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Science and technology


Computing

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Typing Typing is the process of writing or inputting text by pressing keys on a typewriter, computer keyboard, mobile phone or calculator. It can be distinguished from other means of text input, such as handwriting recognition, handwriting and speech ...
, producing text via a keyboard, typewriter, etc. *
Data type In computer science and computer programming, a data type (or simply type) is a set of possible values and a set of allowed operations on it. A data type tells the compiler or Interpreter (computing), interpreter how the programmer intends to u ...
, collection of values used for computations. * File type *
TYPE (DOS command) In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computer, computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes, and development of both computer hardware , hardware ...
, a command to display contents of a file. * Type (Unix), a command in POSIX shells that gives information about commands. *
Type safety In computer science Computer science is the study of computation, automation, and information. Computer science spans theoretical disciplines (such as algorithms, theory of computation, information theory, and automation) to Applied scienc ...
, the extent to which a programming language discourages or prevents type errors. *
Type system In computer programming Computer programming is the process of performing a particular computation (or more generally, accomplishing a specific computing result), usually by designing and building an executable computer program. Programmin ...
, defines a programming language's response to data types.


Mathematics

* Type (model theory) *
Type theory In mathematics Mathematics is an area of knowledge that includes the topics of numbers, formulas and related structures, shapes and the spaces in which they are contained, and quantities and their changes. These topics are represented in mo ...
, basis for the study of type systems *
Arity Arity () is the number of arguments or operand In mathematics, an operand is the object of a mathematical operation, i.e., it is the object or quantity that is operated on. Example The following arithmetic expression shows an example of operat ...
or type, the number of operands a function takes * Type, any proposition or set in the
intuitionistic type theory Intuitionistic type theory (also known as constructive type theory, or Martin-Löf type theory) is a type theory In mathematics Mathematics is an area of knowledge that includes the topics of numbers, formulas and related structures, shape ...
* Type, of an
entire function In complex analysis, an entire function, also called an integral function, is a complex-valued Function (mathematics), function that is holomorphic function, holomorphic on the whole complex plane. Typical examples of entire functions are polynomia ...
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Exponential type In complex analysis Complex analysis, traditionally known as the theory of functions of a complex variable, is the branch of mathematical analysis that investigates Function (mathematics), functions of complex numbers. It is helpful in ma ...


Biology

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Type (biology) In biology, a type is a particular wiktionary:en:specimen, specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached. In other words, a type is an example that serves to a ...
, which fixes a scientific name to a taxon *
Dog type Dog types are broad categories of domestic dogs based on form, function, or style of work, lineage, or appearance. Some may be locally adapted dog types (or ''landrace A landrace is a Domestication, domesticated, locally adapted, often tra ...
, categorization by use or function of domestic dogs


Lettering

* Type is a design concept for lettering used in
typography Typography is the art and technique of typesetting, arranging type to make written language legibility, legible, readability, readable and beauty, appealing when displayed. The arrangement of type involves selecting typefaces, Point (typogra ...
which helped bring about modern textual printing in the publishing industry * Type can refer to a
font In movable type, metal typesetting, a font is a particular #Characteristics, size, weight and style of a typeface. Each font is a matched set of type, with a piece (a "Sort (typesetting), sort") for each glyph. A typeface consists of a range of ...
style, e.g., "italic type" *
Movable type Movable type (US English; moveable type in British English) is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable Sort (typesetting), components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual alphanumeric charact ...
, in letterpress printing *
Sort (typesetting) In typesetting, a sort or type is a block with a typographic character (symbol), character etched on it, which is lined up with others to printing, print Written language, text. In movable-type printing, the sort or type is Casting, cast from a ...
, in letterpress printing *
Typesetting Typesetting is the composition of Written language, text by means of arranging metal type, physical ''type'' (or ''sort'') in mechanical systems or ''glyphs'' in digital systems representing ''character (symbol), characters'' (letters and ot ...
, the composition of text by means of arranging types *
Typeface A typeface (or font family) is the design of lettering that can include variations in size, weight (e.g. bold), slope (e.g. italic), width (e.g. condensed), and so on. Each of these variations of the typeface is a font. There are list of type ...
, the overall design of lettering used in a collection of related fonts *
Type design Type design is the art and process of designing typefaces. This involves drawing each letterform using a consistent style. The basic concepts and design variables are described below. A typeface differs from other modes of graphic production su ...
, the art and process of designing typefaces *
Type foundry A type foundry is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity representing an association of people, whether natural, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objective. Company members share a common purpose and uni ...
, a company that designs or distributes typefaces *
Typewriter A typewriter is a machine, mechanical or electromechanical machine for typing characters. Typically, a typewriter has an array of Button (control), keys, and each one causes a different single character to be produced on paper by striking ...
, a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by a printer's movable type


Sociology

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Ideal type Ideal type (german: Idealtypus), also known as pure type, is a typological term most closely associated with sociologist Max Weber Maximilian Karl Emil Weber (; ; 21 April 186414 June 1920) was a German Sociology, sociologist, historian, jur ...
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Normal type Normal type (in German: ''Normaltyp'') is a typological term in sociology coined by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855–1936). It can be considered both as a forerunner of, and a challenge to, the rather better known concept of ...
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Typification Typification is a process of creating standard (''typical'') social construction based on standard assumptions. Discrimination based on typification is called typism. See also * Ideal type * Normal type * Typology References External linksTyp ...


Other uses

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Type (acting) In film, television, and theatre, typecasting is the process by which a particular actor becomes strongly identified with a specific character (arts), character, one or more particular roles, or characters having the same trait theory, traits or ...
, a way of characterizing an actor by the sort of role they are well-suited for or fit into easily, or by their performance style * Type & antitype, in
Typology Typology is the study of types or the systematic classification of the types of something according to their common characteristics. Typology is the act of finding, counting and classification facts with the help of eyes, other senses and logic. Ty ...
, in Christian theology and Biblical exegesis * "Type" (song), a 1990 song by the band Living Colour *
Type (designation) The word "type" followed by a number is a common way to name a weapon or product in a production series, similar in meaning to "Mark (designation), mark". "Type" was used extensively by the Japanese and Chinese militaries beginning in the 1920s, a ...
, a model numbering system used for vehicles or military equipment ** Type Museum, museum about the above * Architectural type, classification of architecture by functional types (houses, institutions), morphological types or historical types
Architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual arts generally, and most styles in architecture relate closel ...
subcategories * U.S. Navy type commands, senior commands for the specific "type" of weapon system (i.e., naval aviation, submarine warfare, surface warships) employed *
Type of Constans The ''Typos'' of Constans (also called ''Type'' of Constans) was an edict issued by eastern Roman emperor Constans II in 648 in an attempt to defuse the confusion and arguments over the Christological doctrine of Monotheletism. For over two cent ...
, a 648 edict issued by Byzantine Emperor Constans II * Type (metaphysics), in philosophy * Type-token distinction, in logic, linguistics, and computer programming


See also

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Typology (disambiguation) Typology is the study of types or the systematic classification of the types of something according to their common characteristics. Typology is the act of finding, counting and classification facts with the help of eyes, other senses and logic. Ty ...
, the study of types *
Categorization Categorization is the ability and activity of recognizing shared features or similarities between the elements of the experience of the world (such as Object (philosophy), objects, events, or ideas), organizing and classifying experience by a ...
* Kind (disambiguation) {{disambiguation