad
, claimed that there was hidden technology on the Earth which selected scientists all around the world are secretly aware of. Fard explained that he had had a huge "Mother Plane" or "Wheel" constructed on the island of Nippon (Japan) in 1929. The movement’s current leader, Louis Farrakhan
Louis Farrakhan
, describes the “Mother Plane” thus:

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad
Muhammad
told us of a giant Motherplane that is made like the universe, spheres within spheres. White people call them unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Ezekiel, in the Old Testament, saw a wheel that looked like a cloud by day but a pillar of fire by night. The Hon. Elijah Muhammad
Muhammad
said that that wheel was built on the island of Nippon, which is now called Japan, by some of the original scientists. It took 15 billion dollars in gold at that time to build it. It is made of the toughest steel. America does not yet know the composition of the steel used to make an instrument like it. It is a circular plane, and the Bible says that it never makes turns. Because of its circular nature it can stop and travel in all directions at speeds of thousands of miles per hour. He said there are 1,500 small wheels in this mother wheel which is a half mile by a half mile (800 by 800 m). This Mother Wheel is like a small human built planet. Each one of these small planes carry three bombs.

RAëLISM

Main article: Raëlism

The International Raëlian Movement has been described as “the largest UFO religion in the world.” Raëlians believe that scientifically advanced extraterrestrials, known as the Elohim , created life on Earth
Earth
through genetic engineering, and that a combination of human cloning and “mind transfer” can ultimately provide eternal life. Past religious teachers, like Jesus
Jesus
, Buddha and Muhammad
Muhammad
, are said to have been sent by these scientifically advanced extraterrestrials to teach humanity. The Elohim are said to be planning a future visit to complete their revelation and education of humanity.

Raëlian Priest Thomas said on this topic, “The difference between Raëlians and Heaven’s Gate and Jim Jones etc., is that the others destructively believed in a God who would give them a better life after death, just like most believers in a monotheistic religion do today, and hence the risk for suicide chasing afterlife rewards … as Raëlians we want the best right now in our life, who would want to die now in that scenario with all those pleasures to enjoy? Raëlians believe in enjoying life now, with happiness and laughter.”

SCIENTOLOGY

Main article: Scientology
Scientology

Scientology
Scientology
has been discussed in the context of UFO religions in UFO Religions by Christopher Partridge, The Encyclopedic Sourcebook of UFO Religions by James R. Lewis , and UFO Religion: Inside Flying Saucer Cults and Culture by Gregory Reece. Stories of extraterrestrial civilizations and interventions in past lives form a part of the belief system of Scientology
Scientology
. The most well-known story publicized and held up to ridicule by critics is that of Xenu , the ruler of the Galactic Confederacy who is said to have brought billions of frozen people to Earth
Earth
75 million years ago and placed them near a number of volcanoes , and dropped hydrogen bombs into them, thus killing the entire population in an effort to solve overpopulation. The spirits of these people were then captured by Xenu and mass implanted with numerous suggestions and then “packaged” into clusters of spirits.

From the early 1950s onwards, Scientology’s founder, L. Ron Hubbard , published a number of books, lectures, and other works describing what he termed "space opera ".

Scientology
Scientology
teaches that all humans have experienced innumerable past lives , including lives in ancient advanced extraterrestrial societies, such as Helatrobus and the Marcabians . Traumatic memories from these past lives are said to be the cause of many present-day physical and mental ailments. Scientologists also believe that human beings possess superhuman powers which cannot be restored until they have been fully rehabilitated as spiritual beings through the practice of “auditing ”, using methods set out by Hubbard in his various works.

According to Hubbard, a thetan (the Scientology
Scientology
term for a soul) has a body. When that body dies the thetan goes to a “landing station” on the planet Venus
Venus
, where they are re-implanted and are programmed to forget their previous lifetimes. The Venusians then “capsule” each thetan and send them back to Earth
Earth
to be dumped into the Gulf of California
California
; whereupon, each thetan searches for a new body to inhabit. To avoid these inconveniences, Hubbard advised Scientologists to simply refuse to go to Venus
Venus
after their death.

UNARIUS ACADEMY OF SCIENCE

Main article: Unarius Academy of Science

Founded by Ernest L. Norman and his wife, Ruth, in 1954, the Unarians are a group headquartered in El Cajon, California
California
, who believe that, through the use of Four-dimensional space physics, they are able to communicate with supposed advanced intelligent beings that allegedly exist on "higher frequency" planes. Unarians believe in past lives and hold that the Solar System
Solar System
was once inhabited by ancient interplanetary civilizations.

UNIVERSE PEOPLE

Main article: Universe people
Universe people

The Universe People
Universe People
or Cosmic people of light powers (Czech: Vesmírní lidé sil světla) is a Czech movement centered around Ivo A. Benda. Its belief system is based upon the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations communicating with Benda and other “contacters” since October 1997 telepathically and later by direct personal contact. According to Benda, those civilizations operate a fleet of spaceships led by Ashtar (sometimes written Ashtar Sheran) orbiting and closely watching the Earth, helping the good and waiting to transport the followers into another dimension. The Universe People teaching incorporates various elements from ufology (some foreign “contacters” are credited, though often also renounced after a time as misguided or deceptive), Christianity ( Jesus
Jesus
was a “fine-vibrations” being) and conspiracy theories (forces of evil are supposed to plan compulsory chipping of the populace).

UFOS IN OTHER RELIGIONS

THEOSOPHY AND MAITREYA

The Theosophical guru Benjamin Creme claims that the Messiah
Messiah
figure he refers to as Maitreya , who, he teaches, will soon declare himself publicly, is in telepathic contact with the space brothers in their flying saucers. Creme subscribes to the view that Nordic aliens from Venus
Venus
pilot flying saucers from a civilization on Venus
Venus
hundreds of millions of years in advance of ours that exists on the etheric plane of Venus. These flying saucers are capable of stepping down the level of vibration of themselves and their craft to the slower level of vibration of the atoms of the physical plane (Creme accepts George Adamski 's UFO sightings as valid). According to Creme, the Venusians have mother ships up to four miles long. It is also believed by the Theosophists in general as well as Creme in particular that the governing deity of Earth
Earth
, Sanat Kumara (who is believed to live in a city called Shamballa located above the Gobi desert
Gobi desert
on the etheric plane of Earth), is a Nordic alien who originally came from Venus 18,500,000 years ago. The followers of Benjamin Creme believe there is regular flying saucer traffic between Venus
Venus
and Shamballah and that crop circles are mostly caused by flying saucers.

ASCENDED MASTER TEACHINGS

The Ascended Master Teachings are a group of religions based on Theosophy. In the traditional Ascended Master Teachings of Guy Ballard and Elizabeth Clare Prophet , no mention is made of UFOs or flying saucers. However, the Ascended Master Teachings teacher Joshua David Stone in his teachings began, beginning in 1993, to refer to Ashtar , believed by some UFO enthusiasts to be the commander of a flying saucer fleet called the "Ashtar Galactic Command" that operates near Earth
Earth
(manned mostly by Venusians ), as a Master along with the more traditional ascended masters. He continued to include "Ashtar" on his list of ascended masters that he mentioned he received dictations from when speaking at his yearly Wesak Festival Mount Shasta gatherings that began to be held in 1996. Stone also taught that the Master Jesus , under his "galactic" name Sananda , sometimes rides with "Commander Ashtar" in his flying saucer fleet.

TEMPELHOFGESELLSCHAFT

A neo-Nazi esoteric Nazi Gnostic
Gnostic
sect headquartered in Vienna, Austria , called the Tempelhofgesellschaft , founded in the early 1990s, teaches what it calls a form of Marcionism . They distribute pamphlets claiming that the Aryan race originally came to Atlantis from the star Aldebaran (this information is supposedly based on "ancient Sumerian manuscripts"). They maintain that the Aryans from Aldebaran derive their power from the vril energy of the Black Sun . They teach that since the Aryan race is of extraterrestrial origin it has a divine mission to dominate all the other races. It is believed by adherents of this religion that an enormous space fleet is on its way to Earth
Earth
from Aldebaran which, when it arrives, will join forces with the “Nazi Flying Saucers from Antarctica ” to establish the Western Imperium .

NEW MESSAGE FROM GOD

The New Message from God claims that aliens are on Earth
Earth
to take advantage of imminent, global environmental collapse : "Humanity is now facing competition from beyond the world, intervention from races beyond the world who seek to take advantage of a weak and divided humanity, who seek to benefit from the decline of human civilization."

TRAINING CENTRE FOR RELEASE OF THE ATMA-ENERGY

This sect was originally a splinter group of the Brahma Kumaris and is known for a police and media scare in which an alleged attempt to commit ritual suicide took place in Teide National Park in Tenerife
Tenerife
in 1998. Apparently, the 32 members of the sect believed that they would be collected by a spacecraft and taken to an unspecified destination.

SEE ALSO

* Religion
Religion
portal * Space portal

* Doomsday cult * List of new religious movements * List of Ufologists * List of UFO organizations * List of UFO religions
List of UFO religions

REFERENCES

* ^ (Partridge 2003 , p. 274) * ^ When We Enter Into My Father's Spacecraft. Andreas Grünschloß . Marburg Journal of Religion
Religion
, Vol. 3, No. 2 (December 1998),pp. 1–24 * ^ (Tumminia 2007 ) * ^ Michael, Allen The Everlasting Gospel Universal Industrial Church of the New World Comforter 1975 * ^ "The divine destruction of America: Can she avert it?". finalcall.com * ^ Susan J. Palmer, "Women in Controversial New Religions", in New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America, ed. Derek H. Davis & Barry Hankins, p. 66. Baylor University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-918954-92-4 * ^ (Partridge 2003 , pp. 188, 263–265) * ^ Lewis, James R. (editor) (November 2003). The Encyclopedic Sourcebook of UFO Religions. Prometheus Books. p. 42. ISBN 1-57392-964-6 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Reece, Gregory L. (August 21, 2007). UFO Religion: Inside Flying Saucer Cults and Culture. I. B. Tauris. pp. 182–186. ISBN 1-84511-451-5 . * ^ OT III Scholarship Page * ^ Bednarowski, Mary Farrell (1995), New Religions and the Theological Imagination in America, Indiana University Press, p. 88, ISBN 978-0-253-20952-8 * ^ Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (1990-06-24). "Defining the Theology". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 2008-06-01. * ^ Cempa, Joe; "Petrolia's New Neighbors", North Coast Journal, June 1991. * ^ (Lewis 1995 , p. 85) * ^ How Prophecy Never Fails: Interpretive Reason in a Flying-Saucer Group (Sociology of Religion
Religion
59.2 (Summer 1998), pp. 157–170) * ^ Creme, Benjamin Maitreya's Mission—Volume II Amsterdam:1997 Share International Foundation Page 217 * ^ Creme, Benjamin The Reappearance of the Christ and the Masters of the Wisdom London:1980 Tara Press Page 205 * ^ Creme, Benjamin The Reappearance of the Christ and the Masters of the Wisdom London:1980 Tara Press Page 117 * ^ Stone, Joshua David Cosmic Ascension: Your Cosmic Map Home (March 1998) (Book 6 of the multi-volume series, The Easy-To-Read Encyclopedia of the Spiritual Path) ISBN 0-929385-99-3 * ^ Joshua David Stone: "The Ashtar Command—The Airborne Division of the Great White Brotherhood". Retrieved from http://www.luisprada.com/Protected/the_ashtar_command_ii.htm. * ^ Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2002). Black Sun : Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4 . (Paperback, 2003. ISBN 0-8147-3155-4 .) * ^ Summers, Marshall Vian The Great Waves of Change 2009 New Knowledge Library, page 11 ISBN 978-1-884238-60-4 * ^ GodDiscussion.com. "God's Latest Prophet to Deliver the New Message". September 7, 2011. Retrieved on 2013-03-08 from http://www.goddiscussion.com/78180/gods-latest-prophet-to-deliver-the-new-message-september-8-through-11/. * ^ James T. Richardson (2004). Regulating Religion: Case Studies from Around the Globe. ISBN 978-0-306-47887-1 , p. 157. "The case refers to the Atman Foundation (originally a splinter group from the Brahma Kumaris) and made international headlines on January 8, 1998 when it was announced that the Canary Islands police had prevented a mass suicide of “a branch of the Solar Temple” by arresting its leader. German motivational speaker Heide Fittkau—Garthe. and a number of followers During subsequent months‘ the case disappeared from the international media. At the local level, it was clarified that the Atman Foundation has nothing to do with the Solar Temple but, according to a family of disgruntled German ex-members, may be “just as bad". Police investigations in Germany failed to detect any evidence that the Foundation was preparing a mass suicide. However, the accusation is maintained in Spain at the time of this writing, together with some others, although no trial has been scheduled." * ^ Suicidio colectivo con zumo de frutas Diario de avisos, 21 april 2004

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Lewis, James R. (1995), The Gods have landed: new religions from other worlds, SUNY Press, ISBN 978-0-7914-2329-5 * Partridge, Christopher Hugh (2003), UFO religions, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-26323-8 * Tumminia, Diana G. (2007), Alien worlds: social and religious dimensions of extraterrestrial contact, Syracuse University Press, ISBN 978-0-8156-0858-5 * Martin Gardner , Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science , Dover Publications , 1957, ISBN 0-486-20394-8 * Jacques Vallee , Messengers of Deception: UFO Contacts and Cults, Ronin Publishing , ISBN 0-915904-38-1 (originally published 1979) * James R. Lewis (ed.), Encyclopedic Sourcebook of UFO Religions, Prometheus Books , 2003, ISBN 1-57392-964-6 * Diana G. Tumminia, When Prophecy Never Fails: Myth and Reality in a Flying-Saucer Group, Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
, 2005, ISBN 0-19-517675-8

* v * t * e

UFOs and ufology

Index of ufology articles

INCIDENTS

GENERAL

* List of reported UFO sightings * Sightings in outer space

PRE-20TH CENTURY

* Tulli Papyrus (possibly 15th century B.C.) * Ezekiel\'s Wheel (circa 622–570 B.C.) * 1561 celestial phenomenon over Nuremberg * José Bonilla Observation (1883) * Aurora (1897)

20TH CENTURY

* Los Angeles (1942) * Kenneth Arnold (1947) * Maury Island (1947) * Roswell (1947) * Aztec, New Mexico (1948) * Mantell (1948) * Chiles-Whitted (1948) * Gorman Dogfight (1948) * Mariana (1950) * McMinnville photographs (1950) * Sperry (1950) * Lubbock Lights (1951) * Carson Sink (1952) * Nash-Fortenberry (1952) * Washington, D.C. (1952) * Flatwoods monster (1952) * Ellsworth (1953) * Kelly–Hopkinsville (1955) * Lakenheath-Bentwaters (1956) * Antônio Vilas Boas (1957) * Levelland (1957) * Trindade Island (1958) * Barney and Betty Hill abduction (1961) * Lonnie Zamora incident (1964) * Solway Firth Spaceman (1964) * Exeter (1965) * Kecksburg (1965) * Westall (1966) * Shag Harbour (1967) * Pascagoula Abduction (1973) * Travis Walton incident (1975) * Allagash (1976) * Tehran (1976) * Petrozavodsk phenomenon (1977) * Operação Prato (1977) * Valentich disappearance (1978) * Kaikoura Lights (1978) * Robert Taylor incident (1979) * Val Johnson incident (1979) * Cash-Landrum incident (1980) * Rendlesham Forest (1980) * Trans-en-Provence (1981) * Japan
Japan
Air Lines (1986) * Voronezh UFO incident (1989) * Belgian UFO wave (1990) * Varginha (1996) * Phoenix Lights (1997)

21ST CENTURY

* Campeche, Mexico (2004) * O\'Hare Airport (2006) * Alderney (2007) * Norway (2009) * Morristown, New Jersey (2009)

SIGHTINGS BY COUNTRY

* Argentina * Australia * Belarus * Belgium * Brazil * Canada
Canada
* China * France
France
* India * Indonesia * Iran * Italy * Mexico * New Zealand * Norway * Philippines * Russia * South Africa * Spain (Canary Islands ) * Sweden * Thailand * United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* United States
United States

TYPES OF UFOS

* Black triangle * Flying saucer
Flying saucer
* Foo fighter * Ghost rockets * Green fireballs * Mystery airship

Types of alleged extraterrestrial beings

* Alleged UFO-related entities * Energy beings * Grey aliens * Insectoids * Little green men * Nordic aliens * Reptilians

STUDIES

* The Flying Saucers Are Real (1947–1950) * Project Sign (1948) * Estimate of the Situation * Project Grudge (1949) * Flying Saucer Working Party (1950) * Project Magnet (1950–1962) * Project Blue Book (1952–1970) * Robertson Panel (1953) * Condon Report (1966–1968) * Institute 22 (1978–?) * Project Condign (1997–2000) * Identification studies of UFOs
Identification studies of UFOs

HYPOTHESES

* Ancient astronauts * Cryptoterrestrial * Extraterrestrial * Interdimensional * Psychosocial * Nazi UFOs * Trotskyist-Posadism

CONSPIRACY THEORIES

* Area 51
Area 51
* Bob Lazar * Dulce Base * Majestic 12 * Men in black * Project Serpo

INVOLVEMENT

ABDUCTION

* History * Entities * Claimants * Narrative * Missing time * Perspectives * Insurance

OTHER

* Implants * Close encounter
Close encounter
* Contactee * Declassification of documents * Government responses ( GEIPAN ) * Organizations * Ufologists * Topics

CULTURE

* Conventions * Fiction * Religions (list )

SKEPTICISM

* List of scientific skeptics * Committee for Skeptical Inquiry

* v * t * e

Extraterrestrial life
Extraterrestrial life

EVENTS AND OBJECTS

* ALH84001 * Cells in the stratosphere * CI1 fossils * Murchison meteorite * Nakhla meteorite
Nakhla meteorite
* Polonnaruwa meteorite * Red rain in Kerala * Shergotty meteorite * Viking lander biological experiments * Yamato 000593

POSSIBLE SIGNALS

* CP 1919 (misidentified pulsar) * CTA-102 (misidentified quasar) * Fast radio burst (unknown origin) * Wow! signal (inconclusive) * KIC 8462852 (unusual light fluctuations) * SHGb02+14a (radio source) * HD 164595 signal (strong radio signal)

LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE

* Earliest known life forms * Life on Enceladus * Life on Europa * Life on Mars
Life on Mars
* Life on Titan * Life on Venus
Venus

PLANETARY HABITABILITY

* Catalog of Nearby Habitable Systems * Circumstellar habitable zone * Earth
Earth
analog * Extraterrestrial liquid water * Galactic habitable zone * Habitability of binary star systems * Habitability of orange dwarf systems * Habitability of red dwarf systems * Natural satellite habitability * Planetary habitability

SPACE MISSIONS

* Beagle 2 * Biological Oxidant and Life Detection * BioSentinel * Curiosity * Darwin * Enceladus Explorer * Enceladus Life Finder * Europa Clipper * ExoMars * ExoLance * EXPOSE * Foton-M3 * Icebreaker Life * Journey to Enceladus and Titan * Laplace-P * Life Investigation For Enceladus * Living Interplanetary Flight Experiment * Mars Geyser Hopper * Mars sample return mission * Mars 2020 * Northern Light * Opportunity * Red Dragon * Spirit * Tanpopo * Titan Mare Explorer * Venus
Venus
In Situ Explorer * Viking 1
Viking 1
* Viking 2

INTERSTELLAR COMMUNICATION

* Active SETI * Allen Telescope Array * Arecibo message
Arecibo message
* Arecibo Observatory * Bracewell probe

* Breakthrough Initiatives
Breakthrough Initiatives

* Breakthrough Listen * Breakthrough Message

* Communication with extraterrestrial intelligence * Gauss\'s Pythagorean right triangle proposal * Lincos language * Pioneer plaque * Project Cyclops * Project Ozma * Project Phoenix * SERENDIP * Search for extraterrestrial intelligence * SETI@home * setiQuest * Voyager Golden Record * Water hole * Xenolinguistics

EXHIBITIONS

* The Science of Aliens

HYPOTHESES

* Ancient astronauts * Aurelia and Blue Moon * Cosmic pluralism * Directed panspermia * Drake equation * Extraterrestrial hypothesis * Fermi paradox * Great Filter * Hypothetical types of biochemistry * Interplanetary contamination * Kardashev scale * Mediocrity principle * Neocatastrophism * Panspermia * Planetarium hypothesis * Rare Earth
Earth
hypothesis * Sentience quotient * Zoo hypothesis

RELATED TOPICS

* Astrobiology
Astrobiology
* Astroecology * Biosignature * Rejection of Earth-based abiogenesis (Fred Hoyle) * Brookings Report * Planetary protection * Potential cultural impact of extraterrestrial contact * Exotheology * Extraterrestrials in fiction * Extremophile * Nexus for Exoplanet System Science * Noogenesis * San Marino Scale * Technosignature * UFO religion * Xenoarchaeology

* v * t * e

New religious movements

MAJOR GROUPS

* Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
* Ananda Marga
Ananda Marga
* Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis * Anthroposophical Society * Antoinism * Armstrongism * Azali * Bábism
Bábism
* Bahá\'í Faith * BAPS * Brahma Kumaris * Branch Davidians * Christadelphians * Christian Science * Church of Divine Science * Church of Satan ( LaVeyan Satanism ) * Church of Scientology
Scientology
* Church of the SubGenius * Creativity * Discordianism
Discordianism
* Falun Gong * Family International * Friends of Man
Friends of Man
* Heathenry * Heaven\'s Gate * International Society for Krishna Consciousness * Invitation to Life * Jehovah\'s Witnesses * Latter Day Saints * Maha Bodhi Society * Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
* New Apostolic Church * The New Church
The New Church
* Noahidism * Peoples Temple * Pilgrims of Arès * The Process Church * Quakers
Quakers
* Raëlism * Rajneesh * Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
* Rastafari
Rastafari
* Religious Science * Sahaja Yoga
Yoga
* Sathya Sai Baba
Sathya Sai Baba
* Seventh-day Adventist Church
Seventh-day Adventist Church
* Shakers * Shambhala Buddhism * Shri Ram Chandra Mission * Soka Gakkai * Sukyo Mahikari * Temple of Set * Tenrikyo * Thelema * Theosophy * Theosophical Society * Transcendental Meditation * True Buddha School * Twelve Tribes * Unification Church
Unification Church
* Unitarian Universalist Association
Unitarian Universalist Association
* Unity Church * Universal Church of the Kingdom of God * Universal White Brotherhood * The Way International * Wicca
Wicca
* Word of Faith
Word of Faith
* World Mission Society Church of God

NOTABLE FIGURES

* Mirza Ghulam Ahmad * Herbert W. Armstrong * Shoko Asahara * Sri Aurobindo
Sri Aurobindo
* Subh-i-Azal * Báb
Báb
* Sathya Sai Baba
Sathya Sai Baba
* Bahá\'u\'lláh * Alice Bailey * David Berg * Helena Blavatsky
Helena Blavatsky
* Sri Chinmoy * Aleister Crowley
Aleister Crowley
* Mary Baker Eddy
Mary Baker Eddy
* Charles Fillmore * Hak Ja Han * L. Ron Hubbard * Li Hongzhi * Anton LaVey * Lu Sheng-yen * Maharishi Mahesh Yogi * Meher Baba
Meher Baba
* Sun Myung Moon * Elijah Muhammad
Muhammad
* Miki Nakayama * A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada * Phineas Quimby * Rajneesh * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Prem Rawat * Helena Roerich * Charles Taze Russell * Joseph Franklin Rutherford * Ahn Sahng-hong * Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar * Swaminarayan * Joseph Smith
Joseph Smith
* Nirmala Srivastava * Emanuel Swedenborg
Emanuel Swedenborg
* Rudolf Steiner * Joseph W. Tkach * Chögyam Trungpa * Ellen G. White
Ellen G. White

CONCEPTS

* African initiated church * Buddhist modernism
Buddhist modernism
* Charismatic Movement * Christian denomination
Christian denomination
* Classifications of religious movements * Cult
Cult
* Cybersectarianism * Doomsday cult * Goddess movement * Heresy
Heresy
* Hindu reform movements * Japanese new religions * Modern Paganism * Neoshamanism * New Age
New Age
* New Thought * Open-source religion * Pacific Northwest * Personal development * Religious conversion * Schism
Schism
* Sect * Self religion * Spiritual evolution * Syncretism * Thelema * UFO religion * Vipassana movement

PUBLIC EDUCATION

* INFORM (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements)

SCHOLARSHIP

* Academic study of new religious movements * CESNUR * Journal of Contemporary Religion
Religion
* Nova Religio * Sociology of religion

OPPOSITION

* Anti-cult movement * Anti-Mormonism * Christian countercult movement * Persecution of Ahmadis
Persecution of Ahmadis
* Persecution of Bahá\'ís * Persecution of Falun Gong * Persecution of Jehovah\'s Witnesses

LISTS

* In popular culture * New religious movements * Academic study

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