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The Info List - Tokyu Kurogane Kogyo





Coordinates: 35°22′34″N 139°23′24″E / 35.375999°N 139.39009°E / 35.375999; 139.39009 Tokyu Kurogane Industries (東急くろがね工業, Tōkyū Kurogane Kōgyō), or Kurogane,[1] was one of the first Japanese automakers. It built vehicles used during the Second World War until 1962 when a subsidiary of Nissan, called Nissan
Nissan
Machinery ( Nissan
Nissan
Koki Co., Ltd. 日産工機), assumed operations as the company had become a member of the Nissan
Nissan
Group keiretsu. The word kurogane (くろがね or 鉄) is an old term for iron, and one of the kanji used in Mr. Makita's first name. Remnants of the company were called Nissan
Nissan
Machinery ( Nissan
Nissan
Koki) until 1985, and operated as a separate entity within Nissan
Nissan
Techno (日産テクノ) until 2006, building and developing all of Nissan's current engines.

Contents

1 History 2 Vehicles Manufactured 3 Engines Developed as Nissan
Nissan
Machinery 4 See also 5 Sources

History[edit] The company can be traced back to the small company Shūkōsha (秀工舎) founded by Tetsuji Makita (蒔田鉄司) in 1917, which was a parts supplier for bicycles and motorcycles.[1] Mr. Makita left the company in 1918 to work for Toyogawa Hayataya (豊川順彌) and the Hakuyosha Ironworks Company (白楊社), manufacturer of the Otomo car, having manufactured 300 by 1927. The company actively entered in the automobile market in the 1920s when Mr. Makita returned in 1926, and then merged with the Japan
Japan
Automobile (Nihon Jidōsha), a subsidiary of the Okura (大倉財閥) zaibatsu, which changed its name to Japan
Japan
Internal Combustion Engine Company Ltd. (日本内燃機株式会社) in 1932.[1] It then manufactured cars, motorcycles and three-wheeled trucks, or sanrin (三輪) under the Kurogane brand for the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
in Ōmori, Ōta, Tokyo. When the zaibatsu were dismantled after the war, Kurogane was realigned from remnants of the Nissan
Nissan
Group zaibatsu. Kurogane, like many other Japanese manufacturers prospered as a supplier for the United States Army during the Korean War, but when the conflict ended in 1953, Japan
Japan
entered into a recession and smaller companies suffered as a result. It assumed operations of another company called Ohta Automobiles in 1957. In 1959, it became part of the Tokyu Corporation as a manufacturer of cars, trucks and farm equipment[2] until Nissan assumed operations. Former names and merged smaller companies include Japan
Japan
Internal Combustion Engine Co., Ltd., Japan
Japan
Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Japan
Japan
Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. (日本自動車), Japan
Japan
Minicar Co., Ltd. (日本軽自動車) and Tokyu Kurogane Industrial Co., Ltd.

1962 Datsun
Datsun
Cablight (Kurogane Mighty)

1966 Datsun
Datsun
Cablight

When Kurogane began manufacturing vehicles, they were considered in Japan
Japan
one of the surviving four original manufacturers, the other three being Datsun, Isuzu, and Mazda. For the brief time Kurogane produced vehicles, their market focus was on commercial vehicles for logistics and small business manufacturing transport. Kurogane found the commercial market crowded, competing with the Prince Homer, Nissan Diesel, Isuzu
Isuzu
Elf, Mitsubishi Fuso Canter, Toyota Dyna
Toyota Dyna
and the Hino TH-series. In 1963 when Nissan
Nissan
assumed operations, the Kurogane Mighty was re-branded with minor body changes as the Datsun
Datsun
Cablight (Japanese article). Kurogane management structure and assets were now under Nissan
Nissan
corporate structure, much the same as the arrangement when Nissan
Nissan
merged with Prince Motor Company, while the Kurogane name wasn't used. In 1964, Kurogane was no longer considered part of the Tokyu Corporation. The company became known as Nissan
Nissan
Machinery in 1970, with their efforts used for engine development. Vehicles Manufactured[edit]

Kurogane Type 95, the worlds first four-wheel-drive vehicled placed into production in 1936 Kurogane Sanrin, Three-wheeler
Three-wheeler
truck based on the Harley-Davidson Servi-Car developed by the Rikuo Motorcycle
Rikuo Motorcycle
brandname Kurogane Mighty, (type NA/NB/NC 1957–1962) a 4-wheel mid-sized cab-over truck/cargo van.[3] Kurogane Baby, (April 1959 - January 1961) a keitora (軽トラ) / microvan cab-over vehicle in cargo van and pickup truck bodystyles[4] Ohta KE/VM, a legacy product taken over from Ohta and sold under their name from 1957 until 1959 with the 48 PS E13 engine. Kurogane Nova 1500 (KN), a rebranded Ohta series KE truck and VM series delivery van (1959–1962). The 1,770 kg (3,900 lb) Nova received a 1.5-liter (1488 cc "E15") engine with 62 PS (46 kW) and managed a 2 metric tons (4,400 lb) payload.[5]

Engines Developed as Nissan
Nissan
Machinery[edit]

Nissan
Nissan
RB engine inline 6 Nissan
Nissan
TB engine inline 6 Nissan
Nissan
VG engine V6 replaced by Nissan
Nissan
VQ engine V6

Nissan
Nissan
VR engine

Nissan
Nissan
Z engine inline 4 replaced by Nissan
Nissan
NA engine inline 4

Nissan
Nissan
CA engine inline 4 replaced Nissan
Nissan
Z engine, was replaced by Nissan
Nissan
SR engine inline 4 Nissan
Nissan
KA engine inline 4 replaced Nissan
Nissan
Z engine, was replaced by Nissan
Nissan
QR engine inline 4

Nissan
Nissan
engines (Japanese)

See also[edit]

Autech Nismo

Sources[edit]

^ a b c "日産工機 前身会社の紹介". Nissan
Nissan
Kōki (in Japanese). Retrieved 25 December 2016.  ^ "Kurogane Tractor". Farmers Business (Japanese). Retrieved 20 December 2016.  ^ "Kurogane Mighty". Kurogane Mighty. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ "Kurogane "Baby" specifications". Kurogane Baby. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ "昭和30年代 くろがね ノーバ ( 工業デザイン )" [Showa Thirties: Kurogane Nova (Industrial Design)]. 懐かし旧車カタログ館 [Nostalgia House Old Car Catalogues] (in Japanese). 24 April 2013. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 

This article is being translated from the corresponding article at Japanese, and the article will continue to grow, with citations, as the translation progresses.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kurogane vehicles.

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Straight-3

HR UD

Straight-4

A BD C CA CD CG CR D E FJ G GA GB H HR J KA L LD MA MR NA QD QG QR SD SR TD UD YD Z ZD

Straight-6

FD H L LD P RB RD S20 SD TB TD UD

V

V6 VE VG VQ VR V8 UD VEJ30 VH VK VRH35 W64 Y V12 GRX-3 UD VRT35

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