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The TōKAIDō SHINKANSEN (東海道新幹線) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line, opened in 1964 between Tokyo
Tokyo
and Shin-Ōsaka . Since 1987 it has been operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), prior to that by Japanese National Railways (JNR). It is the most heavily travelled high-speed rail route in the world by far; its cumulative ridership of 5.3 billion passengers dwarfs all other systems and lines worldwide.

The line was named a joint Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark and IEEE Milestone by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 2000.

CONTENTS

* 1 Train services * 2 Stations

* 3 Rolling stock

* 3.1 Past rolling stock * 3.2 Timeline

* 4 History * 5 Ridership * 6 Future developments * 7 References * 8 External links

TRAIN SERVICES

Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shinkansen

Legend

Hours

( Tōhoku Shinkansen
Shinkansen
)

0:00 TOKYO

0:07 Shinagawa

Tama River

0:18 Shin-Yokohama

Sagami River

0:35 Odawara

0:44 Atami

0:54 Mishima

1:08 Shin-Fuji

Fuji River

1:08 Shizuoka

Abe River

Ooi River

1:39 Kakegawa

Tenryu River

1:34 Hamamatsu

Lake Hamana

1:24 Toyohashi

2:30 Mikawa-Anjō

1:35 Nagoya
Nagoya

1:59 Gifu-Hashima

2:18 Maibara

2:09 Kyoto

2:24 SHIN-ŌSAKA

( Sanyō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
)

_Times shown are fastest timetabled journey from Tokyo._

_ Mt. Ibuki and the Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen

* Nozomi _: limited-stop services, since March 1992 * _Hikari _: semi-fast services * _Kodama _: all-stations shuttle services

There are three types of trains on the line: from fastest to slowest, they are the _Nozomi _, _Hikari _, and _Kodama _. Many _Nozomi_ and _Hikari_ trains continue onward to the Sanyō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
, going as far as Fukuoka 's Hakata Station .

700 series and N700 series
N700 series
train sets operate on the line in any of the three service patterns. The _Hikari_ run from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Osaka took four hours in 1964; this was shortened to 3 hours 10 minutes in 1965. With the introduction of high-speed _Nozomi_ service in 1992, the travel time was shortened to 2 hours 30 minutes. The introduction of N700 series
N700 series
trains in 2007 further reduced the _Nozomi_ travel time to 2 hours 25 minutes. As of 14 March 2015 , after a speed increase to 285 km/h (177 mph), the fastest _Nozomi_ service now takes 2 hours 22 minutes from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Shin-Osaka.

As of August 2008 , _Hikari_ services travel from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Shin-Osaka in approximately 3 hours, with all-stopping _Kodama_ services making the same run in about 4 hours.

_Nozomi_ trains cannot be used by tourists using the Japan
Japan
Rail Pass .

STATIONS

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_Kodama_ trains stop at all stations. _Nozomi_ and _Hikari_ trains have varying stopping patterns (some Hikari trains stop at stations marked "▲"). All trains stop at Tokyo, Shinagawa, Shin-Yokohama, Nagoya, Kyoto, and Shin-Osaka.

STATION JAPANESE DISTANCE (KM) _NOZOMI_ _HIKARI_ TRANSFERS LOCATION

Tokyo
Tokyo
東京 0.0 ● ●

* Tohoku Shinkansen
Shinkansen
* Joetsu Shinkansen
Shinkansen
* Hokuriku Shinkansen
Shinkansen
* JY Yamanote Line
Yamanote Line
* JC Chuo Main Line * JK Keihin-Tohoku Line * JT Tokaido Main Line * JU Tohoku Main Line * JU Takasaki Line * JJ Joban Line * JE Keiyo Line * JO Yokosuka Line * ■ Sobu Main Line * M Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-17)

Chiyoda, Tokyo

Shinagawa 品川 6.8 ● ●

* JY Yamanote Line
Yamanote Line
* JK Keihin-Tohoku Line * JT Tokaido Main Line * JO Yokosuka Line * Keikyu Main Line

Minato, Tokyo

Shin-Yokohama 新横浜 25.5 ● ●

* JH Yokohama Line * Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line

Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama

Odawara 小田原 76.7 | ▲

* JT Tokaido Main Line * Odakyu Odawara Line * ■ Izu-Hakone Railway Daiyuzan Line * Hakone Tozan Line

Odawara, Kanagawa

Atami 熱海 95.4 | ▲

* ■ Tōkaidō Main Line * ■ Ito Line

Atami, Shizuoka

Mishima 三島 111.3 | ▲

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * ■ Izuhakone Railway Sunzu Line

Mishima, Shizuoka

Shin-Fuji 新富士 135.0 | |

Fuji, Shizuoka

Shizuoka 静岡 167.4 | ▲

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * Shizuoka Railway Shizuoka-Shimizu Line (Shin- Shizuoka Station )

Aoi-ku, Shizuoka

Kakegawa 掛川 211.3 | |

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * Tenryū Hamanako Line

Kakegawa, Shizuoka

Hamamatsu 浜松 238.9 | ▲

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * Enshu Railway Line (Shin- Hamamatsu Station )

Hamamatsu, Shizuoka

Toyohashi 豊橋 274.2 | ▲

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * ■ Iida Line * Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line * Toyohashi Atsumi Line (Shin- Toyohashi Station ) * Toyohashi Tramway ( Ekimae Station )

Toyohashi, Aichi

Mikawa-Anjō 三河安城 312.8 | | ■ Tōkaidō Main Line Anjō, Aichi

Nagoya
Nagoya
名古屋 342.0 ● ●

* ■ Tokaido Main Line * ■ Chūō Main Line * ■ Kansai Main Line * ■ Takayama Main Line * ■ Nagoya Subway Higashiyama Line (H08) * ■ Nagoya Subway Sakura-dori Line (S02) * Nagoya Main Line ( Meitetsu Nagoya Station ) * E Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu Nagoya Station ) * ■ Aonami Line (AN01)

Nakamura-ku, Nagoya

Gifu-Hashima 岐阜羽島 367.1 | | Meitetsu Hashima Line ( Shin-Hashima Station ) Hashima, Gifu

Maibara 米原 408.2 | ▲

* ■ A Tokaido Main Line * A Hokuriku Main Line * Ohmi Railway Main Line

Maibara, Shiga

Kyoto 京都 476.3 ● ●

* A Tokaido Main Line * B Kosei Line * D Nara Line * E Sanin Main Line * B Kintetsu Kyoto Line * Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line (K11)

Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto

Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪 515.4 ● ●

* Sanyo Shinkansen
Shinkansen
(through service) * A Tokaido Main Line * Osaka Municipal Subway Midōsuji Line (M13)

Yodogawa-ku, Osaka

THROUGH SERVICE TO HAKATA ON THE SANYO SHINKANSEN

ROLLING STOCK

* 700 series 16-car sets, since March 1999 (owned by JR Central and JR West) * N700A series 16-car sets, since 1 July 2007 (owned by JR Central and JR West, modified from original N700 series
N700 series
sets) * N700A series 16-car sets, since 8 February 2013 (owned by JR Central and JR West) * N700S 16-car sets, to be introduced by JR Central from fiscal 2020

All Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
services are scheduled to be operated by N700A series or N700A series trainsets by the end of fiscal 2019.

*

JR Central 700 series *

JR Central N700 series
N700 series

PAST ROLLING STOCK

* 0 series 12/16-car sets, 1 October 1964 to 18 September 1999 (owned by JR Central and JR West) * 100 series 16-car sets, 1 October 1985 to September 2003 (owned by JR Central and JR West) * 300 series 16-car sets, March 1992 to March 2012 (owned by JR Central and JR West) * 500 series 16-car sets, November 1997 to February 2010 (owned by JR West)

*

0 series, May 1967 *

JR Central 100 series, May 2003 *

JR Central 300 series, February 2011 *

500 series, May 2008

TIMELINE

0 series 100 series 300 series 500 series 700 series N700/N700A series N700A series N700S series │ 1960 │ 1965 │ 1970 │ 1975 │ 1980 │ 1985 │ 1990 │ 1995 │ 2000 │ 2005 │ 2010 │ 2015 │ 2020 │ 2025

Rolling stock transitions

HISTORY

The back cover of the first English-language timetable with the Tokaido Line Shinkansen
Shinkansen
service which launched on 1 October 1964.

The Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line was originally conceived in 1940 as a 150 km/h (93 mph) dedicated railway between Tokyo
Tokyo
and Shimonoseki , which would have been 50% faster than the fastest express train of the time. The beginning of World War II
World War II
stalled the project in its early planning stages, although a few tunnels were dug that were later used in the Shinkansen
Shinkansen
route.

Construction of the line began on 20 April 1959 under JNR president Shinji Sogō and chief engineer Hideo Shima . It was completed in 1964, with the first train travelling from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Shin-Osaka on 1 October 1964 at 210 km/h (130 mph). The opening was timed to coincide with the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, which had already brought international attention to the country. Originally, the line was called the _New Tokaido Line_ in English. It is named after the Tokaido route of Japan, used for centuries. Speeds have been increased to 285 km/h (177 mph), except for lower limits applying between Tokyo and Shin-Yokohama and in densely populated urban areas around Nagoya, Kyoto and Shin-Osaka stations.

A new Shinkansen
Shinkansen
stop at Shinagawa Station opened in October 2003, accompanied by a major timetable change which increased the number of daily _Nozomi_ services.

All Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
trains to and from Tokyo
Tokyo
make station stops at Shinagawa and Shin-Yokohama . (Before March 2008, alternating _Nozomi _ and _Hikari _ services stopped at either or both of these stations.)

A new station, Minami-Biwako, was planned to open in 2012 between Maibara and Kyoto to allow a transfer to the Kusatsu Line . Construction started in May 2006, but in September 2006, the Ōtsu district court ruled that the ¥4.35 billion bond that Rittō city had issued to fund construction was illegal under the local finance law and had to be cancelled. The project was officially cancelled in October 2007.

RIDERSHIP

From 1964 to 2012, the Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line alone has carried some 5.3 billion passengers, making it by far the most heavily used HSR line in the world. Ridership has increased from 61,000 per day in 1964 to 391,000 per day in 2012.

Tokaido Line Cumulative Ridership figures (millions of passengers) YEAR 1967 1976 2004 MAR 2007 NOV 2010 2012

RIDERSHIP (CUMULATIVE) 100 1,000 4,160 4,500 4,900 5,300

Tokaido Line Ridership figures (per year, millions of passengers) YEAR 1967 APRIL 1987 APRIL 2007 APRIL 2008 APRIL 2009 APRIL 2010 APRIL 2011 APRIL 2012

RIDERSHIP 22 102 151 149 138 141 149 143

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

An ultra-fast (500 km/h or 310 mph plus) maglev system, the Chūō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
, has been committed to construction, with a target date of 2020 for the line to start partial operation, and 2027 to connect Tokyo
Tokyo
with Nagoya
Nagoya
.

It was announced in June 2010 that a new shinkansen station in Samukawa, Kanagawa Prefecture was under consideration by JR Central. If constructed, the station would open after the new maglev service begins operations.

In December 2013, JR Central president Yoshiomi Yamada announced the operating company's intentions to raise the maximum line speed beyond 270 km/h, with a revised timetable to be introduced in spring 2015. In February 2014, JR Central announced that, from spring 2015, the maximum speed would be increased to 285 km/h (177 mph) for services using N700A or modified N700 series
N700 series
trains. Initially, just one service per hour will run at 285 km/h (177 mph), with more services gradually added later.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Bullet Train & Maglev System to Cross the Pacific", Saturday, 4 September 2010 09:55, by Yoshiyuki Kasai, Chairman of JR-C * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2013]. * ^ "Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
(1964)". _Landmarks_. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 3 June 2013. * ^ "Milestones:Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
(Bullet Train), 1964". _IEEE Global History Network_. IEEE. Retrieved 4 August 2011. * ^ http://www.japanrailpass.net/eng/en004.html http://japanrailpass.net JAPAN RAIL PASS validity * ^ JR東海 次期新幹線はN700S 2018年導入 . _MAINICHI SHIMBUN_ (IN JAPANESE). JAPAN: THE MAINICHI NEWSPAPERS. 24 JUNE 2016. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 24 JUNE 2016. RETRIEVED 25 JUNE 2016. * ^ N700Aの追加投入について 全ての東海道新幹線が「N700Aタイプ」になります (PDF). _NEWS RELEASE_ (IN JAPANESE). JAPAN: CENTRAL JAPAN RAILWAY COMPANY. 22 OCTOBER 2015. RETRIEVED 22 OCTOBER 2015. * ^ "300km/hのトップランナー" . _ Japan Railfan Magazine _. Vol. 52 no. 612. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. April 2012. p. 14. * ^ " Shinkansen
Shinkansen
station in Shiga canceled". The Japan
Japan
Times. 29 October 2007. Retrieved 3 June 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company Annual Report 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2013. * ^ http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2004/10/02/business/tokaido-shinkansen-line-fetes-40-years/#.Ua0NG0DVDzw Japan
Japan
Times Tokaido Shinkansen
Shinkansen
Line fetes 40 years Saturday, 2 October 2004 * ^ Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2007. Retrieved on 28 April 2009. * ^ http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20130514p2a00m0na003000c.html The Mainichi: JR Tokai reveals 'small and efficient' future bullet train stations * ^ "New Shinkansen
Shinkansen
station considered for Kanagawa". Japan
Japan
Today. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. * ^ JR東海、東海道新幹線を高速化=15年春にも-山田社長 . _JIJI.COM_ (IN JAPANESE). JAPAN: JIJI PRESS LTD. 19 DECEMBER 2013. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 20 DECEMBER 2013. RETRIEVED 20 DECEMBER 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ 東海道新幹線の速度向上について . _News release_ (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to TōKAIDō SHINKANSEN _.

* JR Central website

* v * t * e

Shinkansen
Shinkansen

LINES IN SERVICE

MAIN LINES

* Tokaido * Sanyo * Tohoku * Joetsu * Hokuriku * Kyushu * Hokkaido

MINI-SHINKANSEN

* Yamagata * Akita

_

FUTURE LINES

* Chuo (2027)

CANCELLED LINES

* Narita

SERVICE NAMES

IN SERVICE

* Asama _ * _ Hakutaka _ *

.