Tiruvallur is a city and Grade I municipality in the Indian
state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the banks of
Cooum river about
46 km (29 mi) from downtown
Chennai (Madras), in the western
part of the
Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA). It is the administrative
The city is known for the Veera Raghavar temple, one of the 108 sacred
shrines of Vaishnavites. The tank festival is held at a pond near this
temple. A Siva temple near this shrine which is popular among the
locals. There is also a 40-foot (12 m) tall Viswaroopa
Hanuman temple, where the murti is made of a single green
Poondi reservoir, from which drinking water is drawn to
is about 9 km (5.6 mi) from Tiruvallur. The neighborhood is
Tiruvallur railway station of the
Chennai Suburban Railway
Network. As of 2016, the city had a population of 176,435. It is one
of the fast-developing suburbs of Chennai.
5 Places of worship
Tiruvallur is supposedly derived from the Tamil sentence tiru
evvull? – Tiru meaning god, a common prefix in South
temple towns, and evvull meaning where do I sleep?.
Tiruvallur is said
to mean a place or town where the god Veera Raghavar asked a saint for
a place to sleep for a night.[according to whom?]
In one telling of the story, a rishi (sage) named Saalihothirar came
down from Badrinath, now in Uttaranchal State, and settled in this
place in order to reach Paramapadam (the abode of Lord Mahavisnu). He
bathed in Hiruthaapanasana Theertham and started the vow of silence
(mouna viratham) for one year. Daily he collected rice and after a
year of fasting, he purified and cooked the rice, offering some to God
(Naivedhyam) and duly kept the rest for himself. He waited for a
guest, probably a muni or rishi, so that he could invite him to eat
and end his fasting. At that time the God Narayana, intending to test
the devotion of the rishi, came there as an old muni looking very
hungry and thirsty. On seeing him, Saalihothirar greeted him and
offered a portion of the rice he had kept for himself, but Narayana
wanted the entire quantity of rice. Saalihothirar was very happy to
give all of the food to his guest, starving himself. After eating the
food, Narayana asked, "where do I sleep?" (Tamil: Ev-uL-uRangalAm).
Saalihothirar asked him to sleep in his own hut.
In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing
from the Pallavas during the 7th century. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers
were defeated and the region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi.
The towns and villages of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars.
Battles are said to have been fought in this region during the
struggle for supremacy between the English and French. The town of
Pulicat was the earliest Dutch possession in India, founded in 1609;
it was ceded to the British in 1825. British rule continued until
India's independence in 1947.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to
reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2018)
Tiruvallur assembly constituency is part of
Tiruvallur (Lok Sabha
constituency). It is represented by:
Tiruvallur Lok Sabha Constituency elected member – Dr.P.Venugopal of
Tiruvallur Assembly Constituency elected member – Mr.V.G. Rajendran
of DMK[expand acronym]
Municipality Chairman – Mr
Commando A Baskaran a.k.a. A
Baskaran of AIADMK.
Currently[when?] Baskaran is the AIADMK candidate for Tiruvallur
constituency in the
Tamil Nadu May 2016 Assembly Elections.[needs
According to the 2011 census,
Thiruvallur had a population of 176,435
with a sex-ratio of 999 females for every 1,000 males, above the
national average of 929. A total of 5,627 were under the age of
six, constituting 2,904 males and 2,723 females. Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes accounted for 19% and 0.6% of the population,
respectively. The literacy rate of the city was 79.77%, compared to
the national average of 72.99%. The city had a total of 14,004
households. There were a total of 20,229 workers, comprising 149
cultivators, 250 main agricultural labourers, 276 in household
industries, 16,927 other workers, 2,627 marginal workers, 30 marginal
cultivators, 157 marginal agricultural labourers, 267 marginal workers
in household industries and 2,173 other marginal workers. As per
the religious census of 2011,
Thiruvallur had 86.45% Hindus, 5.88%
Muslims, 6.17% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.02% Buddhists, 0.35% Jains,
1.12% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or with
no religious preference.
Places of worship
This section needs attention from an expert in Hinduism. The specific
problem is: unclear content. WikiProject
Hinduism may be able to help
recruit an expert. (March 2018)
Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South
Veera Raghavar temple – a place of worship for Lord Vishnu as Veera
Raghavar, an aspect of the deity known for curing abilities. In this
temple people offer symbols, small metal sheets with a specific
anatomical organ engraved, as a request to cure the illness or
problems associated with that organ.
Sri maha ruthra kali amman Temple – behind the town bus stand, VS
Sri Prathiyangira Devi Temple – next to A B S Vidhya Mandhir School,
Thiruvallur Jamia Masjid – Mohamad Ali Street, MGM Nagar, Tiruvallur
Masjide Fathah – Pathiyal Pettai, Pungathur, SP Nagar, Tiruvallur
Sri Shiva – a Vishnu Temple in Poonganagar, about 2.5 km
(2 mi) from Thirvallur town. Both Lord
Shiva and Lord Vishnu (as
Sri Pushavaneshwarar and Sri Jalanarayanar idols) are represented
here. The Jala Narayanar is a smaller replica of the Budhanilkantha
Temple in Nepal.
Dhakshinamurthy Temple and Sri Nageshwari Devalaym temples – located
nearby in Kakkalur Village.
Sri Mangaleeswarar with Magaleeswari temple – a Siva temple located
at Manavala Nagar, known for the sun worship at the next day of Maha
Hanuman Temple at Kakkalur – 3 km (2 mi) from Tiruvallur,
this village temple has a 12-metre (40 ft) green monolithic
granite murti of Lord Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman
(a.k.a. Panchamukhi Hanuman).
Temple for Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman – at Periakuppam,
Thiruvallur, this 10-metre-tall (32 ft) statue is made of a
single piece of green granite which was brought from Hassan in
Shiva temple in Manavala Nagar (Ondikuppam village) – known for
Gangai Naatha swami with neeri nilai naayagai kovil. Moondram pirai
sathalam[incomprehensible] 1.5 km (1 mi) towards Poonamali
Thiruvallur railway station.
CSI Goudie Memorial Church – a very prominent church built by Rev.
William Goudie during British rule.
St.Francis De Sale Church – a Catholic church, also called
St. Annes' Convent, which is the school in the same parish.
Miracle AG Church – an Assemblies of God church
Shalom Cathedral – at Kakklur sali,
The city attained district-headquarters status in 1997. Tiruvallur
houses many industries including manufacturing facilities of Hindustan
Motors, Caterpillar earth-moving equipment, Hanil Lear, Delphi TVS,
India Japan Lighting, Kingfisher's brewery division, Style SPA
furniture, TI India, TCL, and Mitsubishi.
Tiruvallur is surrounded by industrial hubs in and around Chennai,
Ambattur Industrial Estate and
Estate, which connect to
Tiruvallur by suburban train and buses.
Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) drafted a master
plan to develop
Tiruvallur as a satellite township around the city.
This development is encouraged by developing infrastructure, such as
affordable housing, in order to relieve congestion in the metropolis
and provide a better standard of living.
Tamil Nadu government plans to develop a satellite township at
Thirumazhisai, a town in
Thiruvallur district about 18 km
(11 mi) from Tiruvallur. According to Chief Minister J
Jayalalithaa, it would build on 125.88 hectares (311.05 acres) of land
owned by the
Tamil Nadu Housing Board, at a cost of
₹2,160 crore (21.6 billion rupees).
The state government was to decide on the expansion of the Chennai
Metropolitan Area (CMA) before the end of fiscal year 2011–12.[needs
update] Minister for Housing and Urban Development R Vaithilingam told
the State Assembly on 25 August 2011 that, in view of the
fast-paced development taking place in areas beyond the present
metropolitan-area jurisdiction, it had become necessary to review the
Chennai Metropolitan Planning Area of 1973–74.
Tiruvallur is a fast-developing district. Agriculture is the mainstay
of the economy. The major crops cultivated are paddy, sugarcane and
groundnut, with smaller crops of millets (cumbu, ragi, tinai, etc.),
pulses (red gram, black gram, green gram, etc.), gingelly and
chillies. Vegetables, flowers and fruits (mango, banana, etc.) are
also grown. Three cropping seasons are being followed in the district
for paddy, viz, Sornavari (April–August), Samba (July–Jan) and
Navarai (December–March).[clarification needed]
Peripheral areas of the district have industrial units, with industry
and commerce gaining a prominent position.
Tiruvallur is situated on the Chennai–
Tirupati trunk road. Other
major roads connecting
Tiruvallur include a route through
Kakalur, Vepampattu, Thiruninravur, Avadi,
Ambattur and Villivakkam,
and another route through
Poonamallee and Koyembedu. Nearly one lakh
(100,000) vehicles cross this city each day, among the highest traffic
levels in Tamil Nadu.
Chennai International Airport is 42 km (26 mi) southeast of
Tiruvallur lies on the Chennai–
Bangalore broad gauge railway line
and is a stop for some of the WestNorth trains. There are two suburban
railway lines: the West line from
Chennai Central to
Arakkonam and the
WestNorth line from
Chennai Central to Tiruttani. These two lines have
many frequent suburban trains.
The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) runs an extensive city
bus system, with service from
Tiruvallur to most of the important
Chennai and its metropolitan area. MTC Services from
Tiruvallur include:[relevant? – discuss]
Tiruvallur, Aranvoyal, Poonamallee, Iyyappanthangal, Porur,
Ekkadu, Kilanur, Vishnuvakkam, Velliyur, Tamaraipakkam crossroad
Ekkadu, Kilanur, Vishnuvakkam, Velliyur, Tamaraipakkam crossroad
Tiruvallur, Aranvoyal, Poonamallee, Porur, Virugambakkam
Pallavaram, Pammal, Kundrathur, Ponnamallee, Aranvoyal
Sevvapet, Veppampattu, Thiruninravur, Avadi, Central Railway Station,
Tailors Road, New
Ambattur Industrial Estate
Sevvapet, Thiruninravur, Avadi
Sevvapet, Veppampattu, Pattabiram
Tiruvallur, Poonamallee, Aranvoyal
Chembarambakkam, Poonamallee, Aranvoyal
Aranvoyal, Thirumahizhai, Poonamallee, Iyyappanthangal, Porur, Guindy
There are a large number of educational institutions in Tiruvallur.
Many professional institutions, particularly the veterinary
university, add to education in this district.
Tiruvallur has many
higher secondary schools including private and government schools.
There are a few engineering, medical, and arts and science colleges
Arts & science
Jaya College of Arts and Science
John Bosco Art and Science College
Dr. Sir Arcot Lakshmana Swami Mudaliar College of Arts & science
Sri Ram Arts and Science College
Loganatha Narayanasamy Govt. Arts College
Sri Subramaniaswami Government Arts College
Dr. Sir A.L. Mudaliar Vocational Arts and Science
Shri Chandra Prabhu Jain College for Men
Prathyusha Institute of Technology and Management
Sri Ram Engineering College
Bhajarang Engineering College
Indira Institute of Engineering and Technology
Jaya Engineering College
John Bosco Engineering College
Kumaran Institute of Technology
Siva Institute of Frontier Technology, Technical Campus
Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering and Technology
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Science and Technology
Sree Sastha Institute of Engineering and Technology
Panimalar Institute Of Technology
Panimalar Engineering College
Srinivasa Institute of Engineering and Technology
Vel Tech Engineering College
L.C.R. College of Engineering and Technology
Sriram Institute of Hotel Management and Catering Technology
Sree Venkateswara International Institute of Catering & Hotel
Victory Institute of Catering & Hotel Management
Priyadarshini Dental College and Hospital
Jaya College of Paramedical Science
National College of Pharmacy
Indira College of Nursing
Indira Institute of Computer Application
Indira Institute of Management and Research
Indira Teacher Training Institute
C.S.I. Goudie Higher Sec. School
Christ King Hr. Sec. School.
Chellammal Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Sec. School
CSC Vivekananda Vidyalaya Matriculation School
Dr.V Gengu Swami Naidu matriculation school, Vishnuvakkam
Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu Higher
Swamy Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Nursery and Primary School, Tiruvallur
Vivekananda vidhyalaya matriculation school, Tiruvallur
Joy Play School, 47, Veerannan street, Tiruvallur
Active KIDS Play School.
Sri Venkateshwara Matric. Hr. Sec. School
Rollins Primary and Nursery School
St.Anne's Matriculation Higher Secondary School
Shree Nikethan Matric. Hr. Sec. School
Sri Lakshmi Hr. Sec. School
Sri R M Jain vidhyasharam
Jacob Matric. School
K.E. Nataesa Chetiyar Higher Secondary School
Kamaraj Marticulation School
A B S Vidhya Mandhir School
Active KIDS Pre-School
Bharathidasan Matriculation school
National Lotus Matriculation Higher Sec. School
Mangalam nursery and primary school
Hindu nursery and primary school
Bharathi Matriculation School, Poonga Nagar
Calavala Cunnan Chetty Matriculation School, Kakkaluur
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tiruvallur.
^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil
Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
^ Tiruvallur, District Administrator, Collectorate,. "Elected Memebers
- Town Panchayats -
Tiruvallur District". www.tiruvallur.tn.nic.in.
Retrieved 31 March 2018.
^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H.; Amp; Kolappan, B. (4 April 2016). "AIADMK
releases list of candidates for 2016 Assembly polls". Retrieved 31
March 2018 – via www.thehindu.com.
^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The
Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs,
Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thiruvallur". Office of
The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home
Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of
The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home
Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
^ "Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India". Wesleyan Juvenile
Offering. London: Wesleyan Mission-House. V: 36. April 1848. Retrieved
20 November 2015.
^ Swami, Panchamukha Anjaneya / Hanuman. "Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha
Anjaneya Swami Ashram". www.panchamukha.org. Retrieved 31 March
^ "domain-b.com :
Mitsubishi Motors". www.domain-b.com. Retrieved
31 March 2018.
^ "Satellite township near
Thirumazhisai planned". The Hindu.
^ "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News, Current
News Headlines". News18. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
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