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The Tōkaidō Shinkansen (東海道新幹線) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen line, opened in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka. Since 1987 it has been operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), prior to that by Japanese National Railways (JNR). It is the most heavily travelled high-speed rail route in the world by far; its cumulative ridership of 5.3 billion passengers dwarfs all other lines worldwide.[1][2] The line was named a joint Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark and IEEE Milestone by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 2000.[3][4]

Contents

1 Train services 2 Stations 3 Rolling stock

3.1 Past rolling stock 3.2 Timeline

4 History 5 Ridership 6 Future developments 7 References 8 External links

Train services[edit]

[

v t e

] Tōkaidō Shinkansen

Legend

Hours

( Tōhoku Shinkansen)

0:00 Tokyo

0:07 Shinagawa

Tama River

0:18 Shin-Yokohama

Sagami River

0:35 Odawara

0:44 Atami

0:54 Mishima

1:08 Shin-Fuji

Fuji River

1:08 Shizuoka

Abe River

Ooi River

1:39 Kakegawa

Tenryu River

1:34 Hamamatsu

Lake Hamana

1:24 Toyohashi

2:30 Mikawa-Anjō

1:35 Nagoya

1:59 Gifu-Hashima

2:18 Maibara

2:09 Kyoto

2:24 Shin-Ōsaka

( Sanyō Shinkansen)

Times shown are fastest timetabled journey from Tokyo.

Mt. Ibuki and the Tokaido Shinkansen

     Nozomi: limited-stop services, since March 1992      Hikari: semi-fast services      Kodama: all-stations shuttle services

There are three types of trains on the line: from fastest to slowest, they are the Nozomi, Hikari, and Kodama. Many Nozomi and Hikari trains continue onward to the Sanyō Shinkansen, going as far as Fukuoka's Hakata Station. 700 series and N700 series train sets operate on the line in any of the three service patterns. The Hikari run from Tokyo to Osaka took four hours in 1964; this was shortened to 3 hours 10 minutes in 1965. With the introduction of high-speed Nozomi service in 1992, the travel time was shortened to 2 hours 30 minutes. The introduction of N700 series trains in 2007 further reduced the Nozomi travel time to 2 hours 25 minutes. As of 14 March 2015[update], after a speed increase to 285 km/h (177 mph), the fastest Nozomi service now takes 2 hours 22 minutes from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka. As of August 2008[update], Hikari services travel from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka in approximately 3 hours, with all-stopping Kodama services making the same run in about 4 hours. Nozomi trains cannot be used by tourists using the Japan Rail Pass.[5] Stations[edit]

Map all coordinates in "Category:Tōkaidō_Shinkansen" using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Kodama trains stop at all stations. Nozomi and Hikari trains have varying stopping patterns (some Hikari trains stop at stations marked "▲"). All trains stop at Tokyo, Shinagawa, Shin-Yokohama, Nagoya, Kyoto, and Shin-Osaka.

Station Japanese Distance (km) Nozomi Hikari Transfers Location

Tokyo 東京 0.0 ● ●

Tohoku Shinkansen Joetsu Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen JY Yamanote Line JC Chuo Main Line JK Keihin-Tohoku Line JT Tokaido Main Line JU Tohoku Main Line JU Takasaki Line JJ Joban Line JE Keiyo Line JO Yokosuka Line ■ Sobu Main Line M Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-17)

Chiyoda, Tokyo

Shinagawa 品川 6.8 ● ●

JY Yamanote Line JK Keihin-Tohoku Line JT Tokaido Main Line JO Yokosuka Line Keikyu Main Line

Minato, Tokyo

Shin-Yokohama 新横浜 25.5 ● ●

JH Yokohama Line Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line

Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama

Odawara 小田原 76.7 | ▲

JT Tokaido Main Line Odakyu Odawara Line ■ Izu-Hakone Railway Daiyuzan Line Hakone Tozan Line

Odawara, Kanagawa

Atami 熱海 95.4 | ▲

 CA  Tōkaidō Main Line ■ Ito Line

Atami, Shizuoka

Mishima 三島 111.3 | ▲

 CA  Tokaido Main Line ■ Izuhakone Railway Sunzu Line

Mishima, Shizuoka

Shin-Fuji 新富士 135.0 | |   Fuji, Shizuoka

Shizuoka 静岡 167.4 | ▲

 CA  Tokaido Main Line Shizuoka Railway Shizuoka-Shimizu Line (Shin-Shizuoka Station)

Aoi-ku, Shizuoka

Kakegawa 掛川 211.3 | |

 CA  Tokaido Main Line Tenryū Hamanako Line

Kakegawa, Shizuoka

Hamamatsu 浜松 238.9 | ▲

 CA  Tokaido Main Line Enshu Railway Line (Shin-Hamamatsu Station)

Hamamatsu, Shizuoka

Toyohashi 豊橋 274.2 | ▲

 CA  Tokaido Main Line  CD  Iida Line Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line Toyohashi Atsumi Line (Shin-Toyohashi Station) Toyohashi Tramway (Ekimae Station)

Toyohashi, Aichi

Mikawa-Anjō 三河安城 312.8 | |  CA  Tōkaidō Main Line Anjō, Aichi

Nagoya 名古屋 342.0 ● ●

 CA  Tokaido Main Line  CF  Chūō Main Line  CJ  Kansai Main Line ■ Nagoya Subway Higashiyama Line (H08) ■ Nagoya Subway Sakura-dori Line (S02) Nagoya Main Line (Meitetsu Nagoya Station)  E  Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu Nagoya Station) ■ Aonami Line (AN01)

Nakamura-ku, Nagoya

Gifu-Hashima 岐阜羽島 367.1 | ▲ Meitetsu Hashima Line (Shin-Hashima Station) Hashima, Gifu

Maibara 米原 408.2 | ▲

 CA   A  Tokaido Main Line  A  Hokuriku Main Line Ohmi Railway Main Line

Maibara, Shiga

Kyoto 京都 476.3 ● ●

 A  Tokaido Main Line  B  Kosei Line  D  Nara Line  E  Sanin Main Line  B  Kintetsu Kyoto Line Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line (K11)

Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto

Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪 515.4 ● ●

San'yō Shinkansen (through service)  A  Tokaido Main Line Osaka Municipal Subway Midōsuji Line (M13)

Yodogawa-ku, Osaka

Through service to Hakata on the Sanyo Shinkansen

Rolling stock[edit]

700 series 16-car sets, since March 1999 (owned by JR Central and JR West) N700A series 16-car sets, since 1 July 2007 (owned by JR Central and JR West, modified from original N700 series sets) N700A series 16-car sets, since 8 February 2013 (owned by JR Central and JR West) N700S 16-car sets, to be introduced by JR Central from fiscal 2020[6]

All Tokaido Shinkansen services are scheduled to be operated by N700A series or N700A series trainsets by the end of fiscal 2019.[7]

JR Central 700 series

JR Central N700 series

Past rolling stock[edit]

0 series 12/16-car sets, 1 October 1964 to 18 September 1999 (owned by JR Central and JR West) 100 series 16-car sets, 1 October 1985 to September 2003 (owned by JR Central and JR West) 300 series 16-car sets, March 1992 to March 16,2012 (owned by JR Central and JR West) 500 series 16-car sets, November 1997 to February 2010 (owned by JR West)

0 series, May 1967

JR Central 100 series, May 2003

JR Central 300 series, February 2011

500 series, May 2008

Timeline[edit]

0 series

100 series

300 series

500 series

700 series

N700/N700A series

N700A series

N700S series

│ 1960

│ 1965

│ 1970

│ 1975

│ 1980

│ 1985

│ 1990

│ 1995

│ 2000

│ 2005

│ 2010

│ 2015

│ 2020

│ 2025

Rolling stock transitions

History[edit]

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The back cover of the first English-language timetable with the Tokaido Line Shinkansen service which launched on 1 October 1964.

The Tokaido Shinkansen line was originally conceived in 1940 as a 150 km/h (93 mph) dedicated railway between Tokyo and Shimonoseki, which would have been 50% faster than the fastest express train of the time. The beginning of World War II stalled the project in its early planning stages, although a few tunnels were dug that were later used in the Shinkansen route. Construction of the line began on 20 April 1959 under JNR president Shinji Sogō and chief engineer Hideo Shima. It was completed in 1964, with the first train travelling from Tokyo to Shin-Osaka on 1 October 1964 at 210 km/h (130 mph). The opening was timed to coincide with the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, which had already brought international attention to the country. Originally, the line was called the New Tokaido Line in English. It is named after the Tokaido route of Japan, used for centuries. Speeds have been increased to 285 km/h (177 mph), except for lower limits applying between Tokyo and Shin-Yokohama and in densely populated urban areas around Nagoya, Kyoto and Shin-Osaka stations.[8] A new Shinkansen stop at Shinagawa Station opened in October 2003, accompanied by a major timetable change which increased the number of daily Nozomi services. All Tōkaidō Shinkansen trains to and from Tokyo make station stops at Shinagawa and Shin-Yokohama. (Before March 2008, alternating Nozomi and Hikari services stopped at either or both of these stations.) A new station, Minami-Biwako, was planned to open in 2012 between Maibara and Kyoto to allow a transfer to the Kusatsu Line. Construction started in May 2006, but in September 2006, the Ōtsu district court ruled that the ¥4.35 billion bond that Rittō city had issued to fund construction was illegal under the local finance law and had to be cancelled. The project was officially cancelled in October 2007.[9] Ridership[edit] From 1964 to 2012, the Tokaido Shinkansen line alone carried some 5.3 billion passengers,[2] making it by far the most heavily used HSR line in the world. Ridership increased from 61,000 per day in 1964[10] to 391,000 per day in 2012.[2]

Tokaido Line Cumulative Ridership figures (millions of passengers)

Year 1967 1976 2004 Mar 2007 Nov 2010 2012

Ridership (Cumulative) 100 1,000 4,160[11] 4,500[12] 4,900[1] 5,300[2]

Tokaido Line Ridership figures (per year, millions of passengers)

Year 1967 April 1987 April 2007 April 2008 April 2009 April 2010 April 2011 April 2012

Ridership 22[10] 102[10] 151[10] 149[10] 138[10] 141[10] 149[10] 143[2]

Future developments[edit] It was announced in June 2010 that a new shinkansen station in Samukawa, Kanagawa Prefecture was under consideration by JR Central. If constructed, the station would open after the new maglev service begins operations.[13] In December 2013, JR Central president Yoshiomi Yamada announced the operating company's intentions to raise the maximum line speed beyond 270 km/h, with a revised timetable to be introduced in spring 2015.[14] In February 2014, JR Central announced that, from spring 2015, the maximum speed would be increased to 285 km/h (177 mph) for services using N700A or modified N700 series trains.[15] Initially, just one service per hour will run at 285 km/h (177 mph), with more services gradually added later.[15] References[edit]

^ a b "Bullet Train & Maglev System to Cross the Pacific" Archived 24 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Saturday, 4 September 2010 09:55, by Yoshiyuki Kasai, Chairman of JR-C ^ a b c d e Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2013]. ^ "Tokaido Shinkansen (1964)". Landmarks. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 3 June 2013.  ^ "Milestones:Tokaido Shinkansen (Bullet Train), 1964". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved 4 August 2011.  ^ http://www.japanrailpass.net/eng/en004.html http://japanrailpass.net JAPAN RAIL PASS validity ^ JR東海 次期新幹線はN700S 2018年導入 [JR Central to introduced next-generation N700S shinkansen in 2018]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 24 June 2016. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.  ^ N700Aの追加投入について 全ての東海道新幹線が「N700Aタイプ」になります [Details of additional N700A introductions - All Tokaido Shinkansen services to become N700A type] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan Railway Company. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.  ^ "300km/hのトップランナー" [300 km/h Top Runners]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 612. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. April 2012. p. 14.  ^ "Shinkansen station in Shiga canceled". The Japan Times. 29 October 2007. Retrieved 3 June 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2013. ^ http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2004/10/02/business/tokaido-shinkansen-line-fetes-40-years/#.Ua0NG0DVDzw Japan Times Tokaido Shinkansen Line fetes 40 years Saturday, 2 October 2004 ^ Central Japan Railway Company Annual Report 2007. Retrieved on 28 April 2009. ^ "New Shinkansen station considered for Kanagawa". Japan Today. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ JR東海、東海道新幹線を高速化=15年春にも-山田社長 [JR Central to increase Tokaido Shinkansen speed from spring 2015]. Jiji.com (in Japanese). Japan: Jiji Press Ltd. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.  ^ a b 東海道新幹線の速度向上について [Tokaido Shinkansen speed increase]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan Railway Company. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tōkaidō Shinkansen.

JR Central website

v t e

Shinkansen

Lines in service

Main lines

Tokaido Sanyō Tohoku Joetsu Hokuriku Kyushu Hokkaido

Mini-shinkansen

Yamagata Akita

Future lines

Chuo (2027)

Cancelled lines

Narita

Service names

In service

Asama Hakutaka Hayabusa Hayate Hikari

Hikari Rail Star

Kagayaki Kodama Komachi Mizuho Nasuno Nozomi Sakura Tanigawa Toki Tsubame Tsubasa Tsurugi Yamabiko

Discontinued

Aoba Asahi

Trainsets

In service

500 series 700 series N700 series 800 series E2 series E3 series E4 series E5 series E6 series E7 series W7 series H5 series

On order

L0 Series

Retired

0 series 100 series 200 series 300 series 400 series E1 series

Export trainsets

THSR 700T CRH2A & CRH2B

Non-revenue earning trainsets

Class 1000 Class 951 Class 961 Class 962 Doctor Yellow WIN350 STAR21 300X Fastech 360 Gauge Change Train MLX-01 ALFA-X

Operators

Current operators

JR East JR Central JR West JR Kyushu JR Hokkaido

Former operators

JNR (1964–87)

People

Hideo Shima Shinji Sogō

Japan transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) aerial lifts (list)

v t e

Mass transit in the Odawara, Hakone, Izu Peninsula, Yamanashi, and Mount Fuji area

Odakyu Group

Odakyu Electric Railway Odawara Line Hakone Tozan Line Hakone Tozan Cable Car Hakone Ropeway Hakone Sightseeing Cruise

Izuhakone Railway

Daiyūzan Line Hakone Komagatake Ropeway Lake Ashi Excursion Ship Jukkokutōge Cable Car Sunzu Line

JR companies railway lines

Regional (both)

Tōkaidō Main Line

JR Central

Tōkaidō Shinkansen Gotemba Line Minobu Line

JR East

Tōkaidō Line (Tōkyō - Atami) Chūō Main Line Itō Line

Other

Izu Kyūkō Line (Izukyu) Atami Ropeway Katsuragiyama Ropeway Shimoda Ropeway

Fuji Kyuko Railway Corp

Fujikyuko Line (Fujikyu) Gakunan Railway Line Fujikyu Kawaguchiko Ropeway Mt. Kachi Kachi Ropeway

Miscellaneous

Yamanashi Maglev Shinkansen Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park Shizuoka Airport Transport in Greater Tokyo Rail transport in Japan

Japan transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) aerial lifts (list)

v t e

Mass transit in Nagoya (Chūkyō)

Municipal Subway lines

Higashiyama Meijō Meikō Tsurumai Sakura-dōri Kamiiida

Meitetsu lines

Owari (Western Aichi)

 NH  Nagoya  TB  Tsushima  TB  BS  Bisai  IY  Inuyama  KM  Komaki  ST  Seto

Chita Peninsula

 TA  Tokoname  TA  Airport  KC  Kōwa  KC  Chita  CH  Chikkō

Mikawa (Eastern Aichi)

 TK  Toyokawa  MU  MY  Mikawa  TT  Toyota  GN  Nishio  GN  Gamagōri

Mino (Southern Gifu)

 KG  Kakamigahara  HM  Hiromi  TH  Takehana  TH  Hashima

Kintetsu lines (Osaka-Nagoya Line area)

 E  Nagoya  K  Yunoyama  L  Suzuka  M  Yamada  M  Toba  M  Shima

JR Central lines

Shinkansen

Tokaido Shinkansen

Conventional lines

Tokaido Chuo Kansai Iida Taketoyo Takayama Taita Kisei Sangū Meishō

Other lines

Minor private railways

Toyotetsu

City line (Azumada) Atsumi

Sangi

Sangi Hokusei

Yōrō Jōhoku

Third-sector railways

former JNR lines

Aikan (Aichi Loop) Akechi Nagaragawa (Etumi South) Tarumi Ise

 AN  Aonami Yokkaichi Asunarou

Utsube Hachiōji

HSST

 L  Linimo

Guided bus

 Y  Yutorito (Shidami)

Cable and Ropeway

Gozaisho Ropeway

Bus

Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya

Nagoya Municipal Bus Key Route Bus (BRT)

Meitetsu Group

Meitetsu Bus Gifu Bus Chita Noriai

Kintetsu Group

Mie Kotsu

Willer Express (long distance) Meitetsu Highway Bus Center (@Nagoya Station) Sakae JR Bus Terminal (@Sakae Station)

Terminals

Rail Nagoya/Meitetsu Nagoya/Kintetsu Nagoya Kanayama Ōzone Sakae/Sakaemachi Gifu/Meitetsu Gifu Toyohashi/Shin-toyohashi/Ekimae Airports

Centrair Komaki

Ports

Nagoya Yokkaichi Kinuura (Handa and Hekinan) Mikawa (Toyohashi)

Miscellaneous

Transport in Greater Nagoya Ferry operators

Taiheiyo Ferry (regional) Ise Bay Ferry Meitetsu Tourist Ferry

Cards

Manaca TOICA Tranpass

Japan transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) aerial lifts (list)

v t e

High-speed railway lines

An asterisk indicates overlap with conventional services.

Africa

None

Asia

China

Coastal passageway* Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) Harbin–Hong Kong (Macau) Hohhot–Nanning Beijing–Kunming Lanzhou (Xining)–Guangzhou Suifenhe–Manzhouli Beijing–Lanzhou* Qingdao–Yinchuan Lianyungang–Ürümqi Shanghai–Chengdu Shanghai–Kunming Guangzhou–Kunming

Japan

Hokkaido Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen Jōetsu Shinkansen Kyushu Shinkansen San'yō Shinkansen Tōhoku Shinkansen Tōkaidō Shinkansen

South Korea

Gyeongbu HSR Honam HSR Suseo HSR

Taiwan

Taiwan HSR

Turkey

Ankara–Pendik Polatlı–Konya

Uzbekistan

Tashkent–Samarkand Samarkand–Bukhara

Europe

Belgium

HSL 1 HSL 2 HSL 3 HSL 4

Finland

Kerava-Lahti* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

France

LGV Atlantique LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire LGV Est LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Méditerranée LGV Nord LGV Rhin-Rhône LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Sud-Est LGV Sud Europe Atlantique LGV Perpignan–Barcelona*

Germany

Cologne–Düren Cologne–Frankfurt Erfurt–Leipzig Hanover–Würzburg Mannheim–Stuttgart Nuremberg–Ingolstadt Rastatt–Offenburg Wolfsburg–Berlin

Italy

Bologna–Florence Florence–Rome Milan–Bologna Milan–Verona Naples–Salerno Rome–Naples Turin–Milan

Netherlands

HSL-Zuid

Norway

Gardermoen Line

Poland

Grodzisk–Zawiercie

Russia

Moscow–St.Petersburg* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

Spain

Atlantic Axis Barcelona–Perpignan* Madrid–Barcelona Madrid–León Madrid–Malaga Madrid–Seville Madrid–Toledo Madrid–Levante

Sweden

Botniabanan

United Kingdom

High Speed 1

North America

United States

Northeast Corridor*

Oceania

None

South Americ