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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Tulle
Tulle
(French: [tyl]; Occitan: Tula [ˈtylɔ]) is a commune in central France. It is the capital of the department of Corrèze, in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is also the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tulle. It is the third-largest town in the former region of Limousin, after Limoges
Limoges
and Brive-la-Gaillarde. Known sometimes as "the town on seven hills", Tulle
Tulle
rose to prominence through the development of its manufacturing sector.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Beginning 1.2 Middle Ages 1.3 Modern period 1.4 Contemporary era 1.5 Massacre by the Waffen SS
Waffen SS
in 1944 1.6 Tulle
Tulle
Prison and the Algerian War

2 Climate 3 Economy 4 Government

4.1 Mayors 4.2 Politics

5 Population 6 Cultural life

6.1 Education 6.2 Arts and festivals 6.3 Museums 6.4 Sport 6.5 Media

7 International relations 8 Personalities 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Beginning[edit] Initially, the Gauls
Gauls
settled an oppidum at the site of what is now the Puy St Clair because it was a site surrounded by cliffs and so easy to get off. After the conquest, the city moved downwards, to the Trech district and the Romans established a temple to honor Tutela, goddess of protection of property and persons. The name of the city comes from this goddess. She was honoured here because it was a ford over the Corrèze
Corrèze
where passed a very old road between Brittany
Brittany
and the Mediterranean sea. In the seventh century was built a monastery dedicated to St. Michael. The local population settled around the buildings. The first monastery, destroyed by the Viking
Viking
invasions in 846, was rebuilt but disappeared in the eleventh century. Middle Ages[edit]

The cathedral Notre-Dame of Tulle

Pope Urban II, who was in Tulle
Tulle
in 1095, granted protection for a new religious building. The first stone of the new abbey was laid in 1130; the building was not completed until two centuries later. In 1317, Pope John XXII
John XXII
created the Diocese of Tulle; the abbey became a cathedral. During the Hundred Years' War, the English took the city in 1346 and are driven from the city by the local militia, the city falls again in 1369, but English are finally expelled by the local militia again. The city was pillaged by Rodrigo de Villandrando
Rodrigo de Villandrando
during this time and the Black Death
Black Death
also affected the city but according to legend, St. Clair healed people (St. Clair is now a big fair in honour of the miracle). Modern period[edit] The abbey was almost abandoned with the secularization of 1514. During the wars of religion, Tulle
Tulle
was for Catholics, the city resisted the first time against the Huguenots
Huguenots
in 1577, but the troops of the Vicomte de Turenne took a bloody revenge in 1585. They put the city in sackcloth and devastation, after an assault that the Protestant poet Agrippa d'Aubigne
Agrippa d'Aubigne
recounted. Mutilation and looting were much more severe during the Revolution: the cathedral and the abbey buildings were converted into munitions factory, all fittings, including iron retaining the dome for recovery were torn, causing the collapse of the dome of the apse, the transept and the north gallery of the cloister. The church was reopened for worship in 1803, but only regained its title of cathedral in 1823. Contemporary era[edit] From 1917 to 1922, Tulle
Tulle
was in the spotlight of the French press because of a news item. Over 100 anonymous letters were sent, denouncing all the secrets of the inhabitants of the city. The sender was actually Angele Laval, a spurned and insane woman. This fact inspired Clouzot for his film Le Corbeau
Le Corbeau
and Cocteau
Cocteau
for his play La Machine à écrire. Massacre by the Waffen SS
Waffen SS
in 1944[edit] Main article: Tulle
Tulle
massacre During the Second World War, the 2nd SS Division Das Reich
2nd SS Division Das Reich
division of the Waffen SS
Waffen SS
perpetrated a reprisal massacre of civilians in Tulle, following the killing and maiming of some 40 German soldiers in Tulle on 8 June 1944 by the Maquis resistance movement. On 9 June 1944 a large number of male civilians were rounded up by the SS. Of these, 97 were randomly selected and then hanged from lamp posts and balconies in the town. Additionally, another 321 captives were sent to forced labour camps in Germany
Germany
where 101 lost their lives. In total, the actions of the Wehrmacht, the Waffen-SS, and the SD claimed the lives of 213 civilian residents of Tulle. Tulle
Tulle
Prison and the Algerian War[edit] In the last stages of the Algerian War
Algerian War
and its aftermath, four military officers involved in instigating a failed coup aimed at deposing President de Gaulle were held in the prison at Tulle. De Gaulle referred at the time to "those idiotic generals playing ball in Tulle
Tulle
Prison".[1] The four were Raoul Salan, Edmond Jouhaud, Maurice Challe and André Zeller. The last of them to be released was Salan, amnestied on 15 June 1968 in the wake of "The Events" of May 1968. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tulle
Tulle
(1981–2010 averages, extremes 1957–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.1 (64.6) 24.8 (76.6) 27.0 (80.6) 30.1 (86.2) 34.0 (93.2) 40.0 (104) 40.0 (104) 40.5 (104.9) 35.5 (95.9) 30.6 (87.1) 25.8 (78.4) 20.2 (68.4) 40.5 (104.9)

Average high °C (°F) 8.4 (47.1) 10.4 (50.7) 14.2 (57.6) 17.0 (62.6) 21.0 (69.8) 24.6 (76.3) 27.0 (80.6) 26.8 (80.2) 22.9 (73.2) 18.3 (64.9) 12.0 (53.6) 8.8 (47.8) 17.7 (63.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3 (39.7) 5.4 (41.7) 8.4 (47.1) 10.9 (51.6) 14.7 (58.5) 18.0 (64.4) 20.3 (68.5) 20.0 (68) 16.4 (61.5) 13.0 (55.4) 7.6 (45.7) 4.8 (40.6) 12.0 (53.6)

Average low °C (°F) 0.3 (32.5) 0.5 (32.9) 2.6 (36.7) 4.9 (40.8) 8.5 (47.3) 11.5 (52.7) 13.5 (56.3) 13.1 (55.6) 9.8 (49.6) 7.6 (45.7) 3.2 (37.8) 0.9 (33.6) 6.4 (43.5)

Record low °C (°F) −21.0 (−5.8) −16.1 (3) −13.0 (8.6) −7.0 (19.4) −2.0 (28.4) −0.5 (31.1) 4.7 (40.5) 2.0 (35.6) 0.0 (32) −5.4 (22.3) −10.0 (14) −15.5 (4.1) −21.0 (−5.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 111.5 (4.39) 95.3 (3.752) 94.6 (3.724) 111.2 (4.378) 107.6 (4.236) 84.0 (3.307) 79.8 (3.142) 78.2 (3.079) 101.1 (3.98) 120.5 (4.744) 122.8 (4.835) 123.3 (4.854) 1,229.9 (48.421)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.4 10.7 11.4 12.6 12.5 9.3 8.1 8.8 9.5 12.0 12.8 12.8 133.9

Source: Météo France[2]

Economy[edit] Tulle's role as a centre for lace making is highlighted by an "international lace festival" held each August. The town is also home to the Maugein accordion factory, which once employed 200, though this figure is now much reduced. Near to this there was, till recently, a significant armaments manufacturing business, but its site is now (2011) marked only by an armaments museum. Located in another part of town is a car parts plant owned by the American Borg-Warner company,[3] and employing approximately 300 people. Government[edit]

Prefecture

Tulle
Tulle
is the seat of the general council of the Corrèze Tulle
Tulle
is the seat of the canton of Tulle, which consists of the commune of Tulle Tulle
Tulle
is the prefecture of the Corrèze
Corrèze
department

Mayors[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Tulle Mayors of Tulle
Tulle
since 1949 were:

Jean Massoulier (1949–1959) Jean Montalat (1959–1971) for the SFIO Georges Mouly (1971–1977) for the RPR Jean Combasteil (1977–1995) for the PCF Raymond-Max Aubert (1995–2001) for the RPR François Hollande
François Hollande
(2001–2008) for the PS (elected President of the Republic in 2012) Bernard Combes (2008– ) for the PS

Politics[edit] Tulle's MP in the National Assembly of France
France
for nearly 15 years was the Socialist François Hollande, who was elected President of the Republic in 2012. Hollande also served as mayor of the town. Population[edit] Demographic trends since 1793

Cultural life[edit]

Municipal Théâtre des Sept Collines

Education[edit]

Normal school
Normal school
of teachers ISMIB (Higher Institute of Management of Woodworking Industries) IUT of Nouvelle-Aquitaine: departments Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) and Industrial Engineering and Maintenance (GIM) Lycée Edmond Perrier: establishment of secondary and higher education, technologic and general (1100 pupils). The school offers a Scientific CPGE
CPGE
(Preparatory classes schools). Institute of Nursing Education Gendarmerie
Gendarmerie
training school CFA (Training center for apprentices) of the 13 vents

Arts and festivals[edit]

Festival Nuits de Nacre (accordion music) since 1984 with a strong notoriety Festival O'les choeurs (music, theater and exhibitions) since 1997 Festival Du bleu en hiver (jazz, rock and blues music) International festival of lace Photographic Art Festival

Museums[edit]

Museum of the Resistance and Deportation Museum of Weapons Museum of the Accordion

Sport[edit] The municipality has established an ambitious policy for sport in the early 2000s, which enabled it in 2008 to become the most sporting town in France. For example the town has an association football team called Tulle
Tulle
Foot Corrèze
Corrèze
who concentrate on youth and first team opportunities. Media[edit] Tulle
Tulle
hosts several medias:

Radio: France
France
Bleu Limousin, RCF Corrèze, Bram FM TV: France
France
3 Limousin Newspapers: La Montagne, L'Echo, Le Populaire

International relations[edit] Tulle
Tulle
is twinned with:

Schorndorf, Germany Errenteria, Spain Bury, England, United Kingdom Lousada, Portugal Smolensk, Russia Dueville, Italy

Personalities[edit]

François Hollande

Marcelle Tinayre

Tulle
Tulle
is the birthplace of:

Laurent Koscielny
Laurent Koscielny
(b. 1985), football player Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1920–2010), film director Marcelle Tinayre
Marcelle Tinayre
(1870–1948), woman of letters Alphonse Rebière (1842-1900), science writer Edmond Perrier
Edmond Perrier
(1844–1921), zoologist and director of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Étienne Baluze (1630–1718), scholar Jean-François Melon
Jean-François Melon
(1675–1738), economist Jacques Brival (1751–1820), French Revolutionary Thomas Domingo
Thomas Domingo
(b. 1985), rugby player Léon Eyrolles (1861–1945), politician and entrepreneur Charles Silvestre
Charles Silvestre
(1889–1948)), writer, winner of the Prix Femina in 1926 Philippe Manoury (b. 1952), composer Marie-Anne Montchamp
Marie-Anne Montchamp
(b. 1957), Secretary of State for Solidarities and Social Cohesion Robert Nivelle
Robert Nivelle
(1856-1924), Commander-in-Chief of the French army (1916-1917)

The following people have resided in Tulle:

François Hollande
François Hollande
(b. 1954), the former President of France, who was elected during the French presidential election, 2012
French presidential election, 2012
and who previously served as Mayor of Tulle. Benoît Mandelbrot
Benoît Mandelbrot
(1924–2010), discoverer of fractals

See also[edit]

Tulle
Tulle
Cathedral Tulle
Tulle
Murders Communes of the Corrèze
Corrèze
department

References[edit]

INSEE

^ Lacouture, Jean. De Gaulle: The Ruler 1945–1970. Alan Sheridan trans. New York: W.W. Norton, 1991. ISBN 0-393-03084-9 p. 329 ^ " Tulle
Tulle
(19)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ Voir sur le site metalcorreze.com.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tulle.

Official website (in French) Pictures of Tulle
Tulle
Cathedral: [1], [2]

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Corrèze
Corrèze
department

Affieux Aix Albignac Albussac Allassac Alleyrat Altillac Ambrugeat Les Angles-sur-Corrèze Argentat-sur-Dordogne Arnac-Pompadour Astaillac Aubazines Auriac Ayen Bar Bassignac-le-Bas Bassignac-le-Haut Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Beaumont Bellechassagne Benayes Beynat Beyssac Beyssenac Bilhac Bonnefond Bort-les-Orgues Branceilles Brignac-la-Plaine Brive-la-Gaillarde Brivezac Bugeat Camps-Saint-Mathurin-Léobazel Chabrignac Chamberet Chamboulive Chameyrat Champagnac-la-Noaille Champagnac-la-Prune Chanac-les-Mines Chanteix La Chapelle-aux-Brocs La Chapelle-aux-Saints La Chapelle-Saint-Géraud Chapelle-Spinasse Chartrier-Ferrière Le Chastang Chasteaux Chauffour-sur-Vell Chaumeil Chavanac Chaveroche Chenailler-Mascheix Chirac-Bellevue Clergoux Collonges-la-Rouge Combressol Concèze Condat-sur-Ganaveix Confolent-Port-Dieu Cornil Corrèze Cosnac Couffy-sur-Sarsonne Courteix Cublac Curemonte Dampniat Darazac Darnets Davignac Donzenac Égletons L'Église-aux-Bois Espagnac Espartignac Estivals Estivaux Eyburie Eygurande Eyrein Favars Feyt Forgès Gimel-les-Cascades Goulles Gourdon-Murat Grandsaigne Gros-Chastang Gumond Hautefage Le Jardin Jugeals-Nazareth Juillac Lacelle Ladignac-sur-Rondelles Lafage-sur-Sombre Lagarde-Enval Lagleygeolle Lagraulière Laguenne Lamazière-Basse Lamazière-Haute Lamongerie Lanteuil Lapleau Larche Laroche-près-Feyt Lascaux Latronche Laval-sur-Luzège Lestards Liginiac Lignareix Ligneyrac Liourdres Lissac-sur-Couze Le Lonzac Lostanges Louignac Lubersac Madranges Malemort Mansac Marcillac-la-Croisille Marcillac-la-Croze Marc-la-Tour Margerides Masseret Maussac Meilhards Ménoire Mercœur Merlines Mestes Meymac Meyrignac-l'Église Meyssac Millevaches Monceaux-sur-Dordogne Monestier-Merlines Monestier-Port-Dieu Montaignac-Saint-Hippolyte Montgibaud Moustier-Ventadour Naves Nespouls Neuvic Neuville Noailhac Noailles Nonards Objat Orgnac-sur-Vézère Orliac-de-Bar Palazinges Palisse Pandrignes Péret-Bel-Air Pérols-sur-Vézère Perpezac-le-Blanc Perpezac-le-Noir Le Pescher Peyrelevade Peyrissac Pierrefitte Pradines Puy-d'Arnac Queyssac-les-Vignes Reygade Rilhac-Treignac Rilhac-Xaintrie La Roche-Canillac Roche-le-Peyroux Rosiers-d'Égletons Rosiers-de-Juillac Sadroc Saillac Saint-Angel Saint-Augustin Saint-Aulaire Saint-Bazile-de-Meyssac Saint-Bonnet-Avalouze Saint-Bonnet-Elvert Saint-Bonnet-la-Rivière Saint-Bonnet-l'Enfantier Saint-Bonnet-les-Tours-de-Merle Saint-Bonnet-près-Bort Saint-Cernin-de-Larche Saint-Chamant Saint-Cirgues-la-Loutre Saint-Clément Saint-Cyprien Saint-Cyr-la-Roche Sainte-Féréole Sainte-Fortunade Saint-Éloy-les-Tuileries Sainte-Marie-Lapanouze Saint-Étienne-aux-Clos Saint-Étienne-la-Geneste Saint-Exupéry-les-Roches Saint-Fréjoux Saint-Geniez-ô-Merle Saint-Germain-Lavolps Saint-Germain-les-Vergnes Saint-Hilaire-Foissac Saint-Hilaire-les-Courbes Saint-Hilaire-Luc Saint-Hilaire-Peyroux Saint-Hilaire-Taurieux Saint-Jal Saint-Julien-aux-Bois Saint-Julien-le-Pèlerin Saint-Julien-le-Vendômois Saint-Julien-Maumont Saint-Martial-de-Gimel Saint-Martial-Entraygues Saint-Martin-la-Méanne Saint-Martin-Sepert Saint-Merd-de-Lapleau Saint-Merd-les-Oussines Saint-Mexant Saint-Pantaléon-de-Lapleau Saint-Pantaléon-de-Larche Saint-Pardoux-Corbier Saint-Pardoux-la-Croisille Saint-Pardoux-le-Neuf Saint-Pardoux-le-Vieux Saint-Pardoux-l'Ortigier Saint-Paul Saint-Priest-de-Gimel Saint-Privat Saint-Rémy Saint-Robert Saint-Salvadour Saint-Setiers Saint-Solve Saint-Sornin-Lavolps Saint-Sulpice-les-Bois Saint-Sylvain Saint-Viance Saint-Victour Saint-Ybard Saint-Yrieix-le-Déjalat Salon-la-Tour Sarran Sarroux-Saint Julien Segonzac Ségur-le-Château Seilhac Sérandon Sérilhac Servières-le-Château Sexcles Sioniac Sornac Soudaine-Lavinadière Soudeilles Soursac Tarnac Thalamy Toy-Viam Treignac Troche Tudeils Tulle Turenne Ussac Ussel Uzerche Valiergues Varetz Vars-sur-Roseix Végennes Veix Veyrières Viam Vigeois Vignols Vitrac-sur-Montane Voutezac Yssandon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145426044 LCCN: n81071178 GND: 4061189-9 SUDOC: 06987316X BNF:

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