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TYPE O NEGATIVE was an American gothic metal band formed in Brooklyn, New York in 1989, by Peter Steele
Peter Steele
(lead vocals, bass), Kenny Hickey (guitar, backing vocals), Josh Silver (keyboards, backing vocals), and Sal Abruscato (drums, percussions), who was later replaced by Johnny Kelly . Their lyrical emphasis on themes of romance , depression, and death resulted in the nickname "The Drab Four" (in homage to The Beatles ' "Fab Four" moniker). The band went Platinum with 1993's Bloody Kisses , and Gold with 1996's October Rust , and gained a fanbase through seven studio albums, two best-of compilations, and concert DVDs.

On April 14, 2010, lead vocalist, bassist, and principal songwriter Peter Steele
Peter Steele
died, reportedly from heart failure brought on by an aortic aneurysm . Members Kenny Hickey and Johnny Kelly stated in a November 2010 interview with French music magazine Rock Hard that the band would not continue.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Origins (1980s–1991) * 1.2 Slow Deep and Hard and The Origin of the Feces (1991–1992) * 1.3 Bloody Kisses and October Rust (1993–1998) * 1.4 World Coming Down and The Least Worst of Type O Negative (1999–2001) * 1.5 Life Is Killing Me and Dead Again (2002–2009) * 1.6 Peter Steele\'s death and the end of Type O Negative
Type O Negative
(2010)

* 2 Influences * 3 Soundtracks and covers * 4 Personnel * 5 Discography * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

ORIGINS (1980S–1991)

Former Carnivore frontman Steele, along with childhood friends Sal Abruscato (later replaced by Johnny Kelly after Abruscato joined Life of Agony ), Josh Silver and Kenny Hickey, formed Type O Negative
Type O Negative
and signed to Roadrunner Records. Shortly after signing in 1991 the band released their debut, Slow, Deep and Hard .

SLOW DEEP AND HARD AND THE ORIGIN OF THE FECES (1991–1992)

Type O Negative's first album Slow Deep and Hard incorporated dragging Black Sabbath-esque dirge riffs , maniacal hardcore outbursts, and droning industrial and gothic atmospheres. The songs were long, multi-part theatrical epics, with lyrics loosely surrounding a story involving a man enacting revenge on a cheating girlfriend before ultimately contemplating his actions and committing suicide.

They began creating a new album that was supposed to be live. The subsequent 1992 album was entitled The Origin of the Feces and a warning label was put on the album cover: "Not Live At Brighton Beach". The album contains faux-live recordings of songs from Slow, Deep, and Hard, as well as previously unreleased songs such as "Are You Afraid" and "Hey Pete" (a cover of Jimi Hendrix's "Hey Joe" with altered lyrics).

BLOODY KISSES AND OCTOBER RUST (1993–1998)

Type O Negative's third album, Bloody Kisses , was released in 1993 to critical and listener acclaim, and eventually became the first record for Roadrunner to reach certified Platinum status in the US.

Bloody Kisses mostly addressed loneliness and heartbreak, with songs like "Too Late: Frozen", "Blood the band's highest chart debut to date. They also continued to tour through October of that year, including a performance at the Rock am Ring festival in Nürburgring
Nürburgring
, Germany.

PETER STEELE\'S DEATH AND THE END OF TYPE O NEGATIVE (2010)

On April 14, 2010, frontman and bassist Peter Steele
Peter Steele
died, reportedly from heart failure. The following statement concerning Steele was released April 15 on the band's official website:

“ It is with great sadness that we inform you that Type O Negative front man, bassist, and our band mate, Peter Steele
Peter Steele
passed away last night of what appears to be heart failure. Ironically Peter had been enjoying a long period of sobriety and improved health and was imminently due to begin writing and recording new music for our follow up to "Dead Again" released in 2007.

The official cause of death has yet to be determined pending autopsy results. The funeral services will be private and memorial services will be announced at a future date. We’d like to share our thoughts and those of Peter's family below. We are truly saddened to lose our friend and appreciate the tremendous outpouring today from around the world.

Sincerely, Josh, Kenny and Johnny ”

In a November 2010 interview with Rock Hard magazine, Johnny Kelly and Kenny Hickey confirmed that following Steele's death, Type O Negative had definitely split-up.

Roadrunner Records released a box set of all the band's albums (with the exception of Dead Again) for Back to Black Friday 2011, a spinoff of Record Store Day , on November 25, 2011. Each vinyl cover has no text and The Origin of the Feces uses its original cover art. The box set also contains various bumper stickers related to the band.

INFLUENCES

Steele cited Black Sabbath and The Beatles as main influences on Type O Negative. Other influences are psychedelic rock bands Pink Floyd and the Doors , hard rock and metal bands like Deep Purple
Deep Purple
, Led Zeppelin , Kiss , Judas Priest
Judas Priest
and AC/DC
AC/DC
, as well Hardcore groups like Agnostic Front and goth rock /post punk bands such as Bauhaus
Bauhaus
, Joy Division , Cocteau Twins and Dead Can Dance
Dead Can Dance
.

SOUNDTRACKS AND COVERS

Type O Negative's songs have appeared in numerous motion pictures, including "Blood and Fire (Out of the Ashes Remix)" on the 1995 Mortal Kombat movie soundtrack (also on the bonus CD of Life is Killing Me), "Love You to Death" in Bride of Chucky
Bride of Chucky
, "(We Were) Electrocute" in Freddy vs. Jason
Freddy vs. Jason
, and "Summer Breeze " in I Know What You Did Last Summer . As a result of Howard Stern
Howard Stern
being a self-professed fan, Private Parts: The Album contains " Pictures of Matchstick Men
Pictures of Matchstick Men
" with the band playing music and Ozzy Osbourne on vocals. "Haunted" also appears on The Blair Witch Project "soundtrack CD" (the album's concept was to contain songs from "a tape that was found in the woods with the students' gear"). In 1998, Arrow Videos made their own version of the 1922 classic horror film Nosferatu , by simply overdubbing the silent film with a soundtrack consisting entirely of Type O Negative
Type O Negative
tracks, taken from the first four albums. This version is now on DVD from DigiView Entertainment, a company that makes budget-priced DVDs. It also has an introduction by actor David Carradine .

In other media, the computer game Descent 2 features a shortened, instrumental version of the track "Haunted". Additionally, Descent 2: The Vertigo Series contains a full-length version of the instrumental; the compilation Duke Nukem: Music to Score By features "Cinnamon Girl (Extended Depression Mix)"; "Love You to Death" in the computer game Blood ; "Out of the Fire" from the Life is Killing Me bonus CD was a theme created for wrestler Kane , but was never used. Recently, the opening two seconds of "I Don't Wanna Be Me" were used as a frequent sample in Grand Theft Auto IV
Grand Theft Auto IV
, on the Liberty Rock Radio Station. Most recently, the 2012 video game The Darkness II features Type O Negative's "Black No. 1" in its multiplayer lobby, played at random amongst other songs.

Type O Negative
Type O Negative
performed and recorded numerous covers. The Doors ' " Light My Fire " has been covered live numerous times, mostly during the 90s. Steele has described the song as "probably the greatest song ever written" before apologizing for having "destroyed it". Seals and Crofts ' "Summer Breeze" appears on Bloody Kisses , and Neil Young
Neil Young
's "Cinnamon Girl " appears on October Rust . The tongue-in-cheek "Angry Inch" (from Hedwig and the Angry Inch ) appears on Life is Killing Me . World Coming Down includes a Beatles medley consisting of "Day Tripper ", " If I Needed Someone ", and "I Want You (She\'s So Heavy) ". Other covers include a rendition of Black Sabbath 's "Paranoid " and "N.I.B."; Status Quo 's " Pictures of Matchstick Men
Pictures of Matchstick Men
" with Ozzy Osbourne , two versions of "Black Sabbath" (one with the original lyrics and one rewritten by Peter Steele
Peter Steele
to be from Satan's perspective), Jimi Hendrix 's " Hey Joe " (rewritten as "Hey Pete"); The Beatles ' " Back in the U.S.S.R. ", Deep Purple
Deep Purple
's "Highway Star " and Creedence Clearwater Revival 's "Bad Moon Rising ". A medley of Santana 's "Evil Ways", "Oye Como Va", and "Black Magic Woman" are also available on the CD accompanying the DVD Symphony for the Devil. The 2007 tour song set started with a cover of "Magical Mystery Tour " from The Beatles.

"In the Flesh", originally written by Pink Floyd from their album "The Wall", is another song that Type O Negative
Type O Negative
covered, as they used it as the opening song for their 1999 World Tour. Their version can be seen on the live DVD, "Symphony for the Devil". Also on the same DVD, in "Too Late: Frozen", the intro began with Jethro Tull's "Aqualung".

PERSONNEL

Final line-up

* Peter Steele
Peter Steele
– lead vocals , bass , additional keyboards and rhythm guitar (1989–2010) * Kenny Hickey – guitars, backing vocals , additional co-lead vocals (1989–2010) * Josh Silver – keyboards, piano , effects , synthesizers , programming , backing vocals (1989–2010) * Johnny Kelly – drums , percussion (1994–2010)

Former members

* Sal Abruscato – drums, percussion (1989-1994)

DISCOGRAPHY

For a complete discography, see Type O Negative discography .

* Slow, Deep and Hard (1991) * The Origin of the Feces (1992) * Bloody Kisses (1993) * October Rust (1996) * World Coming Down (1999) * Life Is Killing Me (2003) * Dead Again (2007)

REFERENCES

* ^ Huey, Steve. " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
– Music Biography". Allrovi. Retrieved March 25, 2012. * ^ Pratt, Greg (April 15, 2010). "Type O Negative\'s Peter Steele Dies at 48". Exclaim!
Exclaim!
. Retrieved 2013-10-26. * ^ "Peter Steele, of Heavy Metal Band Type O Negative, Dies at 48". The New York Times. April 20, 2010. p. B10. Retrieved August 22, 2012. * ^ Jenkins, Mark (October 22, 1999). "TYPE O NEGATIVE 'World Coming Down'". The Washington Post. ...the Brooklyn goth-metal band shows some unexpected warmth... * ^ Martin, Dan (March 16, 2007). "Type O Negative: Dead Again". NME. Retrieved August 28, 2012. Brooklyn's Type O Negative, or 'The Drab Four' as they're probably known to their friends... * ^ King, Jackie Lee (April 9, 2007). " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
at Metro Chicago". unratedmagazine.com. Retrieved August 28, 2012. ...while referring to themselves as the Drab Four (in homage to Beatles.) * ^ Kaufman, Gil. "Peter Steele, Type O Negative
Type O Negative
Singer, Dead At 48: Singer reportedly died of heart failure, according to manager". mtv.com. Retrieved August 22, 2012. Type O released seven studio albums, with their most recent being 2007's Dead Again. * ^ A B "Peter Steele, of Heavy Metal Band Type O Negative, Dies at 48". The New York Times. April 19, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2012. * ^ TYPE O NEGATIVE Keyboardist Confirms PETER STEELE\'s Death – Apr. 15, 2010 at blabbermouth.net * ^ A B Raymond, Laurent (January 2011). "Type O Negative/Seventh Void: The Show must go on". Rock Hard. 106: 40. (Interview with Kenny Hickey, Johnny Kelly and Matt Brown, November 27, 2010) * ^ Stingley, Mick (April 15, 2010). " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
Frontman Peter Steele
Peter Steele
Dies". billboard.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013. Born in 1962, Steele played in a number of hardcore bands around his native Brooklyn before starting Carnivore,... * ^ Stingley, Mick (April 15, 2010). " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
Frontman Peter Steele
Peter Steele
Dies". billboard.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013. Their first release, 'Slow, Deep And Hard' (1991, RoadRunner) was notable for both its long dirges and thrash breaks, and dark, humorous lyrics.

* ^ "Yahoo Music - Exclusive New Music and Music Videos". Music.yahoo.com. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-24. * ^ " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
- The Origin of the Feces (Not Live at Brighton Beach) - Reviews - Encyclopaedia Metallum". The Metal Archives. Retrieved 2014-04-24. * ^ Kreps, Daniel (April 15, 2010). " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
Singer Peter Steele Dead at 48". rollingstone.com. Retrieved August 27, 2012. Type O Negative became one of the most unlikely bands to break into the mainstream in the 1990s with their third album Bloody Kisses, which became the first album released by Roadrunner Records to go platinum. * ^ " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
flows into central Iowa - Iowa State Daily: Home". Iowa State Daily. 1997-02-04. Retrieved 2014-04-24. * ^ Matt, Metal (September 22, 2015). "Remembering World Coming Down: The Fall of Type O Negative". * ^ " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
- World Coming Down (album review 3) - Sputnikmusic". * ^ Manny-O-War (September 30, 2015). "Retrospective: Type O Negative – "World Coming Down"". * ^ "# TYPE O NEGATIVE # Interview with... Peter #". * ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (April 15, 2010). " Peter Steele
Peter Steele
Of Type O Negative: A Remembrance, Frontman\'s dark image belied his friendly, humorous personality". mtv.com. Retrieved August 22, 2012. In 2003, Type O Negative
Type O Negative
released what turned out to be their penultimate album, Life Is Killing Me. * ^ " Type O Negative
Type O Negative
Billboard Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 7 September 2013. * ^ "Marek Lieberberg Presents: Rock-am-Ring 2008!". Rock-am-ring.com. December 23, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2010. * ^ "Peter Steele, 48, Singer and Bassist". The New York Times. April 20,